Korean War

KoreaKoreanthe Korean Warwarwar in Koreahostilities in Korea6.25 warinvasion of South Koreain Koreafighting in Korea
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).wikipedia
11,427 Related Articles

Battle of Pusan Perimeter

Pusan PerimeterBattle of the Pusan PerimeterPusan
After the first two months of war, South Korean and U.S. forces rapidly dispatched to Korea were on the point of defeat, forced back to a small area in the south known as the Pusan Perimeter.
It was one of the first major engagements of the Korean War.

Syngman Rhee

Rhee Syng-manRhee SyngmanPresident Rhee
A socialist state was established in the north under the communist leadership of Kim Il Sung and a capitalist state in the south under the anti-communist leadership of Syngman Rhee.
He led South Korea through the Korean War.

Korean Armistice Agreement

armisticeArmistice Agreement1953 Armistice
The fighting ended on 27 July 1953, when an armistice was signed.
The Korean Armistice Agreement is the armistice which brought about a complete cessation of hostilities of the Korean War.

United Nations Security Council

Security CouncilUN Security CouncilU.N. Security Council
The United Nations Security Council authorized the formation and dispatch of UN forces to Korea to repel what was recognized as a North Korean invasion.
In its early decades, the Security Council was largely paralyzed by the Cold War division between the US and USSR and their respective allies, though it authorized interventions in the Korean War and the Congo Crisis and peacekeeping missions in the Suez Crisis, Cyprus, and West New Guinea.

Cold War

the Cold Warcold-warCold War era
As a product of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, Korea had been split into two sovereign states.
With the victory of the Communist side in the Chinese Civil War and the outbreak of the Korean War (1950–53), the conflict expanded.

Harry S. Truman

TrumanHarry TrumanPresident Truman
In the U.S., the war was initially described by President Harry S. Truman as a "police action" as the United States never formally declared war on its opponents and the operation was conducted under the auspices of the United Nations.
When Communist North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950, he gained United Nations approval for the very large police action known as the Korean War.

Incheon

InchonJinsenChemulpo
In September 1950, an amphibious UN counter-offensive was launched at Incheon, and cut off many North Korean troops.
During the Korean War, Incheon was occupied by North Korean troops on 4 September 1950.

Korean Demilitarized Zone

Demilitarized ZoneDMZKorean DMZ
The agreement created the Korean Demilitarized Zone to separate North and South Korea, and allowed the return of prisoners.
The Korean Demilitarized Zone intersects but does not follow the 38th parallel north, which was the border before the Korean War.

Division of Korea

partition of Korea38th paralleldivided
As a product of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, Korea had been split into two sovereign states.
The subsequent Korean War, which lasted from 1950 to 1953, ended with a stalemate and has left the two Koreas separated by the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) up to the present day.

Korea

KoreanKorean PeninsulaSouth Korea
Both governments of the two new Korean states claimed to be the sole legitimate government of all of Korea, and neither accepted the border as permanent.
Tensions between the two resulted in the outbreak of the Korean War in 1950.

Yalu River

YaluAmnok RiverAmnok
UN forces rapidly approached the Yalu River—the border with China—but in October 1950, mass Chinese forces crossed the Yalu and entered the war.
Together with the Tumen River to its east, and a small portion of Paektu Mountain, the Yalu forms the border between North Korea and China and is notable as a site involved in military conflicts such as the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War, World War II, and the Korean War.

Vietnam War

Vietnamwar in Vietnamwar
It has been referred to in the English-speaking world as "The Forgotten War" or "The Unknown War" because of the lack of public attention it received both during and after the war, and in relation to the global scale of World War II, which preceded it, and the subsequent angst of the Vietnam War, which succeeded it.
The outbreak of the Korean War in June 1950 convinced many Washington policymakers that the war in Indochina was an example of communist expansionism directed by the Soviet Union.

Kim Il-sung

Kim Il SungKimhis father
A socialist state was established in the north under the communist leadership of Kim Il Sung and a capitalist state in the south under the anti-communist leadership of Syngman Rhee.
Following the military stalemate in the Korean War, a ceasefire was signed on 27 July 1953.

People's Liberation Army

PLAChineseChinese military
In China, the Nationalist National Revolutionary Army and the communist People's Liberation Army helped organize Korean refugees against the Japanese military, which had also occupied parts of China.
In November 1950, some units of the PLA under the name of the People's Volunteer Army intervened in the Korean War as United Nations forces under General Douglas MacArthur approached the Yalu River.

Seoul

Seoul, South KoreaHanseongHanyang
In these reversals of fortune, Seoul changed hands four times, and the last two years of fighting became a war of attrition, with the front line close to the 38th parallel.
During the Korean War, Seoul changed hands between the Russian/Chinese-backed North Korean forces and the American-backed South Korean forces several times, leaving the city heavily damaged after the war.

Mao Zedong

MaoChairman MaoMao Tse-tung
By spring 1950, he believed that the strategic situation had changed: Communist forces under Mao Zedong had secured final victory in China, U.S. forces had withdrawn from Korea, and the Soviets detonated their first nuclear bomb, breaking the U.S. atomic monopoly.
In the following years he solidified his control through land reforms and through a psychological victory in the Korean War, as well as through campaigns against landlords, people he termed "counter-revolutionaries", and other perceived enemies of the state.

38th parallel north

38th parallel38° N38 degrees North
On the night of 10 August in Washington, U.S. colonels Dean Rusk and Charles H. Bonesteel III were tasked with dividing the Korean Peninsula into Soviet and U.S. occupation zones and proposed the 38th parallel.
The 38th parallel north formed the border between North and South Korea prior to the Korean War.

Charles H. Bonesteel III

Charles H. Bonesteel, IIIC. H. Bonesteel IIICharles Bonesteel
On the night of 10 August in Washington, U.S. colonels Dean Rusk and Charles H. Bonesteel III were tasked with dividing the Korean Peninsula into Soviet and U.S. occupation zones and proposed the 38th parallel.
He served in the United States Army during World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War.

United Nations Command

United NationsUNCUnited Nations forces
In early July, when U.S. forces arrived, what was left of the South Korean forces were placed under U.S. operational command of the United Nations Command.
The United Nations Command (UNC) is the unified command structure for the multinational military forces, established in 1950, supporting South Korea (the Republic of Korea or ROK) during and after the Korean War.

Korean Military Advisory Group

KMAG
The Republic of Korea Army (ROK Army) was being trained by the U.S. Korean Military Advisory Group (KMAG).
The Korean Military Advisory Group (KMAG) (officially United States Military Advisory Group to the Republic of Korea) was a United States military unit of the Korean War.

Republic of Korea Army

South Korean ArmyArmyROK Army
The Republic of Korea Army (ROK Army) was being trained by the U.S. Korean Military Advisory Group (KMAG).
It commemorates the day during the Korean War when units of the ROK Army first crossed the 38th Parallel, thus leading the UN Coalition north into North Korean territory for the first time.

China and the United Nations

China's seatChina's seat in the United NationsUnited Nations
The Soviet Union, a veto-wielding power, had boycotted the Council meetings since January 1950, protesting that the Taiwanese "Republic of China" and not the mainland "People's Republic of China" held a permanent seat in the UN Security Council.
The One-China policy advocated by both governments precluded dual representation but, amid the Cold War and Korean War, the United States and its allies opposed the replacement of the ROC at the United Nations, although they were persuaded to pressure the government of the ROC to accept international recognition of Mongolia's independence in 1961.

Omar Bradley

BradleyOmar N. BradleyGeneral Omar Bradley
General Omar Bradley, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, was faced with re-organizing and deploying a U.S. military force that was a shadow of its World War II counterpart.
Bradley was the first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and oversaw the U.S. military's policy-making in the Korean War.

Chuncheon

Chuncheon-siCh'unch'ŏnChuncheon City, South Korea
According to the first official census in 1949 the population of North Korea numbered 9,620,000, and by mid-1950 North Korean forces numbered between 150,000 and 200,000 troops, organized into 10 infantry divisions, one tank division, and one air force division, with 210 fighter planes and 280 tanks, who captured scheduled objectives and territory, among them Kaesong, Chuncheon, Uijeongbu, and Ongjin.
The city was largely destroyed during the Korean War during the Battle of Chuncheon.

Dean Acheson

AchesonAcheson, DeanChina White Paper
Korea was not included in the strategic Asian Defense Perimeter outlined by Secretary of State Dean Acheson.
Acheson's most famous decision was convincing President Truman to intervene in the Korean War in June 1950.