Mahalakshmi, Hindu goddess
Chhatrapati Rajarshi Shahu Maharaj, Maharajah of Kolhapur
The Panchganga river at Kolhapur
Kolhapur City at night from Rankala lake
Bust of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar at Bindu Chowk in Kolhapur
DYP City Mall, Kolhapur
Reliance Mega mall at Kolhapur
A Memorial to Baburao Painter in Kolhapur
Kolhapuri Misal
Kolhapuri Bhel
Kolhapuri Mutton plate with Tambada and Pandhara Rassa (outside the plate).
Kolhapur railway station
NH 4, (Now NH 48) near the city

City on the banks of the Panchganga River in the southern part of the Indian state of Maharashtra.

- Kolhapur

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Shilahara coin, c. 1210 - 1302. 
Obv: Head of a king.
Rev: A horseman fighting two foot-soldiers with a third behind him and a fourth dead at his horse's feet.

The Shilahara Kingdom (IAST: Śilāhāra; also Sinhara, Shailahara, Shrilara, and Silara) was a royal dynasty that established itself in northern and southern Konkan in 8th century CE, present-day Mumbai and Southern Maharashtra (Kolhapur) during the Rashtrakuta period.

Kolhapur district

District in the Maharashtra state of India.

DYP City Mall, Kolhapur
Reliance Mega mall at Kolhapur
Kolhapur City at night from Rankala lake

The city of Kolhapur is its district headquarter.


One of the principal goddesses in Hinduism.

Raja Ravi Varma's Sri Gaja Lakshmi
A painting of Lakshmi on the inner walls of the Tanjore Big temple.
Gaja Lakshmi, Cambodia, ca. 944-968
Bas relief of GajaLakshmi at the Buddhist Sanchi Stupa, Stupa I, North gateway, Satavahana dynasty sculpture, 1st century CE.
Sculpture of Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi at Hoysaleswara Temple at Halebidu
An early 20th-century painting depicting Vishnu resting on Ananta-Shesha, with Lakshmi massaging his feet.
Ashtalakshmi - Eight forms of Lakshmi
A painting depicting Samudra Manthan, with Lakshmi emerging with the lotus in her hands.
Diwali celebrations include puja (prayers) to Lakshmi and Ganesha. Lakshmi is of the Vaishnavism tradition, while Ganesha of the Shaivism tradition of Hinduism.
Lakshmi Devi idol in Sanctum of temple at Doddagaddavalli, in Hassan District, Karnataka India.
Shri Lakshmi lustrated by elephants, Uttar Pradesh, Kausambi, 1st century BCE.
Greek-influenced statue of Gaja Lakshmi, holding lotus and cornucopia, flanked by two elephants and two lions. From Kashmir, 6th century CE.
Gaja Lakshmi at Shravanabelagola Temple, Karnataka.
The Japanese Kishijoten is adapted from Lakshmi.

Lakshmi Sahasranama of Skanda Purana praises Lakshmi as Mahadevi (she who is the great goddess), Mahamaya (she who is a great illusion), Karaveera Nivasini (The Goddess Who lives in Karaveera/Kolhapur) and Maha Astha Dasa Pithagne (she who has 18 great Shakti Peethas).


City in Sangli District, southern Maharashtra, India, that was founded in the early 10th century.

At the end of the 9th century, the Silaharas of Kolhapur gained rule of Miraj.


City and the district headquarters of Sangli District in the state of Maharashtra, in western India.

Ganapati Temple, Heart of Sangli City

Sangli is a major city in Western India 390 km from Mumbai, 240 km from Pune, 50 km from Kolhapur, and 653 km from Bangalore.

Bombay State

Large Indian state created at the time of India's Independence, with other regions being added to it in the succeeding years.

Bombay State, 1956–1960
Bombay Presidency in 1909, northern portion
Bombay State, 1956–1960
Bombay Presidency in 1909, southern portion
Bombay State, 1956–1960

As a result of the States Reorganisation Act on 1 November 1956, the Kannada-speaking districts of Belgaum (except Chandgad taluka), Bijapur, Dharwar, and North Canara were transferred from Bombay State to Mysore State.


City in Satara district of Indian state of Maharashtra and it is 320 km from Mumbai and 159 km from Pune.

KIMS Karad
Shrinivas Vinayak Kulkarni ( (C) Shekhar Godbole)

The capital was later shifted to Kolhapur.

Maratha Empire

Confederacy that came to dominate a large portion of early modern India in the 18th century.

The Maratha Empire in 1758 with the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Mughal Empire as its vassals
Maratha kingdom in 1680 (yellow)
A portrait of Shivaji Maharaj
Sambhaji, eldest son of Shivaji
Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath
Peshwa Baji Rao I
Peshwa Balaji Bajirao
Peshwa Madhavrao I
Mahadaji Shinde restored the Maratha domination of northern India
A mural depicting the British surrender during the First Anglo-Maratha War. The mural is a part of the Victory Memorial (Vijay Stambh) located at Vadgaon Maval, Pune.
Peshwa Madhavrao II in his court in 1790, concluding a treaty with the British
Battle of Assaye during the Second Anglo-Maratha War
Peshwa Baji Rao II signing of the Treaty of Bassein with the British
Maratha king of Gwalior at his palace
Pratapgad fort, one of the earliest forts administered by Shivaji.
Maratha darbar or court.
Gold coins minted during Shivaji's era, 17th century.
Maratha Gurabs ships attacking a British East India Company ship
Arms of Maratha
Ramchandra Pant Amatya
Thanjavur Maratha palace
Maratha Empire at its peak in 1759 (orange)
Maratha Empire in 1760 (yellow)
Maratha Empire in 1765 (yellow)
Maratha Empire in 1795 (yellow)
Maratha Empire in 1805
Maratha Princely States in 1823

This resulted in two rival seats of government being set up in 1707 at Satara and Kolhapur by Shahu and Tarabai respectively.

Kolhapur State

Maratha princely State of India, under the Deccan Division of the Bombay Presidency, and later the Deccan States Agency.

Kolhapur State Map, 1912
New Palace, Kolhapur
Kolhapur State Map, 1912
Maharani Tarabai. Founder of the Karvir State
Rajarshi Shahu of Kolhapur (r. 1894 – 1922)
Royal family of the erstwhile Kolhapur state in 2011

Its rulers, of the Bhonsle dynasty, were entitled to a 19-gun salute – thus Kolhapur was also known as a 19-gun state.


Traditional non-centrifugal cane sugar consumed in the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and Africa.

A block of jaggery with a US penny for size comparison
Harvesting sugar cane without pre-burn – the abundant waste on the ground will be irrigated to release nutrients for the next crop
Jaggery preparation by heating juice in the vessel on furnace
Semisolid sugarcane juice drying in another pan for preparation of jaggery: a practice in India
Burmese jaggery at a market in Mandalay
The production of palm jaggery in Cambodia
Sugarcane jaggery in Myanmar.
Philippine sangkaka or panutsa are disc-shaped because they are traditionally made in halved coconut shells
Making Jaggery (Gur) in Punjab
Jaggery cubes
Jaggery (gur) making at small scale near sugarcane farm in Pakistan.
Boiling the sugarcane juice in large-scale jaggery (gur) making in India.
Transferring boiled sugarcane juice into vessel to dry.
Gud or jaggery: Sugarcane-derived raw sugar crystallised cubes or blocks.
Jaggery blocks, also known as gud
Gur mamra laddu sweets made from jaggery and puffed rice.
Indian Jaggery
Boiling, Myanmar.
Jaggery, Myanmar.

Kolhapur is one of the largest producers of jaggery in India and has a GI Tag for Jaggery.