Kickapoo people

KickapooKickapoosKickapoo IndiansKikapúKickapoo NationIndian tribeKickapoo Band of Texas and Tribe of OklahomaKickapoo Indian PrincessKickapoo reservationNative American Tribe
The Kickapoo People (Kickapoo: Kiikaapoa or Kiikaapoi) are an Algonquian-speaking Native American and Indigenous Mexican tribe.wikipedia
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Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma

KickapooKickapoo OTSAOklahoma Kickapoo
Today there are three federally recognized Kickapoo tribes in the United States: Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation in Kansas, the Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma, and the Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas.
The Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma is one of three federally recognized Kickapoo tribes in the United States.

Native Americans in the United States

Native AmericanNative AmericansAmerican Indian
The Kickapoo People (Kickapoo: Kiikaapoa or Kiikaapoi) are an Algonquian-speaking Native American and Indigenous Mexican tribe.
Na-Dené and Algic have the widest geographic distributions: Algic currently spans from northeastern Canada across much of the continent down to northeastern Mexico (due to later migrations of the Kickapoo) with two outliers in California (Yurok and Wiyot); Na-Dené spans from Alaska and western Canada through Washington, Oregon, and California to the U.S. Southwest and northern Mexico (with one outlier in the Plains).

Indian removals in Indiana

Treaty of Yellow RiverremovedTreaty at the Forks of the Wabash
American leaders began to advocate the removal of tribes to lands west of the Mississippi River, to extinguish their claims to lands wanted by American settlers.
The Lenape (Delaware), Piankashaw, Kickapoo, Wea, and Shawnee were removed in the 1820s and 1830s, but the Potawatomi and Miami removals in the 1830s and 1840s were more gradual and incomplete, and not all of Indiana’s Native Americans voluntarily left the state.

Kennekuk

A prominent, nonviolent spiritual leader among the Kickapoo was Kennekuk, who led his followers during Indian Removal in the 1830s to their current tribal lands in Kansas.
1790–1852), also known as the "Kickapoo Prophet", was a Kickapoo medicine man and spiritual leader of the Vermilion band of the Kickapoo nation.

Fox language

FoxKickapooKickapoo language
Anishinaabeg say the name "Kickapoo" (Giiwigaabaw in the Anishinaabe language and its Kickapoo cognate Kiwikapawa) means "Stands here and there," which may have referred to the tribe's migratory patterns.
Fox (known by a variety of different names, including Mesquakie (Meskwaki), Mesquakie-Sauk, Mesquakie-Sauk-Kickapoo, Sauk-Fox, and Sac and Fox) is an Algonquian language, spoken by a thousand Meskwaki, Sauk, and Kickapoo in various locations in the Midwestern United States and in northern Mexico.

Wabash Confederacy

WabashWabash IndiansWabash tribes
They were confederated with the larger Wabash Confederacy, which included the Piankeshaw to their south, the Wea to their north, and the powerful Miami Tribe, to their east.
The Wabash Indians were primarily Weas and Piankashaws, but also included Kickapoos, Mascoutens, and others.

Sonora

Sonora, MexicoSonoranSonora State
Smaller bands live in Sonora and Durango.
The Kickapoos are not native to Sonora, but migrated here from the United States over a century ago.

Wea

Wea tribe Wea tribeWea Indians
They were confederated with the larger Wabash Confederacy, which included the Piankeshaw to their south, the Wea to their north, and the powerful Miami Tribe, to their east.
Toward the west near present-day Granville were villages of the Kickapoo people.

Kickapoo whistled speech

whistled speechKickapoo
The Kickapoo in Mexico are known for their whistled speech.
Kickapoo whistled speech is a means of communication among Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas, a Kickapoo tribe in Texas and Mexico.

Indigenous peoples of Mexico

indigenousindigenous people of Mexicoindigenous people
The Kickapoo People (Kickapoo: Kiikaapoa or Kiikaapoi) are an Algonquian-speaking Native American and Indigenous Mexican tribe.

Kickapoo Tribe in Kansas

KickapooKickapoo ReservationKickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation in Kansas
Today there are three federally recognized Kickapoo tribes in the United States: Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation in Kansas, the Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma, and the Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas.
The Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation in Kansas is one of three Federally recognized tribes of Kickapoo people.

Tecumseh's War

Tecumseh's Rebellionbeginning renewed resistancefought unsuccessfully
Rising tensions between the regional tribes and the United States led to Tecumseh's War in 1811.
Tenskwatawa's religious teachings became more widely known as they became more militant, and he attracted Native American followers from many different nations, including Shawnee, Iroquois, Chickamauga, Meskwaki, Miami, Mingo, Ojibwe, Ottawa, Kickapoo, Delaware (Lenape), Mascouten, Potawatomi, Sauk, Tutelo and Wyandot.

Mexican Kickapoo

Tribu KikapúKickapoo
Another band, the Tribu Kikapú, resides in Múzquiz Municipality in the Mexican state of Coahuila.

Indiana Territory

Territory of IndianaIndianaIndiana Territorial Legislature
The close of the war led to a change of federal Indian policy in the Indiana Territory, and later the state of Indiana.
In the meantime, Major Jean François Hamtramck led an expedition from Fort Knox to Wea, Potawatomi, and Kickapoo villages on the Wabash, Vermilion, and Eel Rivers, but lacked sufficient provisions to continue, forcing a return to Vincennes.

Indiana in the War of 1812

War of 1812Indiana
Many Kickapoo warriors participated in the Battle of Tippecanoe and the subsequent War of 1812 on the side of the British, hoping to expel the American settlers from the region.
Prophetstown was again destroyed on November 22 by General Samuel Hopkins, backed by attacking the deserted Tippecanoe River villages of the Kickapoo and Winnebago.

Indian removal

removalremovedremove
A prominent, nonviolent spiritual leader among the Kickapoo was Kennekuk, who led his followers during Indian Removal in the 1830s to their current tribal lands in Kansas.
Tribes further to the east, such as the already displaced Lenape (or Delaware tribe), as well as the Kickapoo and Shawnee, were removed from Indiana, Michigan, and Ohio in the 1820s.

Mississippi River

MississippiMississippi ValleyMississippi Basin
American leaders began to advocate the removal of tribes to lands west of the Mississippi River, to extinguish their claims to lands wanted by American settlers.
Modern American Indian nations inhabiting the Mississippi basin include Cheyenne, Sioux, Ojibwe, Potawatomi, Ho-Chunk, Fox, Kickapoo, Tamaroa, Moingwena, Quapaw and Chickasaw.

Pottawatomie County, Oklahoma

PottawatomiePottawatomie CountyShawnee, OK Micropolitan Statistical Area
Their tribal jurisdictional area is in Oklahoma, Pottawatomie, and Lincoln counties.
After the Civil War, the Creek and Seminole were forced to cede their lands back to the federal government, and the area of Pottawatomie County was used to resettle the Iowa, Sac and Fox, Absentee Shawnee, Potawatomi and Kickapoo tribes.

Treaty of Grouseland

Freeman's Corner (250 feet east)Grouseland Indiana TerritoryGrouseland Treaty Line (August 21, 1805)
They negotiated with the United States over their territory in several treaties, including the Treaty of Vincennes, the Treaty of Grouseland, and the Treaty of Fort Wayne.

The Only Good Indian

Only Good Indian, The
The Kickapoo language and members of the Kickapoo tribe were featured in the movie The Only Good Indian (2009), directed by Greg Wilmott and starring Wes Studi.
A Kickapoo youth (newcomer Winter Fox Frank) is taken from his family and forced to attend a distant Indian boarding school, designed to achieve to his assimilation into White society.

Treaty of Vincennes

Vincennes Tract
They negotiated with the United States over their territory in several treaties, including the Treaty of Vincennes, the Treaty of Grouseland, and the Treaty of Fort Wayne.

Treaty of Fort Wayne (1809)

Treaty of Fort Wayne10 O'Clock Treaty Line10 O'Clock Line
They negotiated with the United States over their territory in several treaties, including the Treaty of Vincennes, the Treaty of Grouseland, and the Treaty of Fort Wayne.

Sauk people

SaukSacSacs
In a loose coalition of tribes - including Dakota (Ashâha), Ojibwe, Odawa, Potawatomi, Kickapoo (Kîkâpôwa), Meskwaki (Fox), and Sauk, along with the Shawnee (Shâwanôwa), Cherokee (Shanahkîha), and Choctaw (Châkitâha) from the south - they attacked the tribes of the Illinois Confederation ("Illinois/Inoca") (Mashkotêwa) and tried to invade their tribal areas, which in turn made the "Illinois/Inoca" to their worst common enemies; the war continued for a great many years until the Illinois Confederation was destroyed.

Indian Territory

Indian TerritoriesIndianIndian Country
After being expelled from the Republic of Texas, many Kickapoo moved south to Mexico, but the population of two villages settled in Indian Territory.
Members of the confederacy were ultimately removed to the present-day Oklahoma, including the Shawnee, Delaware (also called Lenape), Miami, and Kickapoo.

Eagle Pass, Texas

Eagle PassCamp Eagle PassCity of Eagle Pass
The Kickapoo Indian Reservation of Texas is located at 28.61028°N, -100.43861°W on the Rio Grande on the U.S.-Mexico border in western Maverick County, just south of the city of Eagle Pass, as part of the community of Rosita South.
Eagle Pass is the headquarters of the Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas, a federally recognized tribe of Kickapoo people.