Karl Hermann Frank

Karl FrankFRANK, Karl HermannK.H.Frankstate secretary Frank
Karl Hermann Frank (24 January 1898 – 22 May 1946) was a prominent Sudeten German Nazi official in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia prior to and during World War II. Reaching the rank of Obergruppenführer, he was in command of the Nazi police apparatus in the Protectorate, including the Gestapo, the SD, and the Kripo.wikipedia
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Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia

Bohemia and MoraviaProtectorateCzech Protectorate
Karl Hermann Frank (24 January 1898 – 22 May 1946) was a prominent Sudeten German Nazi official in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia prior to and during World War II. In 1939, Frank was promoted to SS-Gruppenführer and appointed Secretary of State of the Reich Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia under Reich Protector Konstantin von Neurath.
The SS assumed police authority; Reichsführer-SS and Reich police chief Heinrich Himmler named the former Sudeten German leader Karl Hermann Frank as the protectorate's police chief and ranking SS officer.

Sudeten Germans

Sudeten GermanGermanEthnic German
Karl Hermann Frank (24 January 1898 – 22 May 1946) was a prominent Sudeten German Nazi official in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia prior to and during World War II.
On 1 October 1933, Konrad Henlein with his deputy Karl Hermann Frank, aided by other members of the Kameradschaftsbund, a youth organization of mystical orientation, created a new political organization.

Obergruppenführer

SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SSSS-ObergruppenführerSS-Obergruppenführer and General of the Waffen-SS
Reaching the rank of Obergruppenführer, he was in command of the Nazi police apparatus in the Protectorate, including the Gestapo, the SD, and the Kripo.

Karlovy Vary

KarlsbadCarlsbadCarlsbad, Czechoslovakia
Born in Karlsbad, Bohemia in Austria-Hungary (present-day Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic), Frank was taught by his father (a proponent of Georg Ritter von Schönerer's policies) about nationalist agitation.
Karl Hermann Frank, Nazi official

Lidice massacre

LidiceMassacre at Lidicecompletely destroyed in June 1942
Daluege and Frank were instrumental in initiating the destruction of the Czech villages of Lidice and Ležáky in order to take revenge on the Czech populace for Heydrich's death.
Late in the afternoon of 27 May, SS-Gruppenführer Karl Hermann Frank proclaimed a state of emergency and a curfew in Prague.

Charles University

University of PraguePragueCharles University in Prague
He spent a year at the law school of the German language Charles University in Prague and worked as a tutor to make money.

Hanging

hangedhangdeath by hanging
He was hanged on 22 May 1946 using the Czechoslovak pole hanging method in the courtyard of the Pankrác Prison in Prague, before 5,000 onlookers.
Nazi war criminal Karl Hermann Frank, executed in 1946 in Prague, was among approximately 1,000 condemned people executed in this manner in Czechoslovakia.

SS and police leader

Higher SS and Police LeaderHSSPFHöherer SS- und Polizeiführer
Himmler also named him the protectorate's Higher SS and Police Leader, making him its ranking SS officer.
Karl Hermann Frank – Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia

Konstantin von Neurath

NeurathBaron von Neurath
In 1939, Frank was promoted to SS-Gruppenführer and appointed Secretary of State of the Reich Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia under Reich Protector Konstantin von Neurath.
Notably, he tried to restrain the excesses of his police chief, Karl Hermann Frank.

Alois Eliáš

EliášGeneral Alois EliášPrime Minister Eliáš
As Secretary of State and chief of police, Frank pursued a policy of harsh suppression of dissident Czechs and pushed for the arrest of Bohemia and Moravia's Prime Minister, Alois Eliáš.
SS and Police Leader Karl Hermann Frank called for his arrest, but was unsuccessful at having Eliáš removed.

Kurt Daluege

DALUEGE, Kurt
When Heydrich was assassinated in 1942, Frank was once again passed over for promotion to Deputy Protector; Kurt Daluege was chosen instead.
In June 1942, along with Karl Hermann Frank and other SS operatives, he ordered the villages of Lidice and Ležáky razed to the ground in reprisal for Heydrich's death.

Sudetenland

SudetenSudeten crisisSudeten Germans
An extreme advocate of the incorporation of the Sudetenland into Germany, Frank joined the German National Socialist Workers' Party (Deutsche Nationalsozialistische Arbeiterpartei; DNSAP) by 1923 and was involved in setting up several DNSAP chapters in northern Bohemia and Silesia.
The most notable was Karl Hermann Frank: the SS and Police general and Secretary of State in the Protectorate.

Pankrác Prison

PankrácPankrac PrisonPankrác gestapo prison
He was hanged on 22 May 1946 using the Czechoslovak pole hanging method in the courtyard of the Pankrác Prison in Prague, before 5,000 onlookers.
After the war, many executions of Nazi officials and collaborators took place in the prison, including the hanging of Karl Hermann Frank, as well as Kurt Daluege, the SS chief responsible for the Lidice and Ležáky massacres.

Reinhard Heydrich

HeydrichR. HeydrichReinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich
Frank hoped to be appointed as Deputy Protector and day-to-day head of the protectorate, but was passed over in favor of Reinhard Heydrich.
But after consultations with Karl Hermann Frank, he altered his response.

Jan Žižka partisan brigade

1st Czechoslovak Partisan Brigade of Jan ŽižkaCzech partisansBrigade of Jan Žižka
In 1944, he personally conducted anti-partisan warfare in Moravia aimed at destroying the Jan Žižka partisan brigade.
On 3 November, Higher SS and Police Leader Karl Hermann Frank ordered the summary executions of suspected partisans along with those suspected of helping them.

Czechoslovakia

CzechoslovakCzechTCH
Under the authority of Karl Hermann Frank, German minister of state for Bohemia and Moravia, some 350,000 Czech laborers were dispatched to the Reich.

Nazi Party

NazisNaziNSDAP
Karl Hermann Frank (24 January 1898 – 22 May 1946) was a prominent Sudeten German Nazi official in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia prior to and during World War II.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
Karl Hermann Frank (24 January 1898 – 22 May 1946) was a prominent Sudeten German Nazi official in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia prior to and during World War II.

Gestapo

authoritiesthe authoritiesGeheime Staatspolizei
Reaching the rank of Obergruppenführer, he was in command of the Nazi police apparatus in the Protectorate, including the Gestapo, the SD, and the Kripo.

Sicherheitsdienst

SDSecurity ServiceSicherheitsdienst (SD)
Reaching the rank of Obergruppenführer, he was in command of the Nazi police apparatus in the Protectorate, including the Gestapo, the SD, and the Kripo.

Kriminalpolizei

KripoCriminal PoliceCID
Reaching the rank of Obergruppenführer, he was in command of the Nazi police apparatus in the Protectorate, including the Gestapo, the SD, and the Kripo.

Lidice

Lidice massacreCzech townLidice Tour
After the war, he was tried, convicted and executed for his role in organizing the massacres of the people of the Czech villages of Lidice and Ležáky.

Ležáky

Massacre in Ležáky
Daluege and Frank were instrumental in initiating the destruction of the Czech villages of Lidice and Ležáky in order to take revenge on the Czech populace for Heydrich's death. After the war, he was tried, convicted and executed for his role in organizing the massacres of the people of the Czech villages of Lidice and Ležáky.

Bohemia

BohemianCzechČechy
Born in Karlsbad, Bohemia in Austria-Hungary (present-day Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic), Frank was taught by his father (a proponent of Georg Ritter von Schönerer's policies) about nationalist agitation.

Austria-Hungary

Austro-HungarianAustro-Hungarian EmpireAustrian
Born in Karlsbad, Bohemia in Austria-Hungary (present-day Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic), Frank was taught by his father (a proponent of Georg Ritter von Schönerer's policies) about nationalist agitation.