Kelantan

Sultanate of KelantanKelantan StateKelantaneseKelatan Kelantan Kelantan Darul NaimKelantan state's governmentState of KelantanState of Kelantan DarulSultan of Kelantan
Kelantan (Jawi: کلنتن;, Kelantanese: Kelaté) is a state of Malaysia.wikipedia
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Kota Bharu

Kota BaruKota BahruKota Baharu
The capital and royal seat is Kota Bharu. Sultan Muhammad II leveraged on his loose alliance with Siam to form the modern Kelantan state, centered in his new fort on the eastern bank of the Kelantan river, which became Kota Bharu in 1844.
Kota Bharu (Jawi: كوت بهارو; Chinese: 哥打峇鲁; Tamil: கோத்தா பாரு; occasionally referred to as Kota Baharu) is a city in Malaysia that serves as the state capital and royal seat of Kelantan.

Perak

GopengPerak Darul RidzuanSultanate of Perak
It is bordered by Narathiwat Province of Thailand to the north, Terengganu to the south-east, Perak to the west and Pahang to the south.
Perak has land borders with the Malaysian states of Kedah to the north, Penang to the northwest, Kelantan and Pahang to the east, and Selangor to the south.

Pahang

Pahang Darul MakmurPahang, MalaysiaPahang Sultanate
It is bordered by Narathiwat Province of Thailand to the north, Terengganu to the south-east, Perak to the west and Pahang to the south. During the 1920s, in the days of British colonial rule, a railway line was built, linking Tumpat on the state's northern coast, through the jungles of upper Kelantan and Pahang and then on to other states.
Geographically located in the East Coast region of the Peninsular Malaysia, the state shares borders with the Malaysian states of Kelantan and Terengganu to the north, Perak, Selangor and Negeri Sembilan to the west, Johor to the south, while South China Sea is to the east.

Narathiwat Province

NarathiwatMarathiwatBang Nara
It is bordered by Narathiwat Province of Thailand to the north, Terengganu to the south-east, Perak to the west and Pahang to the south.
To the south it borders the Malaysian state of Kelantan and Perak.

Unfederated Malay States

British protectorateNorthern MalayaNorthern Malaysia
Under the terms of the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909, the Thais relinquished their claims over Kelantan, Terengganu, Kedah and Perlis to Great Britain, and Kelantan thus became one of the Unfederated Malay States with a British Adviser.
These states were Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis, and Terengganu.

Siti Wan Kembang

Che' Siti Wan Kembang
The legendary Cik Siti Wan Kembang was said to have reigned over Kelantan sometime between the 16th and 17th centuries.
Che Siti Wan Kembang is the legendary queen regnant over a region in the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia, which is now encompassed within Kelantan state.

Kelantan River

Sungai KelantanKelantanSungai Kelantan Bridge
Sultan Muhammad II leveraged on his loose alliance with Siam to form the modern Kelantan state, centered in his new fort on the eastern bank of the Kelantan river, which became Kota Bharu in 1844.
The Kelantan River (named Sungai Kelantan in the standard Malay language or Sunga Kelate as it is pronounced in Kelantanese dialect) is the major river in Kelantan, Malaysia.

Terengganu

TrengganuMarangTerengganu Sultanate
It is bordered by Narathiwat Province of Thailand to the north, Terengganu to the south-east, Perak to the west and Pahang to the south. Under the terms of the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909, the Thais relinquished their claims over Kelantan, Terengganu, Kedah and Perlis to Great Britain, and Kelantan thus became one of the Unfederated Malay States with a British Adviser.
During World War II, Japan occupied Terengganu and transferred sovereignty over the state back to Siam, which had been renamed Thailand in 1939, along with Kelantan, Kedah, and Perlis.

Japanese invasion of Malaya

invasion of MalayaMalayainvaded Malaya
Kelantan was where the Japanese first landed during their invasion of Malaya, on 8 December 1941.
Kota Bharu, capital of Kelantan State on Malaysia's northeast coast, was, in 1941, the Royal Air Force's (RAF) and Royal Australian Air Force's (RAAF) base of operations in Northern Malaya.

Tumpat District

TumpatPasir Pekan
During the 1920s, in the days of British colonial rule, a railway line was built, linking Tumpat on the state's northern coast, through the jungles of upper Kelantan and Pahang and then on to other states.
Tumpat (Kelantanese: Ttupak) is a district (jajahan) in Kelantan, Malaysia.

Si Rat Malai

four northernmost Malay statesFour Malay StatesFour states
In 1943, Kelantan was transferred by the Japanese to Thailand and became a province of Thailand.
It included the four northern states of Kedah, Perlis, Kelantan, and Terengganu in British Malaya annexed by the Axis-aligned Thai government after the Japanese invasion of Malaya.

Peninsular Malaysia

West MalaysiaMalayaPeninsula Malaysia
Kelantan is positioned in the north-east of Peninsular Malaysia. Rising high on the slopes of Gunung Korbu, the second highest peak in Peninsular Malaysia, the Nengiri River flows east to merge first with the Galas, and then with the Lebir — the latter born in the wilds of Taman Negara National Park — before turning decisively northwards and emptying into the shallow waters of the South China Sea.

Taman Negara

Taman Negara National ParkNational Parka Malaysian national park
Rising high on the slopes of Gunung Korbu, the second highest peak in Peninsular Malaysia, the Nengiri River flows east to merge first with the Galas, and then with the Lebir — the latter born in the wilds of Taman Negara National Park — before turning decisively northwards and emptying into the shallow waters of the South China Sea.
It was established in 1938/1939 as the King George V National Park after Theodore Hubback lobbied the sultans of Pahang, Terengganu and Kelantan to set aside a piece of land that covers the three states for the creation of a protected area.

1977 Kelantan Emergency

1977 in Kelantandeclared in the state of Kelantanstate of emergency
In November 1977, a state of emergency in Kelantan was declared by the federal government following a political crisis and street violence.
The 1977 Kelantan Emergency took place in the state of Kelantan in Malaysia.

Kedah

KadaramKedah Darul AmanSultanate of Kedah
Under the terms of the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909, the Thais relinquished their claims over Kelantan, Terengganu, Kedah and Perlis to Great Britain, and Kelantan thus became one of the Unfederated Malay States with a British Adviser.
In World War II, Kedah (along with Kelantan) was the first part of Malaya to be invaded by Japan.

2008 Malaysian general election

20082008 general election2008 election
However, after the 2008 Malaysian general election, PAS regained the two-third majority of seats in the state assembly.
The government wished to retake the mandate of the opposition state of Kelantan from PAS, promising the Kelantanese people major development projects and jobs.

Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909

Anglo-Siamese TreatyBangkok Treaty of 19091909
Under the terms of the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909, the Thais relinquished their claims over Kelantan, Terengganu, Kedah and Perlis to Great Britain, and Kelantan thus became one of the Unfederated Malay States with a British Adviser.
Thailand relinquished its claims to sovereignty over Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis and Terengganu which entered the British sphere of influence as protectorates.

Perlis

Perlis, MalaysiaKingdom of PerlisPerlis Indera Kayangan
Under the terms of the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909, the Thais relinquished their claims over Kelantan, Terengganu, Kedah and Perlis to Great Britain, and Kelantan thus became one of the Unfederated Malay States with a British Adviser.
As with Kedah, the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909 forced Siam to relinquish its southern Malay vassal states of Kelantan, Trengganu, and Monthon Syburi (comprising Kedah, Perlis, and Satun which remained with Thailand) to Great Britain.

Barisan Nasional

BNAllianceNational Front
However, PAS very nearly lost control of Kelantan, retaining it with only a 1-seat majority, in 2004, when Barisan Nasional, under the new leadership of Abdullah Badawi following Tun Mahathir's retirement, won by a landslide nationally.
Barisan Nasional nevertheless won the 1978 general election convincingly, and it continued to dominate Malaysian politics in the 1980s and 1990s despite some losses in state elections, such as the loss of Kelantan to PAS, and Sabah to United Sabah Party (PBS) which later joined Barisan Nasional.

Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah

Tengku RazaleighRazaleigh HamzahTengku Razaleigh Tengku Mohd Hamzah
On 9 May 1975, an agreement was signed between the Kelantan Chief Minister of the time Datuk Mohamed Nasir, and the Chairman of Petronas, Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah.
Tengku Razaleigh bin Tengku Mohd Hamzah (Jawi: تڠكو غزالي بن تڠكو محمد حمزه; born 13 April 1937) is a Malaysian veteran politician and Member of Parliament (MP) for Gua Musang from the state of Kelantan.

Kelantanese Malay people

KelantaneseKelantanese MalayKelantanese Malays
Kelantanese Malay people are the predominant ethnic group in the state.
Kelantanese Malays (Malaysian: Orang Melayu Kelantan, Kelantanese: Oghe Kelate) are a sub-ethnic group of Malays native to the state of Kelantan, Malaysia as well as in northern Terengganu (in the districts of Besut and northern Setiu).

Mahathir Mohamad

Mahathir bin MohamadMahathir MohamedDato' Sri Dr Mahathir Mohamad
PAS won big in 1999, due in significant part to Malay anger over the treatment of former Deputy Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim by then–Prime Minister Mahathir Mohammed and other officials of the national government.
Each of Razak's preferred candidates was elected: former Chief Minister of Melaka, Ghafar Baba; Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah, a wealthy businessman and member of Kelantan's royal family; and Mahathir.

Malacca Sultanate

Sultanate of MalaccaMalaccaMelaka Sultanate
In 1499, Kelantan became a vassal state of the Malacca Sultanate.
Malacca was still looking to expand its territory as late as 1506, when it conquered Kelantan.

Mak yong

Mak Yong Theatre
One of the most controversial steps PAS has taken in Kelantan is to place tough restrictions or outright bans on the traditional performance of syncretic Malay theatrical forms, such as Wayang Kulit, Mak Yong, Dikir Barat, and Main Puteri.
Mak yong or mak yung (Malay in Jawi: مق يوڠ; มะโย่ง, ) is a traditional form of dance-drama from northern Malaysia, particularly the state of Kelantan.

Malays (ethnic group)

MalayMalaysMalay people
A part of the deeply conservative Malay heartlands, Kelantan has been ruled by the Islamic Party of Malaysia (PAS) since 1990.
The Islamic faith arrived on the shores of what are now the states of Kedah, Perak, Kelantan and Terengganu, from around the 12th century.