A report on Kazakhstan and Turkistan (city)

Landsat satellite photo of Turkistan
Approximate extent of Scythia within the area of distribution of Eastern Iranian languages (shown in orange) in the 1st century BC
Cuman–Kipchak confederation in Eurasia circa 1200. The Kazakhs are descendants of Kipchaks, Nogais and other Turkic and medieval Mongol tribes
Ural Cossacks skirmish with Kazakhs (the Russians originally called the Kazakhs "Kirgiz")
Map of the Kazakh Territory in 1903
Stanitsa Sofiiskaya, Talgar. 1920s
Young Pioneers at a Young Pioneer camp in Kazakh SSR
The International Conference on Primary Health Care in 1978, known as the Alma-Ata Declaration
The Monument of Independence, Republic Square, Almaty
Satellite image of Kazakhstan (November 2004)
The Kazakh Steppe is part of the Eurasian Steppe Belt (in on the map)
Karaganda Region
Kazakhstan map of Köppen climate classification
Corsac fox
Ak Orda Presidential Palace
Parliament of Kazakhstan
Nur Otan Headquarters in Nur-Sultan
President Nazarbayev with U.S. President Barack Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev in 2012
President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev with 
Russian President Vladimir Putin in 2019
Member states of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO)
Kazakhstan Republican Guard
A Kazakhstan Sukhoi Su-27
Downtown Nur-Sultan
GDP per capita development, since 1973
A proportional representation of Kazakhstan exports, 2019
Aktau is Kazakhstan's only seaport on the Caspian Sea
A map of Kazakhstan's imports, 2013
Kazakhstan has the largest proven oil reserves in the Caspian Sea region.
Grain fields near Kokshetau
Map of Kazakhstan railway network
Train 22 Kyzylorda – Semipalatinsk, hauled by a Kazakhstan Temir Zholy 2TE10U diesel locomotive. Picture taken near Aynabulak, Kazakhstan
Borovoe, view from Mount Bolectau
A ski resort in Almaty
Astana Expo 2017 "Nur Alem" Pavilion
Almaty
Trends in research expenditure in Central Asia, as a percentage of GDP, 2001–2013. Source: UNESCO Science Report: 2030 (2015), Figure 14.3
Group of Kazakhstan physicists in collaboration with Uzbek researchers working at the ion accelerator DC-60
Baikonur Cosmodrome is the world's oldest and largest operational spaceport
Population pyramid, 2020
Central Asian ethnolinguistic patchwork, 1992
Kazakhstanis on a Lake Jasybay beach, Pavlodar Region
Ascension Cathedral in Almaty
Khazret Sultan Mosque is the biggest mosque in Kazakhstan
Kazakh National University of Arts
A Kazakhstan performer demonstrates the long equestrian heritage as part of the gala concert during the opening ceremonies of the Central Asian Peacekeeping Battalion
Kanysh Satpayev, one of the founders of Soviet era metallogeny, principal advocate and the first president of Kazakhstan Academy of Sciences
1965 Soviet stamp honouring Kazakh essayist and poet Abai Qunanbaiuly
Nowruz on stamp of Kazakhstan
A-Studio was created in 1982 in Almaty, then called Alma-Ata, hence called "Alma-Ata Studio"
Astana Arena opened in 2009
Nikolai Antropov
International Astana Action Film Festival, 2010
Timur Bekmambetov, a notable Kazakh director

Turkistan (, Türkıstan; Turkiston), is a city and the administrative center of Turkistan Region of Kazakhstan, near the Syr Darya river.

- Turkistan (city)

While ancient cities Taraz (Aulie-Ata) and Hazrat-e Turkestan had long served as important way-stations along the Silk Road connecting Asia and Europe, true political consolidation began only with the Mongol rule of the early 13th century.

- Kazakhstan

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Islam is the most widely practiced religion in Shymkent

Shymkent

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Islam is the most widely practiced religion in Shymkent
Tulpar Talgo train in Shymkent train station
Bike-Sharing station in Shymkent
Russian Drama Theater at Al-Farabi Square
View to Ordabassy Square from the stairs to the Independence Park
Shopping mall "Mega Planet" in Shymkent, Kazakhstan
Palace of Metallurgists
Temple of the Icon of Kazan Mother of God
Train station forecourt
Monument of Baidibek Bi
Arch at Independence Park
Residential complex «Kazakhstan» on Kunayev Boulevard
Residential buildings on Kunaev Boulevard
View of the crossroads of Tauke-khan Avenue and Kunaev Boulevard from "Mega Center Shymkent" shopping mall
View on shopping mall in Shymkent, called ЦУМ in the Russian/Soviet style
Fountains near the Central Department store (ЦУМ)
Al-Farabi st., the view of the local Medical Academy
Turkestan st. (улица Туркестанская)
Aksu Canyon on the outskirts of Shymkent

Shymkent (Шымкент, Şymkent), known until 1993 as Chimkent (Çımkent, چىمكېنت; Yañalif: Çimkent ); Чимкент, is a city in Kazakhstan.

As a result, the administrative center of the region is moved to Turkistan, and the region was renamed as Turkistan Region.

Turkistan Region

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Turkistan Region (Түркістан облысы), formerly South Kazakhstan Region (Оңтүстік Қазақстан облысы) (Южно-Казахстанская область, Yuzhno-Kazakhstanskaya oblast) from 1992-2018 and Chimkent Region (Чимкентская область, Chimkentskaya oblast) from 1963 to 1991 is the southernmost region of Kazakhstan.

Population: Its capital is Turkistan, formerly Shymkent until 2018.

Syr Darya

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River in Central Asia.

River in Central Asia.

Astronaut photograph of the Syr Darya River floodplain
Syr Darya River at Khujand

It originates in the Tian Shan Mountains in Kyrgyzstan and eastern Uzbekistan and flows for 2256.25 km west and north-west through Uzbekistan and southern Kazakhstan to the northern remnants of the Aral Sea.

Along its course, the Syr Darya irrigates the most productive cotton-growing region in the whole of Central Asia, together with the towns of Kokand, Khujand, Kyzylorda and Turkestan.

View of the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yesevi in Turkestan, Kazakhstan.

Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi

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View of the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yesevi in Turkestan, Kazakhstan.
Location of the mausoleum within the town's defensive walls.
Rear view of mausoleum where banna'i technique - patterns of glazed brickwork - can be best observed.
A view of the mausoleum, ca. 1879.
The dome of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi's mausoleum is the largest in Central Asia.
Plan of Mausoleum.
General View of Sultan Akhmed Yassavi's Mausoleum from the Southern Side (historic photo, created on around 1865-1872)
Entrance to mausoleum. Typical architecture of Timurid type.
Prominent examples of Timurid domes: from Turkestan's Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi, left, and from Samarkand's Gur-i Amir, right.
The interior view of the Mausoleum of Ahmad Yasavi.

The Mausoleum of Khawaja Ahmed Yasawi (, Qoja Ahmet İassaui kesenesı; Мавзолей Ходжи Ахмеда Ясави, Mavzoley khodzhi Akhmeda Yasavi) is a mausoleum in the city of Turkestan, in southern Kazakhstan.

Kazakhs

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The Kazakhs (also spelled Qazaqs; Kazakh: sg.

The Kazakhs (also spelled Qazaqs; Kazakh: sg.

Distribution of the Kazakh language
A Kazakh wedding ceremony in a mosque
Genetic, archeologic and linguistic evidence links the early Turkic peoples with the 'Northeast Asian gene pool'. Early Turkic-speakers may have been millet agriculturalists in Northeast Asia, which later adopted a nomadic lifestyle and expanded from eastern Mongolia westwards.
Genetic distances between various Western and Eastern Eurasian populations. Analyzed Kazakh samples cluster close to East and Southeast Asian samples, with the relative closest affinity to Mongolian people.
The suggested East-West admixture among modern Eurasian populations. In this analysis, Kazakhs are inferred to have slightly less than 30% Western (European-like) admixture.
Muhammad Salyk Babazhanov – Kazakh anthropologist, a member of Russian Geographical Society.
Shoqan Walikhanov and Fyodor Dostoyevsky
Kazakhs in Xinjiang, China
Kazakh hunters with eagles in Bayan-Ölgii Province, Mongolia

The Turkologist Velyaminov-Zernov believed that it was the capture of the important cities of Tashkent, Yasi, and Sayram in 1598 by Tevvekel (Tauekel/Tavakkul) Khan that separated the Qazaqs, as they possessed the cities for only part of the 17th century.

Kazakh is a state (official) language in Kazakhstan.

Railway station in Tashkent 1903

Trans-Aral Railway

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Built in 1906 connecting Kinel and Tashkent, then both in the Russian Empire.

Built in 1906 connecting Kinel and Tashkent, then both in the Russian Empire.

Railway station in Tashkent 1903
Railway station in Tashkent 1903
A view from the train while travelling along the path of the Trans-Aral Railway. Much of the railway cuts across the vast, rolling Kazakh Steppe

The line passes through several notable cities in Kazakhstan, including Aktobe, Aral, Qyzylorda, Turkistan, and Shymkent.