"Cassovia: Superioris Hungariae Civitas Primaria", the prospect from Civitates orbis terrarum. Cassovia (German: Kaschau, Hungarian: Kassa, Slovak: Košice), the "capital" of Upper Hungary in 1617.
Captaincy of Upper Hungary in 1572
Eastern Hungarian Kingdom around 1550, including Košice shown as 'Kassa'
Principality of Upper Hungary in 1683
Part of the Ottoman Empire in 1683, including the Principality of Upper Hungary, based around Košice shown as 'Kassa'
"Cassovia: Superioris Hungariae Civitas Primaria", the prospect from Civitates orbis terrarum. Cassovia (Slovak: Košice, German: Kaschau, Hungarian: Kassa), the "capital" of Upper Hungary in 1617.
The military base in Košice at the end of the 18th century
National Theater built in 1899
Main Street – 1902
Hlavná ulica (Main Street) in historic downtown
Statue of Košice's coat of arms, the first municipal coat of arms in Europe
Aupark Shopping Centre
St. Elisabeth Cathedral in Košice is Slovakia's largest church
Divizia – seat of the Košice Self-Governing Region
The seat of the Slovak Constitutional Court
Košice International Airport
Steel Aréna
The Tree of Partnership on Hlavná Street

The privileges given by the king were helpful in developing crafts, business, increasing importance (seat of the royal chamber for Upper Hungary), and for building its strong fortifications.

- Košice

In the 15th century, the "Somorja (Šamorín), Nagyszombat (Trnava), Galgóc (Hlohovec), Nyitra (Nitra), Léva (Levice), Losonc (Lučenec), Rimaszombat (Rimavská Sobota), Rozsnyó (Rožňava), Jászó (Jasov), Kassa (Košice), Gálszécs (Sečovce), Nagymihály (Michalovce)" line was the northern "boundary" of the Hungarian ethnic area.

- Upper Hungary

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Slovakia

Landlocked country in Central Europe.

Landlocked country in Central Europe.

A Venus from Moravany nad Váhom, which dates back to 22,800 BC
Left: a Celtic Biatec coin
Right: five Slovak crowns
A Roman inscription at the castle hill of Trenčín (178–179 AD)
A statue of Saint Cyril and Saint Methodius in Žilina. In 863, they introduced Christianity to what is now Slovakia.
Scire vos volumus, a letter written in 879 by Pope John VIII to Svatopluk I
Certain and disputed borders of Great Moravia under Svatopluk I (according to modern historians)
Stephen I, King of Hungary
One of the commanders of a Slovak volunteers' army captain Ján Francisci-Rimavský during the fight for independence from the Kingdom of Hungary
Czechoslovak declaration of independence by Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk in the United States, 1918.
Adolf Hitler greeting Jozef Tiso, president of the (First) Slovak Republic, a client state of Nazi Germany during World War II, 1941.
Troops of Slovak anti-Nazi resistance movement in 1944.
The Velvet Revolution ended 41 years of authoritarian Communist rule in Czechoslovakia in 1989.
Slovakia became a member of the European Union in 2004 and signed the Lisbon Treaty in 2007.
A topographical map of Slovakia
Slovak Paradise National Park
Domica Cave
Belá River
Rupicapra rupicapra tatrica in the Tatra Mountains
Former Slovak Prime Minister Peter Pellegrini with former U.S. President Donald Trump in the White House, 2019
Embassy of Japan in Bratislava
Bratislava, capital and largest city of Slovakia
National Bank of Slovakia in Bratislava
High-rise buildings in Bratislava's new business district
Slovakia is part of the Schengen Area, the EU single market, and since 2009, the Eurozone (dark blue)
High-rise buildings in Bratislava's business districts
ESET headquarters in Bratislava
A proportional representation of Slovakia's exports, 2019
Nuclear Power Plant Mochovce
Bojnice Castle
The centre of Bardejov – a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Cable cars at Jasná in the Tatra Mountains.
Spiš Castle
Population density in Slovakia. The two biggest cities are clearly visible, Bratislava in the far west and Košice in the east.
The Slovak alphabet has 46 characters, of which 3 are digraphs and 18 contain diacritics.
Comenius University headquarters in Bratislava
Wooden folk architecture can be seen in the well-preserved village of Vlkolínec, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Slovaks wearing folk costumes from Eastern Slovakia
Main altar in the Basilica of St. James, crafted by Master Paul of Levoča, 1517. It is the tallest wooden altar in the world.
Ľudovít Štúr, the creator of standard Slovak
Halušky with bryndza cheese, kapustnica soup and Zlatý Bažant dark beer—examples of Slovak cuisine
The Slovak national ice hockey team celebrating a victory against Sweden at the 2010 Winter Olympics
Football stadium Tehelné pole in Bratislava. Football is the most popular sport in Slovakia.

The capital and largest city is Bratislava, while the second largest city is Košice.

The territory comprising modern Slovakia, then known as Upper Hungary, became the place of settlement for nearly two-thirds of the Magyar nobility fleeing the Turks and became far more linguistically and culturally Hungarian than it was before.

Hungary

Landlocked country in Central Europe.

Landlocked country in Central Europe.

Roman provinces: Illyricum, Macedonia, Dacia, Moesia, Pannonia, Thracia
Attila, king of the Huns (434/444–453)
Italian fresco – Hungarian warrior shooting backwards
Hungarian Conquest (of the Carpathian Basin) – painting by Mihály Munkácsy
Hungarian raids in the 10th century
King Saint Stephen, the first King of Hungary, converted the nation to Christianity.
The Holy Crown (Szent Korona), one of the key symbols of Hungary
Christ Pantocrator on the Holy Crown of Hungary. Hungary is traditionally a Christian country.
A map of lands ruled by Louis the Great
Western conquests of Matthias Corvinus
Painting commemorating the Siege of Eger, a major victory against the Ottomans
Francis II Rákóczi, leader of the war of independence against Habsburg rule in 1703–11
Count István Széchenyi offered one year's income to establish the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
Lajos Kossuth, Regent-President during the Hungarian Revolution of 1848
The Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen consisted of the territories of the Kingdom of Hungary (16) and the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia (17).
5 July 1848: The opening ceremony of the first parliament which was based on popular representation. The members of the first responsible government are on the balcony.
Coronation of Francis Joseph I and Elisabeth Amalie at Matthias Church, Buda, 8 June 1867
Hungarian-built dreadnought battleship SMS Szent István during World War I
With the Treaty of Trianon, Hungary lost 72% of its territory, its sea ports and 3,425,000 ethnic Hungarians
Miklós Horthy, Regent of the Kingdom of Hungary (1920–1944)
Kingdom of Hungary, 1941–44
Jewish women being arrested on Wesselényi Street in Budapest during the Holocaust, c. undefined 20–22 October 1944
The Széchenyi Chain Bridge and the Buda Castle in ruins after World War II (1946)
A destroyed Soviet tank in Budapest during the Revolution of 1956. Times Man of the Year for 1956 was the Hungarian Freedom Fighter.
János Kádár, General Secretary of MSZMP, the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party (1956–1988)
The Visegrád Group signing ceremony in February 1991
Geographic map of Hungary
The Sándor Palace is the official residence of the President of Hungary.
The Hungarian Parliament Building on the banks of the Danube in Budapest
The original and future seat of the Curia, Hungary's highest court
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Meeting of the leaders of the Visegrád Group, Germany and France in 2013
United Nations conference in the assembly hall of the House of Magnates in the Hungarian Parliament Building
HDF 34th Special Forces Battalion
JAS 39 Gripen multirole combat aircraft
Hungary is part of the European Union's internal market with 508 million consumers and part of Schengen Area
A proportional representation of Hungary's exports, 2019
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Albert Szent-Györgyi won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of Vitamin C. The Nobel Prize has been awarded to 13 Hungarians.
Founded in 1782, the Budapest University of Technology and Economics is the oldest institute of technology in the world.
The research and development centre of Gedeon Richter Plc., one of the largest biotechnology companies in Central and Eastern Europe, in Budapest.
Siemens Desiro passenger trains on the Hungarian State Railways network, which is one of the densest in the world.
Population density in Hungary by district
Budapest
Towns and villages in Hungary
Regions of Central and Eastern Europe inhabited by Hungarian speakers today
King Saint Stephen offering the Hungarian crown to Virgin Mary – painting by Gyula Benczúr, in the St. Stephen's Basilica
Rector's Council Hall of Budapest Business School, the first public business school in the world, founded in 1857
Szent István Hospital on Üllői Avenue, Budapest. Together with Szent László Hospital, they form the largest hospital complex in Hungary, built at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries.
Eszterháza Palace, the "Hungarian Versailles", in Fertőd, Győr-Moson-Sopron County
Romanesque Ják Abbey, Vas County, built between 1220 and 1256
The Museum of Applied Arts, an Art Nouveau building designed by Ödön Lechner
The Hungarian State Opera House on Andrássy út (a World Heritage Site)
Ferenc Liszt, one of the greatest pianists of all time; a renowned composer and conductor
Béla Bartók, a composer of great influence in the early 20th century; one of the founders of ethnomusicology
The alphabet of the Székely-Hungarian runiform; the country switched to the Latin alphabet during the reign of King Saint Stephen (1000–1038)
The oldest extant Hungarian poem, the Old Hungarian Lamentations of Mary (1190s)
Sándor Petőfi, Hungarian poet and revolutionary
Sándor Márai, Hungarian writer and journalist
Hortobágyi palacsinta in Sopron
Dobos torte
The famous Tokaji wine. It was called Vinum Regum, Rex Vinorum ("Wine of Kings, King of Wines") by Louis XIV of France.
Hungarians in traditional garments / folk costumes dancing the csárdás
Hungary men's national water polo team is considered among the best in the world, holding the world record for Olympic golds and overall medals.
The Groupama Aréna, home of Ferencvárosi TC, a UEFA Category 4 Stadium
Ferenc Puskás, the greatest top division scorer of the 20th century. The FIFA Puskás Award is named in his honour.

The Little Entente, sensing an opportunity, invaded the country from three sides—Romania invaded Transylvania, Czechoslovakia annexed Upper Hungary (today's Slovakia), and a joint Serb-French coalition annexed Vojvodina and other southern regions.

Hungary formally entered World War II as an Axis Power on 26 June 1941, declaring war on the Soviet Union after unidentified planes bombed Kassa, Munkács, and Rahó.

Arrival of the two signatories, Ágost Benárd and Alfréd Drasche-Lázár, on 4 June 1920 at the Grand Trianon in Versailles

Treaty of Trianon

Prepared at the Paris Peace Conference and was signed in the Grand Trianon château in Versailles on 4 June 1920.

Prepared at the Paris Peace Conference and was signed in the Grand Trianon château in Versailles on 4 June 1920.

Arrival of the two signatories, Ágost Benárd and Alfréd Drasche-Lázár, on 4 June 1920 at the Grand Trianon in Versailles
Treaty of Trianon
Drafted borders of Austria-Hungary in the treaties of Trianon and Saint Germain
The Hungarian delegation leaving Grand Trianon Palace at Versailles, after the treaty was signed, 1920.
1885 ethnographic map of the Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen, i.e. Kingdom of Hungary and Croatia-Slavonia according to the 1880 census
The Red Map, an ethnographic map of the Hungary proper publicised by the Hungarian delegation. Regions with population density below 20 persons/km2 (51.8 persons/sq. mi.) are left blank and the corresponding population is represented in the nearest region with population density above that limit. The vibrant, dominant red color was deliberately chosen to mark Hungarians while the light purple color of the Romanians, who were already the majority in the whole of Transylvania back then, is shadow-like.
Ethnographic map of the Kingdom of Hungary according to the 1910 census
Hungary lost 72% of its territory, its sea access, half of its 10 biggest cities and all of its precious metal mines; 3,425,000 ethnic Hungarians found themselves separated from their motherland. Based on the 1910 Hungarian census with the Administrative Kingdom of Hungary in green and autonomous Croatia-Slavonia in grey
Bordermark on the Hungarian-Romanian border near Csenger
The National Assembly in Alba Iulia (1 December 1918) – Union of Transylvania with Romania, seen as an act of national liberation by the Transylvanian Romanians
A statue of King Peter I, Karađorđević of Serbia at Freedom Square in Zrenjanin (Vojvodina, Serbia). The inscription on the monument says: "To the King Peter I, gratious people, to its liberator". Separation from the Kingdom of Hungary and unification with the Kingdom of Serbia was seen as an act of national liberation by the Vojvodinian Serbs.
The Trianon cross at Kőszeg is pointing onto the former territories of the pre-war Kingdom of Hungary that were not assigned to post-Trianon Hungary.
Trianon memorial, Békéscsaba
Trianon memorial, Kiskunhalas
Professor A. C. Coolidge
Memorial in Csátalja

Though the areas that were allocated to neighbouring countries had a majority of non-Hungarians (based on the 1910 census: 54% Romanians in Transylvania, 58% Slovaks in Upper Hungary, 40% Serbo-Croatians in Vojvodina, 54% Ruthenians in Carpathian Ruthenia, 62% Croats in Croatia, 48% Italians in Fiume, 74% Germans in Őrvidék, 80% Slovenes in Muravidék), in them lived 3.3 million Hungarians – 31% – who were now in a minority status.

Hungary then controlled the territory almost to its old borders; regained control of industrial areas around Miskolc, Salgótarján, Selmecbánya (Banská Štiavnica), Kassa (Košice).

Emeric Thököly

Hungarian nobleman, leader of anti-Habsburg uprisings like his father, Count István Thököly, before him.

Hungarian nobleman, leader of anti-Habsburg uprisings like his father, Count István Thököly, before him.

Principality of Imre Thököly (Principality of Upper Hungary) in 1683.
Bust of Imre Thököly in the park of the Vaja Castle, Hungary
Imre Thököly in Heroes' Square, Budapest
Tomb of Imre Thököly in Kežmarok

His father was one of the wealthiest aristocrats in Upper Hungary (in present-day Slovakia); his mother was the granddaughter of Stephen Bethlen, who had been prince of Transylvania in 1630, she was related to three princes of Transylvania.

At the two Diets held by him, at Kassa (today Košice, Slovakia) and Tállya, in 1683, the estates, though not uninfluenced by his personal charm, showed some want of confidence in him, fearing he might sacrifice national independence to the Turkish alliance.

Captaincies of Kingdom of Hungary around 1572.

Captaincies of the Kingdom of Hungary

The Captaincies of the Kingdom of Hungary (Magyar királyi főkapitányságok) were administrative divisions, military districts in the 16th and 17th centuries.

The Captaincies of the Kingdom of Hungary (Magyar királyi főkapitányságok) were administrative divisions, military districts in the 16th and 17th centuries.

Captaincies of Kingdom of Hungary around 1572.

In 1542, the Hungarian kingdom, primarily for military and administrative purposes, was divided into two captaincies, Captaincy of Cisdanubia (mostly Upper Hungary) and Captaincy of Transdanubia (the remaining territories).

In 1554 town of Kassa (now Košice) became its seat.