A report on TanzaniaKenya and Swahili people

Women from Comoros in traditional dress.
Swahili Arabic script on a one-pysar coin from Zanzibar c. 1299 AH (1882 CE)
Swahili Arabic script on a carved wooden door (open) at Lamu in Kenya
A 1.8-million-year-old stone chopping tool discovered at Olduvai Gorge and on display at the British Museum.
The Turkana boy, a 1.6-million-year-old hominid fossil belonging to Homo erectus.
Swahili Arabic script on wooden door in Fort Jesus, Mombasa in Kenya
A traditional Swahili carved wooden door in Lamu.
A 1572 depiction of the portuguese city of Kilwa, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Portuguese presence in Kenya lasted from 1498 until 1730. Mombasa was under Portuguese rule from 1593 to 1698 and again from 1728 to 1729.
British East Africa in 1909
Battle during the Maji Maji Rebellion against German colonial rule in 1905.
The Kenya–Uganda Railway near Mombasa, about 1899.
The Arusha Declaration Monument
A statue of Dedan Kimathi, a Kenyan rebel leader with the Mau Mau who fought against the British colonial system in the 1950s.
Wildebeest migration in the Serengeti
The first president and founding father of Kenya, Jomo Kenyatta.
Tanzania map of Köppen climate classification
Daniel arap Moi, Kenya's second President, and George W. Bush, 2001
The Masai giraffe is Tanzania's national animal
Uhuru Kenyatta in 2014.
The semi-autonomous Zanzibar Archipelago
A map of Kenya.
Regions of Tanzania
A Köppen climate classification map of Kenya.
Tanzanian ambassador to Russia Jaka Mwambi presenting his credentials to the Russian President Dmitry Medvedev
Kenya's third president, Mwai Kibaki
Tanzanian Embassy in West End, Washington, D.C., USA
The Supreme Court of Kenya building.
FIB Tanzanian special forces during training
President Barack Obama in Nairobi, July 2015
A proportional representation of Tanzania exports, 2019
Emblem of the Kenya Defence Forces
Historical development of real GDP per capita in Tanzania, since 1950
Kenya's 47 counties.
Tea fields in Tukuyu
A proportional representation of Kenya exports, 2019
Nyerere Bridge in Kigamboni, Dar es Salaam
Kenya, Trends in the Human Development Index 1970–2010.
The snowcapped Uhuru Peak
Amboseli National Park
One of the main trunk roads
Tsavo East National Park
Zanzibar harbour
Tea farm near Kericho, Kericho County.
Domestic expenditure on research in Southern Africa as a percentage of GDP, 2012 or closest year. Source: UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 (2015), Figure 20.3
Agricultural countryside in Kenya
A Tanzanian woman cooks Pilau rice dish wearing traditional Kanga.
The Kenya Commercial Bank office at KENCOM House (right) in Nairobi.
Farmers using a rice harvester to harvest rice in Igunga District, Tanzania
Workers at Olkaria Geothermal Power Plant
Example of a World Food Programme parcel
The official logo of Vision 2030.
Researchers (HC) in Southern Africa per million inhabitants, 2013 or closest year
Lake Turkana borders Turkana County
Scientific publications per million inhabitants in SADC countries in 2014. Source: UNESCO Science Report (2015), data from Thomson Reuters' Web of Science, Science Citation Index Expanded
Lions Family Portrait Masai Mara
The Hadza live as hunter-gatherers.
Maasai people. The Maasai live in both Kenya and Tanzania.
A carved door with Arabic calligraphy in Zanzibar
Child labour in Kenya
Nkrumah Hall at the University of Dar es Salaam
A Bantu Kikuyu woman in traditional attire
Development of life expectancy
Holy Ghost Roman Catholic Cathedral in Mombasa.
Tanzanian woman harvest tea leaves
Outpatient Department of AIC Kapsowar Hospital in Kapsowar.
Judith Wambura (Lady Jaydee) is a popular Bongo Flava recording singer.
Table showing different grades of clinical officers, medical officers, and medical practitioners in Kenya's public service
A Tingatinga painting
School children in a classroom.
National Stadium in Dar es Salaam.
An MSc student at Kenyatta University in Nairobi.
St Joseph's Catholic cathedral, Zanzibar
A Maasai girl at school.
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda in Arusha
Kenyan boys and girls performing a traditional dance
East African Legislative Assembly in Arusha
Nation Media House, which hosts the Nation Media Group
Tanzanian Ngoma group
Kenyan author Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o.
Popular Kenyan musician Jua Cali.
Jepkosgei Kipyego and Jepkemoi Cheruiyot at the 2012 London Olympics
Kenyan Olympic and world record holder in the 800 meters, David Rudisha.
Ugali and sukuma wiki, staples of Kenyan cuisine

The Swahili people (WaSwahili) comprise mainly Bantu, Afro-Arab and Comorian ethnic groups inhabiting the Swahili coast, an area encompassing the Zanzibar archipelago and mainland Tanzania's seaboard, littoral Kenya, northern Mozambique, the Comoros Islands, southwestern Somalia and Northwest Madagascar.

- Swahili people

It borders Uganda to the north; Kenya to the northeast; Comoro Islands and the Indian Ocean to the east; Mozambique and Malawi to the south; Zambia to the southwest; and Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.

- Tanzania

Kenya is bordered by South Sudan to the northwest, Ethiopia to the north, Somalia to the east, Uganda to the west, Tanzania to the south, and the Indian Ocean to the southeast.

- Kenya

However, scholars have suggested that claims of Arab or Persian origin of city-states were attempts by the Swahili to legitimise themselves both locally and internationally.

- Kenya

Between 65 and 90 per cent of the Arab-Swahili population of Zanzibar was enslaved.

- Tanzania

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Insular semi-autonomous state which united with Tanganyika in 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanzania.

Insular semi-autonomous state which united with Tanganyika in 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanzania.

The castle in Zanzibar
Omani Sultan of Zanzibar
Zanzibari slave trader Tippu Tip
The Harem and Tower Harbour of Zanzibar (p.234), London Missionary Society
A Zanj slave gang in Zanzibar (1889)
The post office in Zanzibar was initially managed by the postal service of British India. Before dedicated Zanzibar stamps could be manufactured, Indian stamps were locally overprinted. This item is from a pre-printed Indian envelope or postcard, overprinted at the offices of the Zanzibar Gazette, which had the only printing press in the territory.
A street scene in Zanzibar during the early 20th century
President Abeid Karume
A street scene in Stone Town
Produce vendors at a market
The main mosque and Christ Church Anglican cathedral in Stone Town
Hindu temple in Stone Town
12 January 2004: President Karume of Zanzibar enters Amani Stadium for the celebration of the 40th anniversary of Zanzibar's 1964 revolution.
An aerial view of Stone Town in Zanzibar
A dolphin in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of Zanzibar
Papilio demodocus in Zanzibar, Nungwi
Prophylaxis poster in Zanzibar, 2008
Seaweed farming in Jambiani
Aquaculture of red algae (Eucheuma), Jambiani
Tourism is one of the main sectors of the economy.
Market stall in Zanzibar's Stone Town
Tourists in boat chasing dolphins in the Indian Ocean near Zanzibar
A narrow pedestrian alleyway in Stone Town, Zanzibar
A train operating on the railway between Bububu and Stone Town in Zanzibar, circa 1905
Several times a day fast ferry services between Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar
Zanzibar Harbour
Azam Sealink1 ferry
Zanzibar Airport Terminal I
A view of the clock tower in House of Wonders through Islamic styled door in the Stone City
ZIFF, 2013
Institute of Marine Sciences, UDSM
Aerial view of Amaan Stadium in Zanzibar
Stone Town
Stone Town with Sultan's Palace
House of Wonders undergoing refurbishment
Cloves have played a significant role in Zanzibar's historic economy.
The red colobus of Zanzibar (Procolobus kirkii), taken at Jozani Fores
Zanzibar East Coast beach
Red-knobbed starfish (Protoreaster linckii) on the beach in Nungwi, northern Zanzibar
A Zanzibar beach
Cannons overlooking the water at Forodhani Gardens park, in Stone Town
alt=A five-star resort on the northern part of Zanzibar|A five-star resort on the northern part of Zanzibar

These towns grew in wealth as the Swahili people served as intermediaries and facilitators to merchants and traders.

In October 1886, a British-German border commission established the Zanj as a 10 nmi strip along most of the African Great Lakes region's coast, an area stretching from Cape Delgado (now in Mozambique) to Kipini (now in Kenya), including Mombasa and Dar es Salaam.

In April 1964, the republic merged with mainland Tanganyika. This United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar was soon renamed, blending the two names, as the United Republic of Tanzania, within which Zanzibar remains an autonomous region.

Swahili coast

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Map of Indian Ocean trade
Stone Town is the Zanzibar Archipelago's main city
Swahili is grouped in the Bantu language family (orange)
Houses are often decorated with carved door frames

The Swahili coast (الساحل السواحلي) is a coastal area of the Indian Ocean in East Africa inhabited by the Swahili people.

It includes Dar es Salaam; Sofala (located in Mozambique); Mombasa, Gede, Pate Island, Lamu, and Malindi (in Kenya); and Kilwa (in Tanzania).

Swahili in Arabic script—memorial plate at the Askari Monument, Dar es Salaam (1927)

Swahili language

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Swahili in Arabic script—memorial plate at the Askari Monument, Dar es Salaam (1927)
Although originally written with the Arabic script, Swahili is now written in a Latin alphabet introduced by Christian missionaries and colonial administrators. The text shown here is the Catholic version of the Lord's Prayer.
Swahili in Arabic script on the clothes of a girl in German East Africa (ca. early 1900s)
Loxodonta africana elephants frolic in Amboseli National Park, Kenya, 2012.

Swahili, also known by its native name Kiswahili, is the native language of the Waswahili who are found along the East African coast and litoral islands (primarily, modern coastal Tanzania/Kenya, Zanzibar/Pemba/Comoros Islands).

Due to concerted efforts by the government of Tanzania, Swahili is one of three official languages (the others being English and French) of the East African Community (EAC) countries, namely Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.