Karl Möbius

Portrait by Ernst Hildebrand (1895)

German zoologist who was a pioneer in the field of ecology and a former director of the Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin.

- Karl Möbius

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Natural History Museum, Berlin

Natural history museum located in Berlin, Germany.

The Dinosaur Hall seen from the entrance, with the skeleton of Giraffatitan (formerly Brachiosaurus) brancai in the center
The 'Berlin Specimen' of Archaeopteryx
The Dinosaur hall, reverse view. Kentrosaurus in the foreground, Diplodocus, Giraffatitan and Dicraeosaurus from left to right in the back.
"Tristan", a Tyrannosaurus rex
Collection of minerals
A dodo model
Bao Bao the Giant Panda that lived at the Berlin Zoo
Knut (polar bear): the Polar Bear that lived at the Berlin Zoo

In the past the museum simply consisted of the entire collections being open to the public, but Karl Möbius instigated a clear split between a public exhibition space with a few choice specimens, together with explanations of their relevance, and the remainder of the collection held in archives for scientific study.

Biocoenosis

A freshwater aquatic and terrestrial food web.
The side of a tide pool showing sea stars (Dermasterias), sea anemones (Anthopleura) and sea sponges in Santa Cruz, California.

A biocenosis (UK English, biocoenosis, also biocenose, biocoenose, biotic community, biological community, ecological community, life assemblage), coined by Karl Möbius in 1877, describes the interacting organisms living together in a habitat (biotope).

Friedrich Dahl

German zoologist, and in particular an arachnologist.

On April 1, 1898 Dahl became curator of arachnids at the Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin, where he worked under his former teacher, the then museum director Karl Möbius.

Eilenburg

Town in Germany.

Karl August Möbius (1825–1908), zoologist

1908

January 1 – The British Nimrod Expedition led by Ernest Shackleton sets sail from New Zealand on the Nimrod for Antarctica.

1908 Baby New Year on the cover of The Saturday Evening Post.
January 24: Boy Scout movement.
June 30: Tunguska event (evidence photographed 21 years later.)
July: 1908 Summer Olympics.
October 1: Ford Model T launch.
Edward Teller
Sir William McMahon
Rex Harrison
Bette Davis
Herbert von Karajan
Arturo de Córdova
James Stewart
Salvador Allende
Nelson Rockefeller
Lupe Vélez
Harold Holt
Sir Don Bradman
Richard Wright
John Kenneth Galbraith
Libertad Lamarque
Simon Wiesenthal
Wilhelm Busch
Carlos I of Portugal
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Prince Yamashina Kikumaro
Grover Cleveland
Demetrius Vikelas
Henri Becquerel
Servant of God John Berthier
Tomas Estrada Palma
Emperor Guangxu of China
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April 26 – Karl Möbius, German ecologist (born 1825)

History of ecology

New science and considered as an important branch of biological science, having only become prominent during the second half of the 20th century.

Julia Margaret Cameron’s portrait of Darwin
The Indiana Dunes on Lake Michigan, which Cowles referred to in his development of his theories of ecological succession.

Alexander von Humboldt and Karl Möbius then contributed with the notion of biocoenosis.

Richard Hesse

German zoologist and ecologist.

Hesse worked in the spirit of Karl August Möbius with biogeography and ecology of vertebrates.

Otto Bütschli

German zoologist and professor at the University of Heidelberg.

Otto Bütschli in 1916

After leaving his studies to serve as an officer in the Franco-Prussian War (1870–1871), Bütschli worked in his private laboratory and then for two years (1873–1874) with Karl Möbius at the University of Kiel.

Eukrohniidae

Family of sagittoideans in the order Phragmophora.

The major ranks: domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species, applied to the red fox, Vulpes vulpes.

The first species of Eukrohniidae, Eukrohnia hamata, was identified by Karl Möbius in 1875.

Adolphe Dureau de la Malle

Saint Dominican geographer, naturalist, historian and artist.

Saint Dominican Creoles

He was the first to use the term succession (prior to Steenstrups use) about an ecological phenomenon and probably the first to use the term community (ecology) (societé) for an assemblage of (plant) individuals of different species (prior to Karl Möbius).