Kenneth Clark

Sir Kenneth ClarkClark, KennethLord ClarkKenneth Mackenzie ClarkClark, Sir KennethKenneth Clark, Baron ClarkLord Kenneth ClarkClarkKen ClarkKenneth Clark, Baron Clark of Saltwood
Kenneth Mackenzie Clark, Baron Clark (13 July 1903 – 21 May 1983) was a British art historian, museum director, and broadcaster.wikipedia
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Civilisation (TV series)

CivilisationCivilisation: A Personal View by Kenneth ClarkCivilization
After running two important art galleries in the 1930s and 1940s, he came to wider public notice on television, presenting a succession of programmes on the arts during the 1950s and 1960s, culminating in the Civilisation series in 1969.
Civilisation—in full, Civilisation: A Personal View by Kenneth Clark—is a television documentary series written and presented by the art historian Kenneth Clark.

Roger Fry

Fry, RogerRoger Eliot FryFry Roger
While at Oxford, Clark was greatly impressed by the lectures of Roger Fry, the influential art critic who staged the first Post-Impressionism exhibitions in Britain.
He was described by the art historian Kenneth Clark as "incomparably the greatest influence on taste since Ruskin ... In so far as taste can be changed by one man, it was changed by Roger Fry".

National Gallery

National Gallery, LondonThe National GalleryNational Gallery of London
After coming under the influence of the connoisseur and dealer Bernard Berenson, Clark was appointed director of the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford aged twenty-seven, and three years later he was put in charge of Britain's National Gallery.
This idea was firmly rejected by Winston Churchill, who wrote in a telegram to the director Kenneth Clark, "bury them in caves or in cellars, but not a picture shall leave these islands".

War Artists' Advisory Committee

War Artists Advisory CommitteeBritish War Artists Schemeofficial war artist
He set up the War Artists' Advisory Committee, and persuaded the government to employ official war artists in considerable numbers.
The War Artists Advisory Committee (WAAC), was a British government agency established within the Ministry of Information at the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939 and headed by Sir Kenneth Clark.

Surveyor of the Queen's Pictures

Surveyor of the King's PicturesSurveyor and Keeper of the King's Picturessurveyor of crown pictures
At about the same time as accepting MacDonald's offer of the directorship, Clark had declined one from King George V's officials to succeed C. H. Collins Baker as Surveyor of the King's Pictures.
Notable recent office-holders have included Sir Lionel Cust (1901–1927), Sir Kenneth Clark (1934–1944), Professor Anthony Blunt (1945–1972), one of the infamous Cambridge Five, and Sir Oliver Millar (1972–1988).

Bernard Berenson

BerensonBerenson CollectionBernhard Berenson
After coming under the influence of the connoisseur and dealer Bernard Berenson, Clark was appointed director of the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford aged twenty-seven, and three years later he was put in charge of Britain's National Gallery.
A spirited portrait of daily life at the Berenson "court" at I Tatti during the 1920s may be found in Sir Kenneth Clark's 1974 memoir, Another Part of the Wood.

Slade Professor of Fine Art

Slade ProfessorSlade Professorship of Fine ArtSlade Lectures
After the war, and three years as Slade Professor of Fine Art at Oxford, Clark surprised many by accepting the chairmanship of the UK's first commercial television network.

John Ruskin

RuskinRuskinianRuskinian Gothic
Among his early influences were the writings of John Ruskin, which instilled in him the belief that everyone should have access to great art.

John Piper (artist)

John PiperJohnJohn Egerton Christmas Piper
Those designated "official war artists" included Edward Ardizzone, Paul and John Nash, Mervyn Peake, John Piper and Graham Sutherland.
At the start of World War II, Piper volunteered to work interpreting aerial reconnaissance photographs for the RAF, but was persuaded by Sir Kenneth Clark to work as an official war artist for the War Artists' Advisory Committee (WAAC), which he did from 1940 to 1944 on short-term contracts.

Independent Television Authority

ITAIndependent Televisioncommercial television
The year after becoming chairman of the Arts Council, Clark surprised many and shocked some by accepting the chairmanship of the new Independent Television Authority (ITA).
The Authority began its operations on 4 August 1954, a mere four days after the Television Act received Royal Assent, under the Chairmanship of Sir Kenneth Clark.

Wixenford School

WixenfordWixenford Preparatory School
Clark was educated at Wixenford School and, from 1917 to 1922, Winchester College.

Colin Clark (filmmaker)

Colin ClarkColinCollin Clark
The couple had three children: Alan, in 1928, and twins, Colette (known as Celly) and Colin, in 1932.
He was the son of the art historian Lord Clark of Saltwood (Sir Kenneth Clark), and the younger brother of the Conservative politician and military historian Alan Clark, with whom he was not always on good terms.

The Ascent of Man

ascentAscent of Man
The British Film Institute notes how Civilisation changed the shape of cultural television, setting the standard for later documentary series, from Alastair Cooke's America (1972) and Jacob Bronowski's The Ascent of Man (1973) to the present day.
Intended as a series of "personal view" documentaries in the manner of Kenneth Clark's 1969 series Civilisation, the series received acclaim for Bronowski's highly informed but eloquently simple analysis, his long, elegant monologues and its extensive location shoots.

Henry Moore

MooreHenry Spencer MooreSir Henry Moore
Artists employed on short-term contracts included Jacob Epstein, Laura Knight, L. S. Lowry, Henry Moore and Stanley Spencer.
In 1938, Moore met Kenneth Clark for the first time.

Alan Clark

Alan Clark MPClarkThe Alan Clark Diaries
The couple had three children: Alan, in 1928, and twins, Colette (known as Celly) and Colin, in 1932.
Alan Clark was born at 55 Lancaster Gate, London, the elder son of art historian Kenneth Clark (later Lord Clark), who was of Scottish parentage, and his wife Elizabeth Winifred Clark (née Martin), who was Irish.

Lew Grade

Sir Lew GradeLord GradeLew Grade, Baron Grade
Lew Grade, who as chairman of Associated Television (ATV) held one of the ITV franchises, felt strongly that Clark should make arts programmes of his own, and as soon as Clark stood down as chairman in 1957, he accepted Grade's invitation.
Grade did not avoid the other end of the cultural spectrum, and from 1958 Sir Kenneth Clark began to talk about the history of art on television.

Arts Council of Great Britain

Arts CouncilBritish Arts CouncilCouncil for the Encouragement of Music and the Arts
When it was reconstituted as the Arts Council of Great Britain in 1945 he was invited to serve as a member of its executive committee, and as chairman of the council's arts panel.
After Keynes' death in April 1946 Government funding was reduced but the Arts Council received wide recognition for its contribution to the Festival of Britain thanks to the new Chairman Kenneth Clark.

The Brains Trust

Brains Trust
During the war he appeared regularly on BBC radio's The Brains Trust.
Later participants included: Edward Andrade, Noel Annan, A. J. Ayer, Michael Ayrton, Isaiah Berlin, Robert Boothby, Jacob Bronowski, Collin Brooks, Violet Bonham Carter, Alan Bullock, Anthony Chenevix-Trench, Kenneth Clark, Margery Fry, Commander Rupert Gould, Gilbert Harding (as chairman), Herbert Hart, Will Hay, Bishop Joost de Blank, C. S. Lewis, John Maud, Malcolm Muggeridge (chairman), Anna Neagle, Egon Ronay, Bertrand Russell, Sir Malcolm Sargent, Hannen Swaffer, Gwyn Thomas (novelist), Geoffrey Crowther (as chairman), Lord Dunsany, Walter Elliot, Jennie Lee, Ellen Wilkinson, Aldous Huxley, A. J. P. Taylor, Harold Nicolson, Rupert Gould, Barbara Ward Jackson, Philip Guedalla and Tom Wintringham.

Gothic Revival architecture

Gothic RevivalNeo-GothicGothic
Bell became a mentor to him and suggested that for his B Litt thesis Clark should write about the Gothic revival in architecture.
By 1872, the Gothic Revival was mature enough in the United Kingdom that Charles Locke Eastlake, an influential professor of design, could produce A History of the Gothic Revival, but the first extended essay on the movement was Kenneth Clark's, ''The Gothic Revival.

Ministry of Information (United Kingdom)

Ministry of InformationMinister of InformationBritish Ministry of Information
With an empty gallery to preside over, Clark contemplated volunteering for the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, but was recruited, at Lord Lee's instigation, into the newly-formed Ministry of Information, where he was put in charge of the film division, and was later promoted to be controller of home publicity.
Dylan Thomas, frustrated at being declared unfit to join the armed forces, contacted Sir Kenneth Clark, director of the films division of the Ministry of Information, and offered his services.

Andrea Previtali

His staff did not accept the attribution to Giorgione, and within a year scholarly research established the paintings as the work of Andrea Previtali, one of Giorgione's minor contemporaries.
Kenneth Clark, then Director of the National Gallery, London, bought two small panels of his from a dealer in Vienna, each with two rustic scenes.

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres

IngresJean Auguste Dominique IngresDominique Ingres
The Burlington Magazine, looking back at Clark's time at the gallery, singled out among the works acquired under his leadership the seven panels forming Sassetta's San Sepolcro Altarpiece from the fifteenth century, four works by Giovanni di Paolo from the same period, Niccolò dell'Abate's The Death of Eurydice from the sixteenth century and Ingres' Madame Moitessier from the nineteenth.
Ingres's paintings are often characterized by strong local colours, such as the "acid blues and bottle greens" Kenneth Clark professed to "perversely enjoy" in La Grande Odalisque.

Winston Churchill

Sir Winston ChurchillChurchillChurchill, Winston
One suggestion was to send them to Canada for safekeeping, but by this time the war had started and Clark was worried about the possibility of submarine attacks on the ships taking the collection across the Atlantic; he was not displeased when the prime minister, Winston Churchill, vetoed the idea: "Hide them in caves and cellars, but not one picture shall leave this island."
In 1925 Lord Duveen, Kenneth Clark, and Oswald Birley selected his Winter Sunshine as the prize winner in a contest for anonymous amateur artists.

Paul Nash (artist)

Paul NashNashPaul
Those designated "official war artists" included Edward Ardizzone, Paul and John Nash, Mervyn Peake, John Piper and Graham Sutherland.
The Chairman of WAAC, Kenneth Clark was aghast at this development and in January 1941 the Committee agreed to put aside £500 to purchase works from Nash on the theme of aerial conflict.

Saltwood Castle

Saltwood
They moved in 1953 when Clark bought the Norman castle of Saltwood in Kent, which became the family home.
In 1953, the castle was bought by the art historian Kenneth Clark (1903–1983), and then became the home of his son, the politician and diarist, Alan Clark (1928–1999).