A report on Kevala jnana

Roughly translated as complete understanding or supreme wisdom.

- Kevala jnana

10 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Statue of Mahavira meditating in the lotus position at Shri Mahavirji, Rajasthan, India.

Mahavira

6 links

The 24th Tirthankara (supreme preacher) of Jainism.

The 24th Tirthankara (supreme preacher) of Jainism.

Statue of Mahavira meditating in the lotus position at Shri Mahavirji, Rajasthan, India.
Mahavira in Padmasana meditation posture
Ancient kingdoms and cities of India at the time of Mahavira
Mahavira in Padmasana meditation posture
The birth of Mahavira, from the Kalpa Sūtra (c.1375–1400 CE)
Lord Mahavira's Jal Mandir (water temple) in Pawapuri, Bihar, India
The "Charan Paduka" or foot impression of Mahavira at Jal Mandir
Folio from the Kalpa Sūtra, 15th century
The swastika and five vows
Mahavira worship in a manuscript c.1825
Mahavira iconography is distinguished by a lion stamped (or carved) beneath his feet; a Shrivatsa is on his chest.
Mahavira temple, Tirumalai
alt=See caption|Rock-cut sculpture of Mahavira in Samanar Hills, Madurai, Tamil Nadu
Rock-cut sculpture of Mahavira in Kalugumalai Jain Beds, 8th century
alt=See caption|Tallest known image of the seated Mahavira, Patnaganj
alt=See caption|Four-sided sculpture of Mahavira in Kankali Tila, Mathura
alt=Two nude statues|Tirthankaras Rishabhanatha (left) and Mahavira, 11th century (British Museum)
alt=Mahavira, seated|Temple relief of Mahavira, 14th century (Seattle Asian Art Museum)
alt=See caption|Relief of Mahavira in Thirakoil, Tamil Nadu
16-foot, 2-inch stone statue of Mahavira in Ahinsa Sthal, Mehrauli, New Delhi{{sfn|Titze|1998|p=266}}|alt=Large outdoor statue of Mahavira, with a seated worshipper for scale
alt=See caption|Mahavira statue in Cave 32 of the Ellora Caves
Mahavira inside Ambapuram cave temple, 7th century
alt=Dharmachakra temple|Dharmachakra temple in Gajpanth
alt=Shri Mahavirji|Shri Mahavirji
Jain Center of Greater Phoenix
Jain temple, Potters Bar
Mahavir Swami at Manilaxmi Tirth, Gujarat

Mahavira practiced intense meditation and severe austerities for twelve and a half years, after which he attained Kevala Jnana (omniscience).

The hand symbolizes Ahiṃsā, the wheel dharmachakra, the resolve to halt saṃsāra (transmigration).

Jainism

4 links

Ancient Indian religion.

Ancient Indian religion.

The hand symbolizes Ahiṃsā, the wheel dharmachakra, the resolve to halt saṃsāra (transmigration).
Classification of Saṃsāri Jīvas (transmigrating souls) in Jainism
Lord Neminatha, Akota Bronzes (7th century)
Jain miniature painting of 24 tirthankaras, Jaipur, c. 1850
Jain temple painting explaining Anekantavada with Blind men and an elephant
A Jain monk in meditation, wearing the characteristic white robe and face covering
Nishidhi stone, depicting the vow of sallekhana, 14th century, Karnataka
Praying at the feet of a statue of Bahubali
Jain worship may include ritual offerings and recitals.
Celebrating Das Lakshana (Paryushana), Jain Center of America, New York City
The birth of Mahavira, from the Kalpa Sūtra (c.1375–1400 CE)
Shikharji
Idol of Suparśvanātha
A symbol to represent the Jain community was chosen in 1975 as part of the commemoration of the 2,500th anniversary of Mahavira’s nirvana.
Rishabhdev, believed to have lived over 592.704×1018 years ago, is considered the traditional founder of Jainism.
The ruins of Gori Jain temples in Nagarparkar, Pakistan, a pilgrimage site before 1947.
Ranakpur Jain Temple
Dilwara Temples
Parshvanath Temple in Khajuraho
Girnar Jain temples
Jal Mandir, Pawapuri
Lodhurva Jain temple
Palitana temples
Saavira Kambada Basadi, Moodbidri, Karnataka
Jain temple, Antwerp, Belgium
Brahma Jinalaya, Lakkundi
Hutheesing Jain Temple

Some Jain texts add analogy (upamana) as the fourth reliable means, in a manner similar to epistemological theories found in other Indian religions.In Jainism, jnāna (knowledge) is said to be of five kinds – mati jñāna (sensory knowledge), śrutu jñāna (scriptural knowledge), avadhi jñāna (clairvoyance), manah prayāya Jñāna (telepathy) and kevala jnana (omniscience).

300px

Tirthankara

3 links

Saviour and spiritual teacher of the dharma (righteous path).

Saviour and spiritual teacher of the dharma (righteous path).

300px
300px
Tirthankara images at Siddhachal Caves inside Gwalior Fort.
Auspicious dreams seen by a tirthankara's mother during pregnancy
Samavasarana of Tirthankara Rishabha (Ajmer Jain temple)
Tirthankars of present, previous and next cosmic ages (72 in total)
Jain chaumukha sculpture at LACMA, 6th century
Image of Mahavira at Shri Mahavirji

After understanding the true nature of the self or soul, the Tīrthaṅkara attains Kevala Jnana (omniscience).

Image of Tirthankara Parshvanatha (Victoria and Albert Museum, 6th–7th century)

Parshvanatha

3 links

The 23rd of 24 Tirthankaras of Jainism.

The 23rd of 24 Tirthankaras of Jainism.

Image of Tirthankara Parshvanatha (Victoria and Albert Museum, 6th–7th century)
Parshvanatha was born in Varanasi, a historic city on the Ganges.
Parshvanatha and his yaksha, Dharanendra, in the 8th-century Tamil Nadu Kalugumalai Jain Beds
8th-century stone relief of Parshvanatha at Thirakoil
Parshvanatha with Padmavati and Dharnendra in a 16th-century manuscript
Parshvanatha iconography is identified by a sesha hood above his head and a cobra stamped (or carved) beneath his feet. At the center of his chest is a shrivatsa, which identifies Jain statues.
Jal Mandir, Shikharji, Parasnath
Parsvanatha ayagapata - Jina Parsvanatha, Mathura art, {{circa|15 CE}}.{{sfn|Quintanilla|2007|p=201}}{{sfn|Quintanilla|2007|p=406}}
alt=Stone relief|Uttar Pradesh, 2nd century (Museum of Oriental Art)
Parshvanath relief of Kahaum pillar, 5th century
alt=Lotus position|5th century (Satna, Madhya Pradesh)
alt=Lotus position|6th century, Uttar Pradesh
alt=Lotus position|7th-century Akota Bronze (Honolulu Museum of Art)
6th-7th century bronze statue in Asian Civilisations Museum
9th century - Cleveland Museum of Art
alt=Lotus position|10th-century copper, inlaid with silver and gemstones (LACMA)
alt=Lotus position|11th century, Maharaja Chhatrasal Museum
alt=Lotus position|Karnataka, 12th century (Art Institute of Chicago)
alt=Lotus position|1813 engraving
{{convert|61|ft}} colossal at Navagraha Jain Temple
alt=Outdoor standing statue|Vahelna statue
alt=Standing statue in niche|Parshvanatha basadi, Shravanabelgola
alt=Standing statue|Parshvanatha temple in Halebidu
Parshvanatha temple, Khajuraho, UNESCO World Heritage Site
Pattadakal Jain Temple, UNESCO World Heritage Site
Parshavanth temple, Jaisalmer Fort, UNESCO World Heritage Site as part of Hill Forts of Rajasthan
Parshvanatha basadi at Halebidu: tentative list for UNESCO World Heritage Site
Calcutta Jain Temple
Antwerp Jain Temple, Belgium
Shri Nakodaji
Samovsaran Mandir, Palitana
Lodhurva Jain temple
Lal Mandir
Kere Basadi
alt=Godiji Parshwanath (Gori) Temple at Tharparkar - tentative list for UNESCO World Heritage|Godiji (Gori) Temple in Tharparkar - tentative list for UNESCO World Heritage
Parshwanath at Jirawala, Rajasthan

Parshvanatha meditated for 84 days before he attained omniscience under a dhaataki tree near Benares.

Mahāvīra did not use the word anekāntavada, but his teachings contain the seeds of the concept (painting from Rajasthan, ca. 1900)

Anekantavada

3 links

Jain doctrine about metaphysical truths that emerged in ancient India.

Jain doctrine about metaphysical truths that emerged in ancient India.

Mahāvīra did not use the word anekāntavada, but his teachings contain the seeds of the concept (painting from Rajasthan, ca. 1900)
Seven blind men and an elephant parable
Gandhi used the Jain concept of Anekantavada to explain his views.

This knowledge (Kevala Jnana), it adds, is comprehended only by the Arihants.

Image depicting Acharya Kundakunda

Digambara

1 links

One of the two major schools of Jainism, the other being Śvētāmbara (white-clad).

One of the two major schools of Jainism, the other being Śvētāmbara (white-clad).

Image depicting Acharya Kundakunda
Stela at Marhiaji, Jabalpur, showing the transmission of the oral tradition, erected on the 2500th anniversary of Mahavira's nirvana
Adinatha image (Badami caves)
Acharya Vidyasagar, a prominent Digambara monk
A prominent digambara jain monk.
Kizhavalavu (Keelavalavu) Sculptures
The {{convert|57|ft|m}} high Gommateshwara statue, Shravanabelagola
Tirthankara statues at Siddhachal Caves inside Gwalior Fort, Madhya Pradesh
Tirthankara Parshvanatha statue, Rajasthan

According to Digambara texts, after liberation of Mahavira, three Anubaddha Kevalīs attained Kevalajñāna (omniscience) sequentially – Gautama Gaņadhara, Acharya Sudharma Swami, and Jambusvami in next 62 years.

Jambuswami

0 links

The spiritual successor of Sudharmaswami in Jain religious order reorganised by Mahavira.

The spiritual successor of Sudharmaswami in Jain religious order reorganised by Mahavira.

He remained the head for 39 or 44 years, after which he is believed to have gained Kevala Jnana (omniscience).

Sculpture of Gautama Ganadhara at an ancient Jain pilgrimage in Khambhat.

Gautama Swami

1 links

The Ganadhara of Mahavira, the 24th and last Jain Tirthankara of present half cycle of time.

The Ganadhara of Mahavira, the 24th and last Jain Tirthankara of present half cycle of time.

Sculpture of Gautama Ganadhara at an ancient Jain pilgrimage in Khambhat.
Sculpture of Gautama Ganadhara at an ancient Jain pilgrimage in Khambhat.

In Jain traditional accounts, Gautama is believed to have gained Kevala Jnana (omniscience) immediately after the moksha (liberation) of Mahavira.

Haribhadra

1 links

Svetambara mendicant Jain leader, philosopher, doxographer, and author.

Svetambara mendicant Jain leader, philosopher, doxographer, and author.

He writes that though they have different names, the teachings of those who have achieved liberation (moksha, nirvana, kevala) are grounded on a common truth.

Aptamimamsa

0 links

Aptamimamsa (also Devāgamastotra) is a Jain text composed by Acharya Samantabhadra, a Jain acharya said to have lived about the latter part of the second century A.D. Āptamīmāṁsā is a treatise of 114 verses which discusses the Jaina view of Reality, starting with the concept of omniscience (Kevala Jnana) and the attributes of the Omniscient.