A Venus from Moravany nad Váhom, which dates back to 22,800 BC
Eastern Hungarian Kingdom around 1550, including Košice shown as 'Kassa'
Part of the Ottoman Empire in 1683, including the Principality of Upper Hungary, based around Košice shown as 'Kassa'
Left: a Celtic Biatec coin
Right: five Slovak crowns
"Cassovia: Superioris Hungariae Civitas Primaria", the prospect from Civitates orbis terrarum. Cassovia (Slovak: Košice, German: Kaschau, Hungarian: Kassa), the "capital" of Upper Hungary in 1617.
A Roman inscription at the castle hill of Trenčín (178–179 AD)
The military base in Košice at the end of the 18th century
A statue of Saint Cyril and Saint Methodius in Žilina. In 863, they introduced Christianity to what is now Slovakia.
National Theater built in 1899
Scire vos volumus, a letter written in 879 by Pope John VIII to Svatopluk I
Main Street – 1902
Certain and disputed borders of Great Moravia under Svatopluk I (according to modern historians)
Hlavná ulica (Main Street) in historic downtown
Stephen I, King of Hungary
Statue of Košice's coat of arms, the first municipal coat of arms in Europe
One of the commanders of a Slovak volunteers' army captain Ján Francisci-Rimavský during the fight for independence from the Kingdom of Hungary
Aupark Shopping Centre
Czechoslovak declaration of independence by Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk in the United States, 1918.
St. Elisabeth Cathedral in Košice is Slovakia's largest church
Adolf Hitler greeting Jozef Tiso, president of the (First) Slovak Republic, a client state of Nazi Germany during World War II, 1941.
Divizia – seat of the Košice Self-Governing Region
Troops of Slovak anti-Nazi resistance movement in 1944.
The seat of the Slovak Constitutional Court
The Velvet Revolution ended 41 years of authoritarian Communist rule in Czechoslovakia in 1989.
Košice International Airport
Slovakia became a member of the European Union in 2004 and signed the Lisbon Treaty in 2007.
Steel Aréna
A topographical map of Slovakia
The Tree of Partnership on Hlavná Street
Slovak Paradise National Park
Domica Cave
Belá River
Rupicapra rupicapra tatrica in the Tatra Mountains
Former Slovak Prime Minister Peter Pellegrini with former U.S. President Donald Trump in the White House, 2019
Embassy of Japan in Bratislava
Bratislava, capital and largest city of Slovakia
National Bank of Slovakia in Bratislava
High-rise buildings in Bratislava's new business district
Slovakia is part of the Schengen Area, the EU single market, and since 2009, the Eurozone (dark blue)
High-rise buildings in Bratislava's business districts
ESET headquarters in Bratislava
A proportional representation of Slovakia's exports, 2019
Nuclear Power Plant Mochovce
Bojnice Castle
The centre of Bardejov – a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Cable cars at Jasná in the Tatra Mountains.
Spiš Castle
Population density in Slovakia. The two biggest cities are clearly visible, Bratislava in the far west and Košice in the east.
The Slovak alphabet has 46 characters, of which 3 are digraphs and 18 contain diacritics.
Comenius University headquarters in Bratislava
Wooden folk architecture can be seen in the well-preserved village of Vlkolínec, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Slovaks wearing folk costumes from Eastern Slovakia
Main altar in the Basilica of St. James, crafted by Master Paul of Levoča, 1517. It is the tallest wooden altar in the world.
Ľudovít Štúr, the creator of standard Slovak
Halušky with bryndza cheese, kapustnica soup and Zlatý Bažant dark beer—examples of Slovak cuisine
The Slovak national ice hockey team celebrating a victory against Sweden at the 2010 Winter Olympics
Football stadium Tehelné pole in Bratislava. Football is the most popular sport in Slovakia.

Košice (, ; Kaschau ; Kassa; ) is the largest city in eastern Slovakia.

- Košice

The capital and largest city is Bratislava, while the second largest city is Košice.

- Slovakia

17 related topics



Landlocked country in Central Europe.

Landlocked country in Central Europe.

Roman provinces: Illyricum, Macedonia, Dacia, Moesia, Pannonia, Thracia
Attila, king of the Huns (434/444–453)
Italian fresco – Hungarian warrior shooting backwards
Hungarian Conquest (of the Carpathian Basin) – painting by Mihály Munkácsy
Hungarian raids in the 10th century
King Saint Stephen, the first King of Hungary, converted the nation to Christianity.
The Holy Crown (Szent Korona), one of the key symbols of Hungary
Christ Pantocrator on the Holy Crown of Hungary. Hungary is traditionally a Christian country.
A map of lands ruled by Louis the Great
Western conquests of Matthias Corvinus
Painting commemorating the Siege of Eger, a major victory against the Ottomans
Francis II Rákóczi, leader of the war of independence against Habsburg rule in 1703–11
Count István Széchenyi offered one year's income to establish the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
Lajos Kossuth, Regent-President during the Hungarian Revolution of 1848
The Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen consisted of the territories of the Kingdom of Hungary (16) and the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia (17).
5 July 1848: The opening ceremony of the first parliament which was based on popular representation. The members of the first responsible government are on the balcony.
Coronation of Francis Joseph I and Elisabeth Amalie at Matthias Church, Buda, 8 June 1867
Hungarian-built dreadnought battleship SMS Szent István during World War I
With the Treaty of Trianon, Hungary lost 72% of its territory, its sea ports and 3,425,000 ethnic Hungarians
Miklós Horthy, Regent of the Kingdom of Hungary (1920–1944)
Kingdom of Hungary, 1941–44
Jewish women being arrested on Wesselényi Street in Budapest during the Holocaust, c. undefined 20–22 October 1944
The Széchenyi Chain Bridge and the Buda Castle in ruins after World War II (1946)
A destroyed Soviet tank in Budapest during the Revolution of 1956. Times Man of the Year for 1956 was the Hungarian Freedom Fighter.
János Kádár, General Secretary of MSZMP, the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party (1956–1988)
The Visegrád Group signing ceremony in February 1991
Geographic map of Hungary
The Sándor Palace is the official residence of the President of Hungary.
The Hungarian Parliament Building on the banks of the Danube in Budapest
The original and future seat of the Curia, Hungary's highest court
Meeting of the leaders of the Visegrád Group, Germany and France in 2013
United Nations conference in the assembly hall of the House of Magnates in the Hungarian Parliament Building
HDF 34th Special Forces Battalion
JAS 39 Gripen multirole combat aircraft
Hungary is part of the European Union's internal market with 508 million consumers and part of Schengen Area
A proportional representation of Hungary's exports, 2019
Albert Szent-Györgyi won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of Vitamin C. The Nobel Prize has been awarded to 13 Hungarians.
Founded in 1782, the Budapest University of Technology and Economics is the oldest institute of technology in the world.
The research and development centre of Gedeon Richter Plc., one of the largest biotechnology companies in Central and Eastern Europe, in Budapest.
Siemens Desiro passenger trains on the Hungarian State Railways network, which is one of the densest in the world.
Population density in Hungary by district
Towns and villages in Hungary
Regions of Central and Eastern Europe inhabited by Hungarian speakers today
King Saint Stephen offering the Hungarian crown to Virgin Mary – painting by Gyula Benczúr, in the St. Stephen's Basilica
Rector's Council Hall of Budapest Business School, the first public business school in the world, founded in 1857
Szent István Hospital on Üllői Avenue, Budapest. Together with Szent László Hospital, they form the largest hospital complex in Hungary, built at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries.
Eszterháza Palace, the "Hungarian Versailles", in Fertőd, Győr-Moson-Sopron County
Romanesque Ják Abbey, Vas County, built between 1220 and 1256
The Museum of Applied Arts, an Art Nouveau building designed by Ödön Lechner
The Hungarian State Opera House on Andrássy út (a World Heritage Site)
Ferenc Liszt, one of the greatest pianists of all time; a renowned composer and conductor
Béla Bartók, a composer of great influence in the early 20th century; one of the founders of ethnomusicology
The alphabet of the Székely-Hungarian runiform; the country switched to the Latin alphabet during the reign of King Saint Stephen (1000–1038)
The oldest extant Hungarian poem, the Old Hungarian Lamentations of Mary (1190s)
Sándor Petőfi, Hungarian poet and revolutionary
Sándor Márai, Hungarian writer and journalist
Hortobágyi palacsinta in Sopron
Dobos torte
The famous Tokaji wine. It was called Vinum Regum, Rex Vinorum ("Wine of Kings, King of Wines") by Louis XIV of France.
Hungarians in traditional garments / folk costumes dancing the csárdás
Hungary men's national water polo team is considered among the best in the world, holding the world record for Olympic golds and overall medals.
The Groupama Aréna, home of Ferencvárosi TC, a UEFA Category 4 Stadium
Ferenc Puskás, the greatest top division scorer of the 20th century. The FIFA Puskás Award is named in his honour.

Spanning 93030 km2 of the Carpathian Basin, it is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Romania to the east and southeast, Serbia to the south, Croatia and Slovenia to the southwest, and Austria to the west.

Hungary formally entered World War II as an Axis Power on 26 June 1941, declaring war on the Soviet Union after unidentified planes bombed Kassa, Munkács, and Rahó.

Arrival of the two signatories, Ágost Benárd and Alfréd Drasche-Lázár, on 4 June 1920 at the Grand Trianon in Versailles

Treaty of Trianon

Prepared at the Paris Peace Conference and was signed in the Grand Trianon château in Versailles on 4 June 1920.

Prepared at the Paris Peace Conference and was signed in the Grand Trianon château in Versailles on 4 June 1920.

Arrival of the two signatories, Ágost Benárd and Alfréd Drasche-Lázár, on 4 June 1920 at the Grand Trianon in Versailles
Treaty of Trianon
Drafted borders of Austria-Hungary in the treaties of Trianon and Saint Germain
The Hungarian delegation leaving Grand Trianon Palace at Versailles, after the treaty was signed, 1920.
1885 ethnographic map of the Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen, i.e. Kingdom of Hungary and Croatia-Slavonia according to the 1880 census
The Red Map, an ethnographic map of the Hungary proper publicised by the Hungarian delegation. Regions with population density below 20 persons/km2 (51.8 persons/sq. mi.) are left blank and the corresponding population is represented in the nearest region with population density above that limit. The vibrant, dominant red color was deliberately chosen to mark Hungarians while the light purple color of the Romanians, who were already the majority in the whole of Transylvania back then, is shadow-like.
Ethnographic map of the Kingdom of Hungary according to the 1910 census
Hungary lost 72% of its territory, its sea access, half of its 10 biggest cities and all of its precious metal mines; 3,425,000 ethnic Hungarians found themselves separated from their motherland. Based on the 1910 Hungarian census with the Administrative Kingdom of Hungary in green and autonomous Croatia-Slavonia in grey
Bordermark on the Hungarian-Romanian border near Csenger
The National Assembly in Alba Iulia (1 December 1918) – Union of Transylvania with Romania, seen as an act of national liberation by the Transylvanian Romanians
A statue of King Peter I, Karađorđević of Serbia at Freedom Square in Zrenjanin (Vojvodina, Serbia). The inscription on the monument says: "To the King Peter I, gratious people, to its liberator". Separation from the Kingdom of Hungary and unification with the Kingdom of Serbia was seen as an act of national liberation by the Vojvodinian Serbs.
The Trianon cross at Kőszeg is pointing onto the former territories of the pre-war Kingdom of Hungary that were not assigned to post-Trianon Hungary.
Trianon memorial, Békéscsaba
Trianon memorial, Kiskunhalas
Professor A. C. Coolidge
Memorial in Csátalja

Czechoslovakia took control of "Upper Hungary", consisting roughly of present day Slovakia and Carpathian Ruthenia.

Hungary then controlled the territory almost to its old borders; regained control of industrial areas around Miskolc, Salgótarján, Selmecbánya (Banská Štiavnica), Kassa (Košice).

"Cassovia: Superioris Hungariae Civitas Primaria", the prospect from Civitates orbis terrarum. Cassovia (German: Kaschau, Hungarian: Kassa, Slovak: Košice), the "capital" of Upper Hungary in 1617.

Upper Hungary

"Cassovia: Superioris Hungariae Civitas Primaria", the prospect from Civitates orbis terrarum. Cassovia (German: Kaschau, Hungarian: Kassa, Slovak: Košice), the "capital" of Upper Hungary in 1617.
Captaincy of Upper Hungary in 1572
Principality of Upper Hungary in 1683

Upper Hungary is the usual English translation of Felvidék (literally: "Upland"), the Hungarian term for the area that was historically the northern part of the Kingdom of Hungary, now mostly present-day Slovakia.

In the 15th century, the "Somorja (Šamorín), Nagyszombat (Trnava), Galgóc (Hlohovec), Nyitra (Nitra), Léva (Levice), Losonc (Lučenec), Rimaszombat (Rimavská Sobota), Rozsnyó (Rožňava), Jászó (Jasov), Kassa (Košice), Gálszécs (Sečovce), Nagymihály (Michalovce)" line was the northern "boundary" of the Hungarian ethnic area.


Constitutional monarchy and great power in Central Europe between 1867 and 1918.

Constitutional monarchy and great power in Central Europe between 1867 and 1918.

Silver coin: 5 corona, 1908 - The bust of Franz Joseph I facing right surrounded by the legend "Franciscus Iosephus I, Dei gratia, imperator Austriae, rex Bohemiae, Galiciae, Illyriae et cetera et apostolicus rex Hungariae"
Emperor Franz Joseph I in 1905
Electoral districts of Austria and Hungary in the 1880s. On the map opposition districts are marked in different shades of red, ruling party districts are in different shades of green, independent districts are in white.
Austrian Parliament building
Hungarian Parliament building
Emperor Franz Joseph I visiting Prague and opening the new Emperor Francis I Bridge in 1901
Kraków, a historical Polish city in the Austro-Hungarian Empire where in 1870 authorities allowed the use of the Polish language in the Jagiellonian University
Coronation of Francis Joseph I and Elisabeth Amalie at Matthias Church, Buda, 8 June 1867
Map of the counties of the Lands of the Crown of St. Stephen (Hungary proper and Croatia-Slavonia)
Circuits (Kreise) of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Banja Luka, Bihać, Mostar, Sarajevo, Travnik, Tuzla
Demonstration for universal right to vote in Prague, Bohemia, 1905
Bosnian Muslim resistance during the battle of Sarajevo in 1878 against the Austro-Hungarian occupation
Recruits from Bosnia-Herzegovina, including Muslim Bosniaks (31%), were drafted into special units of the Austro-Hungarian Army as early as 1879 and were commended for their bravery in service of the Austrian emperor, being awarded more medals than any other unit. The jaunty military march Die Bosniaken Kommen was composed in their honor by Eduard Wagnes.
Traditional clothing in Hungary, late 19th century
Traditional costumes of Tyrol
Parade in Prague, Kingdom of Bohemia, 1900
Romantic style Great Synagogue in Pécs, built by Neolog community in 1869
Religions in Austria–Hungary, from the 1881 edition of Andrees Allgemeiner Handatlas. Catholics (both Roman and Uniate) are blue, Protestants purple, Eastern Orthodox yellow, and Muslims green.
Funeral in Galicia by Teodor Axentowicz, 1882
Ethno-linguistic map of Austria–Hungary, 1910
Meyers Konversations-Lexikon ethnographic map of Austria–Hungary, 1885
Literacy in Austria–Hungary (census 1880)
Literacy in Hungary by counties in 1910 (excluding Croatia)
Physical map of Austria–Hungary in 1914
Orthodox Jews from Galicia in Leopoldstadt, Vienna, 1915
A 20-crown banknote of the Dual Monarchy, using all official and recognized languages (the reverse side was Hungarian)
Black Friday, 9 May 1873, Vienna Stock Exchange. The Panic of 1873 and Long Depression followed.
A stentor reading the day's news in the Telefonhírmondó of Budapest
Detailed railway map of Austrian and Hungarian railways from 1911
The start of construction of the underground in Budapest (1894–1896)
The SS Kaiser Franz Joseph I (12,567 t) of the Austro-Americana company was the largest passenger ship ever built in Austria. Because of its control over the coast of much of the Balkans, Austria–Hungary had access to several seaports.
Dubrovnik, Kingdom of Dalmatia
This picture of the arrest of a suspect in Sarajevo is usually associated with the capture of Gavrilo Princip, although some believe it depicts Ferdinand Behr, a bystander.
Crowds on the streets in the aftermath of the Anti-Serb riots in Sarajevo, 29 June 1914
MÁVAG armoured train in 1914
Franz Josef I and Wilhelm II
with military commanders during World War I
Siege of Przemyśl in 1915
Italian troops in Trento on 3 November 1918, after the Battle of Vittorio Veneto. Italy's victory marked the end of the war on the Italian Front and secured the dissolution of Austria–Hungary.
War memorial in Păuleni-Ciuc, Romania
The revolt of ethnic Czech units in Austria in May 1918 was brutally suppressed. It was considered a mutiny by the code of military justice.
The Treaty of Trianon: Kingdom of Hungary lost 72% of its land and 3.3 million people of Hungarian ethnicity.
Czechoslovak declaration of independence rally in Prague on Wenceslas Square, 28 October 1918

At the same time, Hungarian dominance faced challenges from the local majorities of Romanians in Transylvania and in the eastern Banat, Slovaks in today's Slovakia, and Croats and Serbs in the crown lands of Croatia and of Dalmatia (today's Croatia), in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and in the provinces known as the Vojvodina (today's northern Serbia).

Hungary: Budapest (1887); Pressburg/Pozsony/Bratislava (1895); Szabadka/Subotica (1897), Szombathely (1897), Miskolc (1897); Temesvár/Timișoara (1899); Sopron (1900); Szatmárnémeti/Satu Mare (1900); Nyíregyháza (1905); Nagyszeben/Sibiu (1905); Nagyvárad/Oradea (1906); Szeged (1908); Debrecen (1911); Újvidék/Novi Sad (1911); Kassa/Košice (1913); Pécs (1913)


An original Biatec and its replica on a former 5-koruna coin
Bratislava was bombarded by the United States Army Air Forces, during the Nazi Occupation in 1944
Iron Curtain memorial in Bratislava
Map of Bratislava
Satellite view of Bratislava
Bratislava Castle
Kuchajda lake
High-rise apartments in Bratislava
The building of National Council of the Slovak Republic
Grassalkovich Palace, seat of the president of Slovakia
Episcopal Summer Palace, the seat of the government of Slovakia
Primate's Palace at Primate's Square, the seat of the city's mayor
National Bank of Slovakia
High-rise buildings at Mlynské Nivy, one of Bratislava's business districts
Business and shopping centre in Eurovea
New Danube waterfront
Digital Park administrative complex
Slovak Philharmonic
Universitas Istropolitana building
Paparazzi statue in Bratislava's Old Town
The earliest known depiction of Pressburg Castle, 14th century
Pressburg (Bratislava) in 1588
Pressburg (Bratislava) in the 17th century
Coronation of Maria Theresa in 1741
Bratislava in the 19th century
Bratislava in 1915
Main entrance of the Bratislava Castle
Hviezdoslav Square
Primate's Square
Michael's Gate
Laurinc Gate
Reformed church
Church of Saint Stephen
Trinitarian Church
The Old Town of Bratislava
Streets of the Old Town
Bratislava Old Town
The Rococo-style "House of the Good Shepherd", home to the Museum of Clocks
Laurinská Street
Stará Tržnica Market Hall, the oldest indoor market in Bratislava
Einsteinova street
Danube promenade
Danube river and the Slovak National Uprising Bridge
Apollo Bridge
Polus City Shopping Center
Slovak Radio headquarters building
CityShuttle train connects Bratislava with Austria's capital Vienna.
Refinery of Slovnaft in Bratislava
Map of Bratislava in city centre
Manhole cover in Bratislava
Danube embankment

Bratislava (, also ; ; Pressburg ; Bratysława) is the capital and largest city of Slovakia.

The Ice Hockey World Championships in 1959 and 1992 were played in Bratislava, and the 2011 World Championship were held in Bratislava and Košice, for which a new arena was built.

Emeric Thököly

Hungarian nobleman, leader of anti-Habsburg uprisings like his father, Count István Thököly, before him.

Hungarian nobleman, leader of anti-Habsburg uprisings like his father, Count István Thököly, before him.

Principality of Imre Thököly (Principality of Upper Hungary) in 1683.
Bust of Imre Thököly in the park of the Vaja Castle, Hungary
Imre Thököly in Heroes' Square, Budapest
Tomb of Imre Thököly in Kežmarok

Thököly's distrust of the Emperor now induced him to turn for help to Sultan Mehmed IV, who gave him the title "King of Upper Hungary" (Ķıralı Orta Macar) – partly coinciding with present-day Slovakia – on condition that he pay an annual tribute of 40,000 tallers.

At the two Diets held by him, at Kassa (today Košice, Slovakia) and Tállya, in 1683, the estates, though not uninfluenced by his personal charm, showed some want of confidence in him, fearing he might sacrifice national independence to the Turkish alliance.

Territorial expansion of Hungary 1938–1941. First Vienna Award highlighted in violet.

First Vienna Award

Treaty signed on 2 November 1938 pursuant to the Vienna Arbitration, which took place at Vienna's Belvedere Palace.

Treaty signed on 2 November 1938 pursuant to the Vienna Arbitration, which took place at Vienna's Belvedere Palace.

Territorial expansion of Hungary 1938–1941. First Vienna Award highlighted in violet.
Local population welcoming Hungarian troops in Losonc (Lučenec)
František Chvalkovský, Galeazzo Ciano, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Kálmán Kánya

Hungary thus regained some of the territories (now parts of Slovakia and Ukraine) that Hungary had lost after World War I under the Treaty of Trianon.

Hungary demanded territories up to and including a line defined by Devín (Hungarian: Dévény), Bratislava (Pozsony), Nitra (Nyitra), Tlmače (Garamtolmács), Levice (Léva), Lučenec (Losonc), Rimavská Sobota (Rimaszombat), Jelšava (Jolsva), Rožňava (Rozsnyó), Košice (Kassa), Trebišov (Tőketerebes), Pavlovce nad Uhom (Pálóc), Uzhhorod (Užhorod, Hungarian: Ungvár), Mukacheve (Mukačevo, Munkács), and Vinogradiv (Nagyszőlős).

2011 IIHF World Championship

The 75th IIHF World Championship, an annual international men's ice hockey tournament.

The 75th IIHF World Championship, an annual international men's ice hockey tournament.

Match between Russia and Slovenia (Group A), 1 May 2011
Captain Mikko Koivu holds the trophy as the Finnish team arrives at Market Square in Helsinki to celebrate the title with about 100,000 fans.
Goooly, mascot of the 2011 World Championship
Qualified nations in the 2011 IIHF World Championship, in Slovakia.
Ice Hockey championship celebration in Helsinki, Finland

It took place between 29 April and 15 May 2011 in Slovakia.

The games were played in the Orange Arena in Bratislava, and the Steel Aréna in Košice.


Levoča (Lőcse; )

Levoča (Lőcse; )

Tower of the Church of the Holy Spirit
"Cage of Shame", punishment cage outside the old Town Hall
Levoča from Mariánska hora
Levoča - Town hall from above
Levoča main square
The Large Provincial House
Levoča main square
Sculptures from Master Paul's altar in St. James
The Košice Gate
Doorway of the New Minorite Cloisters

is a town in the Prešov Region of eastern Slovakia with a population of 14,700.

Poprad is 25 km away to the west, Prešov 50 km to the east, Košice 90 km to the southeast and Bratislava 370 km to the southwest.

Košice International Airport

Aerial view of Košice Airport

Košice International Airport (Medzinárodné letisko Košice) is an international airport serving Košice, Slovakia.