State in Eastern and Northern Europe from the late 9th to the mid-13th century.- Kievan Rus'
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Vladimir I Sviatoslavich (, Volodiměrъ Svętoslavičь; c. 958 – 15 July 1015), also known as Vladimir the Great, was Prince of Novgorod, Grand Prince of Kiev, and ruler of Kievan Rus' from 980 to 1015.
Varangian chieftain of the Rus' who in the year 862 was invited to reign in Novgorod.
He is considered to be the founder of the Rurikid dynasty, which ruled Ladoga, Novgorod and ultimately the Kievan Rus' and its successor states, including the Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia, the Principality of Tver, the Grand Duchy of Vladimir, the Grand Duchy of Moscow, the Novgorod Republic and the Tsardom of Russia, until the 17th century.
The Mongol Empire invaded and conquered Kievan Rus' in the 13th century, destroying numerous southern cities, including the biggest ones Kiev (50,000 inhabitants) and Chernihiv (30,000 inhabitants), with the only major cities escaping destruction being Novgorod and Pskov, located in the North.
The Christianization of Kievan Rus' took place in several stages.
Following the Primary Chronicle, the definitive Christianization of Kievan Rus' dates from the year 988 (the year is disputed ), when Vladimir the Great was baptized in Chersonesus and proceeded to baptize his family and people in Kiev.
The Khazars were a semi-nomadic Turkic people that in the late 6th-century AD established a major commercial empire covering the southeastern section of modern European Russia, southern Ukraine, Crimea, and Kazakhstan.
Astride a major artery of commerce between Eastern Europe and Southwestern Asia, Khazaria became one of the foremost trading empires of the early medieval world, commanding the western marches of the Silk Road and playing a key commercial role as a crossroad between China, the Middle East and Kievan Rus'.
Capital and most populous city of Ukraine.
Under Varangian rule, the city became a capital of Kievan Rus', the first East Slavic state.
Grand Prince of Kiev famous for his persistent campaigns in the east and south, which precipitated the collapse of two great powers of Eastern Europe, Khazaria and the First Bulgarian Empire.
His decade-long reign over the Kievan Rus' was marked by rapid expansion into the Volga River valley, the Pontic steppe, and the Balkans.
Largest city and administrative center of Novgorod Oblast, Russia.
First mention of this Norse etymology to the name of the city of Novgorod (and that of other cities within the territory of the then Kievan Rus') occurs in the 10th-century policy manual De Administrando Imperio by Byzantine emperor Constantine VII.
Medieval state and vassal of the Golden Horde in the Eastern European regions of Galicia and Volhynia that existed from 1199 to 1349.
Along with Novgorod and Vladimir-Suzdal, it was one of the three most important powers to emerge from the collapse of Kievan Rus'.
Rurikid prince who ruled all or part of the Rus' people during the late 9th and early 10th centuries.
He is credited by Rus' Chronicles with moving from either Staraya Ladoga or Novgorod, and seizing power in Kiev (Kyiv) from Askold and Dir, and, by doing so, laying the foundation of the powerful state of Kievan Rus'.