Kumamoto Castle

One of the turrets damaged by the earthquakes
Castle in 1871–1874.
Castle in 1874.
Castle before 1902.
Model of the castle and city in the Edo period.
The steep stone walls.
Uto yagura
Honmaru Palace of Kumamoto Castle as seen from the Tenshu.
Regular cultural performances in front of the main castle.
Castle and City Tram

Hilltop Japanese castle located in Chūō-ku, Kumamoto, in Kumamoto Prefecture.

- Kumamoto Castle

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Katō Kiyomasa

Japanese daimyō of the Azuchi–Momoyama and Edo periods.

Portrait of Katō Kiyomasa
Katō Kiyomasa's birthplace monument(Nakamura-ku, Nagoya)
Kiyomasa hunting a tiger in Korea. Tiger hunting was a common pastime for the samurai during the war.
Katakama yari ("single-sided sickle spear") spearhead used by Kiyomasa in tiger hunting. Tokyo National Museum
Katō Kiyomasa (1562–1611) banner and battle standard
Kiyomasa and his monkey. by Tsukioka Yoshitoshi

Later, after Higo Province was confiscated from Sassa Narimasa, he was granted 250,000 koku of land in Higo (roughly half of the province), and given Kumamoto Castle as his provincial residence.

Kumamoto Prefecture

Prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyūshū.

Map of Kumamoto Prefecture showing municipal boundaries
Kumamoto City
Itsuki Village
Aso City
Tsūjun Bridge in Yamato, Kamimashiki
Kumamoto Castle
Renge-in Tanjō-ji
Roasso Kumamoto franchise stadium in KKWing of Kumamoto

Kumamoto Castle

Satsuma Rebellion

Revolt of disaffected samurai against the new imperial government, nine years into the Meiji Era.

Map of the campaign
Saigō Takamori (seated, in French uniform), surrounded by his officers, in traditional attire. News article in Le Monde illustré, 1877
Imperial Japanese Army officers of the Kumamoto garrison, who resisted Saigō Takamori's siege, 1877
The clash at Kagoshima
Imperial troops embarking at Yokohama to fight the Satsuma rebellion in 1877.
Shinohara Kunimoto
Battle of Shiroyama.
Imperial Japanese Army fortifications encircling Shiroyama. 1877 photograph.
Samurai fighting the Imperial army during the Subjugation of Kagoshima in Sasshu (Satsuma), by Yoshitoshi, 1877
Soldiers of the Imperial Japanese Army during the Satsuma Rebellion.
Kagoshima boto shutsujinzu by Yoshitoshi
Kumamoto Castle
Saigō Takamori Gunmusho (軍務所) banknote, issued in 1877 to finance his war effort. Japan Currency Museum.
Battle of Tabaruzaka: Imperial troops on the left, rebel samurai troops on the right
Battle of Tabaruzaka
Saigo's army clashes with the government's forces

The Commandant of Kumamoto Castle Major General Tani Tateki had 3,800 soldiers and 600 policemen at his disposal.

Matsumoto Castle

The keep
Matsumoto Castle in winter
The keep, leaning, prior to 1904
The keep
The exterior of the castle c.1910
Kuromon (Black Gate)
Kuromon (Black Gate) different view
Inside Matsumoto castle
Window for firing bows
Matsumoto Castle Keep Tower as seen from inside the main enclosure.
The keep and the moat.
Castle as seen from the bridge.
Castle view from the main gate.
View of illuminated Matsumoto Castle

Matsumoto Castle (松本城), originally known as Fukashi Castle, is one of Japan's premier historic castles, along with Himeji and Kumamoto.

Himeji Castle

Hilltop Japanese castle complex situated in the city of Himeji which is located in the Hyōgo Prefecture of Japan.

Himeji Castle in May 2015 after the five-year renovation of the roof and walls
Front view of the castle complex
A 1761 depiction of the castle complex
The "Three Country Moat" in the centre of the castle complex
A depiction of the intricate castle complex
The family crest of Ikeda Terumasa
Weapon racks inside the keep
Defensive loopholes
Angled chutes or "stone drop windows"
"Diamond Gate", the first of the castle's 21 remaining gates
Okiku's Well
Keshō yagura (Dressing Tower) attributed to Senhime as part of her private chambers
A panoramic view of the castle grounds, with Himeji city in the background
The castle's keeps and city as seen from Engyō-ji
The castle complex as seen from the west
Keeps and bridge as seen from the entrance
A view of Keeps and the lush castle grounds below
Keeps as seen from the grounds below
One of the steep, narrow walkways controlling access to the castle
One of the steep castle walls
Himeji castle as seen from the princess quarters
The keep as seen from within the {{nihongo|inner circle|本丸|honmaru}}
{{nihongo|Curved gables|千鳥破風|chidori hafu}}
Detail of keep
Himeji Castle view from below in May 2017
Castle walls and rooftops
East tower and corridors
The castle rooftops and surrounding city
Part of the intricate castle complex
A mythical tiger-headed fish called shachi (鯱). This motif was used atop the castle towers as a talisman for fire prevention.
A {{nihongo|stone drop window|石落窓|ishi-otoshi-mado}}
A window for an archer or defender using a Matchlock
An interior room with Tatami mats
A hallway
Castle windows
Taken at Three Country Moats
Sakura at Himeji Castle
Taken at Himeji City Zoo
Taken from the south
Temporary cover and gantry
Temporary cover
Different stages of applying plaster to the roof tiles. The plaster protects the roof from water ingress, and stops the tiles being dislodged by typhoon winds.
Roof structure underneath the tiles
View of the keep roof nearing completion, taken from the public view gallery.
A fish.

Along with Matsumoto Castle and Kumamoto Castle, Himeji Castle is considered one of Japan's three premier castles.


Capital city of Kumamoto Prefecture on the island of Kyushu, Japan.

Map showing Kumamoto Metropolitan Employment Area
Kumamoto Airport
Kumamoto Station
Kumamoto City Transportation Bureau
Kumamoto city tram
Kumamoto Castle
Statue of Hosokawa Tadatoshi within Suizen-ji Jōju-en.
Mon of the Hosokawa clan.
Mon of Miyamoto Musashi born in Ōhara-chō province of Mimasaka.<ref>{{Cite web|date=2018|title=Mimasaka. Musashi Miyamoto|url=https://www.memorial-heiho-niten-ichi-ryu.com/mimasaka|access-date=August 12, 2020|website=Mémorial Heiho Niten Ichi Ryu}}</ref>
Mon of Tokugawa Shogunate.
Kumamoto Fujisakidai Baseball Stadium
Egao Kenko Stadium
Kumamoto Prefectural Gymnasium
Kumamoto City Synthesis Gymnasium

Afterwards, Kiyomasa built Kumamoto Castle.

Japanese castle

Japanese castles (城) are fortresses constructed primarily of wood and stone.

Himeji Castle, a World Heritage Site in Hyōgo Prefecture, is the most visited castle in Japan.
Tsuyama Castle was a typical hilltop castle.
The reconstructed western gate of Ki castle.
Nagoya Castle
Osaka Castle
The Ninomaru Garden at Nijō Castle in Kyoto is attributed to Kobori Enshū.
Matsumoto Castle in Nagano Prefecture, a National Treasure.
The star shaped fortress of Goryōkaku
Shuri Castle
Earthen ramparts around the main courtyard at the site of Nirengi Castle
Foundation of the Hikone Castle
The steep stone walls beneath Kumamoto Castle are known as musha-gaeshi (武者返し, "repelling warriors").
A hanging scroll painting of Himeji Castle, giving some indication of the overall layout of the castle, and the complex arrangement of walls and paths that would present a considerable obstacle to an invading army.
Layout of Utsunomiya Castle, c. Edo period
A yagura, or turret, at Edo Castle in Tokyo.
Reconstructed Kokura Castle from the nearby Japanese garden.
Aerial view of Edo Castle—today the location of Tokyo Imperial Palace
Aerial view of Sunpu Castle
Aerial view of Nagoya Castle
Aerial view of Fukuoka Castle
Aerial view of Hirosaki Castle
Aerial view of Hirado Castle
Aerial view of Takamatsu Castle (Sanuki), with superimposed lines representing the original castle

Hostilities commenced on February 19, 1877, when the defenders of Kumamoto Castle fired on the Satsuma troops.

2016 Kumamoto earthquakes

The 2016 Kumamoto earthquakes (平成28年熊本地震) were a series of earthquakes, including a magnitude 7.0 main shock which struck at 01:25 JST on April 16, 2016 (16:25 UTC on April 15) beneath Kumamoto City of Kumamoto Prefecture in Kyushu Region, Japan, at a depth of about 10 km, and a foreshock earthquake with a magnitude 6.2 at 21:26 JST (12:26 UTC) on April 14, 2016, at a depth of about 11 km.

House destroyed by 2016 Kumamoto earthquakes
Magnitude of earthquakes
The Great Aso Bridge in Minamiaso collapsed into the Kurokawa River due to a landslide
The north-west Inui Turret and wall of Kumamoto Castle.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-04-16/japan-quakes-walls-of-400-year-old-kumamoto-castle-breached/7332426|title=Japan earthquakes breach walls of 400-year-old Kumamoto castle|publisher=Australian Broadcasting Corporation|date=2016-04-16|access-date=2016-04-18}}</ref>
The ruins of the historic Janes' Residence
The damaged Sunlive Kengun in the pedestrian arcade in downtown Kumamoto.

Kumamoto Castle, another Important Cultural Property sustained damage to its roof and exterior buildings and walls because of the earthquakes and associated aftershocks.

Typhoon Francisco (2019)

Small tropical cyclone that impacted Japan and the Korean Peninsula in August 2019.

Typhoon Francisco shortly before landfall in Kyushu on August 5
An intensifying Tropical Storm Francisco approaching Japan on August 5
Tropical Storm Francisco over the Korea Strait on August 6

Repair works on Kumamoto Castle were suspended to prevent any equipment from damaging the structure.

Ran (film)

1985 epic action drama film directed, edited and co-written by Akira Kurosawa.

Theatrical release poster

Kurosawa was granted permission to shoot at two of the country's most famous landmarks, the ancient castles at Kumamoto and Himeji.