Katharine Hepburn

Hepburn[Katharine] HepburnCatherine [sic] HepburnCatherine Hepburndifferent actress named HepburnKatharine Houghton HepburnKatie HepburnLudlow ("Luddy") Ogden Smithmarry Ludlow Ogden Smith
Katharine Houghton Hepburn (May 12, 1907 – June 29, 2003) was an American actress.wikipedia
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List of actors with two or more Academy Awards in acting categories

male actors to win three Academy Awardsa recordacting categories
She appeared in a range of genres, from screwball comedy to literary drama, and she received a record of four Academy Awards for Best Actress.
Katharine Hepburn leads the way with four Best Actress awards.

Academy Award for Best Actress

Best ActressBest Actress in a Leading RoleAcademy Award
She appeared in a range of genres, from screwball comedy to literary drama, and she received a record of four Academy Awards for Best Actress.
Katharine Hepburn has won the most awards in this category, with four Oscars.

RKO Pictures

RKO Radio PicturesRKORKO Radio
Hepburn masterminded her own comeback, buying out her contract with RKO Radio Pictures and acquiring the film rights to The Philadelphia Story, which she sold on the condition that she be the star. A scout for the Hollywood agent Leland Hayward spotted Hepburn's appearance in The Warrior's Husband, and asked her to test for the part of Sydney Fairfield in the upcoming RKO film A Bill of Divorcement.
Actors Katharine Hepburn and, later, Robert Mitchum had their first major successes at the studio.

The Philadelphia Story (play)

The Philadelphia Storyplayplay of the same name
Hepburn masterminded her own comeback, buying out her contract with RKO Radio Pictures and acquiring the film rights to The Philadelphia Story, which she sold on the condition that she be the star.
Written as a vehicle for Katharine Hepburn, its success marked a reversal of fortunes for the actress, who was one of the film stars deemed "box office poison" in 1938.

Spencer Tracy

TracyRichard SumnerSpencer Traceback
In the 1940s, she was contracted to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, where her career focused on an alliance with Spencer Tracy.
In 1942, he appeared with Katharine Hepburn in Woman of the Year, beginning another popular partnership that produced nine movies over 25 years.

Guess Who's Coming to Dinner

Guess Who’s Coming to Dinnerthe screenplay
Three more Oscars came for her work in Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1967), The Lion in Winter (1968), and On Golden Pond (1981).
It stars Spencer Tracy, Sidney Poitier, and Katharine Hepburn, and features Hepburn's niece Katharine Houghton.

Leading lady

female leadleading ladiesfemale characters
Known for her fierce independence and spirited personality, Hepburn was a leading lady in Hollywood for more than 60 years.
For example, Olivia de Havilland was Errol Flynn's leading lady in several films, Katharine Hepburn had a similar association with Spencer Tracy, Lauren Bacall with Humphrey Bogart, and Maureen O'Hara with John Wayne.

AFI's 100 Years...100 Stars

greatest female starsgreatest male stars100 Years...100 Stars
In 1999, Hepburn was named by the American Film Institute as the greatest female star of Classic Hollywood Cinema.
The top stars of their respective gender are Humphrey Bogart and Katharine Hepburn.

On Golden Pond (1981 film)

On Golden Pond On Golden Pond1981
Three more Oscars came for her work in Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1967), The Lion in Winter (1968), and On Golden Pond (1981).
The film stars Katharine Hepburn and Henry Fonda (in his final acting performance) in the lead roles along with Jane Fonda, Doug McKeon, Dabney Coleman and William Lanteau appearing in supporting roles.

Morning Glory (1933 film)

Morning Glory1933Morning Glory'' (1933 film)
Her early years in the film industry were marked with success, including an Academy Award for her third picture, Morning Glory (1933), but this was followed by a series of commercial failures that led her to be labeled "box office poison" in 1938.
The picture stars Katharine Hepburn, Douglas Fairbanks Jr., and Adolphe Menjou, was adapted by Howard J. Green from a then-unproduced stage play of the same name by Zoë Akins, and was directed by Lowell Sherman.

The Lion in Winter (1968 film)

The Lion in Winteran Academy-Award-winning film1968
Three more Oscars came for her work in Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1967), The Lion in Winter (1968), and On Golden Pond (1981).
The film stars Peter O'Toole, Katharine Hepburn, John Castle, Anthony Hopkins (in his film debut in a major role), Jane Merrow, Timothy Dalton (in his film debut) and Nigel Terry.

The African Queen (film)

The African QueenAfrican QueenThe African Queen'' (film)
She found a niche playing middle-aged spinsters, such as in The African Queen (1951), a persona the public embraced.
The film stars Humphrey Bogart (who won the Academy Award for Best Actor – his only Oscar), and Katharine Hepburn with Robert Morley, Peter Bull, Walter Gotell, Richard Marner and Theodore Bikel.

Katharine Martha Houghton Hepburn

Katharine Houghton HepburnDr. Thomas N. HepburnKatharine Houghton
Her parents were Thomas Norval Hepburn (1879–1962), a urologist at Hartford Hospital, and Katharine Martha Houghton (1878–1951), a feminist campaigner.
She was the mother of Academy Award-winning actress Katharine Hepburn.

Philip Barry

Hopkins promptly hired Hepburn as the lead understudy in Philip Barry's play Holiday.
Philip Jerome Quinn Barry (June 18, 1896 – December 3, 1949) was an American dramatist best known for his plays Holiday (1928) and The Philadelphia Story (1939), which were both made into films starring Katharine Hepburn and Cary Grant.

Bryn Mawr College

Bryn MawrBryn Mawr Alumnae AssociationBryn Mawr College Library
Raised in Connecticut by wealthy, progressive parents, Hepburn began to act while studying at Bryn Mawr College.
The article noted that in doing so, the schools promote the work of alumnae of women's colleges such as Hillary Clinton, Emily Dickinson, Diane Sawyer, Katharine Hepburn (Bryn Mawr Class of 1928) and Madeleine Albright.

Charles Higham (biographer)

Charles HighamHigham, Charles
Biographer Charles Higham states that the role was ideal for the actress, requiring an aggressive energy and athleticism, and she enthusiastically involved herself with its production.
In the United States he became known as a celebrity biographer, mainly of film stars, such as Katharine Hepburn and Errol Flynn.

Little Women (1933 film)

Little Women19331933 film adaptation
Her success continued with the role of Jo in the film Little Women (1933).
Little Women is a 1933 American pre-Code drama film, directed by George Cukor and starring Katharine Hepburn, Joan Bennett, Frances Dee and Jean Parker.

Holiday (play)

Holidaythe playHoliday'' (play)
Hopkins promptly hired Hepburn as the lead understudy in Philip Barry's play Holiday.
Katharine Hepburn was the understudy to Williams.

The Little Minister (1934 film)

The Little MinisterThe Little Minister'' (1934 film)
After the failure of Spitfire and The Lake, RKO cast Hepburn in The Little Minister (1934), based on a Victorian novel by James Barrie, in an attempt to repeat the success of Little Women.
The Little Minister is a 1934 American drama film starring Katharine Hepburn and directed by Richard Wallace.

Bette Davis

Arthur FarnsworthBette[Bette] Davis
She received the second most votes, after winner Bette Davis.
In 1999, Davis was placed second behind Katharine Hepburn on the American Film Institute's list of the greatest female stars of classic Hollywood cinema.

Mary of Scotland (film)

Mary of ScotlandMary of Scotland'' (film)1936 film version
She next played Mary Stuart in John Ford's Mary of Scotland (1936), which met with a similarly poor reception.
Mary of Scotland is a 1936 RKO film starring Katharine Hepburn as the 16th century ruler, Mary, Queen of Scots.

Classical Hollywood cinema

Golden AgeGolden Age of HollywoodHollywood's Golden Age
In 1999, Hepburn was named by the American Film Institute as the greatest female star of Classic Hollywood Cinema.
Katharine Hepburn

Alice Adams (film)

Alice AdamsAlice Adams'' (film)1935
After three forgettable films, success returned to Hepburn with Alice Adams (1935), the story of a girl's desperation to climb the social ladder.
Alice Adams is a 1935 romantic film made by RKO, starring Katharine Hepburn.

Christopher Strong

Hepburn's second film was Christopher Strong (1933), the story of an aviator and her affair with a married man.
It is a tale of illicit love among the English aristocracy and stars Colin Clive and Katharine Hepburn (in her second screen role).

A Bill of Divorcement (1932 film)

A Bill of Divorcement19321932 film
A scout for the Hollywood agent Leland Hayward spotted Hepburn's appearance in The Warrior's Husband, and asked her to test for the part of Sydney Fairfield in the upcoming RKO film A Bill of Divorcement.
A Bill of Divorcement is a 1932 American pre-Code drama film directed by George Cukor and starring John Barrymore and Katharine Hepburn in her film debut.