Kimberley, Northern Cape

KimberleyKimberley, South AfricaDiamond FieldsKimberlyNew RushBeaconsfieldKimberley mineKimberley MinesRoodepana town in South Africa
Kimberley is the capital and largest city of the Northern Cape Province of South Africa.wikipedia
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Siege of Kimberley

Relief of KimberleyKimberleyrelief of Kimberly
The city has considerable historical significance due to its diamond mining past and the siege during the Second Boer War.
The Siege of Kimberley took place during the Second Boer War at Kimberley, Cape Colony (present-day South Africa), when Boer forces from the Orange Free State and the Transvaal besieged the diamond mining town.

Cecil Rhodes

Cecil John RhodesRhodesCape to Cairo
British businessmen Cecil Rhodes and Barney Barnato made their fortunes in Kimberley, and Rhodes established the De Beers diamond company in the early days of the mining town. The various smaller mining companies were amalgamated by Cecil Rhodes and Charles Rudd into De Beers, and The Kimberley under Barney Barnato.
He entered the diamond trade at Kimberley in 1871, when he was 18, and over the next two decades gained near-complete domination of the world diamond market.

Vaal River

VaalTransvaalRiver Vaal
It is located approximately 110 km east of the confluence of the Vaal and Orange Rivers.
It then flows westwards to its conjunction with the Orange River southwest of Kimberley in the Northern Cape.

Big Hole

Kimberley MineColesberg Kopjediamond mine
As the land was lowered, so the hillock became a mine – in time, the world-renowned Kimberley Mine.
The Big Hole, Open Mine, Kimberley Mine or Tim Kuilmine (Groot Gat) is an open-pit and underground mine in Kimberley, South Africa, and claimed to be the deepest hole excavated by hand, although this claim is disputed.

Orange River

OrangeSenqu RiverGariep River
It is located approximately 110 km east of the confluence of the Vaal and Orange Rivers. In 1866, Erasmus Jacobs found a small brilliant pebble on the banks of the Orange River, on the farm De Kalk leased from local Griquas, near Hopetown, which was his father's farm.
At the western point of the Free State, southwest of Kimberley, the Orange meets with its main tributary, the Vaal River, which itself forms much of the northern border of the province.

Kimberlite

kimberlite pipeskimberlitickimberlites
Five big holes were dug into the earth following the kimberlite pipes, which are named after the town.
It is named after the town of Kimberley in South Africa, where the discovery of an 83.5 carat diamond called the Star of South Africa in 1869 spawned a diamond rush and the digging of the open-pit mine called the Big Hole.

Griqualand West

Klipdrift RepublicWest GriqualandGriqualand-West
Consequently, the territory known as Griqualand West was proclaimed on 27 October 1871.
In 1873 it was proclaimed as a British colony, with its capital at Kimberley, and in 1880 it was annexed by the Cape Colony.

Eureka Diamond

Eureka
It proved to be a 21.25 carat diamond, and became known as the Eureka.
It originally weighed 21.25 carat, and was later cut to a 10.73 carat cushion-shaped brilliant, which is currently on display at the Mine Museum in Kimberley.

Barney Barnato

BarnatoBarnato Scholarship
British businessmen Cecil Rhodes and Barney Barnato made their fortunes in Kimberley, and Rhodes established the De Beers diamond company in the early days of the mining town. The various smaller mining companies were amalgamated by Cecil Rhodes and Charles Rudd into De Beers, and The Kimberley under Barney Barnato.
In 1873, Barney joined his brother Harry in the Cape Colony during the diamond rush which accompanied the discovery of diamonds at Kimberley.

Malay Camp, Kimberley

Malay Camp
Individual families could be split up to three ways (based on such notorious measures as the 'pencil test') and mixed communities were either completely relocated (as in Malay Camp – although those clearances began before Apartheid as such) or were selectively cleared (as in Greenpoint which became a ‘Coloured’ Group Area, its erstwhile African and other residents being removed to other parts of town).
The Malay Camp in Kimberley, South Africa, was a cosmopolitan suburb which was subject to forced removals prior to the Group Areas Act.

Perseverance School

Perseverance
Institutions that were hard hit by the Group Areas Act, Bantu Education and other Acts included churches (such as the Bean Street Methodist Church) and schools (some, such as William Pescod and Perseverance School, moved while the Gore Browne (Native) Training School was closed down).
The Perseverance School, Kimberley, was founded as such in 1883 but might be seen as having arisen from the St Cyprian's Mission School dating back to the early 1870s.

Dipuo Peters

Elizabeth Dipuo Peters
A later generation of anti-apartheid activists based in Kimberley included Phakamile Mabija and two post-apartheid provincial premiers, Manne Dipico and Dipuo Peters.
Elizabeth Dipuo Peters (born 13 May 1960 in Kimberley, Northern Cape) was the Minister of Transport of the Republic of South Africa (from 10 July 2013) until 30 March 2017, in the Zuma administration, and former Minister of Energy from 2009-2013 having served as successor to Manne Dipico as the second Premier of the Northern Cape Province, 22 April 2004 to 10 May 2009.

Griqualand West Annexation Act

The Cape Prime Minister John Molteno initially had serious doubts about annexing the heavily indebted region, but, after striking a deal with the Home Government and receiving assurances that the local population would be consulted in the process, he passed the Griqualand West Annexation Act on 27 July 1877.
It contained the newly discovered diamond fields of Kimberley and was beginning to attract large numbers of prospectors.

Khoisan X

Benny Alexander
Benny Alexander (1955–2010), who later changed his name to Khoisan X, and was General Secretary of the Pan Africanist Congress and of the Pan-Africanist Movement from 1989, was born and grew up in Kimberley.
Khoisan X (4 March 1955 – 13 October 2010), formerly Benny Alexander, was a South African political activist born in Kimberley, South Africa.

Ritchie, Northern Cape

RitchieMotswedimosa
In the post-1994 era the Kimberley City Council was renamed the Sol Plaatje Local Municipality after the area it served was expanded to include surrounding towns and villages, most notably Ritchie.
Ritchie is a small town situated 40 km south of Kimberley on the north bank of the Riet River in the Northern Cape province of South Africa.

Hopetown

In 1866, Erasmus Jacobs found a small brilliant pebble on the banks of the Orange River, on the farm De Kalk leased from local Griquas, near Hopetown, which was his father's farm.
The Cape Government Railways were founded in 1872, and the Cape government decided to run the main western line, between the Kimberley diamond fields and Cape Town on the coast, directly through Hopetown.

Charles Rudd

Charles Dunell RuddRudd
The various smaller mining companies were amalgamated by Cecil Rhodes and Charles Rudd into De Beers, and The Kimberley under Barney Barnato.
In 1872/3 Rudd and Rhodes became friends and partners, working diamond claims in Kimberley, dealing in diamonds and operating pumping and ice-making machinery, amongst many other odds and ends.

Sol Plaatje

Solomon PlaatjeSol T. PlaatjeSolomon T. Plaatje
Sol Plaatje, the prominent writer and activist, lived for much of his life in Kimberley.
The Sol Plaatje Local Municipality, which includes the city of Kimberley, is named after him, as is the Sol Plaatje University in that city, which opened its doors in 2014.

John Wodehouse, 1st Earl of Kimberley

The Earl of KimberleyLord KimberleyThe Lord Wodehouse
The delay was in London where Secretary of State for the Colonies, John Wodehouse, 1st Earl of Kimberley, insisted that before electoral divisions could be defined, the places had to receive "decent and intelligible names. His Lordship declined to be in any way connected with such a vulgarism as New Rush and as for the Dutch name, Vooruitzigt … he could neither spell nor pronounce it."
It was the moment of the great diamond discoveries in southern Africa, and the town of Kimberley in the Cape Colony was named after him.

Wildebeest Kuil Rock Art Centre

Wildebeest KuilSouth AfricaWildebeest Kuil rock art site
Sites such as the nearby Wildebeest Kuil testify to a Khoe–San history dating up into the nineteenth century.
Wildebeest Kuil Rock Art Centre is a rock engraving site with visitor centre on land owned by the !Xun and Khwe San situated about 16 km from Kimberley, Northern Cape, South Africa.

Frances Baard District Municipality

Frances BaardFrances Baard District
Similarly the erstwhile Diamantveld District Council became the Frances Baard District Municipality, with reference to the trade unionist, Frances Baard, who was born in Greenpoint, Kimberley.
The seat of Frances Baard is Kimberley.

Schmidtsdrift

Schmidtsdrif
Also added to the city is the settlement of Platfontein created when the !Xun and Khwe community formerly of Schmidtsdrift and originally from Angola/Namibia acquired the land in 1996.
Situated 80 km west of Kimberley, it was originally a ford across the Vaal River which is now bridged on the main route from Kimberley to Campbell and Griquatown.

Manne Dipico

A later generation of anti-apartheid activists based in Kimberley included Phakamile Mabija and two post-apartheid provincial premiers, Manne Dipico and Dipuo Peters.
Manne Emsley Dipico, first Premier of the Northern Cape Province, South Africa, was born in Kimberley on 21 April 1959.

Frances Baard

Baard. Frances
Similarly the erstwhile Diamantveld District Council became the Frances Baard District Municipality, with reference to the trade unionist, Frances Baard, who was born in Greenpoint, Kimberley.
Frances Goitsemang Baard (1 October 1909 – 1997) was a South African (ethnic Tswana) trade unionist, organiser for the African National Congress Women's League and a Patron of the United Democratic Front, who was commemorated in the renaming of the Diamantveld District Municipality (Kimberley) as the Frances Baard District Municipality.

University of the Witwatersrand

Wits UniversityWitwatersrand UniversityWits
South Africa's first school of mines was opened here in 1896 and later relocated to Johannesburg, becoming the core of the University of the Witwatersrand.
Founded in 1896 as the South African School of Mines in Kimberley, it is the third oldest South African university in continuous operation.