Knyszyn

Death of King Sigismund Augustus, 19th-century painting by Jan Matejko
Manor ruins in Knyszyn in the 19th century, painting by Napoleon Orda
Municipal office

Town in north-eastern Poland, 16 mi northwest of Białystok.

- Knyszyn

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Jan Zamoyski

Polish nobleman, magnate, and the 1st ordynat of Zamość.

Portrait by Jan Szwankowski, ca. 1602
Zamoyski coat of arms
Jan Zamoyski, engraving by Dominicus Custos
Griselda Báthory
Zamoyski (in red) to the left of King Stephen Bathory at Pskov
Zamoyski at Byczyna. Sketch by Jan Matejko
Zamoyski by Bacciarelli
Portrait of Zamoyski, Wilanów Palace collection, 19th century
Bust of Hetman Jan Zamoyski in the Royal Castle in Warsaw
Zamoyski's tomb inside the Cathedral of the Resurrection, Zamość

Zamoyski was the General Starost of the city of Kraków from 1580 to 1585, Starost of Bełz, Międzyrzecz, Krzeszów, Knyszyn and Tartu.

Sigismund II Augustus

King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, the son of Sigismund I the Old, whom Sigismund II succeeded in 1548.

Portrait by Lucas Cranach the Younger, 1553
A 1568 Lithuanian coin of Sigismund II Augustus with Vytis and the Columns of Gediminas
Queen Elizabeth, by Lucas Cranach the Younger
Portrait of Barbara Radziwiłł by Lucas Cranach the Younger, ca. 1553
Portrait of Sigismund Augustus in armour, 1550s
Portrait of Catherine of Austria by Lucas Cranach the Younger.
Death of Sigismund II Augustus at Knyszyn, by Jan Matejko
Tomb of Sigismund Augustus in the Sigismund Chapel at Wawel Cathedral in Kraków, Poland
Letter from Hürrem Sultan, wife of Suleiman the Magnificent, to Sigismund Augustus, complimenting him on his accession to the throne, 1549
Medal obverse featuring Sigismund from 1562, National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.
Parade armour of King Sigismund Augustus, made in Nuremberg by Kunz Lochner, 1550s. Livrustkammaren in Stockholm.
Union of Lublin; Sigismund stands in the center holding a crucifix among nobles, envoys and the clergy.
Sigismund Augustus in armour, 1550s, Alte Pinakothek
Tapestry with Shield-Bearing Satyrs with the royal monogram S.A. (Sigismundus Augustus), woven in Brussels in about 1555
Jan Kochanowski presents his work Satyr to Sigismund, an 1884 illustration by Feliks Sypniewski

Untreated tuberculosis made him feeble and impotent, but he was able to travel to his private retreat in Knyszyn.

Arabian horse

Breed of horse that originated on the Arabian Peninsula.

A purebred Arabian stallion, showing dished profile, arched neck, level croup and high-carried tail
Mounted skeleton of an Arabian horse, showing underlying structure of breed characteristics including short back, high-set tail, distinction between level croup and well-angulated hip. This specimen also has only 5 lumbar vertebrae.
Arabians are noted for both intelligence and a spirited disposition
A gray Arabian; note white hair coat but black skin
A chestnut rabicano Arabian horse
A tobiano patterned National Show Horse, a type of partbred Arabian
An Arabian horse in the desert. Antoine-Jean Gros, c. 1810
Carl Raswan pictured on an Anazeh warmare
Hittite chariot (drawing of an Egyptian relief)
"Mameluck en Attaque" 18th-century painting by Carle Vernet
Battle of La Higueruela, 1431. Spanish fighting the Moorish forces of Nasrid Sultan Muhammed IX of Granada. Note the differences in tail carriage of the various horses in the painting. The Arabian's high-carried tail is a distinctive trait that is seen even in part-blooded offspring.
Several noble families of Poland became major breeders of Arabian horses. Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, painted by Juliusz Kossak.
Lady Anne Blunt with her favorite Arabian mare, Kasida
Washington Taking Control of the American Army, at Cambridge, Massachusetts July 1775. Copy of lithograph by Currier & Ives, 1876.
Exhibitor from Syria holding an Arabian horse at the Hamidie Society exhibition, World's Columbian Exposition, 1893.
The Arabian stallion Hector, or "Old Hector" was an early import to Australia whose bloodlines are still found today in the pedigrees of some Australian Thoroughbreds.
A postage stamp from the Soviet Union featuring the Arabian horse
The Darley Arabian, a foundation sire of the Thoroughbred.
An Arabian horse in "native" costume, used in both exhibition and competition
Rudolph Valentino and Jadaan. Publicity shot for The Son of the Sheik, 1926

As a result, many European monarchs began to support large breeding establishments that crossed Arabians on local stock, one example being Knyszyna, the royal stud of Polish king Zygmunt II August, and another the Imperial Russian Stud of Peter the Great.

Royal city in Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth

Urban settlement within the crown lands (królewszczyzna).

Medal commemorating the Law on the Cities
Warsaw in the 18th century
Gdańsk in the 16th century
Poznań in the 17th century
Elbląg in the 18th century
Toruń in the 17th century
Kraków, Kleparz and Kazimierz in the 17th century - agglomeration of three royal cities
Lviv in the 17th century
Lublin in the 17th century
Kamianets-Podilskyi in the 17th century
Przemyśl in the 17th century
Sandomierz in the 17th century
Chełm in the 18th century
Biecz in the 17th century
Lutsk in the 18th century
Vilnius in the 17th century
Grodno in the 16th century
Kaunas in the 17th century
Brest in the 17th century
Mogilev in the 18th century
Trakai in the 17th century
Wawel Castle, Kraków (World Heritage Site)
Royal Castle, Warsaw (World Heritage Site)
Royal Castle, Lublin
Royal Castle, Sandomierz
Royal Castle, Łęczyca
Royal Castle, Będzin
Royal Castle, Sanok
Royal Castle, Poznań
Royal Castle, Tykocin
Remainings of the Royal Castle, Nowy Sącz
Remainings of the Royal Castle, Olsztyn
Remainings of the Royal Castle, Kremenets
Royal Castle, Piotrków Trybunalski
Old Grodno Castle
Green Gate, Gdańsk
Kraków Old Town (World Heritage Site)
Warsaw Old Town (World Heritage Site)
Medieval Town of Toruń (World Heritage Site)
Vilnius Old Town (World Heritage Site)
Lviv Old Town (World Heritage Site)
Poznań Old Town
Gdańsk Main City
Lublin Old Town
Bydgoszcz Old Town
Sandomierz Old Town

Knyszyn

Mikołaj II Radziwiłł

Magnate and statesman of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

A Lithuanian Metrica of 1511–18, from the chancellery of Lithuanian Grand Chancellor Mikołaj Radziwiłł

Most of his acquired fortune had been confiscated from Michael Glinski—notably Raigardas, Goniądz and Knyszyn.

Shmuel Berenbaum

Orthodox rabbi and rosh yeshiva of the Mir yeshiva in Brooklyn, New York.

In tallis and tefillin
Berenbaum's grave in the Sanhedria Cemetery of Jerusalem

He was born in Knyszyn, Poland and studied at Ohel Torah Yeshiva in Baranowicze, led by Rabbi Elchonon Wasserman.

Nowiny Kasjerskie

Village in the administrative district of Gmina Knyszyn, within Mońki County, Podlaskie Voivodeship, in north-eastern Poland.

A village in Strochitsy, Belarus, 2008.

It lies approximately 9 km east of Knyszyn, 18 km south-east of Mońki, and 26 km north of the regional capital Białystok.

Belostok Oblast

Administrative division in the Russian Empire.

Belostok Oblast in Eastern Europe
Belostok Oblast administrative divisions - 1807–42
Belostok Oblast in Eastern Europe

Belostok including the cities of Białystok, Choroszcz, Goniądz, Gródek, Knyszyn, Suraż, Trzcianne and Zabłudów

Funeral Crown

Part of the Polish Crown Jewels.

King Sigismund III on catafalque displayed in the Guard Chamber at the Royal Castle, Warsaw, 1632

When the last of the Jagiellons, Sigismund II Augustus, died in Knyszyn and transport of the Crown Jewels from the treasury in Kraków to Podlaskie was impossible, the Hungarian Crown was used as an exequial crown instead.

Bielsk Land

Administrative unit (ziemia) of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Kingdom of Poland and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Altogether, Bielsk Land was the largest of the three lands of Podlasie Voivodeship - it made its northern half, with such towns, as Bielsk, Bransk, Tykocin, Goniadz, Kleszczele, Bialystok, Knyszyn, Choroszcz, Rajgrod, Narew, Augustowo, Orla, Bocki and Jasionowka.