Khuldabad

Malik Ambar's Tomb 1860s Khuldabad
Zainuddin Shirzai Maqbara Khuldabad
Nagarkhana Gate, Khuldabad
Rest house khuldabad 1890s Khuldabad
Tomb of Aurangzeb, Khuldabad, 1850s.
Tomb of Aurangzeb, Khuldabad, 1890s.
Aurangazeb's tomb in Khuldabad, a recent picture
Tomb of Azam Shah and his wife, Khuldabad
Tomb of Sayyid Burhan-ud-din, Khuldabad
Tomb of Qamar-ud-din Khan, Asif Jah I
Banu Begum Garden 1860s Khuldabad
Tomb of Malik Ambar Khuldabad
Tomb of Zar Zari Zar Baksh, Khuldabad, 1890s.

City and a Taluka of Aurangabad district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

- Khuldabad

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Aurangabad district, Maharashtra

One of the 36 districts of the state of Maharashtra in western India.

The Ajanta Caves are 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments built beneath the Vakatakas.
Buddhist "Chaitya Griha" (prayer hall) with a seated Buddha in Cave 26 of the Ajanta Caves.
Chaitya with stupa, Cave 4, Aurangabad Caves.
Various sculptors next to an entrance at Aurangabad Caves.
Central pillar near Kailasa temple at Ellora Caves.
Statue of the Buddha seated. Part of the Carpenter's cave (Buddhist Cave 10).
Kailasa temple, Ellora, Aurangabad
Buddhist monks praying in front of the Dagoba of Chaitya in Cave 26 of the Ajanta Caves.
View of Grishneshwar temple
Idol of Lord Shri Parshvanath at Kachner temple
Front view of Daulatabad Fort
Bhadkal Gate
Bibi Ka Maqbara
Tomb of Aurangzeb
Panchakki was designed to generate energy from water flowing down a mountain. It displays the scientific thought process that guided medieval Indian architecture.
Salim Ali Lake
Siddharth Garden near a bus stand in Aurangabad

The district comprises nine tehsils: Kannad, Soyagaon, Sillod, Phulambri, Aurangabad, Khuldabad, Vaijapur, Gangapur, and Paithan.the new proposal for tehsil is lasur and pishor.

Nizamuddin Auliya

Indian Sunni Muslim scholar, Sufi saint of the Chishti Order, and is one of the most famous Sufis from the Indian Subcontinent.

Chilla Nizamuddin Auliya, residence of Nizamuddin Auliya, towards the north-east from Humayun's tomb, Delhi
Nizamuddin Auliya's tomb (onion dome), Jama'at Khana Masjid (red wall) and Mughal princess Jahan Ara's tomb (doorway at left), all in Nizamuddin Dargah complex, Delhi

His shrine is in Khuldabad in Maharashtra.

Valley of Saints

Malik Ambar's Tomb 1860s Khuldabad

The Valley of Saints is located in Khuldabad, a town in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, India.

Azam Shah

Briefly the Mughal emperor ((r.

Portrait of Azam Shah c. 1670
Muhammad Azam with his son, Prince Bidar Bakht
Crown Prince Azam, stands before his father, Emperor Aurangzeb

His grave along with that of his wife, lies in the dargah complex of Sufi saint, Sheikh Zainuddin, at Khuldabad near Aurangabad, which also houses the tomb of Aurangzeb to the west.

Malik Ambar

Siddi military leader and prime minister who became a kingmaker and de facto ruler of the Ahmadnagar Sultanate in the Deccan region of India.

Malik Ambar of Ahmadnagar
Portrait of the Nizam Shahs
Portrait of Malik Ambar by Mughal court artist in 1620
Malik Ambar's Tomb at Khuldabad in 2022

Malik Ambar's tomb lies in Khuldabad, near the shrine of the famous Sufi saint Zar Zari Baksh.

Aurangzeb

The sixth emperor of the Mughal Empire, reigning from July 1658 until his death.

Aurangzeb holding a hawk in c. 1660
A painting from c. 1637 shows the brothers (left to right) Shah Shuja, Aurangzeb and Murad Baksh in their younger years.
The Mughal Army under the command of Aurangzeb recaptures Orchha in October 1635.
A painting from Padshahnama depicts Prince Aurangzeb facing a maddened war elephant named Sudhakar.
Sepoys loyal to the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb maintain their positions around the palace, at Aurangabad, in 1658.
Aurangzeb becomes emperor.
Mughal Empire under Aurangzeb in early 18th century
Aurangzeb compiled Hanafi law by introducing the Fatawa-e-Alamgiri.
Aurangzeb holding a flywhisk
Aurangzeb seated on a golden throne holding a Hawk in the Durbar. Standing before him is his son, Azam Shah.
Aurangzeb Receives Prince Mu'azzam. Chester Beatty Library
Dagger (Khanjar) of Aurangzeb (Badshah Alamgir).
Manuscript of the Quran, parts of which are believed to have been written in Aurangzeb's own hand.
The Birthday of the Grand Mogul Aurangzeb, made 1701–1708 by Johann Melchior Dinglinger.
Josiah Child requests a pardon from Aurangzeb during the Anglo-Mughal War.
By 1690, Aurangzeb was acknowledged as: "emperor of the Mughal Sultanate from Cape Comorin to Kabul".
Aurangzeb spent his reign crushing major and minor rebellions throughout the Mughal Empire.
The tomb of Akbar was pillaged by Jat rebels during the reign of Aurangzeb.
Aurangzeb leads the Mughal Army during the Battle of Satara.
Raja Shivaji at Aurangzeb's Darbar- M V Dhurandhar
Aurangzeb reciting the Quran.
Aurangzeb dispatched his personal imperial guard during the campaign against the Satnami rebels.
Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib in Delhi is built at the place where Guru Tegh Bahadur was beheaded.
Zafarnama is the name given to the letter sent by the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh in 1705 to Aurangzeb. The letter is written in Persian script.
Aurangzeb in a pavilion with three courtiers below.
Bibi Ka Maqbara, the mausoleum of Aurangzeb's wife Dilras Banu Begum, was commissioned by him
Aurangzeb's tomb in Khuldabad, Maharashtra.
Aurangzeb reading the Quran
The unmarked grave of Aurangzeb in the mausoleum at Khuldabad, Maharashtra.
Tughra and seal of Aurangzeb, on an imperial firman
In the year 1689, according to Mughal accounts, Sambhaji was put on trial, found guilty of atrocities and executed.<ref>{{cite book |last=Mehta |first=J. L. |title=Advanced Study in the History of Modern India: Volume One: 1707{{snd}}1813 |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=d1wUgKKzawoC&pg=PA50 |access-date=29 September 2012 |date=2005 |publisher=Sterling Publishers |isbn=978-1-932705-54-6 |pages=50–}}</ref><ref name="google2">{{cite book |last=Stein |first=Burton |author-link=Burton Stein |year=2010 |orig-year=First published 1998 |editor-last=Arnold |editor-first=David |editor-link=David Arnold (historian) |title=A History of India |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=QY4zdTDwMAQC&pg=PA180 |publisher=Blackwell Publishers |edition=2nd |page=180 |isbn=978-1-4051-9509-6}}</ref>
Guru Tegh Bahadur was publicly executed in 1675 on the orders of Aurangzeb in Delhi<ref>{{Cite web |url=http://www.allaboutsikhs.com/Sikh-Guru-Ji'/Sri-Guru-Tegh-Bhadur-Sahib-Ji.html |title=A Gateway to Sikhism {{!}} Sri Guru Tegh Bhadur Sahib |website=Gateway to Sikhism |access-date=28 October 2018 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140327223831/http://www.allaboutsikhs.com/Sikh-Guru-Ji'/Sri-Guru-Tegh-Bhadur-Sahib-Ji.html#12 |archive-date=27 March 2014 |url-status=dead}}</ref>
Sarmad Kashani, a Jewish convert to Islam and Sufi mystic was accused of heresy and executed.<ref name="David Cook 2007">{{cite book |last=Cook |first=David |author-link=David Cook (historian) |year=2007 |title=Martyrdom in Islam |publisher=Cambridge University Press |page=80 |isbn=978-0-521-85040-7}}</ref>
Daulatabad cannon
Kalak Bangadi cannon.
One of the Daulatabad cannons
Kilkila cannon
Aurangabad cannon
Seventeenth-century Badshahi Masjid built by Aurangzeb in Lahore.
Bibi ka Maqbara.
Tomb of Sufi saint, Syed Abdul Rahim Shah Bukhari constructed by Aurangzeb.
Shawls manufactured in the Mughal Empire had highly influenced other cultures around the world.
Shawl makers in the Mughal Empire.
Mughal imperial carpet
March of the Great Moghul (Aurangzeb)
François Bernier, was a French physician and traveller, who for 12 years was the personal physician of Aurangzeb. He described his experiences in Travels in the Mughal Empire.
Map of the Mughal Empire by Vincenzo Coronelli (1650–1718) of Venice, who served as Royal Geographer to Louis XIV of France.
French map of the Deccan.
Half rupee
Rupee coin showing full name
Rupee with square area
A copper dam of Aurangzeb
A Mughal trooper in the Deccan.
Aurangzeb leads his final expedition (1705), leading an army of 500,000 troops.
Mughal-era aristocrat armed with a matchlock musket.
Aurangzeb, in later life, hunting with hounds and falconers

His modest open-air grave in Khuldabad, Aurangabad, Maharashtra expresses his deep devotion to his Islamic beliefs.

Nizam-ul-Mulk, Asaf Jah I

The 1st Nizam of Hyderabad, a trusted nobleman and General of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.

Nizam-ul-Mulk
Asaf Jah I, Viceroy of the Deccan
By the Reign of the seventh Nizam, his dominion were similar in size to Belgium, but it was a far cry from when the first Nizam had ruled over a territory the size of France.

He died on 1 June 1748 aged 77 at Burhanpur, and was buried at mazaar of Shaikh Burhan ud-din Gharib Chisti, Khuldabad, near Aurangabad, the place where Nizams mentor Aurangazeb is also buried.

Burhanuddin Gharib

Indian Sufi who belonged to the Chishti Order.

Burahanuddin Dargah Khuldabad

He remained for some time at Daulatabad and then left for Roza (Khuldabad), where he died in AH 741 (1344 AD).

Abul Hasan Qutb Shah

The eighth and last ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty, sovereign of the Kingdom of Golconda in Deccan.

Visit of Sufi-singer Shir Muhammad to Abul Hasan Qutb Shah, ca. 1720, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris.
Portrait of Abul Hasan Qutb Shah

When the sultan died, he was buried in a modest grave at Khuldabad, within the shrine of Shah Raju Qattal, a Sufi saint whose descendant Razi al-din Raju Qattal was held in great reverence by the sultan.

Zar Zari Zar Baksh

One of the earliest Sufis of the Chishti Order, the most dominant of all the Sufi orders in the Indian subcontinent.

Zar Zari Zar Baksh Dargah Khuldabad 1890s

With 700 disciples, Zar Zari Zar Baksh came to Aurangabad, and is said to have converted a Hindu princess near a well at Khuldabad.