A report on Kazakhstan

Approximate extent of Scythia within the area of distribution of Eastern Iranian languages (shown in orange) in the 1st century BC
Cuman–Kipchak confederation in Eurasia circa 1200. The Kazakhs are descendants of Kipchaks, Nogais and other Turkic and medieval Mongol tribes
Ural Cossacks skirmish with Kazakhs (the Russians originally called the Kazakhs "Kirgiz")
Map of the Kazakh Territory in 1903
Stanitsa Sofiiskaya, Talgar. 1920s
Young Pioneers at a Young Pioneer camp in Kazakh SSR
The International Conference on Primary Health Care in 1978, known as the Alma-Ata Declaration
The Monument of Independence, Republic Square, Almaty
Satellite image of Kazakhstan (November 2004)
The Kazakh Steppe is part of the Eurasian Steppe Belt (in on the map)
Karaganda Region
Kazakhstan map of Köppen climate classification
Corsac fox
Ak Orda Presidential Palace
Parliament of Kazakhstan
Nur Otan Headquarters in Nur-Sultan
President Nazarbayev with U.S. President Barack Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev in 2012
President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev with 
Russian President Vladimir Putin in 2019
Member states of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO)
Kazakhstan Republican Guard
A Kazakhstan Sukhoi Su-27
Downtown Nur-Sultan
GDP per capita development, since 1973
A proportional representation of Kazakhstan exports, 2019
Aktau is Kazakhstan's only seaport on the Caspian Sea
A map of Kazakhstan's imports, 2013
Kazakhstan has the largest proven oil reserves in the Caspian Sea region.
Grain fields near Kokshetau
Map of Kazakhstan railway network
Train 22 Kyzylorda – Semipalatinsk, hauled by a Kazakhstan Temir Zholy 2TE10U diesel locomotive. Picture taken near Aynabulak, Kazakhstan
Borovoe, view from Mount Bolectau
A ski resort in Almaty
Astana Expo 2017 "Nur Alem" Pavilion
Almaty
Trends in research expenditure in Central Asia, as a percentage of GDP, 2001–2013. Source: UNESCO Science Report: 2030 (2015), Figure 14.3
Group of Kazakhstan physicists in collaboration with Uzbek researchers working at the ion accelerator DC-60
Baikonur Cosmodrome is the world's oldest and largest operational spaceport
Population pyramid, 2020
Central Asian ethnolinguistic patchwork, 1992
Kazakhstanis on a Lake Jasybay beach, Pavlodar Region
Ascension Cathedral in Almaty
Khazret Sultan Mosque is the biggest mosque in Kazakhstan
Kazakh National University of Arts
A Kazakhstan performer demonstrates the long equestrian heritage as part of the gala concert during the opening ceremonies of the Central Asian Peacekeeping Battalion
Kanysh Satpayev, one of the founders of Soviet era metallogeny, principal advocate and the first president of Kazakhstan Academy of Sciences
1965 Soviet stamp honouring Kazakh essayist and poet Abai Qunanbaiuly
Nowruz on stamp of Kazakhstan
A-Studio was created in 1982 in Almaty, then called Alma-Ata, hence called "Alma-Ata Studio"
Astana Arena opened in 2009
Nikolai Antropov
International Astana Action Film Festival, 2010
Timur Bekmambetov, a notable Kazakh director

Transcontinental landlocked country located mainly in Central Asia and partly in Eastern Europe.

- Kazakhstan

265 related topics with Alpha

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Amanat (political party)

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President Nursultan Nazarbayev, who led Nur Otan from its foundation in 1999 until 2022
Nur Otan headquarters in Nur-Sultan
Logo used from 2019–2022
President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev in 2020, who led Nur Otan, now Amanat, from January 2022 until April 2022
Chairman Erlan Qoşanov in 2001, who led Amanat, from April 2022

Amanat (Аманат), known as Nur Otan (Нұр Отан) until 2022, is a big tent political party in Kazakhstan.

Map of Kazakhstan with China to the east

China–Kazakhstan border

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Map of Kazakhstan with China to the east
The Sino-Russian border set forth in the Protocol of Chuguchak (1864). Today's Sino-Kazakh border largely follows the line set in this protocol, with only fairly small changes
Soviet border guards patrolling the USSR-China border (now Kazakhstan-China border) near Khorgos, 1984
Changes in the border between Kazakhstan and China
near Altai Town
near Altay City
near Zharkent
near Aksu City
near Russian SSR (modern-day Russia)
near Kirghiz SSR (modern-day Kyrgyzstan)

The China–Kazakhstan border or the Sino-Kazakhstan border (, Казахстанско-китайская государственная граница, ), is the international border between the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Kazakhstan.

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Regions of Kazakhstan

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Change of oblast names and boundaries from 1954 to today

Kazakhstan is divided into 17 regions (облыстар/oblystar; singular: облыс/oblys; области/oblasti; singular: область/oblast' ).

Mangyshlak Peninsula

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Mangyshlak or Mangghyshlaq Peninsula (Маңғыстау түбегі; Полуостров Мангышла́к) is a large peninsula located in western Kazakhstan.

Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic

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Independent federal socialist state from 1917 to 1922, and afterwards the largest and most populous of the Soviet socialist republics of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1991, until becoming a sovereign part of the Soviet Union with priority of Russian laws over Union-level legislation in 1990 and 1991, the last two years of the existence of the USSR.

Independent federal socialist state from 1917 to 1922, and afterwards the largest and most populous of the Soviet socialist republics of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1991, until becoming a sovereign part of the Soviet Union with priority of Russian laws over Union-level legislation in 1990 and 1991, the last two years of the existence of the USSR.

The Russian SFSR (red) within the Soviet Union (red and light yellow) between 1956 and 1991
The Russian SFSR in 1922
The Russian SFSR (red) within the Soviet Union (red and light yellow) between 1956 and 1991
The Russian SFSR in 1924
The Russian SFSR in 1929
The Russian SFSR in 1936
The Russian SFSR in 1940
Flag adopted by the Russian SFSR national parliament in 1991
Matryoshka doll taken apart

Within the Soviet Union, the RSFSR bordered the Slavic states: Ukrainian SSR (Ukraine), Belarusian SSR (Belarus), the Baltic states: Estonian SSR (Estonia), Latvian SSR (Latvia) and Lithuanian SSR (Lithuania) (Included in USSR in 1940) to its west and the Azerbaijan SSR (Azerbaijan), Georgian SSR (Georgia) and Kazakh SSR (Kazakhstan) to the south in Central Asia.

Petropavl

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Railway station in Petropavl

Petropavl (Петропавл ), is a city on the Ishim River in northern Kazakhstan close to the border with Russia.

Archaeological cultures associated with Indo-Iranian migrations (after EIEC): The Andronovo, BMAC and Yaz cultures have often been associated with Indo-Iranian migrations. The Gandhara grave (or Swat), Cemetery H, Copper Hoard and Painted Grey Ware cultures are candidates for the Indo-Aryan migration into South Asia.

Andronovo culture

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Collection of similar local Late Bronze Age cultures that flourished c. undefined 2000–1450 BC, in western Siberia and the central Eurasian Steppe.

Collection of similar local Late Bronze Age cultures that flourished c. undefined 2000–1450 BC, in western Siberia and the central Eurasian Steppe.

Archaeological cultures associated with Indo-Iranian migrations (after EIEC): The Andronovo, BMAC and Yaz cultures have often been associated with Indo-Iranian migrations. The Gandhara grave (or Swat), Cemetery H, Copper Hoard and Painted Grey Ware cultures are candidates for the Indo-Aryan migration into South Asia.

Eastern Fedorovo (1750–1500 BC) in Tian Shan mountains (Northwestern Xinjiang, China), southeastern Kazakhstan, eastern Kyrgyzstan

A horserider of probable Xiongnu origin: the rider wears a hairbun characteristic of the oriental steppes, and his horse has characteristically Xiongnu horse trappings. 2nd-1st century BC. Excavated in Saksanokhur (near Farkhor), Tajikistan. National Museum of Antiquities of Tajikistan.

Nomadic empire

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Nomadic empires, sometimes also called steppe empires, Central or Inner Asian empires, were the empires erected by the bow-wielding, horse-riding, nomadic people in the Eurasian Steppe, from classical antiquity (Scythia) to the early modern era (Dzungars).

Nomadic empires, sometimes also called steppe empires, Central or Inner Asian empires, were the empires erected by the bow-wielding, horse-riding, nomadic people in the Eurasian Steppe, from classical antiquity (Scythia) to the early modern era (Dzungars).

A horserider of probable Xiongnu origin: the rider wears a hairbun characteristic of the oriental steppes, and his horse has characteristically Xiongnu horse trappings. 2nd-1st century BC. Excavated in Saksanokhur (near Farkhor), Tajikistan. National Museum of Antiquities of Tajikistan.
Distribution of "Thraco-Cimmerian" finds.
Scythia
Xiongnu Empire
Kushan Empire
Xianbei Empire
Hephthalite Empire
The Hunnic Empire, at its height under Attila.
Bulgars led by Khan Krum pursue the Byzantines at the Battle of Versinikia (813)
The migration of the Bulgars after the fall of Old Great Bulgaria in the 7th century.
The Rouran Khaganate, c. 500 CE
The Kyrgyz Khagnate at its peak
Asia in 800 CE, showing the Uyghur Khanate and its neighbors.
"Khitan State"
Expansion of the Mongol Empire
Timurid continental map
Mongol residual states and domains by the 15th century
Map showing Dzungar–Qing Wars between Manchu Dynasty and Dzungar Khanate
Khitans, originally a nomadic steppe people who ruled northern China as the Liao dynasty
Gökturk khaganates at their height, c. 600 CE :
Western Göktürk: Lighter area is direct rule; darker areas show sphere of influence.
Eastern Göktürk: Lighter area is direct rule; darker areas show sphere of influence.

The Xianbei state or Xianbei confederation was a nomadic empire which existed in modern-day Inner Mongolia, northern Xinjiang, Northeast China, Gansu, Mongolia, Buryatia, Zabaykalsky Krai, Irkutsk Oblast, Tuva, Altai Republic and eastern Kazakhstan from 156 to 234 CE.

Oirats

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In the Altai region of Siberia, Xinjiang and Western Mongolia.

In the Altai region of Siberia, Xinjiang and Western Mongolia.

Mongol Empire c. 1207
Fragment of medieval Oirat map
Oirat ceremonial hat
The Zunghar Khanate at 1750 (light-blue color)
This map fragment shows territories of the Zunghar Khanate as in 1706. (Map Collection of the Library of Congress: "Carte de Tartarie" of Guillaume de L'Isle (1675–1726))

The 17th century saw the rise of another Oirat empire in the east, known as the Khanate of Dzungaria, which stretched from the Great Wall of China to present-day eastern Kazakhstan, and from present-day northern Kyrgyzstan to southern Siberia.

2019 Kazakh presidential election

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2019 voting ballot for the candidates
The protocol that was photographed by an international observer from Russia at the 32nd voting precinct in Aktau showing Amirjan Qosanov with 60% (414 votes), and the President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev at 35% (245 votes)
Kazakh police detaining a protester in Almaty, 9 June 2019
Acting President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev
Chairman of the Kazakh Senate Dariga Nazarbayeva
Kazakh ambassador to Russia Imangali Tasmagambetov
Mazhilis MP Azat Peruashev
Mazhilis MP Talgat Erğaliev
Mazhilis MP Dania Espaeva
Mazhilis MP and QKHP parliamentary leader Aiqyn Qongyrov
Mazhilis MP Jambyl Ahmetbekov

Snap presidential elections were held in Kazakhstan on 9 June 2019 to elect the President of Kazakhstan following the resignation of long-term President Nursultan Nazarbayev in March 2019.