Austrian Uhlans charge Italian Bersaglieri during the Battle of Custoza. Painting by Juliusz Kossak
Allegory of Venice, represented by the lion, hoping to join Italy, represented by the woman
The Kingdom of Italy in 1936
The naval Battle of Lissa, 20 July 1866
Map of the Kingdom of Italy at its greatest extent in 1943
Venice, the primary tourist destination and the capital of Veneto
Battle of Bezzecca, 21 July 1866
The Kingdom of Italy in 1936
Lake Alleghe near Belluno
Battle of Versa, 26 July 1866
Italian unification between 1815 and 1870
Cortina d'Ampezzo
Victor Emmanuel II in Venice
Count Camillo Benso of Cavour, the first Prime Minister of the unified Italy
The Piave River
Victor Emmanuel II, the first King of the united Italy
The Venetian Lagoon at sunset
Giuseppe Garibaldi, a major military leader during Italian unification
Relief map of Veneto
A factory machinery exposition in Turin, set in 1898, during the period of early industrialization, National Exhibition of Turin, 1898
The Adige in Verona
A 1899 FIAT advertisement
The Tetrarchs were the four co-rulers who governed the Roman Empire as long as Diocletian's reform lasted. Here they are portrayed embracing, in a posture of harmony, in a porphyry sculpture dating from the 4th century, produced in Anatolia, located today on a corner of St Mark's Basilica in Venice.
Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II in Milano was an architectural work created by Giuseppe Mengoni between 1865 and 1877 and named after the first King of Italy, Victor Emmanuel II.
The Horses of Saint Mark, brought as loot from Constantinople in 1204.
The Triple Alliance in 1913, shown in red
An 18th-century view of Venice by Canaletto.
Original coat of arms
The 13th-century Castel Brando in Cison di Valmarino, Treviso.
Francesco Crispi promoted the Italian colonialism in Africa in the late 19th century.
Veneto's provinces.
The Ain Zara oasis during the Italo-Turkish War: propaganda postcard made by the Italian Army
St Mark's Basilica, the seat of the Patriarch of Venice.
Italian mounted infantry in China during the Boxer Rebellion in 1900
The Punta San Vigilio on the Lake Garda
Italian dirigibles bomb Turkish positions in Libya, as the Italo-Turkish War of 1911–1912 was the first in history in which air attacks (carried out here by dirigible airships) determined the outcome.
Kiss of Judas by Giotto, in Padua.
Giovanni Giolitti was Prime Minister of Italy five times between 1892 and 1921.
Giorgione's The Tempest.
Italy and its colonial possessions at the time of the outbreak of World War I: the area between British Egypt and the firmly held Italian territories is the region of southern Cyrenaica which was under dispute of ownership between Italy and the United Kingdom.
The Prato della Valle in Padua, a work of Italian Renaissance architecture.
Gabriele D'Annunzio, national poet (vate) of Italy and a prominent nationalist revolutionary who was a supporter of Italy joining action in World War I
Villa Cornaro.
Generalissimo Luigi Cadorna (the man to the left of two officers to whom he is speaking) while visiting British batteries during World War I
Antonio Canova's Psyche Revived by Love's Kiss.
Italian propaganda poster depicting the Battle of the Piave River
The Church of Santa Maria della Salute in Venice
Members of the Arditi corps in 1918. More than 650,000 Italian soldiers lost their lives on the battlefields of World War I.
A Golden bottle of Prosecco
Armando Diaz, Chief of Staff of the Italian Army since November 1917, halted the Austro-Hungarian advance along the Piave River and launched counter-offensives which led to a decisive victory on the Italian Front. He is celebrated as one of the greatest generals of World War I.
Asiago cheese and crackers
Italian propaganda dropped over Vienna by Gabriele D'Annunzio in 1918
A slice of tiramisù
Italian Prime Minister Vittorio Emanuele Orlando (2nd from left) at the World War I peace negotiations in Versailles with David Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau and Woodrow Wilson (from left)
Antonio Salieri
Residents of Fiume cheering D'Annunzio and his Legionari in September 1919, when Fiume had 22,488 (62% of the population) Italians in a total population of 35,839 inhabitants
Antonio Vivaldi
Benito Mussolini (second from left) and his Fascist Blackshirts in 1920
Teatro La Fenice
Mussolini was initially a highly popular leader in Italy until Italy's military failures in World War II.
The Arena of Verona
Haile Selassie's resistance to the Italian invasion of Ethiopia made him Man of the Year in 1935 by Time.
Teatro Salieri
The Italian Empire (red) before World War II. Pink areas were annexed/occupied for various periods between 1940 and 1943 (the Tientsin concession in China is not shown).
Villa Barbaro
Cruiser Raimondo Montecuccoli
The Villa Capra "La Rotonda"
Erwin Rommel meeting Italian General Italo Gariboldi in Tripoli, February 1941
Villa Badoer
The Italian Army in Russia fought on the Eastern Front.
Villa Malcontenta
An Italian AB 41 armored car in Egypt
Villa Pisani (Bagnolo)
Territory of the Italian Social Republic and the South Kingdom
The mount Antelao
Three men executed by public hanging in a street of Rimini, 1944
Lastoi de Formin (Cadore)
Rebels celebrating the liberation of Naples, after the Four days of Naples (27–30 September 1943)
The start of Strada delle 52 Gallerie
Members of the Italian resistance in Ossola, 1944
A trait that shows the structure of the Calà del Sasso
Umberto II, the last king of Italy
Results of the 1946 referendum
Crown of the Kingdom of Italy

The Third Italian War of Independence (Terza Guerra d'Indipendenza Italiana) was a war between the Kingdom of Italy and the Austrian Empire fought between June and August 1866.

- Third Italian War of Independence

The conflict paralleled the Austro-Prussian War and resulted in Austria conceding the region of Venetia (present-day Veneto, Friuli and the city of Mantua, the last remnant of the Quadrilatero) to France, which were later annexed by Italy after a plebiscite.

- Third Italian War of Independence

Italy declared war on Austria in alliance with Prussia in 1866 and received the region of Veneto following their victory.

- Kingdom of Italy

After the Napoleonic Wars and the Congress of Vienna, the Republic was combined with Lombardy and annexed to the Austrian Empire as the Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, until that was merged with the Kingdom of Italy in 1866, as a result of the Third Italian War of Independence.

- Veneto
Austrian Uhlans charge Italian Bersaglieri during the Battle of Custoza. Painting by Juliusz Kossak

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Battle of Königgrätz, by Georg Bleibtreu. Oil on canvas, 1869

Austro-Prussian War

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Fought in 1866 between the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia, with each also being aided by various allies within the German Confederation.

Fought in 1866 between the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia, with each also being aided by various allies within the German Confederation.

Battle of Königgrätz, by Georg Bleibtreu. Oil on canvas, 1869
Map depicting deployment and advance of Austrian (red) and Prussian (green) troops and their allies.
Depiction of Prussian and Austrian troop movements and maneuvers during the Battle of Königgrätz
Movements of the Prussian Army near the Main river
The memorial to the Battery of the dead in Chlum, (modern Czech Republic) commemorates some of the heaviest fighting during the Battle of Königgrätz.
Prussian Prince Friedrich Karl is cheered on by his troops.
The Prussian Dreyse needle gun
The Battle of Königgrätz
Prussian artillery at the Battle of Langensalza. Oil painting by Georg von Boddien
Cavalry clash at the Battle of Nachod
Austrian victory at the naval Battle of Lissa
Austrian uhlans under Colonel Rodakowski attack Italian Bersaglieri during the Battle of Custoza
Reception of Prussian troops in Berlin on 21 September 1866
The North German Confederation (red), the South German states (golden) and the exposed Alsace-Lorraine (paler) after the war

Prussia had also allied with the Kingdom of Italy, linking this conflict to the Third Independence War of Italian unification.

According to the Treaty of Vienna, signed on 12 October, Austria ceded Veneto to France, which, in turn, ceded it to Italy.