Khmer grammar

Khmer
This article describes the grammar of the Khmer (Cambodian) language, focusing on the standard dialect.wikipedia
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Preposition and postposition

prepositionpostpositionprepositions
Like in English, prepositions are used rather than postpositions (words meaning "in", "on", etc. precede the noun that they govern).

Grammar

grammaticalgrammaticallyrules of language
This article describes the grammar of the Khmer (Cambodian) language, focusing on the standard dialect.

Khmer language

KhmerCambodianOld Khmer
This article describes the grammar of the Khmer (Cambodian) language, focusing on the standard dialect.

Analytic language

analyticanalytic languagesanalytical
Khmer is primarily an analytic language, with no inflection.

Inflection

inflectedinflectional morphologyinflectional
Khmer is primarily an analytic language, with no inflection.

Morphological derivation

derivationderivationalderived
There is some derivation by means of prefixes and infixes, but it is no longer always productive, as those elements are often crystallized in words inherited from Old Khmer.

Prefix

prefixesprefixationquasi-
There is some derivation by means of prefixes and infixes, but it is no longer always productive, as those elements are often crystallized in words inherited from Old Khmer.

Infix

infixesinfixationinfixed
There is some derivation by means of prefixes and infixes, but it is no longer always productive, as those elements are often crystallized in words inherited from Old Khmer.

Compound (linguistics)

compoundcompound wordcompounds
Compounding is common; in a compound of two nouns, the head generally comes first, often the reverse of the English order: "duck egg" is ពងទា, literally "egg-duck".

Head (linguistics)

headheadsheaded
Compounding is common; in a compound of two nouns, the head generally comes first, often the reverse of the English order: "duck egg" is ពងទា, literally "egg-duck".

Subject–verb–object

SVOsubject-verb-objectSVO word order
Khmer is generally a subject–verb–object (SVO) language.

Topicalization

topicalizedfrontingnon-topicalised
Topicalization is common: the topic of the sentence is often placed at the start, with the rest of the sentence a comment on that topic.

Topic and comment

topictopic–commenttopic-comment
Topicalization is common: the topic of the sentence is often placed at the start, with the rest of the sentence a comment on that topic.

English language

EnglishEnglish-languageen
Like in English, prepositions are used rather than postpositions (words meaning "in", "on", etc. precede the noun that they govern).

Head-directionality parameter

head-finalhead-initialhead final
The language is generally head-initial so modifiers come after the words modified (adjectives, possessives, demonstratives, relative clauses, etc. follow nouns; adverbs mostly follow verbs; and so on).

Grammatical modifier

modifiermodifiersqualifier
The language is generally head-initial so modifiers come after the words modified (adjectives, possessives, demonstratives, relative clauses, etc. follow nouns; adverbs mostly follow verbs; and so on).

Relative clause

relativerelative clausesfree relative clause
The language is generally head-initial so modifiers come after the words modified (adjectives, possessives, demonstratives, relative clauses, etc. follow nouns; adverbs mostly follow verbs; and so on).

Noun

nounssubstantiveabstract noun
Khmer nouns have no grammatical gender or singular/plural inflections.

Grammatical gender

genderfemininemasculine
Khmer nouns have no grammatical gender or singular/plural inflections.

Grammatical number

numbersingularnumbers
Khmer nouns have no grammatical gender or singular/plural inflections.

Article (grammar)

definite articlearticlearticles
There are no articles, but indefiniteness is often expressed by the word for "one" following the noun.

Post-nominal letters

post-nominalpostnominalpost-nominals
Plurality can be marked by postnominal particles, numerals, or reduplication of a following adjective, which, although it is similar to intensification, is usually differentiated by context:

Possessive

possessive pronounpossessive casepossessive pronouns
Possessives are formed by placing the noun or pronoun representing the possessor after the main noun, often with the word របស់ between them.

Classifier (linguistics)

classifierclassifiersnumeral classifier
Classifying particles for use with numerals and nouns exist but are optional, unlike Thai, except in introductory clauses.

Thai language

ThaiThai:Central Thai
Classifying particles for use with numerals and nouns exist but are optional, unlike Thai, except in introductory clauses.