Kidney disease

renal diseasenephropathykidney damagekidneykidney diseasesrenal diseaseskidney failurerenalkidney problemsrenal hypertrophy
Kidney disease, or renal disease, also known as nephropathy, is damage to or disease of a kidney.wikipedia
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Nephrosis

nephroses
Nephrosis is non-inflammatory kidney disease.
Nephrosis is any of various forms of kidney disease (nephropathy).

Nephritic syndrome

Acute nephritic syndromechronic nephritisChronic nephritic syndrome
Nephritis and nephrosis can give rise to nephritic syndrome and nephrotic syndrome respectively.
Nephritic syndrome is a syndrome comprising signs of nephritis, which is kidney disease involving inflammation.

Chronic kidney disease

chronic renal failureend-stage renal diseasechronic kidney failure
Chronic kidney disease causes the gradual loss of kidney function over time.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a type of kidney disease in which there is gradual loss of kidney function over a period of months to years.

Systemic lupus erythematosus

lupusSLEsystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
Chronic conditions that can produce nephropathy include systemic lupus erythematosus, diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure (hypertension), which lead to diabetic nephropathy and hypertensive nephropathy, respectively.
Males tend to have more seizures, kidney disease, serositis (inflammation of tissues lining the lungs and heart), skin problems, and peripheral neuropathy.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

NSAIDNSAIDsnon-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
The pain medicines which can cause kidney problems include aspirin, acetaminophen, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Side effects depend on the specific drug but largely include an increased risk of gastrointestinal ulcers and bleeds, heart attack, and kidney disease.

Kidney

kidneysrenalkidney disorder
Kidney disease, or renal disease, also known as nephropathy, is damage to or disease of a kidney.
There are many causes of kidney disease.

Renal papillary necrosis

Acute papillary necrosiskidney papillary necrosismedullary necrosis
Specifically, long-term use of the analgesic phenacetin has been linked to renal papillary necrosis (necrotizing papillitis).
Renal papillary necrosis is a form of nephropathy involving the necrosis of the renal papilla.

Paracetamol

acetaminophenPanadolTylenol PM
The pain medicines which can cause kidney problems include aspirin, acetaminophen, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Kidney damage is seen in rare cases, most commonly in overdose.

Aspirin

acetylsalicylic acidBufferinASA
The pain medicines which can cause kidney problems include aspirin, acetaminophen, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
People with kidney disease, hyperuricemia, or gout should not take aspirin because it inhibits the kidneys' ability to excrete uric acid, thus may exacerbate these conditions.

Lead

Pblead orelead mining
Causes of kidney disease include deposition of the Immunoglobulin A antibodies in the glomerulus, administration of analgesics, xanthine oxidase deficiency, toxicity of chemotherapy agents, and long-term exposure to lead or its salts.
Symptoms of lead poisoning include nephropathy, colic-like abdominal pains, and possibly weakness in the fingers, wrists, or ankles.

Onconephrology

Onco-Nephrology
Kidney failure from break down of cancer cells, usually after chemotherapy, is unique to onconephrology.
Onconephrology (from the Ancient Greek onkos meaning bulk, mass, or tumor, nephros meaning kidney, and the suffix -logy, meaning "study of") is a burgeoning new specialty in nephrology that deals with the study of kidney diseases in cancer patients.

Hypertensive kidney disease

nephrosclerosishypertensive nephropathyHypertensive nephrosclerosis
Chronic conditions that can produce nephropathy include systemic lupus erythematosus, diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure (hypertension), which lead to diabetic nephropathy and hypertensive nephropathy, respectively.
* Nephropathy

Angiopathy

damaged
Diabetic nephropathy is a progressive kidney disease caused by angiopathy of the capillaries in the glomeruli.
Damage to nerve cells may cause peripheral neuropathy, and to kidney cells, diabetic nephropathy (Kimmelstiel-Wilson syndrome).

Protein toxicity

protein toxintotal consumption of protein
A high protein diet is a health concern for those suffering from renal disease.

Hypertension

high blood pressurehypertensivearterial hypertension
Chronic conditions that can produce nephropathy include systemic lupus erythematosus, diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure (hypertension), which lead to diabetic nephropathy and hypertensive nephropathy, respectively.
Secondary hypertension is more common in preadolescent children, with most cases caused by kidney disease.

Kidney stone disease

kidney stonekidney stonesnephrolithiasis
Xanthine is not very soluble in water; therefore, an increase in xanthine forms crystals (which can lead to kidney stones) and result in damage of the kidney.

Disease

morbidityillnessdiseases
Kidney disease, or renal disease, also known as nephropathy, is damage to or disease of a kidney.

Nephritis

nephritis, hereditaryAthletic nephritisinflammation of the kidney
Nephritis is an inflammatory kidney disease and has several types according to the location of the inflammation.

Inflammation

inflammatoryinflammatory responseinflamed
Nephritis is an inflammatory kidney disease and has several types according to the location of the inflammation.

Blood test

blood testsbloodblood testing
Inflammation can be diagnosed by blood tests.

Nephrotic syndrome

a serious kidney disorderGlomerulosclerosisidiopathic nephrotic syndrome
Nephritis and nephrosis can give rise to nephritic syndrome and nephrotic syndrome respectively.

Kidney failure

renal failurekidney problemsrenal impairment
Kidney disease usually causes a loss of kidney function to some degree and can result in kidney failure, the complete loss of kidney function.

Dialysis

kidney dialysisrenal dialysisdialysis machine
Kidney failure is known as the end-stage of kidney disease, where dialysis or a kidney transplant is the only treatment option.

Kidney transplantation

kidney transplantrenal transplantationrenal transplant
Kidney failure is known as the end-stage of kidney disease, where dialysis or a kidney transplant is the only treatment option.

Acute kidney injury

acute renal failureacute kidney failureuremic poisoning
Acute kidney disease is now termed acute kidney injury and is marked by the sudden reduction in kidney function over seven days.