Sassanian silver plate showing lance combat
The length of Alexander the Great's xyston
Cornus mas wood
A sketch of a Macedonian phalanx exampling their armour and weaponry.

The Greek name for a type of long wooden cavalry lance used by the Iranians, especially Achaemenid successors' cavalry, most notably cataphracts (Grivpanvar).

- Kontos (weapon)

It was also known, especially later, as the kontos; meaning literally "barge-pole"; the name possibly originated as a slang term for the weapon.

- Xyston
Sassanian silver plate showing lance combat

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