King George's War

King Georges WarWarin the American coloniesKing George’s War (1744–1748)
King George's War (1744–1748) is the name given to the military operations in North America that formed part of the War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748).wikipedia
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William Shirley

Gov. William ShirleyGovernor ShirleyGovernor William Shirley
Its most significant action was an expedition organized by Massachusetts Governor William Shirley that besieged and ultimately captured the French fortress of Louisbourg, on Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia, in 1745.
He is best known for his role in organizing the 1745 Siege of Louisbourg during King George's War, and for his role in military affairs during the French and Indian War.

Nova Scotia

NSNova Scotia, CanadaNova Scotian
It took place primarily in the British provinces of New York, Massachusetts Bay (which included Maine as well as Massachusetts at the time), New Hampshire (which included Vermont at the time), and Nova Scotia. Concerned about their overland supply lines to Quebec, they raided the British fishing port of Canso on May 23, and then organized an attack on Annapolis Royal, the capital of Nova Scotia.
However, conflict between the Acadians, Mi'kmaq, French, and the British persisted in the following decades with King George's War (1744–1748).

Siege of Louisbourg (1745)

Siege of Louisbourg1745 expeditionBattle of Louisburg
Its most significant action was an expedition organized by Massachusetts Governor William Shirley that besieged and ultimately captured the French fortress of Louisbourg, on Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia, in 1745.
The Siege of Louisbourg took place in 1745 when a New England colonial force aided by a British fleet captured Louisbourg, the capital of the French province of Île-Royale (present-day Cape Breton Island) during the War of the Austrian Succession, known as King George's War in the British colonies.

French and Indian Wars

series of warsFrench and Indian War.fending off attacks
It was the third of the four French and Indian Wars.

Province of Massachusetts Bay

MassachusettsMassachusetts BayProvince of Massachusetts
It took place primarily in the British provinces of New York, Massachusetts Bay (which included Maine as well as Massachusetts at the time), New Hampshire (which included Vermont at the time), and Nova Scotia.
King George's War broke out in 1744, and Governor William Shirley rallied troops from around New England for an assault on the French fortress at Louisbourg which succeeded in 1745.

Province of New Hampshire

New HampshireProvince of New-HampshireColony of New Hampshire
It took place primarily in the British provinces of New York, Massachusetts Bay (which included Maine as well as Massachusetts at the time), New Hampshire (which included Vermont at the time), and Nova Scotia.
From the 1680s until 1760, New Hampshire was often on the front lines of military conflicts with New France and the Abenaki people, seeing major attacks on its communities in King William's War, Dummer's War, and King George's War.

Province of New York

New Yorkcolony of New YorkNew York Colony
It took place primarily in the British provinces of New York, Massachusetts Bay (which included Maine as well as Massachusetts at the time), New Hampshire (which included Vermont at the time), and Nova Scotia.
This province, as a British colony, fought against the French during King George's War.

Jean-Louis Le Loutre

Abbe Le LoutreAbbe LeLoutreFather Le Loutre
But French forces were delayed in departing Louisbourg, and their Mi'kmaq and Maliseet First Nations allies, together with Father Jean-Louis Le Loutre, decided to attack on their own at Fort Anne in early July.
Le Loutre became the leader of the French forces and the Acadian and Mi'kmaq militias during King George's War and Father Le Loutre’s War in the eighteenth-century struggle for power between the French, Acadians, and Miꞌkmaq against the British over Acadia (present-day Nova Scotia and New Brunswick).

Raid on Canso

raided the British fishing port of Cansoraidedattack on Canso
Concerned about their overland supply lines to Quebec, they raided the British fishing port of Canso on May 23, and then organized an attack on Annapolis Royal, the capital of Nova Scotia.
The Raid on Canso was an attack by French forces from Louisbourg on the British outpost Fort William Augustus at Canso, Nova Scotia shortly after war declarations opened King George's War.

Siege of Annapolis Royal (1744)

Siege of Fort Anneattack on their owntwo attacks on Annapolis Royal
But French forces were delayed in departing Louisbourg, and their Mi'kmaq and Maliseet First Nations allies, together with Father Jean-Louis Le Loutre, decided to attack on their own at Fort Anne in early July.
The Siege of Annapolis Royal (also known as the Siege of Fort Anne) in 1744 involved two of four attempts by the French, along with their Acadian and native allies, to regain the capital of Nova Scotia/Acadia, Annapolis Royal, during King George's War.

Northeast Coast Campaign (1745)

1745Northeast Coast Campaigncampaign
In retaliation, the Wabanaki Confederacy of Acadia launched the Northeast Coast Campaign (1745) against the British settlements on the border of Acadia in northeast Maine.
The Northeast Coast Campaign (1745) occurred during King George's War from 19 July until 5 September 1745.

Fort Anne

Fort Anne National Historic SiteAnnapolis RoyalFort Anne National Park
Annapolis had received news of the war declaration, and the British forces were somewhat prepared when the First Nations warriors began besieging Fort Anne.
The fort repelled all French attacks during the early stages of King George's War.

Acadia

Acadiel'AcadieHistory of Acadia
In retaliation, the Wabanaki Confederacy of Acadia launched the Northeast Coast Campaign (1745) against the British settlements on the border of Acadia in northeast Maine.
During King George's War, France and New France made significant attempts to regain mainland Nova Scotia.

Duc d'Anville expedition

a major expeditionDuc d’Anville ExpeditionA French expedition
France launched a major expedition to recover Louisbourg in 1746.
This effort was the fourth and final French attempt to regain the Nova Scotian capital, Annapolis Royal, during King George's War.

Annapolis Royal

Annapolis Royal, Nova ScotiaAnnapolis, Nova ScotiaAnnapolis
Concerned about their overland supply lines to Quebec, they raided the British fishing port of Canso on May 23, and then organized an attack on Annapolis Royal, the capital of Nova Scotia.
During King George's War there were four attempts by the French, Acadians and Mi'kmaq to retake the capital of Acadia.

Battle of Grand Pré

Battle of Grand PreAttack at Grand-Préattacks and defeats British troops
Other raids included the 1747 French and Mi'kmaq raid on Grand Pré, Nova Scotia; and a raid in 1748 by Indian allies of the French against Schenectady, New York.
The Battle of Grand Pré, also known as the Battle of Minas and the Grand Pré Massacre, was a battle in King George's War that took place between New England forces and Canadian, Mi'kmaq and Acadian forces at present-day Grand-Pré, Nova Scotia in the winter of 1747 during the War of the Austrian Succession.

North Adams, Massachusetts

North AdamsNorth Adams, MANorth Adams (city)
A large (1,000+ man) French and First Nations force mustered to raid in the upper Hudson River valley in 1746 instead raided in the Hoosac River valley, including an attack on Fort Massachusetts (at present-day North Adams, Massachusetts).
North Adams was first settled in 1745 during King George's War.

Saratoga, New York

SaratogaSaratoga, NYTown of Saratoga
On November 28, 1745, the French with their Indian allies raided and destroyed the village of Saratoga, New York, killing or capturing more than one hundred of its inhabitants.
Saratoga soon became contested land between British and French colonial forces, and the village of Saratoga (now Schuylerville) was destroyed by the French in 1745 during King George's War.

Father Le Loutre's War

Father Le Loutre’s Wara guerrilla warengaged in a campaign to consolidate
Between 1749 and 1755 in Acadia and Nova Scotia, the fighting continued in Father Le Loutre's War.
Father Le Loutre's War (1749–1755), also known as the Indian War, the Micmac War and the Anglo-Micmac War, took place between King George's War and the French and Indian War in Acadia and Nova Scotia.

Schenectady, New York

SchenectadySchenectady, NYCity of Schenectady
Other raids included the 1747 French and Mi'kmaq raid on Grand Pré, Nova Scotia; and a raid in 1748 by Indian allies of the French against Schenectady, New York.
In 1748, during King George's War, the French and Indians attacked Schenectady again, killing 70 residents.

American Indian Wars

Indian WarsPlains Indian WarsIndian War
Various tribes fought on each side in King William's War, Queen Anne's War, Dummer's War, King George's War, and the French and Indian War, allying with British or French colonists according to their own self interests.

Wabanaki Confederacy

WabanakiWabenakiIndigenous peoples
In retaliation, the Wabanaki Confederacy of Acadia launched the Northeast Coast Campaign (1745) against the British settlements on the border of Acadia in northeast Maine.

French and Indian War

French & Indian WarFrench and IndianSeven Years' War
They broke out again in 1754, with the start of the French and Indian War in North America, which spread to Europe two years later as the Seven Years' War.
There had already been a King George's War in the 1740s during the reign of King George II, so British colonists named this conflict after their opponents, and it became known as the French and Indian War.

War of the Austrian Succession

War of Austrian SuccessionAustrian War of SuccessionAustrian Succession
King George's War (1744–1748) is the name given to the military operations in North America that formed part of the War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748).
The war included peripheral events such as King George's War in British America, the War of Jenkins' Ear (which formally began on 23 October 1739), the First Carnatic War in India, the Jacobite rising of 1745 in Scotland, and the First and Second Silesian Wars.

Colonial American military history

Rangerscolonialconflicts of colonial America
During King George's War the land forces that took Louisbourg were entirely supplied by Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island.