Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Khyber-PakhtunkhwaNorth-West Frontier ProvinceNorth West Frontier ProvinceKhyber Pakhtunkhwa ProvinceKPKKhyber PukhtunkhwaNorthwest Frontier ProvinceKhyber-Pakhtunkhwa ProvinceNWFPKhyber Pakhtoonkhwa
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (often abbreviated KP or KPK; خیبر پښتونخوا; undefined), formerly known as the North-West Frontier Province NWFP (undefined), is one of the four administrative provinces of Pakistan, located in the northwestern region of the country along the international border with Afghanistan.wikipedia
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Balochistan, Pakistan

BalochistanBalochistan ProvinceBaluchistan
Within Pakistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa shares a border with Punjab, Balochistan, Azad Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan and Islamabad.
Balochistan shares borders with Punjab and the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the northeast, Sindh to the east and southeast, the Arabian Sea to the south, Iran to the west and Afghanistan to the north and northwest.

North-West Frontier Province

North West FrontierNorth West Frontier ProvinceNorth-West Frontier
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (often abbreviated KP or KPK; خیبر پښتونخوا; undefined), formerly known as the North-West Frontier Province NWFP (undefined), is one of the four administrative provinces of Pakistan, located in the northwestern region of the country along the international border with Afghanistan.
The area became Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province on 19 April 2010 when the Eighteenth Amendment was signed by President Asif Ali Zardari.

Geography of Pakistan

Northern PakistanNorth PakistanPakistan
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (often abbreviated KP or KPK; خیبر پښتونخوا; undefined), formerly known as the North-West Frontier Province NWFP (undefined), is one of the four administrative provinces of Pakistan, located in the northwestern region of the country along the international border with Afghanistan.
Pakistan geologically overlaps both with the Indian and the Eurasian tectonic plates where its Sindh and Punjab provinces lie on the north-western corner of the Indian plate while Balochistan and most of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa lie within the Eurasian plate which mainly comprises the Iranian Plateau.

Azad Kashmir

Azad Jammu and KashmirAzad Jammu & KashmirKashmir
Within Pakistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa shares a border with Punjab, Balochistan, Azad Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan and Islamabad.
The territory also borders Pakistan's Punjab province to the south and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province to the west.

Islamabad Capital Territory

Capital TerritoryICTIslamabad
Within Pakistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa shares a border with Punjab, Balochistan, Azad Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan and Islamabad.
The territory is bounded by Punjab on the south, west and east and by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa on the north.

Names of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

AfghaniaAA'''fghan Province
It was previously known as the North-West Frontier Province until 2010 when the name was changed to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa by the 18th Amendment to Pakistan's Constitution and is known colloquially by various other names.
The Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (خیبر پښتونخوا, undefined) has been known by a number of names throughout its history.

Federally Administered Tribal Areas

FATAtribal areastribal belt
With the launch of Operation Zarb-e-Azb against the Taliban insurgency, the casualty and crime rates in the country as a whole dropped by 40.0% as compared to 2011–13, with even greater drops noted in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas.
The Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA; فدرالي قبايلي سيمې; undefined) was a semi-autonomous tribal region in northwestern Pakistan that existed from 1947 until being merged with neighboring province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in 2018.

Charsadda

CharsadaPeukelaotis
The province is the site of the ancient kingdom Gandhara, including the ruins of its capital Pushkalavati near modern-day Charsadda.
Chārsadda (چارسده, undefined ) is a town and headquarters of Charsadda District, in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

Hindko

Hindko dialectNorthern HindkoHindko language
It is home to 17.9% of Pakistan's total population, with the majority of the province's inhabitants being Pashtuns and Hindko speakers. PML-N wanted to name the province something other than which does not carry Pashtun identity in it as they argued that there were other minor ethnicities living in the province especially Hindkowans who spoke Hindko, thus the word Khyber was introduced with the name because it is the name of a major pass which connects Pakistan to Afghanistan.
Hindko (undefined ALA-LC: ) is a cover term for a diverse group of Lahnda (Western Punjabi) dialects spoken by people of various ethnic backgrounds in several discontinuous areas in northwestern Pakistan, primarily in the provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab.

North Waziristan

North Waziristan AgencyNorthNorth-Western Pakistan
As of July 2014, about 929,859 people were reported to be internally displaced from North Waziristan to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa as a result of Operation Zarb-e-Azb.
North Waziristan District is a district in Bannu Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan.

Administrative units of Pakistan

ProvinceRegionTerritory
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (often abbreviated KP or KPK; خیبر پښتونخوا; undefined), formerly known as the North-West Frontier Province NWFP (undefined), is one of the four administrative provinces of Pakistan, located in the northwestern region of the country along the international border with Afghanistan.
The administrative units of Pakistan (undefined) consist of four provinces (Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and Sindh), two autonomous territories (Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan) and one federal territory (Islamabad Capital Territory).

Demographics of Pakistan

PakistaniPakistanPakistanis
It is home to 17.9% of Pakistan's total population, with the majority of the province's inhabitants being Pashtuns and Hindko speakers.
Pashto is a provincial language spoken as a first language by about 15% of Pakistanis, mostly in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and in Balochistan as well as by immigrants to the eastern provinces.

Pushkalavati

PuskalavatiPuṣkalāvatīPeucolaitae
The province is the site of the ancient kingdom Gandhara, including the ruins of its capital Pushkalavati near modern-day Charsadda.
Its ruins are located on the outskirts of the modern city of Charsadda, in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

Durand Line

Afghanistan-Pakistan borderAfghan borderborder
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (often abbreviated KP or KPK; خیبر پښتونخوا; undefined), formerly known as the North-West Frontier Province NWFP (undefined), is one of the four administrative provinces of Pakistan, located in the northwestern region of the country along the international border with Afghanistan.
It demarcates Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Balochistan and Gilgit-Baltistan of northern and western Pakistan from the northeastern, eastern, and southern provinces of Afghanistan.

Hindkowans

HindkowanHazarewalChandal
PML-N wanted to name the province something other than which does not carry Pashtun identity in it as they argued that there were other minor ethnicities living in the province especially Hindkowans who spoke Hindko, thus the word Khyber was introduced with the name because it is the name of a major pass which connects Pakistan to Afghanistan.
Hindkowans (, lit. "Hindko-speakers") are an Indo-Aryan linguistic-cultural group, which is native to the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pothohar Plateau and Azad Kashmir regions of Pakistan.

Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan

18th AmendmentEighteenth Amendment18th Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan
It was previously known as the North-West Frontier Province until 2010 when the name was changed to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa by the 18th Amendment to Pakistan's Constitution and is known colloquially by various other names.
The Eighteenth Amendment of the Constitution of Pakistan (Urdu: آئین پاکستان میں اٹھارہویں ترمیم) was passed by the National Assembly of Pakistan on April 8, 2010, removing the power of the President of Pakistan to dissolve the Parliament unilaterally, turning Pakistan from a semi-presidential to a parliamentary republic, and renaming North-West Frontier Province to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Pashtunistan

PakhtunkhwaPakhtunistanindependent
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa means the "Khyber side of the land of the Pashtuns (ethnic Afghans)", where the word Pakhtunkhwa means "Land of the Pashtuns", while according to some scholars, it refers to "Pashtun culture and society".
Roughly, the Pashtun homeland stretches from areas south of the Amu River in Afghanistan to west of the Indus River in Pakistan, mainly consisting of southwestern, eastern and some northern and western districts of Afghanistan, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and northern Balochistan in Pakistan.

Peshawar

Peshawar, PakistanPeshwarPurushapura
The ancient region of Peukelaotis (modern Hashtnagar, 17 mi north-west of Peshawar) submitted to the Greek invasion, leading to Nicanor, a Macedonian, being appointed satrap of the country west of the Indus, which includes the modern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.
Peshawar (undefined Pēx̌awar ; ; ; undefined ) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Pashtuns

PashtunPakhtunsPathan
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa means the "Khyber side of the land of the Pashtuns (ethnic Afghans)", where the word Pakhtunkhwa means "Land of the Pashtuns", while according to some scholars, it refers to "Pashtun culture and society". Their logic behind that demand was that Punjabi people, Sindhi people and Balochi people have their provinces named after their ethnicities but that is not the case for Pashtun people.
The vast majority of the Pashtuns are found in the traditional Pashtun homeland, located in an area south of the Amu Darya in Afghanistan and west of the Indus River in Pakistan, which includes Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the northern part of Balochistan.

Hindu Kush

HindukushHindu-KushHindu Kush Mountains
During the times of Indus Valley Civilization (3300 BCE – 1300 BCE) the modern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa's Khyber Pass, through Hindu Kush provided a route to other neighbouring regions and was used by merchants on trade excursions.
The range has numerous high snow-capped peaks, with the highest point being Tirich Mir or Terichmir at 7708 m in the Chitral District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

Punjabis

PunjabiPunjabi peoplePunjab
Their logic behind that demand was that Punjabi people, Sindhi people and Balochi people have their provinces named after their ethnicities but that is not the case for Pashtun people.

Awami National Party

ANPAwami National Party (ANP)(ANP)
After the creation of Pakistan, Pakistan continued with this name but a Pashtun nationalist party, Awami National Party demanded that the province name be changed to "Pakhtunkhwa".
ANP was the largest Pashtun nationalist party in Pakistan between 2008−2013 with influence lying in the Pashtun dominated areas in and around Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.

Hashtnagar

Peukelaotis
The ancient region of Peukelaotis (modern Hashtnagar, 17 mi north-west of Peshawar) submitted to the Greek invasion, leading to Nicanor, a Macedonian, being appointed satrap of the country west of the Indus, which includes the modern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.
Hashtnagar [هشتنګر] (in Sanskrit अष्टनगरम्: aṣṭanagaram and more commonly known as اشنغر ashnaghar Pashto) is one of the two constituent parts of Charsadda District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the name Hashtnagar is derived from Sanskrit अष्टनगरम् aṣṭanagaram, n., "The eight towns" from Sanskrit aṣṭa, num.

Valley of Peshawar

Peshawar ValleyGreater PeshawarPeshawar basin
Yusufzai Pashtun tribes from the Kabul and Jalalabad valleys began migrating to the Valley of Peshawar beginning in the 15th century, and displaced the Swatis ( a predominant tribe of Hazara div ) and Dilazak Pashtun tribes across the Indus River to Hazara Division.
The Valley of Peshawar or Greater Peshawar is a broad valley situated in the central part of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

Gandhara

GandhāraGandharanGandahara
The province is the site of the ancient kingdom Gandhara, including the ruins of its capital Pushkalavati near modern-day Charsadda.
Gandhara Satrapy was established in the general region of the old Gandhara grave culture, in what is today Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.