Knitting

knitknittedknittersknitsknitterknitwearPurl stitchhand knittinghand-knittedneedle-work
Knitting is a method by which yarn is manipulated to create a textile or fabric; it is used in many types of garments.wikipedia
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Hand knitting

by handhand-knitting
Knitting may be done by hand or by machine.
Hand knitting is a form of knitting, in which the knitted fabric is produced by hand using needles.

Knitted fabric

knitwearknittedfabric
Knitting is a method by which yarn is manipulated to create a textile or fabric; it is used in many types of garments.
Knitted fabric is a textile that results from knitting.

Textile

textilesfabriccloth
Knitting is a method by which yarn is manipulated to create a textile or fabric; it is used in many types of garments.
Textiles are formed by weaving, knitting, crocheting, knotting or tatting, felting, or braiding.

Yarn

threadcotton yarnyarns
Knitting is a method by which yarn is manipulated to create a textile or fabric; it is used in many types of garments. Like weaving, knitting is a technique for producing a two-dimensional fabric made from a one-dimensional yarn or thread.
Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery, or ropemaking.

Knitting machine

Machine Knittingby machinecircular knitting machine
Knitting may be done by hand or by machine.
A knitting machine is a device used to create knitted fabrics in a semi or fully automated fashion.

Weaving

weaverweaverswoven
Like weaving, knitting is a technique for producing a two-dimensional fabric made from a one-dimensional yarn or thread.
Other methods are knitting, crocheting, felting, and braiding or plaiting.

Casting on (knitting)

casting oncast oncable cast-on
To secure the initial stitches of a knitted fabric, a method for casting on is used; to secure the final stitches in a wale, one uses a method of binding/casting off.
In knitting, casting on is a family of techniques for adding new stitches that do not depend on earlier stitches, i.e., having an independent lower edge.

Binding off

bound offbind offbinding/casting off
To secure the initial stitches of a knitted fabric, a method for casting on is used; to secure the final stitches in a wale, one uses a method of binding/casting off.
In knitting, binding off, or casting off, is a family of techniques for ending a column (a wale) of stitches.

Increase (knitting)

increasesincreasingincrease
Extra curvature can be introduced into knitted garments without seams, as in the heel of a sock; the effect of darts, flares, etc. can be obtained with short rows or by increasing or decreasing the number of stitches.
In knitting, an increase is the creation of one or more new stitches, which may be done by various methods that create distinctive effects in the fabric.

Warp knitting

warp knitweft knittingknit raschel
There are two major varieties of knitting: weft knitting and warp knitting.
Warp knitting is a family of knitting methods in which the yarn zigzags along the length of the fabric; i.e., following adjacent columns, or wales, of knitting, rather than a single row, or course.

Intarsia (knitting)

intarsiaintarsia'' technique
The two most common approaches are intarsia and stranded colorwork.
Intarsia is a knitting technique used to create patterns with multiple colours.

Stitch (textile arts)

stitchstitchingstitches
Knitting creates stitches: loops of yarn in a row, either flat or in the round (tubular).
Stitches are the fundamental elements of sewing, knitting, embroidery, crochet, and needle lace-making, whether by hand or machine.

Short row (knitting)

short rows
Extra curvature can be introduced into knitted garments without seams, as in the heel of a sock; the effect of darts, flares, etc. can be obtained with short rows or by increasing or decreasing the number of stitches.
In knitting, a short row is a row that is not fully knitted; the work is turned before reaching the end of the row.

Ribbing (knitting)

ribbingrib-knitplissé
Vertical stripes (ribbing) are possible by having alternating wales of knit and purl stitches.
In knitting, ribbing is a pattern in which vertical stripes of stockinette stitch alternate with vertical stripes of reverse stockinette stitch.

Fair Isle (technique)

Fair IsleFair Isle knittingFair Isle technique
The two most common approaches are intarsia and stranded colorwork.
Fair Isle (/fɛəraɪ̯l/) is a traditional knitting technique used to create patterns with multiple colours.

Gauge (knitting)

gaugeuneven knittinggauge/tension of the knitting
Patterns and pictures can be created in knitted fabrics by using knit and purl stitches as "pixels"; however, such pixels are usually rectangular, rather than square, depending on the gauge/tension of the knitting.
In knitting, the word gauge is used both in hand knitting and machine knitting; the latter, technical abbreviation GG, refers to "Knitting Machines" fineness size.

Basic knitted fabrics

stockinettetricotgarter stitch
Differences in yarn (varying in fibre type, weight, uniformity and twist), needle size, and stitch type allow for a variety of knitted fabrics with different properties, including color, texture, thickness, heat retention, water resistance, and integrity.
In the round, reverse stockinette stitch is produced by purling every stitch.

Basketweave (knitting)

basketweaveBasketweave in knittingbasketweave pattern
Checkerboard patterns (basketweave) are also possible, the smallest of which is known as seed/moss stitch: the stitches alternate between knit and purl in every wale and along every row.
In knitting, a basketweave pattern is characterized by intersecting ribs and welts.

Cable knitting

cable stitchcable knitcables
Arbitrarily complex braid patterns can be done in cable knitting, with the proviso that the wales must move ever upwards; it is generally impossible for a wale to move up and then down the fabric.
Cable knitting is a style of knitting in which textures of crossing layers are achieved by permuting stitches.

Welting (knitting)

tuckweltingwelts
For example, a common choice is 2x2 ribbing, in which two wales of knit stitches are followed by two wales of purl stitches, etc. Horizontal striping (welting) is also possible, by alternating rows of knit and purl stitches.
In knitting, welting is the horizontal analog of ribbing; that is, one or more horizontal rows of knit stitches alternating with one or more rows of purl stitches.

Slip-stitch knitting

mosaic knittingslip-stitch colourslip
This is known as slip-stitch knitting.
Slip-stitch knitting is a family of knitting techniques that use slip stitches to make multiple fabrics simultaneously, to make extra-long stitches, and/or to carry over colors from an earlier row.

Lace knitting

laceknitted laceknitted
This is used to great effect in lace knitting, which consists of making patterns and pictures using such holes, rather than with the stitches themselves.
Lace knitting is a style of knitting characterized by stable "holes" in the fabric arranged with consideration of aesthetic value.

Drop-stitch knitting

drop
This is known as drop-stitch knitting, and produces a vertical ladder of see-through holes in the fabric, corresponding to where the wale had been.
Drop-stitch knitting is a knitting technique for producing open, vertical stripes in a garment.

Dip stitch

However, this need not be so; the new loop may be passed through an already secured stitch lower down on the fabric, or even between secured stitches (a dip stitch).
In knitting, a dip stitch is made by knitting into a stitch (or even the space between stitches) of an earlier row.

Pick up stitches (knitting)

picking up stitchespick up stitchespicked up
New wales can be begun from any of the edges of a knitted fabric; this is known as picking up stitches and is the basis for entrelac, in which the wales run perpendicular to one another in a checkerboard pattern.
In knitting, picking up stitches means adding stitches to the knitting needle that were previously bound off or belong to the selvage.