A report on Kenya and Mount Kenya

Mount Kenya, as seen from a SkySat satellite
Mount Kenya is important to all the ethnic communities living around it.
Several ethnic groups that live around Mount Kenya believe the mountain to be sacred. They used to build their houses facing the mountain, with the doors on the side nearest to it.
The Turkana boy, a 1.6-million-year-old hominid fossil belonging to Homo erectus.
Mount Kenya lies in the Kenyan highlands, 150 km north-northeast of Nairobi, just northeast of Nyeri.
A traditional Swahili carved wooden door in Lamu.
Mount Kenya was a stratovolcano and probably looked similar to Mt. Fuji (shown above). The lower slopes are still this shape, which is how the previous height is estimated.
Portuguese presence in Kenya lasted from 1498 until 1730. Mombasa was under Portuguese rule from 1593 to 1698 and again from 1728 to 1729.
The central peaks of Mount Kenya are volcanic plugs that have resisted glacial erosion. (Left to right: Point Thompson (4955m), Batian (5199m) and Nelion (5188m))
British East Africa in 1909
The main peaks and glaciers of Mount Kenya are near the centre of the mountain.
The Kenya–Uganda Railway near Mombasa, about 1899.
The Lewis Glacier is the largest on Mount Kenya
A statue of Dedan Kimathi, a Kenyan rebel leader with the Mau Mau who fought against the British colonial system in the 1950s.
Frost heaving causes patterned solifluction lobes below Mugi Hill.
The first president and founding father of Kenya, Jomo Kenyatta.
Runoff from Mount Kenya provides water for over 2 million people.
Daniel arap Moi, Kenya's second President, and George W. Bush, 2001
There are distinct vegetation zones around Mount Kenya which vary according to altitude and aspect.
Uhuru Kenyatta in 2014.
The timberline forest is commonly in cloud. The trees are relatively small and covered in lichens and mosses.
A map of Kenya.
Many plants that live on Mount Kenya, like this Senecio keniodendron, have to be specially adapted to the extremes in temperature.
A Köppen climate classification map of Kenya.
Hyrax are able to cope with a more extreme climate and are found up to the highest elevation.
Kenya's third president, Mwai Kibaki
Safari ants swarm around the forest in long columns. They are easiest to see when they cross the tracks.
The Supreme Court of Kenya building.
In January the Intertropical Convergence Zone is at its southern extreme over the Indian Ocean. In July it is at its northern extreme over Tibet and Arabia. As it passes over the equator, Mount Kenya experiences a wet season.
President Barack Obama in Nairobi, July 2015
In the dry season, mornings are typically clear and cool, but the mountain is hidden in cloud by mid-day.
Emblem of the Kenya Defence Forces
Joseph Thomson reached the foothills of Mount Kenya and confirmed Krapf's discovery.
Kenya's 47 counties.
Count Sámuel Teleki was the first European to set foot on Mount Kenya. His expedition reached 4350 m.
A proportional representation of Kenya exports, 2019
Shipton and Russell made the first ascent of Point John up the south-east gully in 1929
Kenya, Trends in the Human Development Index 1970–2010.
There are many peaks on Mount Kenya that require rock climbing.
Amboseli National Park
Map showing the walking routes and huts around Mount Kenya
Tsavo East National Park
Batian on the left, Nelion on the right, and Slade in the foreground
Tea farm near Kericho, Kericho County.
Lenana, the third highest peak, is the most ascended
Agricultural countryside in Kenya
Mount Kenya, left to right: Point Lenana (4985m), Nelion summit (5188), Batian summit (5199m)
The Kenya Commercial Bank office at KENCOM House (right) in Nairobi.
Krapf Rognon ({{convert|4800|m|ft|0|abbr=on|disp=or}}) and Krapf glacier
Workers at Olkaria Geothermal Power Plant
Midget peak can be climbed in a day.
The official logo of Vision 2030.
Terere and Sendeyo are two craggy outlying peaks
Lake Turkana borders Turkana County
Mugi hill and the Giant's Billiards Table offers some of the best hillwalking in Kenya.
Lions Family Portrait Masai Mara
Nelion from Batian in Dec 1974
Maasai people. The Maasai live in both Kenya and Tanzania.
Looking down the Diamond Glacier to Pt John
Child labour in Kenya
The Gorges Valley is a major feature on the Chogoria Route.
A Bantu Kikuyu woman in traditional attire
Vertical bog on Mount Kenya on the Naro Moru Route.
Holy Ghost Roman Catholic Cathedral in Mombasa.
Looking towards the peaks up the Mackinder Valley on the Sirimon Route.
Outpatient Department of AIC Kapsowar Hospital in Kapsowar.
Austrian Hut is found near the Lewis Glacier on the slopes of Point Lenana. The hut sleeps 30 people, with Top Hut nearby for porters.
Table showing different grades of clinical officers, medical officers, and medical practitioners in Kenya's public service
Liki North Hut is a small bothy in the Liki North Valley. It offers little more than shelter from the weather.
School children in a classroom.
Shipton's Camp is at the top of the Sirimon Route. It has a large communal area and running cold water.
An MSc student at Kenyatta University in Nairobi.
Camping is allowed anywhere within the National Park.
A Maasai girl at school.
Fairmont Mount Kenya Safari Club is a resort located in Nanyuki at the base of Mount Kenya. The resort has over 120 rooms and is one of the most exclusive in the region.
Kenyan boys and girls performing a traditional dance
Mount Kenya was a stratovolcano and probably looked similar to Mt. Fuji (shown above). The lower slopes are still this shape, which is how the previous height is estimated.
Nation Media House, which hosts the Nation Media Group
Kenyan author Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o.
Popular Kenyan musician Jua Cali.
Jepkosgei Kipyego and Jepkemoi Cheruiyot at the 2012 London Olympics
Kenyan Olympic and world record holder in the 800 meters, David Rudisha.
Ugali and sukuma wiki, staples of Kenyan cuisine

Mount Kenya (Kikuyu: Kĩrĩnyaga, Kamba, Ki Nyaa) is the highest mountain in Kenya and the second-highest in Africa, after Kilimanjaro.

- Mount Kenya

Its geography, climate and population vary widely, ranging from cold snow-capped mountaintops (Batian, Nelion and Point Lenana on Mount Kenya) with vast surrounding forests, wildlife and fertile agricultural regions to temperate climates in western and rift valley counties and dry less fertile arid and semi-arid areas and absolute deserts (Chalbi Desert and Nyiri Desert).

- Kenya

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Kikuyu people

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The Kikuyu (also Agĩkũyũ/Gĩkũyũ) are a Bantu ethnic group native to Central Kenya.

The Kikuyu (also Agĩkũyũ/Gĩkũyũ) are a Bantu ethnic group native to Central Kenya.

Kikuyu woman as painted by Akseli Gallen-Kallela in 1909
Portrait of Kenosua by Gallen-Kallela, 1909–1910
A Gikuyu man and his wife in 2020 in Kenya
Kikuyu chief Wanbugu (seated center) in talks with the High Commissioner of the East Africa Protectorate c. 1910
First President of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta
Governor of Central Bank of Kenya Ngugi Njoroge
Statue of Mau Mau Freedom Fighter Dedan Kimathi
Nobel Peace Prize Winner Wangari Maathai

At a population of 8,148,668 as of 2019, they account for 17.13% of the total population of Kenya, making them the largest ethnic group in Kenya.

Geographically, they are concentrated in the vicinity of Mount Kenya.

Kamba people

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Chief Kivoi Mwendwa, 1850s
Basket-weaving, one of the traditional skills of the Kamba.

The Kamba or Akamba (sometimes called Wakamba) people are a Bantu ethnic group who predominantly live in the area of Kenya stretching from Nairobi to Tsavo and north to Embu, in the southern part of the former Eastern Province.

Kambas are concentrated in the lowlands of southeast Kenya from the vicinity of Mount Kenya to the coast.

Meru people

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The Meru or Amîîrú (including the Ngaa) are a Bantu ethnic group that inhabit the Meru region of Kenya on the fertile lands of north and eastern slopes of Mount Kenya, in the former Eastern Province of Kenya.

Embu people

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The Embu are a Bantu people inhabiting Embu county in Kenya.

They inhabit the southern windward slopes and farmlands of Mount Kenya.

Map of the population around Mount Kenya (in french)

Mbeere people

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Map of the population around Mount Kenya (in french)

The Mbeere or Ambeere people are a Bantu ethnic group inhabiting the former Mbeere District in the now-defunct Eastern Province of Kenya.

Other local places of interest include the Mwea National Reserve, and Kiangombe hill, which peaked at 1804 meters stands out compared to adjacent topography, although is not as spectacular as the Mount Kenya located less than 100 kilometers northwest.


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Nairobi County (red) in surrounding Nairobi Metro (green)
Nairobi in 1899
Entrance to Nairobi railway station in 1899
Nairobi in 1973
Nairobi showing Fedha Towers, ICEA Building, the Nairobi Safari Club and Anniversary Towers
Woodvale Grove, Westlands
Satellite view of Nairobi
River Athi on the eastern side of Nairobi
Rain clouds over estates (Dec. 2019).
Nairobi southern suburbs in 2003
Kibera slums being upgraded to New Apartment by the Kenyan Ministry of housing and United Nations Habitat
Central Park
Kenyatta Avenue with Uhuru Park between Upper Hill and the Nairobi CBD
Co-operative Bank of Kenya headquarters
Kenyatta International Convention Centre with Times Tower in the background
Nairobi is a major financial capital of Africa, and one of the most modern cities in Africa.
I&M Bank headquarters in Nairobi
Prism Tower in Upper Hill
A view of Nairobi from the Kenyatta International Conference Centre
A giraffe at Nairobi National Park, with Nairobi's skyline in background
Nairobi Cinema
Nyayo National Stadium
Basilica of the Holy Family in Nairobi
University of Nairobi
Umma University
Syokimau Railway Station
Jomo Kenyatta International Airport
A matatu
Public transport in Nairobi
Nairobi Terminus
Museum hill interchange, where Uhuru highway links to forest road which is an extension of the Thika superhighway. Nairobi's tall skyscrapers can be seen on the background.
The A104 heading to Nairobi CBD
Eastern Bypass, Nairobi
Nairobi metro map
Nairobi County (red)
Kajiado County (green)
Machakos County (yellow)
Kiambu County (purple)
View of Kibera,
Military helicopter over Westgate Shopping Mall
Nation Centre, headquarters of the Nation Media Group
Jomo Kenyatta statue
Nairobi at sunrise
KICC Auditorium
State House
Nairobi City Hall
Entrance to Parliament
University of Nairobi
Nairobi at sunset
NSSF Building
Anniversary Towers
Times Tower

Nairobi is the capital and largest city of Kenya.

In February 1926, colonial officer Eric Dutton passed through Nairobi on his way to Mount Kenya, and said of the city:

Eastern Province (Kenya)

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Mount Kenya was found in the former Eastern Province (capital Embu; click map to enlarge)

The Eastern Province (Mashariki) of Kenya was one of 8 Provinces of Kenya.

Eastern Province of Kenya includes the Chalbi Desert, Mount Kenya, and the eastern half of Lake Turkana.

Mwai Kibaki

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Presidential Standard of Mwai Kibaki
President Mwai Kibaki meets with Adm. William J. Fallon, Commander of U.S. Central Command
President Kibaki in 2005
President Mwai Kibaki with, from left to right, Presidents Yoweri Museveni of Uganda, Paul Kagame of Rwanda, Jakaya Kikwete of Tanzania, and Pierre Nkurunziza of Burundi at an East African Community Head of States Meeting
President Mwai Kibaki with, from left to right, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni and Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete during the 8th EAC summit in Arusha
President Mwai Kibaki with the British Foreign Office Minister Henry Bellingham, Lord Mayor of the City of London, Alderman David Wootton and Minister of Trade Moses Wetangula at the Kenya Investment Conference in London, 31 July 2012
President Mwai Kibaki with British Foreign Secretary William Hague in Nairobi, Kenya
The forty shilling coin with President Mwai Kibaki's portrait and inscription commemorating 40 Years of Independence
President Kibaki and Mrs. Lucy Kibaki with U.S. President George W. Bush and Laura Bush at the White House during a state visit in 2003.

Emilio Stanley Mwai Kibaki CGH (15 November 1931 – 21 April 2022) was a Kenyan politician who served as the third President of Kenya from December 2002 until April 2013 and is regarded as one of Kenya's founding fathers.

President Kibaki was accused of ruling with a small group of his elderly peers, mainly from the educated side of the Kikuyu elite that emerged in the Jomo Kenyatta era, usually referred to as the "Kitchen Cabinet" or the "Mount Kenya Mafia".

Johann Ludwig Krapf

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German missionary in East Africa, as well as an explorer, linguist, and traveler.

German missionary in East Africa, as well as an explorer, linguist, and traveler.

They were the first Europeans to see Mount Kenya with the help of Akamba who dwelled at its slopes and Kilimanjaro.

From there he set off for East Africa hoping to reach the Oromo from what is now the Kenyan coast.

Location map of the River Tana

Tana River (Kenya)

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Location map of the River Tana

The ca. 1000 km long Tana River is the longest river in Kenya, and gives its name to the Tana River County.

Initially it runs east before turning south around the massif of Mount Kenya.