Kim Il-sung

Kim Il Sunghis fatherKimfatherGreat LeaderKim Il SongKim Il-songPresident Kim Il SungPresident Kim Il-Sung
Kim Il-sung (officially transcribed Kim Il Sung; English pronunciation: ; ; ; born Kim Sŏng-ju ; 15 April 1912 – 8 July 1994) was the first leader of North Korea which he ruled from the country's establishment in 1948 until his death in 1994.wikipedia
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Death and state funeral of Kim Il-sung

his deathdeath of Kim Il-sungKim Il-sung's death
Kim Il-sung (officially transcribed Kim Il Sung; English pronunciation: ; ; ; born Kim Sŏng-ju ; 15 April 1912 – 8 July 1994) was the first leader of North Korea which he ruled from the country's establishment in 1948 until his death in 1994.
Kim Il-sung died on the afternoon of 8 July 1994 at age 82.

Premier of North Korea

PremierPremier of the Council of Ministers of North KoreaPrime Minister of the Cabinet of North Korea
He held the posts of Premier from 1948 to 1972 and President from 1972 to 1994.
Kim Il-sung himself inaugurated the post, keeping it for 24 years until 1972, while the ceremonial role of the head of State rested in the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Supreme People's Assembly.

Korean War

KoreaKoreanKorea War
Following the military stalemate in the Korean War, a ceasefire was signed on 27 July 1953.
A socialist state was established in the north under the communist leadership of Kim Il-sung and a capitalist state in the south under the anti-communist leadership of Syngman Rhee.

Day of the Foundation of the Republic

anniversary of the formation of North Koreacountry's establishmentDay of the Foundation of the Republic (North Korea)
Kim Il-sung (officially transcribed Kim Il Sung; English pronunciation: ; ; ; born Kim Sŏng-ju ; 15 April 1912 – 8 July 1994) was the first leader of North Korea which he ruled from the country's establishment in 1948 until his death in 1994.
The Day of the Foundation of the Republic is one of the most important holidays of the country, along with the Day of the Sun (birthday of Kim Il-sung), Day of the Shining Star (birthday of Kim Jong-il) and Party Foundation Day.

Juche

Juche'' ideaGreat LeaderKimilsungism-Kimjongilism
Differences emerged between North Korea and the Soviet Union, chief among them being Kim Il-sung's philosophy of Juche, which focused on Korean nationalism, self-reliance, and socialism. Known as the Great Leader (Suryong), he established a personality cult which dominates domestic politics in North Korea.
Juche (주체/主體; ; usually left untranslated or translated as "self-reliance") is the official state ideology of North Korea, described by the government as "Kim Il-sung's original, brilliant and revolutionary contribution to national and international thought".

South Korea

Republic of KoreaKoreaKOR
Coming to power after the end of Japanese rule in 1945, he authorized the invasion of South Korea in 1950, triggering an intervention in defense of South Korea by the United Nations led by the United States.
In the North, however, a former anti-Japanese guerrilla and communist activist, Kim Il-sung was appointed premier of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in September.

North Korean famine

Arduous Marchfamine1990s famine
The resulting loss of economic aid adversely affected the North's economy, causing widespread famine in 1994.
The Rodong Sinmun urged the North Korean citizenry to invoke the memory of a fable from Kim Il-sung's time as a commander of a small group of anti-Japanese guerrilla fighters.

Kim Jong-il

Kim Jong Ilhis fatherKim Jong‑il
At the 6th WPK Congress in 1980, his oldest son Kim Jong-il was elected as a Presidium member and chosen as his heir apparent to the supreme leadership.
He ruled from the death of his father Kim Il-sung, the first leader of North Korea, in 1994 until his own death in 2011.

6th Congress of the Workers' Party of Korea

6th Congress6th WPK CongressSixth Party Congress
At the 6th WPK Congress in 1980, his oldest son Kim Jong-il was elected as a Presidium member and chosen as his heir apparent to the supreme leadership.
The congress saw the reappointment of Kim Il-sung as WPK General Secretary and the Presidium of the Politburo established as the highest organ of the party between congresses.

Politics of North Korea

North Korean politicsNorth Korean governmentdomestic policy
Known as the Great Leader (Suryong), he established a personality cult which dominates domestic politics in North Korea.
The politics of North Korea (officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea) takes place within the framework of the official state philosophy, Juche, a concept created by Hwang Jang-yop and later attributed to Kim Il-sung.

Economy of North Korea

North Korean economyeconomycountry's economy
Under his leadership, North Korea was established as a communist state with a publicly owned and planned economy.
The Ch'ŏngsan-ni Method called for high-ranking party officials, party cadres, and administrative officials to emulate Kim Il-sung by making field inspections.

Day of the Sun

birthday of Kim Il-sungbirthdayKim Il-sung's birthday
Kim Il-sung's birthday is a public holiday in North Korea called the "Day of the Sun".
The Day of the Sun is an annual public holiday in North Korea on 15 April, the birth anniversary of Kim Il-sung, founder and Eternal President of North Korea.

Public holidays in North Korea

public holiday in North Koreapublic holidayNorth Korea
Kim Il-sung's birthday is a public holiday in North Korea called the "Day of the Sun".
The Day of the Sun, the birthday of its founder and first leader Kim Il-sung, on 15 April is the most important holiday in the country.

Korean nationalism

nationalistKorean nationalistKorean nationalists
Differences emerged between North Korea and the Soviet Union, chief among them being Kim Il-sung's philosophy of Juche, which focused on Korean nationalism, self-reliance, and socialism.

Eternal leaders of North Korea

President of North KoreaPresidentEternal President
He held the posts of Premier from 1948 to 1972 and President from 1972 to 1994.
Until then, Kim Il-sung held the posts of Premier and General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea.

North Korean cult of personality

personality cultcult of personalityKim Il-sung's cult of personality
Known as the Great Leader (Suryong), he established a personality cult which dominates domestic politics in North Korea.
The personality cult began soon after Kim Il-sung took power in 1948, and was greatly expanded after his death in 1994.

History of South Korea

Sixth RepublicSixth Republic of South Koreademocratization of South Korea
By the 1960s, North Korea briefly enjoyed a standard of living higher than the South, which was fraught with political instability and economic crises.
On September 9, 1948, a communist regime, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), was proclaimed under Kim Il-sung.

Kim Yong-ju

Kim Yŏng-ju
He was born to Kim Hyŏng-jik and Kang Pan-sŏk, who gave him the name Kim Sŏng-ju; Kim also had two younger brothers, Ch’ŏl-chu (or Kim Chul-ju) and Kim Yŏng-ju.
Kim Yong-ju (born 21 September 1920) is a North Korean politician and the younger brother of Kim Il-sung, who ruled North Korea from 1948 to 1994.

Kang Pan-sok

Kang Pan-sŏkhis motherMrs. Kang Ban Sok:
He was born to Kim Hyŏng-jik and Kang Pan-sŏk, who gave him the name Kim Sŏng-ju; Kim also had two younger brothers, Ch’ŏl-chu (or Kim Chul-ju) and Kim Yŏng-ju.
Kang Pan-sŏk (21 April 1892 – 31 July 1932) was the mother of North Korean leader Kim Il-sung, the paternal grandmother of the late leader of North Korea, Kim Jong-il, and great-grandmother of the current leader of North Korea, Kim Jong-un.

Kim Kyung-cheon

Several sources indicate that the name "Kim Il-sung" had previously been used by a prominent early leader of the Korean resistance, Kim Kyung-cheon.
Several sources believe North Korean leader Kim Il-sung stole his identity after his death.

Kim Hyong-jik

Kim Hyŏng-jikhis father
He was born to Kim Hyŏng-jik and Kang Pan-sŏk, who gave him the name Kim Sŏng-ju; Kim also had two younger brothers, Ch’ŏl-chu (or Kim Chul-ju) and Kim Yŏng-ju.
He was the father of North Korean founder Kim Il-sung, the paternal grandfather of Kim Jong-il, and great-grandfather of the current leader of North Korea, Kim Jong-un.

Human rights in North Korea

human rightsreeducation campreeducation camps
During his rule, North Korea was molded into a totalitarian state responsible for widespread human rights abuses.
Kim Il-sung stated that the concept of democracy cannot "provide freedom and rights to hostile elements who oppose socialism or impure elements who act against the interests of the People".

Battle of Pochonbo

Battle of Poch'ŏnboPoch'onboPochonbo
While commanding this division, he executed a raid on Poch’onbo, on 4 June 1937.
The Battle of Pochonbo was an event which occurred in northern Korea on 4 June 1937 (Juche 26), when Korean and Chinese guerrillas commanded by Kim Il-sung (or possibly Choe Hyon) attacked and defeated a Japanese detachment during the anti-Japanese armed struggle in Korea.

Jilin Yuwen High School

Yuwen Middle School
From that time, he attended Yuwen Middle School in China's Jilin province up to 1930, where he rejected the feudal traditions of older-generation Koreans and became interested in communist ideologies; his formal education ended when the police arrested and jailed him for his subversive activities.
Among prominent alumni is Kim Il-sung, the first leader of North Korea.

1948 North Korean parliamentary election

19481st SPA25 August 1948
Despite United Nations plans to conduct all-Korean elections, the Soviets held elections of their own in their zone on 25 August 1948 for a Supreme People's Assembly.