A report on Kolkata

Fort William, headquarters of the British East India Company
Arms of the city of Calcutta, c. 1914.
Chowringhee avenue and Tipu Sultan Mosque in central Calcutta, 1945.
Bengali billboards on Harrison Street. Calcutta was the largest commercial centre in British India.
Map of Calcutta, ca 1914
Aerial view of the Kolkata skyline, including The 42 and Vidyasagar Setu
Reserve Bank of India building, Kolkata
The 42 at Chowringhee at 260 m is the tallest building in Kolkata
Residential high-rise buildings in South City
Calcutta High Court
A telecommunications tower belonging to services provider Tata Communications
The Kolkata Tram is the oldest operating electric tram system in Asia
The Kolkata Metro is the oldest rapid transit system in India
The Kolkata Suburban Railway is the busiest commuter rail system in India
The yellow taxi remains a favourite despite the foray of rideshare companies in the transport market
A road in Kolkata showing bus, and cars. There are other modes of transport available such as taxi or cab, tram, metro, auto rikshaw, rikshaw and ferry or water taxi.
The terminal of the Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport
Khidirpore Dock of Kolkata Port Trust
Calcutta Medical College, the second institution in Asia to teach modern medicine (after 'Ecole de Médicine de Pondichéry')
IPGMER and SSKM Hospital, largest hospital in West Bengal and one of the oldest in Kolkata.
Indian Institute of Management Calcutta
Indian Institute of Foreign Trade
West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences
Presidency University, Kolkata
Aerial view of the Amity University, Kolkata
Victoria Memorial at night
Indian Museum is the oldest and one of the largest museums in India
National Library of India
Making of Durga idol in Kumartuli, Kolkata
A murti, or representation, of the goddess Durga shown during the Durga Puja festival
Sandesh, a typical Bengali sweet made from chhena
Dance accompanied by Rabindra Sangeet, a music genre started by Rabindranath Tagore
Akashvani Bhawan, the head office of state-owned All India Radio, Kolkata
Salt Lake Stadium on a matchday of the 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup
First day and night test match in India between India and Bangladesh at the Eden gardens

Capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.

- Kolkata
Fort William, headquarters of the British East India Company

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West Bengal

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West Bengal (, Bengali: Poshchim Bongo,, abbr.

West Bengal (, Bengali: Poshchim Bongo,, abbr.

Coin of the King Shashanka, who created the first separate political entity in Bengal, called the Gauda Kingdom
The Pala Empire was an imperial power during the Late Classical period on the Indian subcontinent, which originated in the region of Bengal.
Firoz Minar at Gauḍa was built during the Bengal Sultanate.
An 1880 map of Bengal
Subhas Chandra Bose, he was a leading freedom fighter of India
The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999.
Many areas remain flooded during the heavy rains brought by a monsoon.
Districts of West Bengal
A hut in a village in the Hooghly district
The Grand Hotel in Kolkata. Tourism, especially from Bangladesh, is an important part of West Bengal's economy.
Freshly sown saplings of rice in a paddy; in the background are stacks of jute sticks.
Satyajit Ray, a pioneer in Bengali cinema along with Ravi Sankar.
Panchchura Temple in Bishnupur, one of the older examples of the terracotta arts of India.
Jamdani Sari of Bangladesh is very popular in West Bengal.
Salt Lake Stadium / Vivekananda Yuva Bharati Krirangan, Kolkata
Netaji Indoor Stadium, Kolkata
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is a hub for flights to and from Bangladesh, East Asia, Nepal, Bhutan and north-east India.
Durgapur Expressway
An SBSTC bus in Karunamoyee
Kolkata Metro, India's first metro rail system
University of Calcutta, the oldest public university of India.
The front entrance to the academic block of NUJS, Kolkata.
Prajna Bhavan, housing the School of Mathematical Sciences and School of RKMVU.

The state capital is Kolkata, the third-largest metropolis, and seventh largest city by population in India.

Bengal

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Geopolitical, cultural and historical region in South Asia, specifically in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent at the apex of the Bay of Bengal, predominantly covering present-day Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geopolitical, cultural and historical region in South Asia, specifically in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent at the apex of the Bay of Bengal, predominantly covering present-day Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal.

The Ganges-Brahmaputra delta
On a clear day, the snowy peaks of the Himalayas in Nepal and Sikkim can be seen from northern Bangladesh and Darjeeling district of West Bengal
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A 2015 census of Sundarbans Bengal tigers found 106 in Bangladesh and 76 in West Bengal.
Hindu sculpture, 11th century
Inscriptions on the Adina Mosque proclaim the builder Sikandar Shah as "the wisest, the most just, the most perfect and most liberal of the Sultans of Arabia, Persia and India."
A woman in Dhaka clad in fine Bengali muslin, 18th century.
The Battle of Plassey in 1757 ushered British rule
The former royal palace of Hill Tippera in Agartala
Shaheed Minar in Dhaka commemorates the 1952 Language Movement
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman led Bengali's decade long independence struggle including the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971
Bangabhaban (the House of Bengal) is the official residence of the president of Bangladesh
Writers' Building, the official seat of the Government of West Bengal
Biman Bangladesh Airlines is the largest airline based in the Bengal region
The Victoria Memorial in Kolkata, India
New Mooring Terminal, Port of Chittagong
Aerial view of Haldia port, Haldia Port
The strategically important city of Chittagong is home to the busiest port on the Bay of Bengal
Bengali Letters
A silver coin with Proto-Bengali script, 9th century
Rabindranath Tagore, known as the Bengali Shakespeare, being hosted at the Parliament of Iran in the 1930s
Bangladeshi paintings on sale at an art gallery in Dhaka
Bungalows originated from Bengali architecture
A sculpture on Fazlur Rahman Khan at the Sears Tower in the United States
A Baul musician. The Baul ballads of Bengal are classified by UNESCO as humanity's intangible cultural heritage
18th century painting of a budgerow
A river in Bangladesh
A mustard and date palm farm in West Bengal
A tea garden in Bangladesh
Kanchenjunga from Singalila National Park, West Bengal
Gangaridai in Ptolemy's map, 1st century
The Pala Empire, 9th century
At its greatest extent, the Bengal Sultanate's realm and protectorates stretched from Jaunpur in North India in the west to Tripura and Arakan in the east
The Bengal Sultanate, 16th century
Bengal & Bihar in 1776 by James Rennell
Colonial Bengal, 19th century
Colonial Eastern Bengal and Assam, early 20th century
Province of Bengal (1931)
Map of West Bengal
Map of Bangladesh
Map of Tripura
Flag of Bengal Sultanate
Flag of the Bengal Subah (15-18th Century)
Flag of Bengal Presidency, under British rule
Flag of Bangladesh during Bangladesh Liberation War and after
Flag of Bangladesh from 1972 onwards

South Bengal covers the southwestern Bangladesh and the southern part of the Indian state of West Bengal.The Bangladeshi part includes Khulna Division, Barisal Division and the proposed Faridpur Division The Indian part of South Bengal includes 12 districts: Kolkata, Howrah, Hooghly, Burdwan, East Midnapur, West Midnapur, Purulia, Bankura, Birbhum, Nadia, South 24 Parganas, North 24 Parganas.

Bangladesh

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Country in South Asia. It is the eighth-most populous country in the world, with a population exceeding 165 million people in an area of either 148460 km2 or 147570 km2, making it one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Bangladesh shares land borders with India to the west, north, and east, and Myanmar to the southeast; to the south it has a coastline along the Bay of Bengal. It is narrowly separated from Bhutan and Nepal by the Siliguri Corridor; and from China by 100 km of the Indian state of Sikkim in the north. Dhaka, the capital and largest city, is the nation's economic, political, and cultural hub.

Country in South Asia. It is the eighth-most populous country in the world, with a population exceeding 165 million people in an area of either 148460 km2 or 147570 km2, making it one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Bangladesh shares land borders with India to the west, north, and east, and Myanmar to the southeast; to the south it has a coastline along the Bay of Bengal. It is narrowly separated from Bhutan and Nepal by the Siliguri Corridor; and from China by 100 km of the Indian state of Sikkim in the north. Dhaka, the capital and largest city, is the nation's economic, political, and cultural hub.

Vanga Kingdom and erstwhile neighbours in ancient South Asia
7th century buddhist monastery. Known as Somapura Mahavihara
The Pala Empire was an imperial power during the Late Classical period on the Indian subcontinent, which originated in the region of Bengal.
The Sixty Dome Mosque is the largest mosque in the UNESCO protected Mosque City of Bagerhat.
Choto Sona Mosque, built during the reign of Sultan Alauddin Hussain Shah
Kusumba Mosque
Shipbuilding was a major industry in the Bengal Sultanate and later in Mughal Bengal
The Bibi Mariam Cannon (Lady Mary Cannon) was used by the Mughals to defend their bases.
Lalbagh Fort was the residence of the Mughal viceroy Shaista Khan.
Portuguese envoys (top left) at the imperial court of emperor Akbar. The Portuguese settlement in Chittagong flourished until the Mughals expelled the Portuguese in 1666.
Lord Clive meeting with Mir Jafar after the Battle of Plassey, which led to the overthrow of the last independent Nawab of Bengal
Founding conference of the All India Muslim League in Dhaka, 1906
The Dominion of Pakistan in 1947, with East Bengal its eastern part
Women students of Dhaka University marching in defiance of the Section 144 prohibition on assembly during the Bengali Language Movement in early 1953
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (left) and Munier Chowdhury (centre) visiting Matiul Islam (right), an East Bengali student at Harvard during the late 1950s
Museum of Independence, Dhaka
Sheikh Mujib casting his ballot during a general election. He was given the popular title of Bangabandhu (Friend of Bengal) and is regarded as Bangladesh's founding leader.
Ziaur Rahman with members of the Dutch royal family in 1978
Muhammad Yunus (center) celebrating the Nobel Peace Prize in 2006 with his family in Oslo, Norway
Rohingya refugees entering Bangladesh from Myanmar
Physical map of Bangladesh
A Bengal tiger, the national animal, in the Sundarbans
Bangabhaban, the official residence of the President of Bangladesh, was built in 1905 during the British Raj for use by the Viceroy of India and the Governor of Bengal.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi during bilateral talks with Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina at the Prime Minister's Office in Dhaka
The National Parliament of Bangladesh
The Supreme Court of Bangladesh
Map of Bangladesh UN Peacekeeping Force deployments
First South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) meeting in 1985 in Dhaka (l-r, top row: the presidents of Pakistan and the Maldives, the king of Bhutan, the president of Bangladesh, the prime minister of India, the king of Nepal and the president of Sri Lanka)
U.S. Special Presidential Envoy for Climate John Kerry meeting Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina at her residence in Dhaka in April 2021
The Rapid Action Battalion has been sanctioned by the United States for human rights abuses
Historical development of GDP per capita
Construction of Padma Bridge, the longest bridge on the Ganges, by China Major Bridge Engineering Co. Ltd. The bridge was designed by AECOM.
Hotels and office blocks in an upmarket neighborhood of Dhaka
Paddy fields dominate the country's farmland. Bangladesh is a top global producer of rice (3rd), potatoes (7th), tropical fruits (6th), jute (2nd), and farmed fish (5th).
A Boeing 777 of the national flag carrier Biman Bangladesh Airlines
Coal and natural-gas fields in Bangladesh, 2011
In 2018, the first payload of SpaceX's Falcon 9 Block 5 rocket was the Bangabandhu-1 satellite built by Thales Alenia Space
The Charyapada scrolls are the oldest surviving text of the Bengali language. The photograph was taken at the Rajshahi College Library
Chakma alphabets are indigenous to the Chittagong Hill Tracts
Eid prayers for Muslims at Barashalghar, Debidwar, Comilla
Bangladeshis celebrating Pahela Baishakh as a mark of the beginning of Bengali new year
Literacy rates in Bangladesh districts
Faculty of Sciences at the University of Dhaka; The Curzon Hall
A Bangladeshi nurse in Kutupalong Refugee Camp
Historical development of life expectancy in Bangladesh
A preserved cloth of historic Bengali fine muslin, which is now extinct
Syed Mujtaba Ali
Muslim feminist Begum Rokeya and her husband in 1898
The 18th century terracotta Hindu Kantanagar Temple in Dinajpur
A Baul from Lalon Shah's shrine in Kushtia
Embroidery on Nakshi kantha (embroidered quilt), centuries-old Bengali art tradition
Traditional Bangladeshi Meal: Mustard seed Ilish Curry, Dhakai Biryani and Pitha
A Nouka Baich boat race
Bangladesh team on practice session at Sher-e-Bangla National Cricket Stadium
Anwar Hossain playing Siraj-ud-Daulah, the last independent Nawab of Bengal, in the 1967 film Nawab Sirajuddaulah
Beds of zamindars kept at the Bangladesh National Museum

However, the first partition of Bengal created an uproar in Calcutta and the Indian National Congress.

Prevailing religions of the British Indian Empire (1901)

Partition of India

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The partition of India in 1947 divided British India into two independent dominions: India and Pakistan.

The partition of India in 1947 divided British India into two independent dominions: India and Pakistan.

Prevailing religions of the British Indian Empire (1901)
British Indian Empire in The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909. British India is shaded pink, the princely states yellow.
Indian medical orderlies attending to wounded soldiers with the Mesopotamian Expeditionary Force in Mesopotamia during World War I
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (seated in the carriage, on the right, eyes downcast, with black flat-top hat) receives a big welcome in Karachi in 1916 after his return to India from South Africa
Muhammad Ali Jinnah, seated, third from the left, was a supporter of the Lucknow Pact, which, in 1916, ended the three-way rift between the Extremists, the Moderates and the League
Jawaharlal Nehru, Sarojini Naidu, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, and Maulana Azad at the 1940 Ramgarh session of the Congress in which Azad was elected president for the second time
Chaudhari Khaliquzzaman (left) seconding the 1940 Lahore Resolution of the All-India Muslim League with Jinnah (right) presiding, and Liaquat Ali Khan centre
The Partition of India: green regions were all part of Pakistan by 1948, and orange ones part of India. The darker-shaded regions represent the Punjab and Bengal provinces partitioned by the Radcliffe Line. The grey areas represent some of the key princely states that were eventually integrated into India or Pakistan.
Mountbatten with a countdown calendar to the Transfer of Power in the background
A map of the Punjab region c. 1947.
A refugee special train at Ambala Station during the partition of India
A crowd of Muslims at the Old Fort (Purana Qila) in Delhi, which had been converted into a vast camp for Muslim refugees waiting to be transported to Pakistan. Manchester Guardian, 27 September 1947.
Four nations (India, Pakistan, Dominion of Ceylon, and Union of Burma) that gained independence in 1947 and 1948
1909 Percentage of Hindus.
1909 Percentage of Muslims.
1909 Percentage of Sikhs, Buddhists, and Jains.

The unrest spread from Calcutta to the surrounding regions of Bengal when Calcutta's English-educated students returned home to their villages and towns.

East India

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Region of India consisting of the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha

Region of India consisting of the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha

Kalinga Empire
The extent of the Maurya Empire
The extent of the Delhi Sultanate
Konark Sun Temple built by the Eastern Ganga dynasty is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Odisha
Famed Buddhist Nalanda University & Monastery ruins in Bihar
Ratnagiri, Odisha, Part of Puspagiri University
Udayagiri, Odisha, Part of Puspagiri University
Software Technology Park of India, IIT Patna
Ravenshaw Convention Centre, Ravenshaw University, Cuttack, Odisha
Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata
Auditorium of IIM Calcutta
Skyline in Kolkata
Chowringhee Road, one of the CBD in Kolkata
New Town, Kolkata, West Bengal
Howrah Bridge links Kolkata to Western bank of Ganges
Kolkata skyline from Chowringhee
Vidyasagar Setu over Hooghly River
Durgapur Steel Plant
Skyscrapers in Bhubaneswar city
Puri sea beach
Rourkela Steel Plant
Bhubaneswar skyline
Rourkela at night
National Highway 31A winds along the banks of the Teesta River near Kalimpong, in the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region in West Bengal.
Puri rath yatra, Odisha
Chhath Puja
Performing Odissi, a classical dance from Odisha
Mohiniyattam, a classical dance originating from Kerala, is being performed to commemorate of 150th birth anniversary of Tagore. It was an Indo-Bangladesh joint celebration in 2012 in Kolkata.
Dance accompanied by Rabindra Sangeet
Sambalpuri Dance
Black-and-white close-up photograph of a piece of wood boldly painted in unmixed solid strokes of black and white in a stylised semblance to "ro" and "tho" from the Bengali syllabary.
Eden Gardens, the second largest cricket stadium in India
Salt Lake Stadium, Kolkata
Entrance to the Barabati Stadium in Cuttack, Odisha
Hockey turf in Sundergarh, Odisha
A ship at Kolkata Port
Paradip Port
A traditional Bengali fish meal – Rice with Macher Jhol (Literally translated to "Fish's gravy")
Green jackfruit and potato curry, Kolkata
Kamalabhog Roshogolla from West Bengal
Bikali Kar Rasagola from Odisha
Chhena Poda from Odisha
Rasmalai, a sweet dish popular in Odisha and West Bengal
Chhena Gaja from Odisha
Khaja, a sweet dish popular in Bihar, Odisha and West Bengal
Chandrakanti sweet from Odisha

West Bengal's capital Kolkata is the largest city of this region.

The Secretariat Building houses Ministries of Defence, Finance, Home Affairs and External Affairs. It also houses the Prime Minister's office.

New Delhi

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Capital of India and a part of the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT).

Capital of India and a part of the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT).

The Secretariat Building houses Ministries of Defence, Finance, Home Affairs and External Affairs. It also houses the Prime Minister's office.
Rashtrapati Bhavan, the home of the President of India
Dense smog at Connaught Place, New Delhi.
New Delhi Municipal Council within the NCT
The district of New Delhi within the NCT
Connaught Place in Delhi is an important economic hub of the National Capital Region.
The National Museum in New Delhi is one of the largest museums in India.
The Rajghat, the final resting place of Mahatma Gandhi.
Delhi Metro – Phase 2
Rashtrapati Bhavan is the official residence of the President of India.
The 2010 Commonwealth Games opening ceremony at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium. In the foreground, there is an aerostat.
Laxminarayan Temple a Hindu Mandir in New Delhi.
The Sacred Heart Cathedral is a Roman Catholic cathedral and designed by British architect Henry Medd based on Italian architecture.
Gurudwara Bangla Sahib a Sikh Gurdwara in New Delhi.
Municipalities of Delhi

Until December 1911 Calcutta was the capital of India during the British Rule.

Howrah railway station

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Plaque at Howrah station for first train in Eastern India on 15 August 1854
Howrah railway station building as seen from Mahatma Gandhi Road in May 2022
Howrah station night view
Howrah station bus terminal
Howrah station
Public buses near Howrah railway station entrance
Waiting Travelers at Howrah Railway Station

Howrah railway station, also known as Howrah Junction, is a railway station located in the city of Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Fort William, a view from the inside, c. 1828

Fort William, India

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Fort William, a view from the inside, c. 1828
A view of Calcutta from Fort William (1807)
Plan (top-view) of Fort William, c. 1844
Fort William, 1735
Fort William, by Jan Van Ryne, 1754
Fort William, Calcutta, 1756<ref>{{Cite book|last=Grant|first=James|title=British Battles On Land and Sea|volume=II|publisher=Cassell & Company, Limited|year=1873|page=69}}</ref>
First English Chapel, Fort William, Calcutta. Raised in 1714, with contribution of Rs. 1000 by the East India Company (p. 197, March 1824)<ref name="Gentleman1824">{{cite journal|journal=The Gentleman's Magazine, and Historical Chronicle|date=February 1824|volume=94|issue=1|page=197|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=mKVJAAAAYAAJ&q=the+gentlemans+magazine+1824|access-date=13 December 2017|title=The Gentleman's Magazine, and Historical Chronicle}}</ref>
St Peter's Church, Fort William by William Prinsep 1835
Fort William, River Face 1786 (from a coloured engraving by Thomas Daniell).
The interior of the Arsenal, Fort William by William Prinsep 1835
Fort William by Samuel Davis
Main entrance, Fort William 2013
South gate, Fort William 2013
St. Peter's Church, Fort William, Kolkata
Semaphore Tower, Fort William, Kolkata
Main Gates of Fort William

Fort William is a fort in Hastings, Calcutta (Kolkata).

Port of Kolkata

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Emblem from 1870 to 2021
The Old Fort, the Playhouse, Holwell's Monument from Views of Calcutta
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Khidirpore Dock of Syama Prasad Mukherjee Port Trust
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Clock Tower Kidderpore Dock
Indenture Memorial, Kidderepore

Port of Kolkata or Kolkata Port, officially known as Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust (formerly Kolkata Port Trust), is the only riverine major port of India, located in the city of Kolkata, West Bengal, around 126 mi from the sea.

The courtyard of the Indian Museum

Indian Museum, Kolkata

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The courtyard of the Indian Museum
The Indian Museum, c. 1905
Egyptian human mummy, about 4,000 years old, at the museum.
Stone sculpture of Devi Durga in Kolkata
Elephant skeleton
Gallery
Jars
Showcases with different types of fossils
Egyptian Exhibit
Stone imprint of Buddha's foot
Buddha
Palaeoloxodon namadicus, extinct elephant
Unicorn seal of Indus Valley
Copy of the Lion Capital of Ashoka
Skull of Indus Valley inhabitants
Young goat with eight legs
The Mathura Herakles.
thumb|A Tsuri-daiko (gaku-daiko), the large Japanese hanging drum, on display.
Revamped gallery of animals (specimens)

The Indian Museum in Central Kolkata, West Bengal, India, also referred to as the Imperial Museum at Calcutta in colonial-era texts, is the ninth oldest museum in the world, the oldest and largest museum in India.