Kim Philby

PhilbyAdrian PhilbyH. A. R. "Kim" PhilbyH. A. R. PhilbyHarold (Kim) PhilbyHarold Adrian 'Kim' PhilbyHarold Adrian Russell "Kim" PhilbyHarold Adrian Russell PhilbyKim
Harold Adrian Russell "Kim" Philby (1 January 1912 – 11 May 1988) was a British intelligence officer and a double agent for the Soviet Union.wikipedia
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Cambridge Five

Cambridge Spy RingCambridge spiesCambridge spy
In 1963, he was revealed to be a member of the Cambridge Five, a spy ring which passed information to the Soviet Union during World War II and in the early stages of the Cold War.
Suspicion immediately fell on Kim Philby (cryptonym: Sonny, Stanley), but he did not defect until 1963.

Guy Burgess

BurgessGuy BennettHicks
He was also responsible for tipping off two other spies under suspicion of espionage, Donald Maclean and Guy Burgess, both of whom subsequently fled to Moscow in May 1951.
He was recruited by Soviet intelligence in 1935, on the recommendation of the future double agent Kim Philby.

Trinity College, Cambridge

Trinity CollegeTrinityTrinity College Cambridge
Born in British India, Philby was educated at Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge.
Trinity alumni include six British prime ministers (all Tory or Whig/Liberal), physicists Isaac Newton, James Clerk Maxwell, Ernest Rutherford and Niels Bohr, mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan, the poet Lord Byron, historians Lord Macaulay, G. M. Trevelyan and E.H. Carr, philosophers Ludwig Wittgenstein and Bertrand Russell (whom it expelled before reaccepting), and Soviet spies Kim Philby, Guy Burgess, and Anthony Blunt.

St John Philby

St. John PhilbyHarry St. John PhilbyPhilby
Born in Ambala, Punjab, British India, Philby was the son of Dora Johnston and St John Philby, an author, Arabist and explorer.
His only son by his first wife Dora Johnston was Kim Philby, who became known worldwide as a double agent for the Soviet Union, where he defected in 1963.

Arnold Deutsch

Dr Arnold Deutsch
In early 1934, Arnold Deutsch, a Soviet agent, was sent to University College London under the cover of a research appointment.
Arnold Deutsch (1903–1942?), variously described as Austrian, Czech or Hungarian, was an academic who worked in London as a Soviet spy, best known for having recruited Kim Philby.

Litzi Friedmann

Litzi Friedman
In Vienna, working to aid refugees from Nazi Germany, Philby met and fell in love with Litzi Friedmann (born Alice Kohlmann), a young Austrian Communist of Hungarian Jewish origins.
Alice Friedmann (née Kohlmann; 1910–1991), known as Litzi Friedmann, was an Austrian Communist who was the first wife of Kim Philby, a member of the Cambridge Five.

People's Socialist Republic of Albania

AlbaniaPeople's Republic of AlbaniaCommunist Albania
During his career as an intelligence officer, he passed large amounts of intelligence to the Soviet Union, including an Anglo-American plot to subvert the communist regime of Albania.
Kim Philby, a Soviet double agent working as a liaison officer between the British intelligence service and the United States Central Intelligence Agency, had leaked details of the infiltration plan to Moscow, and the security breach claimed the lives of about 300 infiltrators.

Double agent

double agentstriple agentdouble-agent
Harold Adrian Russell "Kim" Philby (1 January 1912 – 11 May 1988) was a British intelligence officer and a double agent for the Soviet Union.

Albanian Subversion

a 1950 paramilitary project to destabilize and oust the Albanian governmentAlbaniaAlbanian partisans
During his career as an intelligence officer, he passed large amounts of intelligence to the Soviet Union, including an Anglo-American plot to subvert the communist regime of Albania.
Joined by SIS Washington liaison Harold Adrian 'Kim' Philby, they met with Robert Joyce of the US State Department’s Policy and Planning Staff (PPS) and Frank Wisner, who was the head of the Office of Policy Coordination (OPC), and other U.S. intelligence officials such as James McCargar and Franklin Lindsay.

Edith Tudor-Hart

Edith Tudor HartEdith Suschitzky
It is possible that it was a Viennese-born friend of Friedmann's in London, Edith Tudor Hart – herself, at this time, a Soviet agent – who first approached Philby about the possibility of working for Soviet intelligence.
She recommended Litzi Friedmann and Kim Philby for recruitment by the KGB and acted as an intermediary for Anthony Blunt and Bob Stewart when the rezidentura at the Soviet Embassy in London suspended its operations in February 1940.

Jane Sissmore

Jane ArcherJane Archer (security official)Kathleen Maria Margaret Archer
In 1940 he was interviewed by MI5 officers in London, led by Jane Archer.
She then joined the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6), but when Kim Philby, later to be exposed as a double agent, became her boss he reduced her investigative work because he feared she might uncover his treachery.

Maurice Dobb

Dobb, MauriceM. DobbM. H. Dobb
Upon Philby's graduation, Maurice Dobb, a fellow of King's College, Cambridge and tutor in Economics, introduced him to the World Federation for the Relief of the Victims of German Fascism in Paris.
One of his recruits was Kim Philby, who later became a high-placed mole within British intelligence.

The Times

TimesTimes Newspapers LtdTimes Online
Philby worked at first as a freelance journalist; from May 1937, he served as a first-hand correspondent for The Times, reporting from the headquarters of the pro-Franco forces.
Kim Philby, a double agent with primary allegiance to the Soviet Union, was a correspondent for the newspaper in Spain during the Spanish Civil War of the late 1930s.

Westminster School

WestminsterWestminster CollegeWestminster schoolboy
Born in British India, Philby was educated at Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge.

Secret Intelligence Service

MI6SISBritish Secret Service
In 1940, he began working for MI6.
In 1940, journalist and Soviet agent Kim Philby applied for a vacancy in Section D of SIS, and was vetted by his friend and fellow Soviet agent Guy Burgess.

Theodore Maly

Theodore "Teddy" Maly
His Soviet controller at the time, Theodore Maly, reported in April 1937 to the NKVD that he had personally briefed Philby on the need "to discover the system of guarding Franco and his entourage".
He was one of the controllers of the British Soviet spy ring known as the Cambridge Five: Kim Philby, Donald Maclean, Guy Burgess, John Cairncross and Anthony Blunt.

Beaulieu, Hampshire

BeaulieuBeaulieu EstateBeaulieu village
Burgess was arrested in September for drunken driving and was subsequently fired, while Philby was appointed as an instructor on clandestine propaganda at the SOE's finishing school for agents at the Estate of Lord Montagu in Beaulieu, Hampshire.
(One of the trainers was Kim Philby who was later found to be part of a spy ring passing information to the Soviets.) In 2005, a special exhibition was installed at the Beaulieu Estate, with a video showing photographs from that era as well as voice recordings of former SOE trainers and agents.

Willi Münzenberg

Willy MünzenbergWilli MunzenbergWilly Muenzenberg
The organization was one of several fronts operated by German Communist Willi Münzenberg, a member of the Reichstag who had fled to France in 1933.
It has been suggested that during his years in exile, Münzenberg had some role in recruiting Kim Philby to work for the Soviet Union, but there is no clear evidence.

Donald Maclean (spy)

Donald MacleanMacleanDonald Duart Maclean
He was also responsible for tipping off two other spies under suspicion of espionage, Donald Maclean and Guy Burgess, both of whom subsequently fled to Moscow in May 1951.
Shortly after the VENONA investigation began, Kim Philby, another member of the Cambridge Five, was assigned to Washington, serving as Britain's CIA-FBI-NSA liaison.

Flora Solomon

Flora BenensonFlora
On a short trip back from Spain, Philby tried to recruit Flora Solomon as a Soviet agent; she was the daughter of a Russian banker and gold dealer, a relative of the Rothschilds, and wife of a London stockbroker.
Solomon was a long-time friend of British intelligence officer Kim Philby.

Central Intelligence Agency

CIAC.I.A.Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
Angleton, later chief of the Central Intelligence Agency's (CIA) Counterintelligence Staff, became suspicious of Philby when he failed to pass on information relating to a British agent executed by the Gestapo in Germany.
The famous double agent Kim Philby was the British liaison to American Central Intelligence.

Ambala

UmballaUmballahAmbala City
Born in Ambala, Punjab, British India, Philby was the son of Dora Johnston and St John Philby, an author, Arabist and explorer.

Alexander Orlov (Soviet defector)

Alexander OrlovAleksandr Mikhailovich OrlovAlexander Mikhailovich Orlov
Alexander Orlov (born Lev Feldbin; code-name Swede), Philby's controller in Madrid, who had once met him in Perpignan, France, with the bulge of an automatic rifle clearly showing through his raincoat, also defected.
Despite Orlov's later claims, he had nothing to do with the recruitment of Kim Philby or any other member of the Cambridge Five and deserted his post in October 1935, coming back to Moscow.

Enver Hoxha

HoxhaEnver HohxaEnver Halil Hoxha
Colonel David Smiley, an aristocratic Guards officer who had helped Enver Hoxha and his Communist guerillas to liberate Albania, now prepared to remove Hoxha.
Kim Philby, a Soviet double agent working as a liaison officer between the British intelligence service and the United States Central Intelligence Agency, had leaked details of the infiltration plan to Moscow, and the security breach claimed the lives of about 300 infiltrators.

Rufina Pukhova

Rufina Ivanovna PukhovaRufina
Though Philby claimed publicly in January 1988 that he did not regret his decisions and that he missed nothing about England except some friends, Colman's mustard, and Lea & Perrins Worcestershire sauce; his wife Rufina Ivanovna Pukhova later described Philby as "disappointed in many ways" by what he found in Moscow.
She was the last wife of Kim Philby, a KGB double agent who rose in rank through British Intelligence along with the Cambridge Five.