Pain in or around the knee.- Knee pain
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Rupturing of one or more of the fibrocartilage strips in the knee called menisci.
The common signs and symptoms of a torn meniscus are knee pain, particularly along the joint line, and swelling.
In humans and other primates, the knee joins the thigh with the leg and consists of two joints: one between the femur and tibia (tibiofemoral joint), and one between the femur and patella (patellofemoral joint).
Knee pain is caused by trauma, misalignment, and degeneration as well as by conditions like arthritis.
Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS; not to be confused with jumper's knee) is knee pain as a result of problems between the kneecap and the femur.
Second most common knee injury, and is caused by inflammation located on the lateral aspect of the knee due to friction between the iliotibial band and the lateral epicondyle of the femur.
Iliotibial band syndrome is one of the leading causes of lateral knee pain in runners.
Knee effusion, informally known as water on the knee, occurs when excess synovial fluid accumulates in or around the knee joint.
Osteoarthritis knee pain usually occurs while the joint is bearing weight, so the pain typically subsides with rest; some patients suffer severe pain, while others report no discomfort.
Inflammation of the prepatellar bursa at the front of the knee.
Along with the pes anserine bursa, the prepatellar bursa is one of the most common bursae to cause knee pain when inflamed.
Deformity in the knee joint, so that the knee bends backwards.
The development of genu recurvatum may lead to knee pain and knee osteoarthritis.
Inflammation of the superficial or deep infrapatellar bursa.
Symptoms may include knee pain, swelling, and redness just below the kneecap.
Injury in which there is disruption of the knee joint between the tibia and the femur.
Symptoms include pain and instability of the knee.
Trekking poles (also known as hiking poles, hiking sticks or walking poles) are a common hiking accessory that function to assist walkers with their rhythm, to provide stability, and reduce strain on joints on rough terrain.
But on less certain terrain, or steep slopes, they provide useful lateral stability, and many turn to them for help with knee pain.