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List of Sultans of Zanzibar

Sultan of ZanzibarSultanSultans of Zanzibar
Sayyid Khalifa I bin Said Al-Busaid, GCMG, (or Chalîfe) (1852 – February 13, 1890) was the third Sultan of Zanzibar.
The third Sultan, Khalifa bin Said, also furthered the country's progress toward abolishing slavery.

German East Africa Company

Deutsch-Ostafrikanische GesellschaftGerman East African Company
He became Sultan upon the sudden death of his brother during the protracted negotiations with the German East Africa Company.
In April of the same year, the company leased the coastal strip opposite Zanzibar from Sultan Khalifa bin Said for 50 years.

Abushiri revolt

resulted in some unrestrevolt along the coastThe Germans were almost driven out of the area in 1888
Unlike his brother, he gave in to lease the Tanganyika coast of mainland East Africa to the Germans, which immediately led to the Abushiri Revolt.
On 28 April 1888, Sultan Khalifah bin Said of Zanzibar finally signed a treaty, ceding the administration of the Tanganyika mainland to the German East Africa Company.

Ali bin Said of Zanzibar

Ali bin SaidAli Ifourth Sultan of Zanzibar
He ruled Zanzibar from March 26, 1888 to February 13, 1890 and was succeeded by his brother, Ali bin Said.

Barghash bin Said of Zanzibar

Barghash bin SaidBarghash ibn Sa'idBarghash
In 1870 his elder brother and predecessor Barghash bin Said had him imprisoned for the (alleged) entanglement in a coup attempt.

Emily Ruete

Sayyida SalmeEmily Ruete/Salama bint Said
According to their sister Emily Ruete, Barghash did not release Khalifah before one of their sisters prepared to set out for a pilgrimage for Mecca, and "he did not want to bring down upon himself a curse pronounced in the Holy City of the Prophet. But his sister did not pardon him before he had set free the innocent Chalîfe."

Mecca

MakkahMecca, Saudi ArabiaMakka
According to their sister Emily Ruete, Barghash did not release Khalifah before one of their sisters prepared to set out for a pilgrimage for Mecca, and "he did not want to bring down upon himself a curse pronounced in the Holy City of the Prophet. But his sister did not pardon him before he had set free the innocent Chalîfe."

Majid bin Said of Zanzibar

Majid bin SaidSayyid Majid bin Said Al-BusaidMajid
"It is a well-known fact in Zanzibar that Barghash, as soon as he had ascended the throne in 1870, suddenly and without any cause cast our second youngest brother Chalîfe into prison. The poor fellow had to languish there for three long years in the dungeon, in heavy iron fetters weighed with chains! And why? No one could say. It may have been feared that Chalîfe, being next in succession to the throne, might plot the same treacherous plans as Barghash himself had once tried against Madjid."

Tanganyika

Republic of TanganyikamainlandTanzania Mainland
Unlike his brother, he gave in to lease the Tanganyika coast of mainland East Africa to the Germans, which immediately led to the Abushiri Revolt.

Sir

Messireclergy holding knighthoodsdaun

Order of St Michael and St George

CMGCompanion of the Order of St Michael and St GeorgeKCMG
Sayyid Khalifa I bin Said Al-Busaid, GCMG, (or Chalîfe) (1852 – February 13, 1890) was the third Sultan of Zanzibar.

Zanzibar

ZanzibariZanzibar, TanzaniaCommittee of Six
Another brother of Majid, Khalifa bin Said, was the third sultan of Zanzibar and furthered the relationship with the British which led to the archipelago's progress toward abolishing slavery.

Sultanate of Zanzibar

ZanzibarZanzibar SultanateSultan of Zanzibar
The third Sultan, Khalifa bin Said, also furthered the country's progress toward abolishing slavery.

Anglo-Zanzibar War

Anglo–Zanzibar War38-minute warcapitulation of Zanzibar
Sultan Khalifah had granted rights to the land of Kenya to Britain and that of Tanganyika to Germany, a process resulting in the prohibition of slavery in those lands.

Carl Peters

Karl PetersPetersalleetitular German colonial leader
During 1888 Peters achieved an agreement with Sultan Khalifah bin Said of Zanzibar who leased his coastal dominions in what was to be Tanganyika to the German East Africa Company.