Kinkanga

House of NsundiKinkanga a Mvika
The Kinkanga, usually known as the Kinkanga a Mvika or House of Nsundi, was a royal kanda formed by King Pedro II, which ruled the Kingdom of Kongo from 1622 to 1631.wikipedia
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Kingdom of Kongo

KongoCongoKongo Kingdom
The Kinkanga, usually known as the Kinkanga a Mvika or House of Nsundi, was a royal kanda formed by King Pedro II, which ruled the Kingdom of Kongo from 1622 to 1631.
Pedro II was originally from the duchy of Nsundi, hence the name of the royal house he created, the House of Nsundi.

Kanda (lineage)

kandakandas
The Kinkanga, usually known as the Kinkanga a Mvika or House of Nsundi, was a royal kanda formed by King Pedro II, which ruled the Kingdom of Kongo from 1622 to 1631.

Garcia I of Kongo

Garcia IGarcia I Mvemba a NkangaMvemba a Nkanga
While King Pedro II (ruled 1622–24) and his son Garcia I (ruled 1624–1626) were the only other member of the faction or kanda to rule, it retained powerful members in provincial offices in the 1650s until its destruction in the 1670s.
He was the second and last king from the House of Nsundi begun by his father in 1622.

Pedro II of Kongo

Pedro IIPedro II Nkanga a MvikaKing Pedro II
The Kinkanga, usually known as the Kinkanga a Mvika or House of Nsundi, was a royal kanda formed by King Pedro II, which ruled the Kingdom of Kongo from 1622 to 1631.
He was the founder of the royal House of Nsundi and could trace his descent to one of Afonso I's daughters.

Kwilu dynasty

House of Kwilu
Since 1567, the House of Kwilu had ruled Kongo.
The Kinkanga kanda took over from then but was ousted and replaced with Ambrósio I putting the Kwilu kanda back in power.

List of rulers of Kongo

Manikongo of Kongocomplete listList of Manikongo of Kongo
Another kanda, the House of Nsundi, later known as the Kinkanga a Mvika, took control of Kongo in 1622 under Pedro II, and retained it through the reign of his son, Garcia I. Garcia never held power strongly, and the Kimpanzu returned to power under Ambrosio I. Kimpanzu domination ended in 1641 when two brothers Álvaro and Garcia of the new House of Kinlaza overthrew Álvaro V and took power.

Ambrósio I of Kongo

Ambrósio IAmbrósioAmbrósio I Nimi a Nkanga
The line of kings from the House of Kwilu virtually ended overnight (Ambrósio I being the lone exception from 1626 to 1631).
This ushered in the short-lived royal House of Nsundi.

Álvaro III of Kongo

Álvaro IIIÁlvaro III Nimi a Mpanzu
When its king, Álvaro III, died in 1622, he had no heir old enough to assume the throne.
The nobles elected the Duke of Mbamba to the post of mwenekongo, ushering the short dynasty of the House of Nsundi.

Kinlaza

House of Kinlaza
Despite this loss in prominence, they were remembered in tradition and are evoked in a proverb, still current in the 1920s Nkutama a mvila za makanda "Kinlaza, Kimpanzu ye Kinlaza makukwa matatu malambila Kongo" (Kinkanga, Kimpanzu and Kinlaza are the three stones on which Kongo cooked)
It was one of the main factions during the Kongo Civil War along with the Kimpanzu and Kinkanga a Mvika kandas.

Kimpanzu

House of Kimpanzu
Despite this loss in prominence, they were remembered in tradition and are evoked in a proverb, still current in the 1920s Nkutama a mvila za makanda "Kinlaza, Kimpanzu ye Kinlaza makukwa matatu malambila Kongo" (Kinkanga, Kimpanzu and Kinlaza are the three stones on which Kongo cooked)
Soyo was determined to gain full independence from Kongo and backed various opponents to the Kinlaza including the remnants of the House of Nsundi.

Nkutama a mvila za makanda

Despite this loss in prominence, they were remembered in tradition and are evoked in a proverb, still current in the 1920s Nkutama a mvila za makanda "Kinlaza, Kimpanzu ye Kinlaza makukwa matatu malambila Kongo" (Kinkanga, Kimpanzu and Kinlaza are the three stones on which Kongo cooked)

Duchy

duchiesdukedomdukedoms
In Portuguese documents, the ruling house of King Pedro II is called Nsundi for the duchy the founding king's father ruled.

Luanda

Luanda, AngolaSão Paulo de LuandaLoanda
The ambitious governor of the Portuguese colony in Luanda claimed that the king had given asylum to runaway slaves while Duke of Mbamba.

Soyo

MpindaSanto António do ZaireMbanza-Soyo
Garcia I succeeded his father as head of the house in 1624, but when he was overthrown by Manuel Jordão, the Duke of Nsundi in 1626, he fled to Soyo.

Kongo Civil War

civil warcivil war periodcivil wars in the 17th century
The ascension of this dynasty, which traced its legitimacy to the throne maternally as opposed to the paternal pedigree of the House of Kimpanzu and House of Nsundi was greeted with hostility from the get go.

Garcia II of Kongo

Garcia IIGarcia II Nkanga a LukeniGarcia II Nkanga a Lukeni a Nzenze a Ntumba
He attempted once again in 1655 to take Soyo, and the next year, two sons of Pedro II, members of the House of Nsundi (or the Kinkanga a Mvika) tried to overthrow him.