Koreans in China

Koreanethnic KoreanKoreansethnic KoreansChinese KoreanKorean-ChineseChaoxianzuChinaJoseonjokethnic Koreans in China
The population of Koreans in China include millions of descendants of Korean immigrants with citizenship of the People's Republic of China, as well as smaller groups of South and North Korean expatriates, with a total of roughly 2.3 million people, making it the largest ethnic Korean population living outside the Korean Peninsula.wikipedia
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Korean diaspora

KoreanKorean immigrantsoverseas Koreans
However, the common term in South Korea is joseon-jok (, "Joseon person"), which Koreans from China criticised for being a less friendly term than those for other overseas Koreans like Korean Americans (jaemi gyopo, 在美僑胞 "compatriots in America") or Koreans in Japan (jaeil gyopo, 在日僑胞 "compatriots in Japan").
Large-scale emigration from Korea began as early as the mid-1860s, mainly into the Russian Far East and Northeast China; these emigrants became the ancestors of the two million Koreans in China and several hundred thousand Koryo-saram.

Korean Americans

Korean AmericanKorean-AmericanKorean
However, the common term in South Korea is joseon-jok (, "Joseon person"), which Koreans from China criticised for being a less friendly term than those for other overseas Koreans like Korean Americans (jaemi gyopo, 在美僑胞 "compatriots in America") or Koreans in Japan (jaeil gyopo, 在日僑胞 "compatriots in Japan").
Korean Americans (Hangul: 한국계 미국인, Hanja: 韓國系美國人, Hangukgye-Migukin) are Americans of Korean heritage or descent (predominantly from South Korea (99%), with a very small minority from North Korea, China, Japan, and the Post-Soviet states).

List of ethnic groups in China

Major NationalitiesNationalities56 ethnic groups
Chaoxianzu, Joseonjok or Chosŏnjok form one of the 56 ethnicities officially recognized by the Chinese government.
The major minority ethnic groups in China are Zhuang (16.9 million), Hui (10.5 million), Manchu (10.3 million), Uyghur (10 million), Miao (9.4 million), Yi (8.7 million), Tujia (8.3 million), Tibetan (6.2 million), Mongol (5.9 million), Dong (2.8 million), Buyei (2.8 million), Yao (2.7 million), Bai (1.9 million), Korean (1.8 million), Hani (1.6 million), Li (1.4 million), Kazakh (1.4 million) and Dai (1.2 million).

Haplogroup O-M176

O-SRY465Haplogroup O-M176 (O1b2)Haplogroup O1b2
The largely unique Korean genetic marker Y haplogorup O2b has been detected in 1/34 of the Han Chinese population in Xi'an, possibly due to the assimilation of these previously mentioned Korean prisoners in the city.
Among ethnic minorities in China, haplogroup O-M176 has been detected with high frequency in samples of Koreans in China ( and ) and with generally much lower frequency among Manchus (, and ), Hezhe people, Daurs, Evenks, Sibes, Kham Tibetans, and Hui.

South Korea

Republic of KoreaKoreaKOR
High levels of emigration to South Korea, which has conversely reported a large increase in Chosŏnjok, are the likely cause of the drop.
The four largest diaspora population can be found in China (2.3 million), USA (1.8 million), Japan (0.85 million), and Canada (0.25 million).

Queue (hairstyle)

queuequeuesqueue hairstyle
Korean emigrants were able to obtain land ownership if adopting Manchu’s dressing codes including the Queue hairstyle, obtaining the license from and pay taxes to the Qing government.
It was also imposed on Taiwanese aborigines in 1753, and Koreans who settled in northeast China in the late 19th century, though the Ryukyuan people, whose kingdom was a tributary of China, requested and were granted an exemption from the mandate.

Korea

KoreanKorean PeninsulaSouth Korea
The population of Koreans in China include millions of descendants of Korean immigrants with citizenship of the People's Republic of China, as well as smaller groups of South and North Korean expatriates, with a total of roughly 2.3 million people, making it the largest ethnic Korean population living outside the Korean Peninsula.
However, in recent years, immigration from mainland China has increased; 624,994 persons of Chinese nationality have immigrated to South Korea, including 443,566 of ethnic Korean descent.

Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture

YanbianYanbian PrefectureYanbian, Jilin
Most of them live in Northeast China, especially in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, which had 854,000 ethnic Koreans living there as of 2000.
Yanbian is designated as a Korean autonomous prefecture due to the large number of ethnic Koreans living in the region.

Huanren Manchu Autonomous County

HuanrenHuanren CountyHuanren Co.
In 1875, Korean farmers also succeeded to cultivate rice in the wetland of Huanren region in Liaoning province.
The main nationalities are Manchu, Han, Hui and Korean people.

Yanji

Yanji CityYenchiYenki
Yanbian University located in Yanji city is a comprehensive university offering bachelor to doctoral degrees.
Its population is approximately 400,000 of which a large portion is ethnic Korean.

Shenyang

MukdenFengtianShenyang, China
In 1233, former Goryeo commander Hong Bok-won and his followers moved to the current-day Liaoyang and Shenyang areas of Liaoning Province in Northeast China after his surrender to the Mongols during the Mongol invasions of Korea and was offered an administrator position to take charge of Korean population there.
The 37 minority groups are Manchu, Korean, Hui, Xibo, Mongolian, Zhuang, Miao, Tujia, Dong, Daur, Bai, Uyghur, Tibetan, Yi, Taiwanese Aboriginal People, She, Bouyei, Yao, Akha, Kazakh, Dai, Li, Shui, Nakhi, Jingpo, Kyrgyz, Tu, Mulao, Qiang, Maonan, Gelao, Russian, Evenks, Tatars, Oroqen, Nanai and Lhoba.

Korean War

KoreaKoreanKorea War
After the outbreak of Korean War in 1950, young Koreans in China actively joined the People's Volunteer Army in response to the Chinese Communist Party’s call.
In the fall of 1949, two PLA divisions composed mainly of Korean-Chinese troops (the 164th and 166th) entered North Korea, followed by smaller units throughout the rest of 1949; these troops brought with them not only their experience and training, but their weapons and other equipment, changing little but their uniforms.

Changbai Korean Autonomous County

ChangbaiChangbai CountyChangbai Co.
On 29 May 1958, the State Council of the People's Republic of China approved the decision to designate Changbai County as “Changbai Korean Autonomous County”.
It is under the administration of the city of Baishan, 160 km to the west-northwest, with a population of 85,000, 14,000 of which are ethnic Koreans, and an area of 2497.6 km2.

Li Yongtai

Zhao Nanqi, Li Yongtai are two of the most notable Korean figures who participated in the war.
Born in Tonghua, Jilin Province, China to an ethnic Korean family, Li joined the Eighth Route Army in October 1945, and became a member of the Communist Party of China (CPC) the following year.

Manchukuo

ManchuriaEmperor of ManchukuoPrime Minister of Manchukuo
In 1931, Japan staged the Mukden Incident and invaded Northeast China by force, then established a puppet state called Manchukuo.
During the existence of Manchukuo, the ethnic balance did not change significantly, except that Japan increased the Korean population in China.

Zhao Nanqi

Cho Namgi
Zhao Nanqi, Li Yongtai are two of the most notable Korean figures who participated in the war.
Many Koreans in China returned to Korea, but Zhao's family stayed and was recognized as Chaoxianzu (Chinese of Korean ethnicity).

North Korean defectors

North Korean defectordefectorsNorth Korean refugees
China has a large number of North Korean refugees, estimated in the tens of thousands.
These refugees are not typically considered to be members of the ethnic Korean community, and the Chinese census does not count them as such.

Koreans in Hong Kong

KoreansHong Kong's Korean familiesKorean
Most of the population of Koreans in Hong Kong consists of South Korea expatriates.
Some Koreans from China came to Hong Kong to settle soon after the war as well.

Li Chengliang

Li Chengliang (1526–1618) was a Ming dynasty general of Korean descent who was charged with maintaining peaceful relations with the Jurchen tribes.

Kong Xuanyou

Gong Hyeon-U
Kong was born in 1959 into an ethnic Korean family in Heilongjiang, China.

Chinese nationality law

ChineseNationality Law of the People's Republic of ChinaChinese citizens
An increasing number are applying for naturalisation as Chinese citizens; this requires a certificate of loss of North Korean nationality, which North Korean authorities have recently become more reluctant to issue.
During the Fifth National Population Census (2000), only 941 naturalized citizens that do not belong to any of Communist Party of China's recognized 56 indigenous ethnic groups (which already includes Koreans, Vietnamese, and Russians) were counted in China's mainland.

Cui Jian

Cui Jian (崔健)Cui, Jian
Cui Jian grew up in a musical family in Beijing—his father was ethnic Korean and a professional trumpet player and his mother was a member of a Korean dance troupe.

Bai Yuefeng

Bai Lei
Bai Yuefeng (born May 25, 1987 in Yanbian, Jilin), former name Bai Lei, is a Chinese football player of Korean descent who currently plays for Tianjin Teda F.C. in the Chinese Super League.

Chinese people in Korea

Ethnic Chinese in KoreaKoreaChinese
In 2009, more than half of the South Korea's 1.1 million foreign residents were PRC citizens; 71% of those are Chosŏnjok, PRC citizens of Korean ethnicity.

Korean International School in Shenzhen

There are also many South Korean international day schools in Mainland China, including Korean International School in Beijing, Guangzhou Korea School, Korean International School in Shenzhen, Suzhou Korean School, Korean International School in Yanbian, Dalian Korean International School, Shenyang Korean International School, Qingdao Chungwoon Korean School, Weihai Korean School, Korean School in Yantai, Shanghai Korean School, Tianjin Korean International School etc. In addition, the Shenzhen Korean Chamber of Commerce and Industry organizes a Korean saturday school because many Korean students are not studying in Korean-medium schools; the school had about 600 students in 2007.