Kerala

Portrait of Parashurama by Raja Ravi Varma relating to Keralolpathi.
Poovar is often identified with Biblical Ophir
Portrait of the sword of Zamorins of Kozhikode, relating to the legend of Cheraman Perumal.
Ancient Silk Road map showing the then trade routes. The spice trade was mainly along the water routes (blue).
Names, routes and locations of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (1st century CE)
Ezhimala, the early historic headquarters of Mushika dynasty, which was succeeded by the kingdom of Kannur later.
Quilon Syrian copper plates granted to Saint Thomas Christians by Venad (Kollam) ruler Sthanu Ravi Varma, testified about merchant guilds and trade corporations in Early Medieval Kerala. The sixth plate also contains a number of signatures of the witnesses to the grant in Arabic (Kufic script), Middle Persian (cursive Pahlavi script) and Judeo-Persian (standard square Hebrew script).
A panorama of port Kozhikode, shows several types of ships, shipbuilding, net fishing, dinghy traffic and a rugged, sparsely populated interior (Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg's atlas Civitates orbis terrarum, 1572)
Uru, a type of ship that was historically used for maritime trade, built at Beypore, Kozhikode
A 1652 Map of India (Malabar Coast is highlighted separately on the right side)
The path Vasco da Gama took to reach Kozhikode (black line) in 1498, which was also the discovery of a sea route from Europe to India, and eventually paved way for the European colonisation of Indian subcontinent.
Bolgatty Palace, built in 1744 by Dutch Malabar, also acted as the British Residency in Kochi
The Mattancherry Palace at Kochi was built and gifted by the Portuguese as a present to the Kingdom of Cochin around 1545
Bekal Fort at Kasaragod built in 1650 CE, the largest fort in Kerala
British Residency in Asramam, Kollam
A 1744 map of Malabar Coast (Malabar coast is on the left side)
Kanakakkunnu Palace at Thiruvananthapuram. Thiruvananthapuram became a major city on Malabar Coast after the ruler Marthanda Varma annexed all minor kingdoms up to Cochin to form Travancore in 18th century CE.
Kerala in British India (1909). Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikode, Kochi, and Kannur, were the major cities of the state at that time as indicated in the map
Topography of Kerala
Administrative Subdivisions
Coconuts are an important regional cash crop.
Infopark, Kochi
Jackfruits are the state fruit, and are a cultural icon of Kerala.
A paddy field at Palakkad, also known as The Granary of Kerala
Black pepper is an important cash crop in Kerala, which leads the country in production.
Cheena vala (Chinese fishing net)
A panoramic view of Vyttila Mobility Hub integrated transit terminal in the city of Kochi
KSRTC Bus Station at Kozhikode
Kochi Metro train at Palarivattom Metro station
Cochin International Airport, the first airport in the world to be fully powered by solar energy
Cranes at the Cochin Shipyard
The Population pyramid of Kerala
Participants at a pride parade in Thrissur in October 2018
Human Development Index map for Indian states in 2006, as calculated by Government of India and United Nations Development Programme.
Malayala Manorama office in Kottiyam, Kollam
The annual snake boat race is performed during Onam on the Pamba River
Greenfield International Stadium in Thiruvananthapuram.
Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in Kochi.

State on the Malabar Coast of India.

- Kerala

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Malayalam

The Quilon Syrian copper plates (849/850 CE) is the available oldest inscription written in Old Malayalam. Besides Old Malayalam, the copper plate also contains signatures in Arabic (Kufic script), Middle Persian (cursive Pahlavi script) and Judeo-Persian (standard square Hebrew) scripts.
Malayalam script in mobile phone
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Grantha, Tigalari, and Malayalam scripts
The first letter in Malayalam
The word Malayāḷalipi (Meaning: Malayalam script) written in the Malayalam script
A Malayalam signboard from Kannur, Kerala. Malayalam is official language in the Indian state of Kerala and the union territories of Lakshadweep and Puduchery
Letters in Malayalam script
Arabi Malayalam alphabet with Malayalam alphabet correspondences
A medieval Tigalari manuscript (Bears high similarity with modern Malayalam script)
East Syriac Script Thaksa (Chaldean Syrian Church, Thrissur, Kerala, India)
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The Thunchath Ezhuthachan Malayalam University is situated at Thunchan Parambu, Tirur, Malappuram
Malayalam letters on old Travancore Rupee coin
Shakuntala writes to Dushyanta. Painting by Raja Ravi Varma. The poetry was translated by Kerala Varma as Abhijnanasakuntalam

Malayalam is a Dravidian language spoken in the Indian state of Kerala and the union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry (Mahé district) by the Malayali people.

A typical hilly landscape in the district (Near Pulpatta)

Malappuram district

A typical hilly landscape in the district (Near Pulpatta)
A Chaliyar hillside at Edavanna
Tyndis (Tondis) on Peutinger Table (north of Templ Augusti and Lacus Muziris)
Names, routes and locations of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (1st century CE)
Kurumathur inscription (871 CE)
Alathiyoor Nambi Illam near Tirur
South India in early 11th century CE (around 1000 CE - Malappuram district had included two important seats of power - Erala Nadu (Eranad) and Valluva Nadu)
Kottakkunnu, Malappuram
Zamorin's empire in 1498
The second residence of Zamorin was at Thrikkavil Kovilakam in Ponnani
The path Vasco da Gama took to reach Kozhikode (black line) in 1498, which was also the discovery of a sea route from Europe to India, and eventually paved way for the European colonisation of Indian subcontinent. At that time, the Zamorin of Calicut was residing at Thrikkavil Kovilakam in Ponnani.
Ponnani harbour photographed in 2012. Ponnani harbour was the southernmost end of the Kingdom of Tanur
South India (1744) from a map by Emanuel Bowen, an English map engraver. Note that in the map, only Kingdom of Tanur is shown with a separate boundary within the Kingdom of Zamorin
The oldest Teak plantations of the world at Conolly's plot, Nilambur
Kodakkal Tile Factory was ran by the Commonwealth Trust at Kodakkal, Tirunavaya. The Tile Factory at Kodakkal, started in 1887, is the second tile-manufacturing industry in India. The first tile factory was at Feroke, which was then part of Eranad Taluk
Ponnani harbour in mid-1930's
The Graves of British soldiers who had laid down their lives in the 1921 Rebellion at Tirurangadi Taluk Office
Calicut International Airport at Karipur, Kondotty
Hilly area of Karuvarakundu
Puthuponnani Munambam beach
Chaliyar river basin at Areekode
Map of Malappuram District
Chekkunnu hills at Edavanna
The Lighthouse of Ponnani
Bharathappuzha at Triprangode
Kadalundi River at Malappuram
Monsoon clouds at Pandallur hills near Manjeri
Ottumpuram beach, Tanur
Malappuram, the administrative headquarters of the district
Taluks in Malappuram
A Gram Panchayat headquarters office in the district
Legislative Assembly constituencies with their limits
A court complex at Perinthalmanna
KGB is the largest regional rural banking network in India
Manjeri, a constituent of the Malappuram metropolitan area
KCAET at Thavanur established in 1963, the only agricultural engineering institute in the state
Agricultural Research Station, Anakkayam
A field at Edappal
Wandoor town in 2017
Muriyankanni bridge at Karinkallathani, Perinthalmanna
A boat service through River Chaliyar at Elamaram
The Kuttippuram bridge built in 1953
The oldest railway station in the state at Tirur. The first railway line in the state was laid from Tirur to Chaliyam in 1861
Railway at Mankeri Kunnu, Irimbiliyam near Kuttippuram
Angadipuram railway station serves the city of Malappuram
Aircraft parked at Calicut International Airport in Karipur
Distribution of Population in Local Bodies (2011)
Out Patient Block of Kottakkal Arya Vaidya Sala
Govt. Women and Children Hospital, Ponnani
MESCE Kuttippuram, the first self-financing engineering college in Kerala
Thunchan Smarakam at Tirur, in memory of Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan
Maha Kavi Moyinkutty Vaidyar Smarakam at Kondotty
A countryside near Tirur
Kottakkal, the centre of renowned Arya Vaidya Sala
Tirunavaya, the seat of the medieval Mamankam festival
Pathiri, a pancake made of rice flour, is one of the common breakfast dishes in Malappuram
AIR Manjeri FM radio station
Malappuram District Sports Complex Stadium
The MDSC Stadium during 2013–14 Indian Federation Cup

Malappuram, is one of the 14 districts in the Indian state of Kerala, with a coastline of 70 km. It is the most populous district of Kerala, which is home to around 13% of the total population of the state.

Kochi

Major port city on the Malabar Coast of India bordering the Laccadive Sea, which is a part of the Arabian Sea.

Major port city on the Malabar Coast of India bordering the Laccadive Sea, which is a part of the Arabian Sea.

Portuguese explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral established Portuguese influence in Kochi (Cochim) in 1500, which lasted until 1663.
Names, routes and locations of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (1st century CE)
Map of Kochi in the 1635 Livro das Plantas de Todas as Fortalezas, a catalogue of
The Paradesi Synagogue is the oldest active synagogue in both India and the Commonwealth of Nations.
A view of Thevara from Kundannur bridge.
The Santa Cruz Basilica at Fort Kochi is one of the eight Basilicas in India
Dharmanath Jain Temple at Mattancherry
Aster Medcity is one of the largest hospitals in the country
Akshara Mandiram at Marine Drive

It is part of the district of Ernakulam in the state of Kerala and is commonly referred to as Ernakulam.

Malabar District

Administrative district on the southwestern Malabar Coast of Bombay Presidency and Madras Presidency (1800-1947) in British India, and independent India's Madras State (1947-1956).

Administrative district on the southwestern Malabar Coast of Bombay Presidency and Madras Presidency (1800-1947) in British India, and independent India's Madras State (1947-1956).

Malabar District, Revenue Divisions and Taluks
A 1652 Map of India (Malabar is highlighted separately on the right side)
Malabar District, Revenue Divisions and Taluks
A map of South India drawn by Emanuel Bowen (1744)
Important towns in the erstwhile Malabar district
An old map of Malabar District (1854). Note that the taluks Pandalur, Gudalur, and Kundah in present-day Nilgiris district were parts of Wayanad Taluk in 1854. The Taluks of Malabar were rearranged in 1860 and 1877.
India in early 1320 CE. Note that most of the parts of present-day state of Kerala was under the influence of the Zamorin of Kozhikode.
The path Vasco da Gama took to reach Kozhikode (black line) in 1498, which was also the discovery of a sea route from Europe to India, and eventually paved way for the European colonisation of Indian subcontinent. At that time, the Zamorin of Kozhikode was residing at Ponnani
Uru, a type of ship built at Beypore, Calicut
St. Angelo Fort at Kannur
The Mappila Bay harbour at Ayikkara. On one side, there is St. Angelo Fort (built in 1505) and on the other side is Arakkal palace.
A portrait of Kannur drawn in 1572, from Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg's atlas Civitates orbis terrarum, Volume I
Kannur fort and Bay; a watercolor by John Johnston (1795-1801)
India in 1804
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Palakkad Fort
Malabar as a part of the erstwhile Kingdom of Mysore
A map of Malabar District (Malayalam district) drawn by Francis Buchanan-Hamilton in 1807. Kasaragod region of South Canara was also included in Malayalam region (just above the blue shaded region)
A map of the Madras Presidency in 1909
Thalassery is also notable for Thalassery cuisine
Wayanad, a part of the greater Deccan Plateau, is the only plateau region of Kerala
Thamarassery Churam in southeastern Kurumbranad was laid in the 18th century by Tipu Sultan, the ruler of Mysore.
Conolly's plot, the world's oldest teak plantation at Nilambur in Eastern Eranad, was planted in the 1840s by the Collector H. V. Conolly.
Attappadi valley in Walluvanad
Kodakkal Tile Factory was run by the Commonwealth Trust at Kodakkal, Tirunavaya. The Tile Factory at Kodakkal, started in 1887, is the second tile manufacturing industry in India. First tile factory was at Feroke, which was a part of Eranad Taluk then
Kingdom of Tanur (Vettathunad)
Ponnani harbour in the mid-1930s
The uninhabited island of Bangaram in Lakshadweep
Chinese fishing nets in Fort Kochi
A view of Anchuthengu Fort. Anchuthengu was the southernmost point of Malabar District on the Malabar Coast while Minicoy was the southernmost island of Malabar District in the Arabian Sea
South Malabar during Malabar Rebellion
The Wagon tragedy memorial at Tirur
The hilly beach of Ezhimala had once been the headquarters of what is now known as North Malabar in ancient period.
The Kavvayi Backwaters separated the British district of Malabar from South Canara (Mangalore)
Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary
Chembra Peak, Wayanad
Bharathappuzha River, the second longest river in Kerala
Chaliyar, the fourth longest river in Kerala
Kadalundi River, the fifth-longest river in Kerala
A typical Palakkadan paddy field (from Nemmara)
Malabar District during 1951 Census
Malabar Coast around AD 1st century CE
Major ports in 1st Century CE according to the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea
Malabar Coast around AD 300 (4th century CE)
Zamorin of Calicut's empire in 1498
Malabar Coast in Portuguese India (16th century CE)
Malabar Coast in the early 17th century (1600-1618)
A horizontal Malabar Coast miniature map by Abraham Ortelius, Antwerp, c.1580, from the Epitome Theatri Orteliani; *a reprint by Petrus Bertius, 1630*; and *another Bertius version*, Amsterdam, c.1600-18
Malabar in 1652 (Malabar Coast is highlighted separately on the right side)
South India in 1691-92 (Calicut is marked in large letters).
A map in which the entire western coast of India is termed as Malabar Coast (drawn in the mid-18th century CE)
Kaart van Zuid-India Nova tabula terrarum Cucan, Canara, Malabaria, Madura, & Coromandella, cum parte septentrionali insulae Ceylon, in mari Indico Orientali edente Hadriano Relando (titel op object)
A rare map of India and Ceylon issued in 1733 by the Homann Heirs.
Indian Subcontinent in 1760
Rigobert Bonne's 1770 decorative map of southern India.
1775 maritime map or nautical chart of southern India and Ceylon by Jean-Baptiste d'Après de Mannevillette.
Historical map of South India, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, the Nicobar Islands, Myanmar, the Malabar Coast, the Coromandel Coast, the Andaman Islands (1780)
1780 map of southern India by the French cartographer Rigobert Bonne.
Rigobert Bonne and G. Raynal's 1780 map of Southern India.
South India in 1782
Political state of South India just after Third Anglo-Mysore War which ended in 1792.
South India in 1794
A Map of the Peninsula of India from the 19th Degree North Latitude to Cape Comorin, just after the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War which ended in 1799
1800 Faden Rennell Wall Map of India - Geographicus - India
1804 German Edition of the Rennel Map of India - Geographicus
South India in 1808
1808 Smith Map of India - Geographicus - India
1814 Thomson Map of India - Geographicus - India
India in General Karte von Vorderindien zur Übersicht der Hauptverhältnisse (1836)
1838 Wyld Wall Map of India (Hindostan or British India) - Geographicus - India
South India in 1843
Southern division of South India in 1843
Asia in 1840 - 1860 (Calicut is marked)
Map of Madras Presidency in taken from Text-book of Indian History: Geographical Notes, Genealogical Tables, Examination Questions (1880)
India in 1887 with cattle breeds based on the travels of Robert Wallace.
1889 map of India (Only Calicut and Cochin are highlighted from Kerala).
1891 Map of India (Outlines of Geography for the use of lower and middle forms of schools and of candidates for the Army Preliminary Examinations)
Malabar Coast in 1893
North Malabar in 1893 (On the southwestern end of the map)
Geology Gazetter map of Malabar in 1897
1899 Map of India (Only Calicut and Cochin are highlighted from Kerala).
Image taken from page 1381 of La Terra, trattato popolare di geografia universale
North Malabar in 1909 (On the southwestern end of the map)
Malabar Coast in 1911 (On the southwestern region of the map)
Map of Malabar Railway taken from Illustrated Guide to the South Indian Railway, printed by Hoe and Coat the 'Premier Press', Madras, 1913
1932 map of Malabar Coast

The British district included the present-day districts of Kannur, Kozhikode, Wayanad, Malappuram, Palakkad (excluding Chittur town), Chavakad Taluk and parts of Kodungallur Taluk of Thrissur district (former part of Ponnani Taluk), and Fort Kochi area of Ernakulam district in the northern and central parts of present Kerala state, the Lakshadweep Islands, and a major portion of the Nilgiris district in Tamil Nadu.

Thiruvananthapuram

Painting by Raja Ravi Varma depicting Richard Temple-Grenville, 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos being greeted by Visakham Thirunal, with Ayilyam Thirunal of Travancore looking on, during Buckingham's visit to Thiruvananthapuram in early 1880
Padmanabhaswamy Temple is the richest temple in the world.
Padmanabhapuram Palace
A map of Malabar Coast drawn by Homann Heirs in 1733. At that time, Travancore was only a small territory wedged between Kollam and Kanyakumari, as shown in the map (Present-day districts of Trivandrum and Kanyakumari only). The vast region of Malabar Coast between Kannur and Kollam was under the control of Zamorin of Calicut then. It was in the latter half of 18th century, that Travancore inherited the kingdoms up to Cochin and became a powerful kingdom, and Thiruvananthapuram became a major city of Kerala.
Thambiran Vanakkam was printed at Kollam, the capital of Venad in 1578, during the Portuguese Era. It holds the record of the first book printed in any Indian language. It was written in the language Lingua Malabar Tamul, which was spoken in Southern Kerala (Kollam-Thiruvananthapuram area) during the medieval period.
A language map of India prepared in 1822.
Kowdiar Palace built-in 1915 was the official residence of the Travancore Royal Family.
Kerala Legislative Assembly Building
The Kerala Government Secretariat is the seat of administration of the Government of Kerala
A part of Infosys campus. Thiruvananthapuram is a major IT hub in India.
Harvesting lotus leaves from Vellayani Lake.
Established in 1855, the Napier Museum contains a vast collection of Ancient paintings and archaeological artefacts
Attukal Pongala festival marks the world's largest gathering of women
16th IFFK 2011 banner at Kairali Theater Complex
Trivandrum International Airport
A KSRTC Double-decker bus in the city
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Sports Hub (Greenfield Stadium) during the India vs New Zealand T20

Thiruvananthapuram, also known by its former name Trivandrum , is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala.

Names, routes and locations of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (1st century CE)

Kannur

Names, routes and locations of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (1st century CE)
Kannur Lighthouse
Payyambalam beach
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Mappila Bay harbour at Ayikkara. On one side, there is St. Angelo Fort (built in 1505) and on the other side is Arakkal palace.
Vayalapra Lake near Madayi
Muzhappilangad Beach, the longest Drive-in Beach in Asia, is located in Kannur
Skyline of Kannur city
The Kannur University
Indian Naval Academy at Ezhimala, Kannur, is the largest naval academy in Asia
Government Medical College, Kannur
Statue of Albert Einstein at the Science Park, Kannur
Fishing boats at Matool Azheekkal
Kannur International Airport serves the city of Kannur
Kannur railway station
[[:File:Cannonore fort & Bay'; a watercolor by John Johnston, c.1795-1801.jpg|Cannonore fort & Bay'; a watercolor by John Johnston, c.1795-1801]]
A portrait of Kannur drawn in 1572, from Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg's atlas Civitates orbis terrarum, Volume I

Kannur, formerly known in English as Cannanore, is a city and a Municipal Corporation in the state of Kerala, India.

Names, routes and locations of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (1st century CE)

Kozhikode

Names, routes and locations of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (1st century CE)
Vasco da Gama's arrival in Calicut in 1498 ushered in five centuries of rule of the Portuguese Empire in India, lasting until 1961.
Uru, a type of ship that was historically used for maritime trade, built at Beypore, Kozhikode
Image of Kozhikode, India from Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg's atlas Civitates Orbis terrarum, 1572
The path Vasco da Gama took to reach Kozhikode (black line) in 1498, which was also the discovery of a sea route from Europe to India, and eventually paved way for the European colonisation of Indian subcontinent.
India in early 1320 CE. Note that most of the parts of present-day state of Kerala was under the influence of the Zamorin of Kozhikode.
The Focus Mall, the first shopping mall of its kind in the State
MediaOne TV Headquarters And Studio

Kozhikode, also known in English as Calicut, is a city along the Malabar Coast in the state of Kerala in India.

Zamorin

The hereditary monarch and ruler of the Kingdom of Kozhikode (Calicut) on the South Malabar region of India.

The hereditary monarch and ruler of the Kingdom of Kozhikode (Calicut) on the South Malabar region of India.

Thali Temple (1901), Calicut
Thali Temple, present day, Kozhikode
Portrait of the sword of Zamorins of Kozhikode, which is related to the Legend of Cheraman Perumals.
The Chera king granted the Eradi warrior, as a mark of favour, a small tract of land ("Kozhikode and Chullikkadu").
India in early 1320. Note that most of the parts of present-day state of Kerala was under the sovereignty of the Zamorin of Kozhikode.
Pepper
Ginger
Cardamom
Modern replica of the stele installed at Calicut by Zheng He. Seen along with other steles in the Stele Pavilion of the Treasure Boat Shipyard in Nanjing.
Muccunti Mosque Inscription. Inscription specifically mentions the word "Punturakkon"
Portuguese fort at Calicut
Large boats built in Calicut
Vasco Da Gama welcomed by the Zamorin.jpg
Vasco da Gama landing in Calicut – a modern depiction (1911) by Allan Stewart
Portuguese coin issued to commemorate Vasco da Gama's landing in Calicut
Vasco Da Gama
Nairs of Malabar in 'Les Voyages du sieur Albert de Mandelslo ' by Pierre van der Aa in Leiden (1720)
Arabs and Malabar locals attacking the Portuguese in Calicut
Duarte Pacheco's victory at the Battle of Cochin (1504)
The sword used by Kunjali Marakkar, preserved at Kottakkal Mosque, Vadakara
Palghat Fort
Calicut Railway Station was established during the Colonial rule
The Palace of the Zamorin of Calicut in 17th century – from Dutch archives
Present day location of the Mananchira Palace. The Fort and Palace were destroyed by Tipu Sultan in the 18th century
Zamorin of Calicut (1868–1892). In 1766 Haider Ali of Mysore defeated the Zamorin of Calicut and absorbed Malabar district to his state. After the Third Mysore War (1790–1792), Malabar was placed under the control of the British East India company. Later the status of the Zamorins as independent rulers was changed to that of pensioners of the company.
K. C. Manavedan Raja (1932–1937)

The arrival of British in Kerala can be traced back to the year 1615, when a group under the leadership of Captain William Keeling arrived at Kozhikode, using three ships.

Malabar Coast

Southwestern coast of the Indian subcontinent.

Southwestern coast of the Indian subcontinent.

The Western Ghats lie roughly parallel to the southwestern Malabar coast of India.
Anamudi, the highest peak in India outside the Himalayas, lies parallel to the Malabar Coast, in Western Ghats.
Bekal Fort Beach in Kerala
Vembanad, the largest lake in India, is a portion of the Kerala Backwaters
The Athirappilly Falls is located on Chalakudy River.
Periyar, the longest river of Kerala.
A view of the Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary. The coastal area of Malabar is home to several migratory birds.
Silk Road and Spice trade, ancient trade routes that linked India with the Old World, carried goods and ideas between the ancient civilisations of the Old World and India. The land routes are red; the water routes are blue.
Kappad beach near Koyilandy
Sandy beaches dotted with swaying coconut palms are a ubiquitous sight along the Malabar coast
Names, routes and locations of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (1st century CE)
The path Vasco da Gama took to reach Kozhikode (black line) in 1498, which was also the discovery of a sea route from Europe to India, and eventually paved way for the European colonisation of Indian subcontinent.
A map of the erstwhile Malabar District in 1951

The "Arabian Sea Branch" of the Southwest monsoon first hits the Western Ghats, making Kerala the first state in India to receive rain from the Southwest monsoon.

Kollam

Ancient seaport and city on the Malabar Coast of India bordering the Laccadive Sea, which is a part of the Arabian Sea.

Ancient seaport and city on the Malabar Coast of India bordering the Laccadive Sea, which is a part of the Arabian Sea.

Names, routes and locations of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (1st century CE)
Kollam in the 1500s
Capture of Kollam in 1661
Kollam in the 1700s
India in 1320 CE. The Kollam-Thiruvananthapuram-Kanyakumari area in the southernmost tip of Indian subcontinent, which was the main seat of Ay dynasty and later Venad dynasty, was under the influence of Pandya dynasty
Kollam (marked as Quilon) on the Old map of India.
Thambiran Vanakkam was printed at Kollam, the capital of Venad in 1578, during the Portuguese Era. It holds the record of the first book printed in any Indian language. It was written in the language Lingua Malabar Tamul, which was spoken in Southern Kerala (Kollam-Thiruvananthapuram area) during the medieval period.
Viceroy Afonso de Albuquerque established Portuguese rule in Kollam (Coulão), which lasted from 1502 until 1661.
Kollam fort in 1756 after it had passed from Portuguese rule to the Dutch
Kollam Canal near Paravur
St. Antony's Church, Vaddy, built 1910
British Residency in Asramam, Kollam - Till 1829, Quilon was the capital of the Travancore State with the headquarters of the British Residency situated here
Map of Kollam Metropolitan Area
RP Mall, Kollam - Kollam was the third city in Kerala (after Kochi and Kozhikode) to adopt the shopping mall culture
A large Chinese fishing net at Ashtamudi Lake in Kollam city
Technopark Kollam
Old Kollam Airport area, Asramam
Kollam-Dalavapuram boat service
TKM Engineering College in Karicode
Sree Narayana Guru College of Legal Studies in Karbala
Kottarakkara Sree Mahaganapathi Kshethram
New cathedral in Tangasseri, Kollam
Karunagappally Mosque

Kollam is also home to one of the seven churches that were established by St Thomas as well as one of the 10 oldest mosques believed to be found by Malik Deenar in Kerala.