Keel laying

laid downlaidkeel was laid downkeel was laidkeelkeel-layinglaying of the keelkeel laidkeels were laidlaid her down
Laying the keel or laying down is the formal recognition of the start of a ship's construction.wikipedia
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Keel

laid downFinballast keel
Keel laying is one of the four specially celebrated events in the life of a ship; the others are launching, commissioning, and decommissioning.
As the laying down of the keel is the initial step in the construction of a ship, in British and American shipbuilding traditions the construction is dated from this event.

Mast stepping

stepping of the mainmast
The tradition of the placement of coins derives from the mast stepping custom of placing coins under the mast and is believed to date back to Ancient Greece or Ancient Rome and were intended to "pay the ferryman" to convey the souls of the dead across the River Styx should the ship sink.
Although the coins were originally placed under the main-mast of a ship, they are now generally welded under the radar mast or laid in the keel as part of a keel laying ceremony.

Shipbuilding

shipbuildershipwrightship building
Laying the keel or laying down is the formal recognition of the start of a ship's construction.

Ceremonial ship launching

launchedlaunchchristened
Keel laying is one of the four specially celebrated events in the life of a ship; the others are launching, commissioning, and decommissioning.

Ship commissioning

commissioneddecommissionedpaid off
Keel laying is one of the four specially celebrated events in the life of a ship; the others are launching, commissioning, and decommissioning.

Ancient Greece

Greekancient Greekancient Greeks
The tradition of the placement of coins derives from the mast stepping custom of placing coins under the mast and is believed to date back to Ancient Greece or Ancient Rome and were intended to "pay the ferryman" to convey the souls of the dead across the River Styx should the ship sink.

Ancient Rome

RomanRomansRome
The tradition of the placement of coins derives from the mast stepping custom of placing coins under the mast and is believed to date back to Ancient Greece or Ancient Rome and were intended to "pay the ferryman" to convey the souls of the dead across the River Styx should the ship sink.

Charon's obol

Charon and Psychecoin to pay Charonobol
The tradition of the placement of coins derives from the mast stepping custom of placing coins under the mast and is believed to date back to Ancient Greece or Ancient Rome and were intended to "pay the ferryman" to convey the souls of the dead across the River Styx should the ship sink.

Styx

River StyxStygianStigian
The tradition of the placement of coins derives from the mast stepping custom of placing coins under the mast and is believed to date back to Ancient Greece or Ancient Rome and were intended to "pay the ferryman" to convey the souls of the dead across the River Styx should the ship sink.

Shipyard

dockyardshipyardsyard
Invitations to the ceremony are issued by shipyard officials, and the ceremony is conducted by them.

USS California (BB-44)

USS ''CaliforniaCaliforniaCalifornia'' (BB-44)
USS California (BB-44) was the second of two s built for the United States Navy between her keel laying in October 1916 and her commissioning in August 1921.

USS Whitfield County (LST-1169)

USS ''Whitfield County'' (LST-1169)
USS LST-1169 was laid down on 26 November 1952 at Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin, by the Christy Corporation.

USS Lyman K. Swenson

USS ''Lyman K. Swenson'' (DD-729)Lyman K. Swenson(DD-729) ''Lyman K. Swenson
USS Lyman K. Swenson (DD-729), an, was laid down on 11 September 1943 by Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine and launched on 12 February 1944; sponsored by Miss Cecelia A. Swenson, daughter of Captain Swenson.

SMS Hessen

Hessen
She was laid down in 1902, was launched in September 1903, and was commissioned into the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy) in September 1905.

USS Wallace L. Lind

USS ''Wallace L. Lind'' (DD-703)Wallace L. Lind Daegu
Wallace L. Lind was laid down on 14 February 1944 by the Federal Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company in Kearny, New Jersey and launched on 14 June 1944; sponsored by Mrs. Wallace L. Lind, widow of Captain Lind.

SMS Stosch

Stosch
Stosch was laid down in November 1875, launched in October 1876, and was commissioned into the fleet in June 1879.

HMS Duke of York (17)

HMS ''Duke of YorkDuke of YorkHMS ''Duke of York'' (17)
Laid down in May 1937, the ship was constructed by John Brown and Company at Clydebank, Scotland, and commissioned into the Royal Navy on 4 November 1941, subsequently seeing combat service during the Second World War.

French battleship Patrie

Patrie
Patrie was the second and final member of the of pre-dreadnought battleships of the French Navy built between her keel laying in April 1902 and her commissioning in July 1907.

SMS Bismarck

BismarkSMS ''Bismarck
Bismarck was laid down in November 1875, launched in July 1877, and was commissioned into the fleet in August 1878.

USS Carpenter (DD-825)

(DD-825) ''CarpenterCarpenterDD-825
Carpenter was laid down on 30 July 1945 at Consolidated Steel Corporation, Orange, Texas; launched on 28 September 1945, and sponsored by Mrs. Donald M. Carpenter, widow of the ship's namesake.

Tegetthoff-class battleship

Tegetthoff''-classTegetthoffbattleships
Construction started on the ships shortly before World War I; Viribus Unitis and Tegetthoff were both laid down in 1910, Prinz Eugen and Szent István followed in 1912.

SMS Preussen (1903)

PreussenSMS ''Preussen'' (1903)SMS ''Preußen'' (1903)
She was laid down in April 1902, was launched in October 1903, and was commissioned in July 1905.

NOAAS Discoverer (R 102)

NOAAS ''Discoverer'' (R 102)Discoverer'' (R 102)USC&GS Discoverer (OSS-02)
Discoverer was laid down on 10 September 1963 by Aerojet General Shipyards at Jacksonville, Florida.

USS Pennsylvania (BB-38)

PennsylvaniaUSS ''PennsylvaniaUSS ''Pennsylvania'' (BB-38)
Named for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, she was laid down at the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company in October 1913, was launched in March 1915, and was commissioned in June 1916.

Italian cruiser Trento

Trentocruiser Trento
The ship was laid down in February 1925, launched in October 1927, and was commissioned in April 1929.