Kornwerderzand

Fort Kornwerderzand
Kornwerderzand (West Frisian: Koarnwertersân) is a settlement on the Afsluitdijk, a major dam in the Netherlands that links Friesland with North Holland.wikipedia
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Afsluitdijk

Ofslútdykwas cut offWindvogel
Kornwerderzand (West Frisian: Koarnwertersân) is a settlement on the Afsluitdijk, a major dam in the Netherlands that links Friesland with North Holland.
Work started at four points: on both sides of the mainland and on two specially made construction-islands (Kornwerderzand and Breezanddijk) along the line of the future dike.

Súdwest-Fryslân

Súdwest Fryslân
It is part of the municipality of Súdwest-Fryslân.
The villages located in Súdwest-Fryslân are Abbegea, Allingawier, Arum, Blauwhuis, Breezanddijk, Burgwerd, Cornwerd, Dedgum, Easterein, Exmorra, Ferwoude, Folsgare, Gaast, Gaastmeer, Gauw, Goënga, Greonterp, Hartwerd, Heeg, Hemelum, Hichtum, Hieslum, Hommerts, Idsegahuizum, Idzega, Indijk, It Heidenskip, Jutrijp, Kimswerd, Kornwerderzand, Koudum, Koufurderrige, Loënga, Lollum, Longerhouw, Makkum, Molkwerum, Nijhuizum, Nijland, Offingawier, Oosthem, Oppenhuizen, Oudega, Parrega, Piaam, Pingjum, Poppenwier, Raerd, Sandfirden, Scharnegoutum, Schettens, Schraard, Sibrandabuorren, Smallebrugge, Tirns, Tjalhuizum, Tjerkwerd, Uitwellingerga, Warns, Westhem, Witmarsum, Wolsum, Wons, Woudsend, Ypecolsga, Ysbrechtum and Zurich.

Battle of the Netherlands

German invasion of the Netherlandsinvadedinvasion of the Netherlands
Since North Holland was part of Vesting Holland ("Fortress Holland"), the national redoubt of the Netherlands at the time, and control of the sluices in the Afsluitdijk was necessary for planned defensive inundations in case of a military invasion, Kornwerderzand was considered strategically important by the Dutch government. During the German invasion of the Netherlands in World War II, the Kornwerderzand position was defended by Dutch troops.
Modern large fortresses like the Belgian stronghold of Eben Emael were nonexistent; the only modern fortification complex was that at Kornwerderzand, guarding the Afsluitdijk.

Den Oever

A second complex of sluices and locks is located at the other side of the Afsluitdijk, near Den Oever.

Breezanddijk

*Breezanddijk
The hamlet lies between Den Oever and Kornwerderzand.

Wûnseradiel

Wonseradeel
Before 2011, the village was part of the Wûnseradiel municipality.
Allingawier, Arum, Burgwerd, Cornwerd, Dedgum, Exmorra, Ferwoude, Gaast, Hartwerd, Hichtum, Hieslum, Idsegahuizum, Kimswerd, Kornwerderzand, Lollum, Longerhouw, Makkum, Parrega, Piaam, Pingjum, Schettens, Schraard, Tjerkwerd, Witmarsum, Wons, Zurich.

West Frisian language

West FrisianFrisianWood Frisian
Kornwerderzand (West Frisian: Koarnwertersân) is a settlement on the Afsluitdijk, a major dam in the Netherlands that links Friesland with North Holland.

Netherlands

DutchThe NetherlandsHolland
Kornwerderzand (West Frisian: Koarnwertersân) is a settlement on the Afsluitdijk, a major dam in the Netherlands that links Friesland with North Holland.

Friesland

FrisianFryslânFrisia
Kornwerderzand (West Frisian: Koarnwertersân) is a settlement on the Afsluitdijk, a major dam in the Netherlands that links Friesland with North Holland. Kornwerderzand is located approximately 4 kilometers from the coast of Friesland, on a former artificial island which was created during the construction of the dam.

North Holland

Noord-HollandNorth-HollandNoord Holland
Kornwerderzand (West Frisian: Koarnwertersân) is a settlement on the Afsluitdijk, a major dam in the Netherlands that links Friesland with North Holland. Since North Holland was part of Vesting Holland ("Fortress Holland"), the national redoubt of the Netherlands at the time, and control of the sluices in the Afsluitdijk was necessary for planned defensive inundations in case of a military invasion, Kornwerderzand was considered strategically important by the Dutch government.

Artificial island

artificial islandsman-made islandartificial
Kornwerderzand is located approximately 4 kilometers from the coast of Friesland, on a former artificial island which was created during the construction of the dam.

Lock (water navigation)

locklockscanal lock
The shipping locks at Kornwerderzand, also known as the Lorentzsluizen ("Lorentz Locks"), provide access to the Wadden Sea from the IJsselmeer, and a complex of discharge sluices control the water level in the IJsselmeer.

Wadden Sea

WaddenzeeWaddenWattenmeer
The shipping locks at Kornwerderzand, also known as the Lorentzsluizen ("Lorentz Locks"), provide access to the Wadden Sea from the IJsselmeer, and a complex of discharge sluices control the water level in the IJsselmeer.

IJsselmeer

Lake IJsselIJsselmeerdijkLake IJssel
The shipping locks at Kornwerderzand, also known as the Lorentzsluizen ("Lorentz Locks"), provide access to the Wadden Sea from the IJsselmeer, and a complex of discharge sluices control the water level in the IJsselmeer.

Sluice

sluice gatesluice gatessluices
The shipping locks at Kornwerderzand, also known as the Lorentzsluizen ("Lorentz Locks"), provide access to the Wadden Sea from the IJsselmeer, and a complex of discharge sluices control the water level in the IJsselmeer.

National redoubt

AlpenfestungredoubtAlpenfestung (Alpine Fortress)
Since North Holland was part of Vesting Holland ("Fortress Holland"), the national redoubt of the Netherlands at the time, and control of the sluices in the Afsluitdijk was necessary for planned defensive inundations in case of a military invasion, Kornwerderzand was considered strategically important by the Dutch government.

Casemate

casematescasematedcasemating
From 1931 onwards, fortifications consisting of seventeen casemates and three bunkers were constructed.

Bunker

pillboxpillboxesnuclear bunker
From 1931 onwards, fortifications consisting of seventeen casemates and three bunkers were constructed.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
During the German invasion of the Netherlands in World War II, the Kornwerderzand position was defended by Dutch troops.

Luftwaffe

German Air ForceGermanair force
On May 13 and May 14, 1940, the fortifications were attacked by the German first Cavalry Division, while the Luftwaffe attacked supporting Dutch naval units.

Artillery

heavy artilleryordnanceartillery piece
The German troops, initially lacking support by heavy artillery, were unable to take the position.

Dive bomber

dive bombingdive bombersdive-bomber
The fortifications also withstood attacks by dive bombers.

Zeeland

ZealandProvince of ZeelandSealand
The next day the Dutch military in the Netherlands (except for the province of Zealand) surrendered, and the battle ended with the surrender of the position.