Kolkata

CalcuttaCalcutta, IndiaKolkata, IndiaSouth KolkataKolkata (Calcutta)Calcutta (Kolkata)CaluttaKolkata, West BengalsouthernCalcuta
Kolkata (, also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.wikipedia
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East India

Eastern IndiaEasternEast
Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River approximately 75 km west of the border with Bangladesh, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India's oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port.
West Bengal's capital Kolkata is the largest city of this region.

West Bengal

BengalWestWB
Kolkata (, also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
The state capital is Kolkata (Calcutta), the seventh-largest city in India.

Port of Kolkata

Kolkata portCalcuttaCalcutta Port Trust
Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River approximately 75 km west of the border with Bangladesh, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India's oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port.
The Port of Kolkata is a riverine port in the city of Kolkata, India, located around 126 mi from the sea.

List of people from Kolkata

people from Kolkata
Many people from Kolkata—among them several Nobel laureates—have contributed to the arts, the sciences, and other areas.
Kolkata has been regarded as the cultural capital of India.

Culture of Kolkata

cultural capital of India
Kolkata culture features idiosyncrasies that include distinctively close-knit neighbourhoods (paras) and freestyle intellectual exchanges (adda). West Bengal's share of the Bengali film industry is based in the city, which also hosts venerable cultural institutions of national importance, such as the Academy of Fine Arts, the Victoria Memorial, the Asiatic Society, the Indian Museum and the National Library of India.
Kolkata has been the pioneering city in Indian renaissance.

List of cities in India by population

Citymetropolitan citiesmost populous city
According to the 2011 Indian census, it is the seventh most populous city; the city had a population of 4.5 million, while the suburb population brought the total to 14.1 million, making it the third-most populous metropolitan area in India.

Victoria Memorial, Kolkata

Victoria MemorialVictoria Memorial HallVictoria Museum
Kolkata culture features idiosyncrasies that include distinctively close-knit neighbourhoods (paras) and freestyle intellectual exchanges (adda). West Bengal's share of the Bengali film industry is based in the city, which also hosts venerable cultural institutions of national importance, such as the Academy of Fine Arts, the Victoria Memorial, the Asiatic Society, the Indian Museum and the National Library of India.
The Victoria Memorial is a large marble building in Kolkata, West Bengal, India, which was built between 1906 and 1921.

Cinema of West Bengal

Bengali filmBengaliBengali cinema
Kolkata culture features idiosyncrasies that include distinctively close-knit neighbourhoods (paras) and freestyle intellectual exchanges (adda). West Bengal's share of the Bengali film industry is based in the city, which also hosts venerable cultural institutions of national importance, such as the Academy of Fine Arts, the Victoria Memorial, the Asiatic Society, the Indian Museum and the National Library of India.
The cinema of West Bengal, also known as Tollywood, refers to the Indian Bengali language film industry based in the Tollygunge region of Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

New Delhi

DelhiNew Delhi, Indiacapital city
Under the company rule, and later under the British Raj, Calcutta served as the capital of British-held territories in India until 1911, when its perceived geographical disadvantages, combined with growing nationalism in Bengal, led to a shift of the capital to New Delhi.
Calcutta (now Kolkata) was the capital of India during the British Raj, until December 1911.

Indian Science Congress Association

Indian Science CongressISCA100th Indian Science Congress
Among professional scientific institutions, Kolkata hosts the Agri Horticultural Society of India, the Geological Survey of India, the Botanical Survey of India, the Calcutta Mathematical Society, the Indian Science Congress Association, the Zoological Survey of India, the Institution of Engineers, the Anthropological Survey of India and the Indian Public Health Association.
Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA) is a premier scientific organisation of India with headquarters at Kolkata, West Bengal.

Sutanuti

Mukundaram SethSett and BysacksSheths and Basaks
The word Kolkata derives from the Bengali term Kôlikata [ˈkɔlikat̪a], the name of one of three villages that predated the arrival of the British, in the area where the city eventually was to be established; the other two villages were Sutanuti and Govindapur.
Sutanuti was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India.

Kalighat

Dakshina KalikaKalighat Temple
Another theory is that the name derives from Kalighat.
Kalighat is a locality of Kolkata, in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.

Football in Kolkata

by giving importance
Though home to major cricketing venues and franchises, Kolkata differs from other Indian cities by giving importance to association football and other sports.
Football is one of the most popular sports in Kolkata, West Bengal.

Kalikata

Dihi KalikataKôlikata
The word Kolkata derives from the Bengali term Kôlikata [ˈkɔlikat̪a], the name of one of three villages that predated the arrival of the British, in the area where the city eventually was to be established; the other two villages were Sutanuti and Govindapur.
Kalikata was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly, Calcutta) in India.

Gobindapur, Kolkata

GobindapurGovindapur
The word Kolkata derives from the Bengali term Kôlikata [ˈkɔlikat̪a], the name of one of three villages that predated the arrival of the British, in the area where the city eventually was to be established; the other two villages were Sutanuti and Govindapur.
Gobindapur was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India.

Academy of Fine Arts, Kolkata

Academy of Fine ArtsAcademy of Fine Arts of Calcutta
Kolkata culture features idiosyncrasies that include distinctively close-knit neighbourhoods (paras) and freestyle intellectual exchanges (adda). West Bengal's share of the Bengali film industry is based in the city, which also hosts venerable cultural institutions of national importance, such as the Academy of Fine Arts, the Victoria Memorial, the Asiatic Society, the Indian Museum and the National Library of India.
The Academy of Fine Arts, in Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) is one of the oldest fine arts societies in India.

Job Charnock

Job Charnock, an administrator who worked for the company, was formerly credited as the founder of the city; In response to a public petition, the Calcutta High Court ruled in 2003 that the city does not have a founder.
1630–1692/1693) was an employee and administrator of the English East India Company, and traditionally regarded as the founder of the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta).

Indian Museum, Kolkata

National Museum in KolkataIndian MuseumAsiatic Society museum in Calcutta
Kolkata culture features idiosyncrasies that include distinctively close-knit neighbourhoods (paras) and freestyle intellectual exchanges (adda). West Bengal's share of the Bengali film industry is based in the city, which also hosts venerable cultural institutions of national importance, such as the Academy of Fine Arts, the Victoria Memorial, the Asiatic Society, the Indian Museum and the National Library of India.
It was founded by the Asiatic Society of Bengal in Kolkata (Calcutta), India, in 1814.

Chowringhee

Chowringhee RoadChowringhee Theatre
By the 1850s, Calcutta had two areas: White Town, which was primarily British and centred on Chowringhee and Dalhousie Square; and Black Town, mainly Indian and centred on North Calcutta.
Chowringhee (also spelt Chourangi) is a neighbourhood of central Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Howrah Junction railway station

HowrahHowrah JunctionHWH
The city underwent rapid industrial growth starting in the early 1850s, especially in the textile and jute industries; this encouraged British companies to massively invest in infrastructure projects, which included telegraph connections and Howrah railway station.
Howrah Junction (station code HWH), also known as Howrah Station, is the largest railway complex in India and it is a railway station which serves Kolkata and Howrah, India.

The Asiatic Society

Asiatic SocietyAsiatic Society of BengalThe Asiatic Society of Bengal
Kolkata culture features idiosyncrasies that include distinctively close-knit neighbourhoods (paras) and freestyle intellectual exchanges (adda). West Bengal's share of the Bengali film industry is based in the city, which also hosts venerable cultural institutions of national importance, such as the Academy of Fine Arts, the Victoria Memorial, the Asiatic Society, the Indian Museum and the National Library of India.
The Asiatic Society was founded by civil servant Sir William Jones on 15 January 1784 in a meeting presided over by Sir William Jones, Justice of the Supreme Court of Judicature at Fort William at the Fort William in Calcutta, then capital of the British Raj, to enhance and further the cause of Oriental research.

Hooghly River

HooghlyBhagirathiBhagirathi River
Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River approximately 75 km west of the border with Bangladesh, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India's oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port.
Calcutta and Hugli-Chinsura, the headquarter of Hooghly (district), is located on the banks of this river.

Direct Action Day

Calcutta riotsDirect Action1946 Calcutta riots
Demands for the creation of a Muslim state led in 1946 to an episode of communal violence that killed over 4,000.
Direct Action Day (16 August 1946), also known as the Great Calcutta Killings, was a day of widespread communal rioting between Muslims and Hindus in the city of Calcutta (now known as Kolkata) in the Bengal province of British India.

Bangladesh

🇧🇩People's Republic of BangladeshBangladeshi
Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River approximately 75 km west of the border with Bangladesh, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India's oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port.
However, the first partition of Bengal created an uproar in Calcutta and the Indian National Congress.

Presidencies and provinces of British India

IndiaBritish IndiaBritish
Declared a presidency city, Calcutta became the headquarters of the East India Company by 1773.
Between 1612 and 1757 the East India Company set up "factories" (trading posts) in several locations, mostly in coastal India, with the consent of the Mughal emperors or local rulers. Its rivals were the merchant trading companies of Portugal, Denmark, Holland and France. By the mid-18th century three "Presidency towns": Madras, Bombay and Calcutta, had grown in size.