Košice

KassaKosiceKošice, SlovakiaKaschauCassoviaKosice, SlovakiaCH KošiceKassa Kassa (present-day Košice)Kassai
Košice is the largest city in eastern Slovakia and in 2013 was the European Capital of Culture (together with Marseille, France).wikipedia
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Slovakia

🇸🇰SlovakSVK
Košice is the largest city in eastern Slovakia and in 2013 was the European Capital of Culture (together with Marseille, France).
The capital and largest city is Bratislava, and the second largest city is Košice.

Košice Region

KošiceKosicedistrict of Kashau
Being the economic and cultural centre of eastern Slovakia, Košice is the seat of the Košice Region and Košice Self-governing Region, the Slovak Constitutional Court, three universities, various dioceses, and many museums, galleries, and theatres.
About one third of the region's population lives in the agglomeration of Košice, which is its main economic and cultural centre.

Košice International Airport

Košiceinternational airport
The town has extensive railway connections and an international airport.
Košice International Airport (Medzinárodné letisko Košice) is an international airport serving Košice, Slovakia.

St Elisabeth Cathedral

Cathedral of Saint ElisabethKošice CathedralSt. Elizabeth Cathedral
There are many heritage protected buildings in Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, and Art Nouveau styles with Slovakia's largest church: the St. Elisabeth Cathedral.
The Cathedral of St Elisabeth (Slovak: Dóm svätej Alžbety ; Hungarian: Szent Erzsébet-székesegyház, German: Dom der heiligen Elisabeth) is a Gothic cathedral in Košice.

Coat of arms of Košice

coat of armsfirst municipal coat of armsits own coat-of-arms
The city is well known as the first settlement in Europe to be granted its own coat-of-arms.
Košice (today in Slovakia; previously part of the Kingdom of Hungary and Austria-Hungary, Kassa in Hungarian, Cassovia in Latin) was the first town in Europe to be granted its own coat of arms.

Constitutional Court of Slovakia

Constitutional CourtConstitutional Court of the Slovak RepublicSlovakia
Being the economic and cultural centre of eastern Slovakia, Košice is the seat of the Košice Region and Košice Self-governing Region, the Slovak Constitutional Court, three universities, various dioceses, and many museums, galleries, and theatres.
Its seat is in Košice in eastern Slovakia.

Hungary

🇭🇺HungarianHUN
It is situated on the river Hornád at the eastern reaches of the Slovak Ore Mountains, near the border with Hungary.
Hungary formally entered World War II as an Axis Power on 26 June 1941, declaring war on the Soviet Union after unidentified planes bombed Kassa, Munkács, and Rahó.

U. S. Steel Košice, s.r.o.

East Slovakian Iron Workssteel worksU. S. Steel Košice
Košice is an important industrial centre of Slovakia, and the U.S. Steel Košice steel mill is the largest employer in the city.
U. S. Steel Košice, s.r.o. is a steel company located in Košice, Slovakia.

Slovak Ore Mountains

Gömör-Szepes OreSlovenské RudohorieVepor Mountains
It is situated on the river Hornád at the eastern reaches of the Slovak Ore Mountains, near the border with Hungary.
The mountains are bordered by Zvolen in the west, Košice in the east, the rivers Hron and Hornád in the north, and the Juhoslovenská kotlina and Košice Basin (Košická kotlina) in the south.

Sabinov

KisszebenKisszeben (Sabinov)Sabinov, Czechoslovakia
Since the beginning of the 15th century, the city played a leading role in the Pentapolitana – the league of towns of five most important cities in Upper Hungary (Bártfa, Locse, Kassa, Eperjes, and Kisszeben).
Sabinov (Сibinium, Kisszeben, Zeben, Сабинов) is a small town located in the Prešov Region (north-eastern Slovakia), approximately 20 km from Prešov and 55 km from Košice.

Abaúj County

AbaújÚjvár CountyÚjvár
The city was in the historic Abauj County of the Kingdom of Hungary.
Abaúj was situated some 20 km on both sides along the Hornád (Hungarian: Hernád) river between (including) Košice and (excluding) Miskolc.

Marseille

MassiliaMassaliaMarseille, France
Košice is the largest city in eastern Slovakia and in 2013 was the European Capital of Culture (together with Marseille, France).
Marseille served as the European Capital of Culture for 2013 along with Košice.

George I Rákóczi

George RákócziGeorgeGeorge I
The future George I Rákóczi joined him as a military commander there.
His father sent him to Kassa (now Košice in Slovakia) in late 1604 or early 1605.

Prešov

EperjesPresovEperies
Since the beginning of the 15th century, the city played a leading role in the Pentapolitana – the league of towns of five most important cities in Upper Hungary (Bártfa, Locse, Kassa, Eperjes, and Kisszeben).
The nearby city of Košice was chosen.

Partium

parts of the Kingdom of Hungarya part of the Kingdom of Hungary
By the Peace of Nikolsburg in 1621, the Habsburgs restored the religious toleration agreement of 1606 and recognized Transylvanian rule over the seven Partium countries: Ugocsa, Bereg, Zemplén, Borsod, Szabolcs, Szatmár and Abaúj (including Kassa).
At times, it included Miskolc, and Kassa (today Košice, Slovakia) (see map).

Battle of Kassa

got Kassa back
The Austrian field marshal Aeneas de Caprara got Kassa back from Ottoman Turks on late-1685.
The Battle of Kassa was fought on October 18, 1685, in the city of Kassa in the Kingdom of Hungary (now Košice in Slovakia), between the armies of the Ottoman Empire and of the Holy Roman Empire.

Public transport in Košice

BusDopravný podnik mesta KošiceDPMK
The city gained a public transit system in 1891 when track was laid down for a horse-drawn tramway.
The Košice public transit system operates in Košice, Slovakia.

Royal free city

free royal townroyal free citiesCity status
As a Hungarian free royal town, Kassa reinforced the king's troops in the crucial moment of the bloody Battle of Rozgony in 1312 against the strong aristocratic Palatine Amadé Aba (family).

Executioner's Bastion

Rákóczi memorial house
The city's walls were demolished step by step from the early 19th century to 1856; only the Executioner's Bastion remained with few parts of the wall.
The Executioner’s Bastion is a bastion situated at Stará baštová Street in the historic center of Košice, Slovakia.

Plague Column, Košice

ImmaculataImmaculata'' (statue)
In 1723, the Immaculata statue was erected in the place of a former gallows at Hlavná ulica (Main Street) commemorating the plague from the years 1710–1711.
The Plague Column (Morový stĺp) or Immaculata is a Baroque plague column (Marian and Holy Trinity column) in Košice, Slovakia.

European Capital of Culture

Capital of CultureEuropean City of CultureEuropean Capitals of Culture
Košice is the largest city in eastern Slovakia and in 2013 was the European Capital of Culture (together with Marseille, France).

Upper Hungary

FelvidékSouthern Slovakiadifferent region
Since the beginning of the 15th century, the city played a leading role in the Pentapolitana – the league of towns of five most important cities in Upper Hungary (Bártfa, Locse, Kassa, Eperjes, and Kisszeben). The privileges given by the king were helpful in developing crafts, business, increasing importance (seat of the royal chamber for Upper Hungary), and for building its strong fortifications.
In the 15th century, the "Somorja (Šamorín), Nagyszombat (Trnava), Galgóc (Hlohovec), Nyitra (Nitra), Léva (Levice), Losonc (Lučenec), Rimaszombat (Rimavská Sobota), Rozsnyó (Rožňava), Jászó (Jasov), Kassa (Košice), Gálszécs (Sečovce), Nagymihály (Michalovce)" line was the northern "boundary" of the Hungarian ethnic area.

John Jiskra of Brandýs

John JiskraJán JiskraJan Jiskra of Brandys
John Jiskra's mercenaries from Bohemia defeated Tamás Székely's Hungarian army in 1449.
After this Jiskra, who was bestowed upon by the queen dowager with the High Captaincy of the mining towns of Upper Hungary and Kassa (Košice) as well as Zólyom Castle (Pustý hrad) remained a supporter of the young Ladislaus V against King Władysław III of Poland and the estates of Hungary.

New Orthodox Synagogue, Košice

New Orthodox SynagogueOrthodox Synagoguesynagogue
Today there are only 8 men who pray at the synagogue regularly, and they are assisted by Jewish students predominantly studying medicine at the city's universities, from Israel.
The New Orthodox Synagogue, Košice (Nová ortodoxná synagóga v Košiciach) was built in the years 1926–1927 at Puškinova Street near the historic centre of Košice, Slovakia.

Pentapolitana

five eastern towns
Since the beginning of the 15th century, the city played a leading role in the Pentapolitana – the league of towns of five most important cities in Upper Hungary (Bártfa, Locse, Kassa, Eperjes, and Kisszeben).
Pentapolitana (or rarely Pentapolis) was a league of towns in the Middle Ages of the five most important Hungarian royal free cities (Latin: libera regiae civitas, Hungarian: szabad királyi város, German: Königliche Freistadt; Slovak: slobodné kráľovské mesto) of the Kingdom of Hungary; Kassa (today Košice), Bártfa (Bardejov), Lőcse (Levoča), Eperjes (Prešov), and Kisszeben (Sabinov).