A report on Kenya

The Turkana boy, a 1.6-million-year-old hominid fossil belonging to Homo erectus.
A traditional Swahili carved wooden door in Lamu.
Portuguese presence in Kenya lasted from 1498 until 1730. Mombasa was under Portuguese rule from 1593 to 1698 and again from 1728 to 1729.
British East Africa in 1909
The Kenya–Uganda Railway near Mombasa, about 1899.
A statue of Dedan Kimathi, a Kenyan rebel leader with the Mau Mau who fought against the British colonial system in the 1950s.
The first president and founding father of Kenya, Jomo Kenyatta.
Daniel arap Moi, Kenya's second President, and George W. Bush, 2001
Uhuru Kenyatta in 2014.
A map of Kenya.
A Köppen climate classification map of Kenya.
Kenya's third president, Mwai Kibaki
The Supreme Court of Kenya building.
President Barack Obama in Nairobi, July 2015
Emblem of the Kenya Defence Forces
Kenya's 47 counties.
A proportional representation of Kenya exports, 2019
Kenya, Trends in the Human Development Index 1970–2010.
Amboseli National Park
Tsavo East National Park
Tea farm near Kericho, Kericho County.
Agricultural countryside in Kenya
The Kenya Commercial Bank office at KENCOM House (right) in Nairobi.
Workers at Olkaria Geothermal Power Plant
The official logo of Vision 2030.
Lake Turkana borders Turkana County
Lions Family Portrait Masai Mara
Maasai people. The Maasai live in both Kenya and Tanzania.
Child labour in Kenya
A Bantu Kikuyu woman in traditional attire
Holy Ghost Roman Catholic Cathedral in Mombasa.
Outpatient Department of AIC Kapsowar Hospital in Kapsowar.
Table showing different grades of clinical officers, medical officers, and medical practitioners in Kenya's public service
School children in a classroom.
An MSc student at Kenyatta University in Nairobi.
A Maasai girl at school.
Kenyan boys and girls performing a traditional dance
Nation Media House, which hosts the Nation Media Group
Kenyan author Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o.
Popular Kenyan musician Jua Cali.
Jepkosgei Kipyego and Jepkemoi Cheruiyot at the 2012 London Olympics
Kenyan Olympic and world record holder in the 800 meters, David Rudisha.
Ugali and sukuma wiki, staples of Kenyan cuisine

Country in Eastern Africa.

- Kenya

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Nairobi County (red) in surrounding Nairobi Metro (green)
Nairobi in 1899
Entrance to Nairobi railway station in 1899
Nairobi in 1973
Nairobi showing Fedha Towers, ICEA Building, the Nairobi Safari Club and Anniversary Towers
Woodvale Grove, Westlands
Satellite view of Nairobi
River Athi on the eastern side of Nairobi
Rain clouds over estates (Dec. 2019).
Nairobi southern suburbs in 2003
Kibera slums being upgraded to New Apartment by the Kenyan Ministry of housing and United Nations Habitat
Central Park
Kenyatta Avenue with Uhuru Park between Upper Hill and the Nairobi CBD
Co-operative Bank of Kenya headquarters
Kenyatta International Convention Centre with Times Tower in the background
Nairobi is a major financial capital of Africa, and one of the most modern cities in Africa.
I&M Bank headquarters in Nairobi
Prism Tower in Upper Hill
A view of Nairobi from the Kenyatta International Conference Centre
A giraffe at Nairobi National Park, with Nairobi's skyline in background
Nairobi Cinema
Nyayo National Stadium
Basilica of the Holy Family in Nairobi
University of Nairobi
Umma University
Syokimau Railway Station
Jomo Kenyatta International Airport
A matatu
Public transport in Nairobi
Nairobi Terminus
Museum hill interchange, where Uhuru highway links to forest road which is an extension of the Thika superhighway. Nairobi's tall skyscrapers can be seen on the background.
The A104 heading to Nairobi CBD
Eastern Bypass, Nairobi
Nairobi metro map
Nairobi County (red)
Kajiado County (green)
Machakos County (yellow)
Kiambu County (purple)
View of Kibera,
Military helicopter over Westgate Shopping Mall
Nation Centre, headquarters of the Nation Media Group
Jomo Kenyatta statue
Nairobi at sunrise
KICC Auditorium
State House
Nairobi City Hall
Entrance to Parliament
University of Nairobi
Nairobi at sunset
NSSF Building
Anniversary Towers
Times Tower

Nairobi is the capital and largest city of Kenya.


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Country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes region.

Country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes region.

A 1.8-million-year-old stone chopping tool discovered at Olduvai Gorge and on display at the British Museum.
A 1572 depiction of the portuguese city of Kilwa, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Battle during the Maji Maji Rebellion against German colonial rule in 1905.
The Arusha Declaration Monument
Wildebeest migration in the Serengeti
Tanzania map of Köppen climate classification
The Masai giraffe is Tanzania's national animal
The semi-autonomous Zanzibar Archipelago
Regions of Tanzania
Tanzanian ambassador to Russia Jaka Mwambi presenting his credentials to the Russian President Dmitry Medvedev
Tanzanian Embassy in West End, Washington, D.C., USA
FIB Tanzanian special forces during training
A proportional representation of Tanzania exports, 2019
Historical development of real GDP per capita in Tanzania, since 1950
Tea fields in Tukuyu
Nyerere Bridge in Kigamboni, Dar es Salaam
The snowcapped Uhuru Peak
One of the main trunk roads
Zanzibar harbour
Domestic expenditure on research in Southern Africa as a percentage of GDP, 2012 or closest year. Source: UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 (2015), Figure 20.3
A Tanzanian woman cooks Pilau rice dish wearing traditional Kanga.
Farmers using a rice harvester to harvest rice in Igunga District, Tanzania
Example of a World Food Programme parcel
Researchers (HC) in Southern Africa per million inhabitants, 2013 or closest year
Scientific publications per million inhabitants in SADC countries in 2014. Source: UNESCO Science Report (2015), data from Thomson Reuters' Web of Science, Science Citation Index Expanded
The Hadza live as hunter-gatherers.
A carved door with Arabic calligraphy in Zanzibar
Nkrumah Hall at the University of Dar es Salaam
Development of life expectancy
Tanzanian woman harvest tea leaves
Judith Wambura (Lady Jaydee) is a popular Bongo Flava recording singer.
A Tingatinga painting
National Stadium in Dar es Salaam.
St Joseph's Catholic cathedral, Zanzibar
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda in Arusha
East African Legislative Assembly in Arusha
Tanzanian Ngoma group

It borders Uganda to the north; Kenya to the northeast; Comoro Islands and the Indian Ocean to the east; Mozambique and Malawi to the south; Zambia to the southwest; and Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.

President Kenyatta in 1966

Jomo Kenyatta

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Jomo Kenyatta (c.

Jomo Kenyatta (c.

President Kenyatta in 1966
President Kenyatta in 1966
A traditional Kikuyu house similar to that in which Kenyatta would have lived in Nginda
Kenyatta lobbied against many of the actions of Edward Grigg, Governor of Kenya. Grigg tried to suppress many of Kenyatta's activities.
In October 1951 Kenyatta selected colors for the KAU flag: green for the land, black for the skin of the people, and red for the blood of liberty.
Tanzanian children with signs demanding Kenyatta's release
Kenyatta became close friends with the last British Governor of Kenya, Malcolm MacDonald, who helped speed the process of independence.
Kenyatta initially agreed to merge Kenya with Tanganyika, Uganda and Zanzibar to form an East African Federation.
The presidential standard of Jomo Kenyatta, adopted in 1970
Kenyatta at an agricultural show in 1968
Kenyatta with Malawian President Hastings Banda
The University of Nairobi, Kenya's first institution of higher education, was established under Kenyatta's administration.
Kenyatta meets an American delegation from the Congress of Racial Equality, including Roy Innis.
Jomo Kenyatta and his son meet the President of West Germany Heinrich Lübke in 1966.
Kenyatta at the Eldoret Agricultural Show, 1968
Kenyatta in the last year of his life
A statue of Kenyatta was erected at the KICC in Nairobi.
Kenyatta's Mausoleum in Nairobi

1897 – 22 August 1978) was a Kenyan anti-colonial activist and politician who governed Kenya as its Prime Minister from 1963 to 1964 and then as its first President from 1964 to his death in 1978.


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Mombasa was under Portuguese rule from 1593 to 1698 and again from 1728 to 1729. Portuguese presence in Kenya lasted from 1498 until 1730.
Mombasa City Coat of Arms
C. 1953 – A newly constructed East African Railways 60 class Garratt locomotive being unloaded at Mombasa, Kenya. The locomotive is seen here fitted with numberplate 5608, but it was renumbered 6002 at about the time it entered service.
Map of Mombasa's extent.
Renovated Mama Ngina Drive
Tudor, Mombasa
Moonlight view from Mombasa
Old Town across Mombasa Harbour
Seafront of Nyali Beach, north coast (from the Voyager Resort).
Diani Beach
Among the many sellers and vendors along Mombasa's beaches, this man walked up and down all day hoping for tourists looking for camel rides.
Downtown Mombasa
Biashara Street, Mombasa
The Market Hall in Mombasa, Kenya, where especially spices are sold.
A logo of Mombasa Cement Ltd (MCL), a large cement company in Mombasa that provides thousands of jobs to locals.
Moi International Airport
Mombasa Terminus
Nairobi-Mombasa Highway
Mombasa port
Mombasa ferry
Holy Ghost Cathedral, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Mombasa
Lord Shiva Temple in Mombasa, Hindu Union of Mombasa
Shree Cutch Satsang Swaminarayan Temple
Askari monument Mombasa
Mombasa CBD Building
Mombasa beach sunrise
Port of Mombasa
View of the old town
New Dwarikadham Hindu temple in Nyali
The Mombasa tusks, on Moi Avenue

Mombasa is a coastal city in southeastern Kenya along the Indian Ocean.


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Landlocked country in East Africa.

Landlocked country in East Africa.

A caesarean section performed by indigenous healers in Kahura, in the Empire of Kitara (present-day Uganda) as observed by medical missionary Robert William Felkin in 1879. This incident was recorded long before the arrival of the European missionary doctors and clinics. The kingdom performed a highly developed surgical procedure, the first-ever cesarean section technique that saved both the mother and child.
Flag of the Uganda Protectorate
Construction of the Owen Falls Dam in Jinja.
The Uganda printers building on Kampala Road, Kampala, Uganda
Grey Crowned Crane - a symbol of Uganda.
Belligerents of the Second Congo War. On 19 December 2005, the International Court of Justice found against Uganda, in a case brought by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, for illegal invasion of its territory, and violation of human rights.
Uganda map of Köppen climate classification.
U.S. President George W. Bush met with President Yoweri Museveni in Entebbe, Uganda, 11 July 2003.
Protests in New York City against Uganda's Anti-Homosexuality Bill.
Graphical depiction of Uganda's product exports in 28 color-coded categories.
Change in per capita GDP of Uganda, 1950–2018. Figures are inflation-adjusted to 2011 International dollars.
Coffee fields in southwestern Uganda
Workers at a textile factory in Jinja
Entebbe International Airport
Road to Murchison
Mobile operators offer money sending, receiving services, bill payments among many more services.
Students in Uganda
Development of life expectancy
Rwenzori mountains in Uganda
An ethnolinguistic map of Uganda
Cultural celebrations in Northern Uganda
Woman in Rwenzori – Western Uganda
Mandela National Stadium in Kira Town.
Side view of Victoria Nile
Saint Mary's Cathedral Rubaga, is the parent cathedral of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kampala.

The country is bordered to the East by Kenya, to the North by South Sudan, to the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, to the south-west by Rwanda, and to the south by Tanzania.

Kikuyu people

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The Kikuyu (also Agĩkũyũ/Gĩkũyũ) are a Bantu ethnic group native to Central Kenya.

The Kikuyu (also Agĩkũyũ/Gĩkũyũ) are a Bantu ethnic group native to Central Kenya.

Kikuyu woman as painted by Akseli Gallen-Kallela in 1909
Portrait of Kenosua by Gallen-Kallela, 1909–1910
A Gikuyu man and his wife in 2020 in Kenya
Kikuyu chief Wanbugu (seated center) in talks with the High Commissioner of the East Africa Protectorate c. 1910
First President of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta
Governor of Central Bank of Kenya Ngugi Njoroge
Statue of Mau Mau Freedom Fighter Dedan Kimathi
Nobel Peace Prize Winner Wangari Maathai

At a population of 8,148,668 as of 2019, they account for 17.13% of the total population of Kenya, making them the largest ethnic group in Kenya.


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Landlocked country in the Horn of Africa.

Landlocked country in the Horn of Africa.

A Homo sapiens idaltu hominid skull
Kibish has the site of oldest fossil of human bones believed to be 195,000 years old along with Omo River. The skull remains are 40,000 older than in Herto, Ethiopia
The Obelisk of Axum dates from the 4th century
Aksumite currency of the Aksumite king called Endubis, 227–35, at the British Museum. The inscriptions in Ancient Greek read "ΑΧΩΜΙΤΩ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ" ("King of Axum") and "ΕΝΔΥΒΙΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ" ("King Endubis"), the Greek language was the lingua franca by that time so its use in coins simplified foreign trade.
The Kingdom of Aksum at its peak in the 6th century
Manuscript illustration by Rashi ad-Din's "World History", depicting the King of Axum rejecting Meccan delegation to yield Muslims in the kingdom
Church of Saint George is one of amongst 11 rock-hewn churches of Zagwe's King Lalibela achievement
Emperor Yekuno Amlak portrait allegedly from the 18th century
Emperor Dawit II (r. 1507–1540), a member of the Solomonic dynasty
The Sultan of Adal (right) and his troops battling Emperor Yagbea-Sion and his men.
Emperor Susenyos I was the first emperor converted to Roman Catholic in 1622, stressing the populace attitude of Orthodox Tewahedo Christianity
Emperor Tewodros II ((r. 1855 – 1868)) brought an end of Zemene Mesafint
The conquests of Emperor Yohannes IV, Negus Menelik and general Ras Alula in 1879–1889
Haile Selassie at his study in Jubilee Palace (1942)
Ethiopian cavalry during the Second Italo-Ethiopian War in 1936
Ras Seyoum Mengesha, Ras Getachew Abate and Ras Kebede Gubret with Benito Mussolini on 6 February 1937 in Rome, Italy, after the Italian occupation of Ethiopia
The Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Party (EPRP) clashed with the Derg during the Red Terror
Ethiopian leader Mengistu Haile Mariam (left) with fellow Derg members Tafari Benti (middle) and Atnafu Abate (right). Mengistu was sentenced to death in Ethiopia for crimes committed during his government, which killed up to 500,000 people; he lived in exile in Zimbabwe as of 2018.
Former Prime Minister Meles Zenawi at the 2012 World Economic Forum annual meeting
Former Prime Minister of Ethiopia Hailemariam Desalegn meeting with former US Deputy Secretary of Defense Ash Carter in Addis Ababa.
Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo in 2019
House of People's Representatives is the lower house of the Ethiopian Federal Parliamentary Assembly
Former Foreign Minister of Ethiopia Tedros Adhanom with former U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry
Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed with Israeli President Reuven Rivlin in May 2018
The Ethiopian National Defense Force soldiers during ceremony in Baidoa, Somalia to mark the inclusion of Ethiopia into the African Union peace keeping mission in the country on 22 January 2014
The Ethiopian Federal Police Marching Band performing on annual festival in Meskel Square, Addis Ababa on 16 September 2017
Karo people in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region
Map of regions and zones of Ethiopia
Wonchi Lake at the crossroads between Ambo and Waliso in Oromia Region
Köppen climate classification of Ethiopia
Mountain nyalas in Bale Mountains National Park, one of several wildlife reserves in Ethiopia
Development of GDP per capita
A proportional representation of Ethiopia exports, 2019
Layout of the Grand Renaissance Dam
Tef field near Mojo
Ethiopia Export Treemap from MIT–Harvard Economic Complexity Observatory
Ethiopian Blessed Coffee branded bags in the United States. Coffee is one of main exports of Ethiopia.
Light rail in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
A Boeing 787-8 of Ethiopian Airlines
The subterranean rock-hewn Church of Saint George in Lalibela is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Orthodox priests dancing during the celebration of Timkat
A mosque in Bahir Dar
Street in Addis Ababa
Gondar skyline
Rural area in the Simien Mountains National Park
Street scene in Adigrat
Declining child mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa and Ethiopia since 1950
An Ethiopian girl about to receive her measles vaccine
Community health care workers
Addis Ababa Fistula Hospital
Entrance of Addis Ababa University
An Ethiopian woman roasting coffee bean in coffee house. Coffee serving ceremony is the most important course in Ethiopia.
Alwan Codex 27 – Ethiopian biblical manuscript
Illustration showing two Aksumite scribes
The Royal Enclosure at Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar
Giyorgis of Segla, prolific religious author in the Late Middle Ages
Tsegaye Gebre-Medhin in 1980s
Model commemorating the Obelisk of Aksum's return to Ethiopia from Italy, showing the date of its departure and return according to the Ethiopian calendar
Typical Ethiopian cuisine: injera (pancake-like bread) and several kinds of wat (stew)
Meskel commemorates the discovery of True Cross by Roman queen Helena in 326 AD
The Ethiopian Broadcasting Corporation headquarter in Addis Ababa
Aksumite composer Yared credited with forebear of traditional music for both Ethiopia and Eritrea
Mahmoud Ahmed performing in 2005
Hager Fikir Theatre in April 2006
Kenenisa Bekele in 2012. Track and field athletics often prosper Ethiopia to participate in Olympics
Emperor Yekuno Amlak portrait allegedly from the 18th century
Menelik II at the Battle of Adwa
Emperor Fasilides (r. 1632–1667) was a major figure of Gondarine period
Emperor Iyoas I (r. 1755–1769) prematurely murdered at his reign by Ras Mikael Sehul in 1769
Semien Mountains landscape, 2009
Genzebe Dibaba middle- and long-distance runner. A 1500 metres 2016 Rio Olympics silver medalist, she won a gold medal in this event and a bronze in the 5000 metres at the 2015 World Championships.

It shares borders with Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northeast, Somalia to the east and northeast, Kenya to the south, South Sudan to the west, and Sudan to the northwest.

Kenyatta attending the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit dinner at the White House, 2014

Uhuru Kenyatta

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Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta (

Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta (

Kenyatta attending the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit dinner at the White House, 2014
Uhuru with his father and the West German President Heinrich Lübke.
U.S. President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama greet President Uhuru Kenyatta in the Blue Room during a U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit dinner at the White House, 5 August 2014.
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry meets with President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya, President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda, President Ismail Omar Guelleh of Djibouti, and Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn of Ethiopia to discuss the situation in South Sudan at the U.S. Department of State in Washington, D.C., on 5 August 2014
Presidential Standard of Uhuru Kenyatta
U.S. President Donald Trump with President Kenyatta in Washington, D.C., on 27 August 2018
President of Kenya Uhuru Kenyatta with the British Foreign Secretary William Hague at an international conference in London (May 2013)
Map highlighting countries where Kenyatta made official visits while president

born 26 October 1961) is a Kenyan politician who is the president of Kenya serving since 2013.

Mount Kenya, as seen from a SkySat satellite

Mount Kenya

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Mount Kenya, as seen from a SkySat satellite
Mount Kenya is important to all the ethnic communities living around it.
Several ethnic groups that live around Mount Kenya believe the mountain to be sacred. They used to build their houses facing the mountain, with the doors on the side nearest to it.
Mount Kenya lies in the Kenyan highlands, 150 km north-northeast of Nairobi, just northeast of Nyeri.
Mount Kenya was a stratovolcano and probably looked similar to Mt. Fuji (shown above). The lower slopes are still this shape, which is how the previous height is estimated.
The central peaks of Mount Kenya are volcanic plugs that have resisted glacial erosion. (Left to right: Point Thompson (4955m), Batian (5199m) and Nelion (5188m))
The main peaks and glaciers of Mount Kenya are near the centre of the mountain.
The Lewis Glacier is the largest on Mount Kenya
Frost heaving causes patterned solifluction lobes below Mugi Hill.
Runoff from Mount Kenya provides water for over 2 million people.
There are distinct vegetation zones around Mount Kenya which vary according to altitude and aspect.
The timberline forest is commonly in cloud. The trees are relatively small and covered in lichens and mosses.
Many plants that live on Mount Kenya, like this Senecio keniodendron, have to be specially adapted to the extremes in temperature.
Hyrax are able to cope with a more extreme climate and are found up to the highest elevation.
Safari ants swarm around the forest in long columns. They are easiest to see when they cross the tracks.
In January the Intertropical Convergence Zone is at its southern extreme over the Indian Ocean. In July it is at its northern extreme over Tibet and Arabia. As it passes over the equator, Mount Kenya experiences a wet season.
In the dry season, mornings are typically clear and cool, but the mountain is hidden in cloud by mid-day.
Joseph Thomson reached the foothills of Mount Kenya and confirmed Krapf's discovery.
Count Sámuel Teleki was the first European to set foot on Mount Kenya. His expedition reached 4350 m.
Shipton and Russell made the first ascent of Point John up the south-east gully in 1929
There are many peaks on Mount Kenya that require rock climbing.
Map showing the walking routes and huts around Mount Kenya
Batian on the left, Nelion on the right, and Slade in the foreground
Lenana, the third highest peak, is the most ascended
Mount Kenya, left to right: Point Lenana (4985m), Nelion summit (5188), Batian summit (5199m)
Krapf Rognon ({{convert|4800|m|ft|0|abbr=on|disp=or}}) and Krapf glacier
Midget peak can be climbed in a day.
Terere and Sendeyo are two craggy outlying peaks
Mugi hill and the Giant's Billiards Table offers some of the best hillwalking in Kenya.
Nelion from Batian in Dec 1974
Looking down the Diamond Glacier to Pt John
The Gorges Valley is a major feature on the Chogoria Route.
Vertical bog on Mount Kenya on the Naro Moru Route.
Looking towards the peaks up the Mackinder Valley on the Sirimon Route.
Austrian Hut is found near the Lewis Glacier on the slopes of Point Lenana. The hut sleeps 30 people, with Top Hut nearby for porters.
Liki North Hut is a small bothy in the Liki North Valley. It offers little more than shelter from the weather.
Shipton's Camp is at the top of the Sirimon Route. It has a large communal area and running cold water.
Camping is allowed anywhere within the National Park.
Fairmont Mount Kenya Safari Club is a resort located in Nanyuki at the base of Mount Kenya. The resort has over 120 rooms and is one of the most exclusive in the region.
Mount Kenya was a stratovolcano and probably looked similar to Mt. Fuji (shown above). The lower slopes are still this shape, which is how the previous height is estimated.

Mount Kenya (Kikuyu: Kĩrĩnyaga, Kamba, Ki Nyaa) is the highest mountain in Kenya and the second-highest in Africa, after Kilimanjaro.


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Kisumu City as seen from a nearby hill
Kisumu City Hall
Local inhabitants near Kisumu, 1911
Jomo Kenyatta Sports Ground
Cheetahs at the Impala Sanctuary
Ndere Island
Kisumu International Airport
Kisumu Harbour. The green vegetation is water hyacinth.
Maseno University Kisumu
St. Therese of Lisieux Cathedral of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kisumu, opposite Kibuye Market.

Kisumu is the third-largest city in Kenya after the capital, Nairobi, and the coastal city of Mombasa, making Kisumu the largest city in Kenya west of Nairobi.