Kuomintang

NationalistnationalistsKMTChinese NationalistNationalist PartyChinese Nationalist PartyChinese NationalistsNationalist governmentNationalist ChineseGuomindang
The Kuomintang of China (, KMT; (also spelled as Guomindang) often translated as the Nationalist Party of China or the Chinese Nationalist Party) is a major political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan, based in Taipei and is currently an opposition political party in the Legislative Yuan.wikipedia
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Taiwan

🇹🇼FormosaRepublic of China
The Kuomintang of China (, KMT; (also spelled as Guomindang) often translated as the Nationalist Party of China or the Chinese Nationalist Party) is a major political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan, based in Taipei and is currently an opposition political party in the Legislative Yuan.
In the 1980s and early 1990s, it changed from a one-party military dictatorship dominated by the Kuomintang to a multi-party democracy with a semi-presidential system.

National Revolutionary Army

NRAChinese Nationalist ArmyNationalist
Later led by Chiang Kai-shek, the KMT formed the National Revolutionary Army and succeeded in its Northern Expedition to unify much of mainland China in 1928, ending the chaos of the Warlord Era.
The National Revolutionary Army (NRA), sometimes shortened to Revolutionary Army before 1928, and as National Army after 1928, was the military arm of the Kuomintang (KMT, or the Chinese Nationalist Party) from 1925 until 1947 in the Republic of China.

Chiang Kai-shek

Chiang Kai ShekChiangPresident Chiang Kai-shek
Later led by Chiang Kai-shek, the KMT formed the National Revolutionary Army and succeeded in its Northern Expedition to unify much of mainland China in 1928, ending the chaos of the Warlord Era.
Chiang was an influential member of the Kuomintang (KMT), the Chinese Nationalist Party, as well as a close ally of Sun Yat-sen.

Chinese Civil War

civil warCommunist RevolutionChina
It was the ruling party in mainland China until 1949, when it lost the Chinese Civil War to the rival Communist Party of China.
The Chinese Civil War was a war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC).

2008 Taiwan presidential election

2008 presidential election2008presidential election
Nevertheless, the KMT remains one of Taiwan's main political parties, with Ma Ying-jeou, elected in 2008 and re-elected in 2012, being the seventh KMT member to hold the office of the presidency.
Kuomintang (KMT) nominee Ma Ying-jeou won with 58% of the vote, ending eight years of Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) rule.

Communist Party of China

Communist PartyCPCCommunist
It was the ruling party in mainland China until 1949, when it lost the Chinese Civil War to the rival Communist Party of China.
The party grew quickly, and by 1949 it had driven the nationalist Kuomintang (KMT) government from mainland China after the Chinese Civil War, leading to the establishment of the People's Republic of China.

Taipei

Taipei CityTaipei, TaiwanTaihoku
The Kuomintang of China (, KMT; (also spelled as Guomindang) often translated as the Nationalist Party of China or the Chinese Nationalist Party) is a major political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan, based in Taipei and is currently an opposition political party in the Legislative Yuan.
After losing mainland China to the Chinese Communist Party in the Chinese Civil War, the ruling Kuomintang relocated the ROC government to Taiwan and declared Taipei the provisional capital of the ROC in December 1949.

Song Jiaoren

The KMT was founded by Song Jiaoren and Sun Yat-sen shortly after the Xinhai Revolution of 1911.
Song Jiaoren (, ; Given name at birth: Liàn 鍊; Courtesy name: Dùnchū 鈍初) (5 April 1882 – 22 March 1913) was a Chinese republican revolutionary, political leader and a founder of the Kuomintang (KMT).

1992 Consensus

a meeting one year earlierone China, different interpretation
The KMT holds to a "One China Principle": it officially considers that there is only one China, but that the Republic of China rather than the People's Republic of China is its legitimate government under the 1992 Consensus.
The "1992 Consensus" or "Consensus of 1992" ("One China" Consensus, with different interpretation, “一中各表”, "一個中國各自表述”) is a political term coined by Kuomintang (KMT) politician Su Chi, referring to the outcome of a meeting in 1992 between the semi-official representatives of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in mainland China and the Republic of China (ROC) in Taiwan.

Democratic Progressive Party

DPPDemocratic Progressivehis party
However, in the 2016 general and presidential election the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) gained control of both the Legislative Yuan and the Presidency (Tsai Ing-wen).
Founded in 1986, the DPP is one of two major parties in Taiwan, along with the historically dominant Kuomintang.

Pan-Blue Coalition

pan-blueBluePan-Blues
Together with the People First Party and New Party, the KMT forms what is known as the Taiwanese Pan-Blue Coalition, which supports eventual unification with the mainland.
The pan-Blue coalition, pan-Blue force or pan-Blue groups is a loose political coalition in Taiwan (Republic of China), consisting of the Kuomintang (KMT), the People First Party (PFP), New Party (CNP), Non-Partisan Solidarity Union (NPSU) and Minkuotang (MKT).

China

🇨🇳ChinesePeople's Republic of China
The KMT holds to a "One China Principle": it officially considers that there is only one China, but that the Republic of China rather than the People's Republic of China is its legitimate government under the 1992 Consensus.
The Chinese Civil War resulted in a division of territory in 1949, when the Communist Party of China established the People's Republic of China, a unitary one-party sovereign state on Mainland China, while the Kuomintang-led government retreated to the island of Taiwan.

2012 Taiwan presidential election

20122012 presidential electionpresidential election
Nevertheless, the KMT remains one of Taiwan's main political parties, with Ma Ying-jeou, elected in 2008 and re-elected in 2012, being the seventh KMT member to hold the office of the presidency.
The Kuomintang (KMT or Chinese Nationalist Party) ticket won a landslide victory in 2008 over the incumbent Democratic Progressive Party, with a 2.2 million vote margin on 58% of the valid votes.

Republic of China (1912–1949)

Republic of ChinaChinaChinese
The predecessor of the Kuomintang, the Revolutionary Alliance (Tongmenghui), was one of the major advocates of the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty and the subsequent declaration of independence in 1911 that resulted in the establishment of the Republic of China.
Republic of China, as a state and republic in East Asia, controlled the Chinese mainland and Mongolia from 1912, when it was established by Xinhai Revolution, which overthrew Qing dynasty, the last imperial dynasty of China, to 1949, when its government fled to Taipei due to Kuomintang's failure in Chinese Civil War.

Three Principles of the People

Three PrinciplesPrinciple of Minquanmajor principles
The party's guiding ideology is the Three Principles of the People, advocated by Sun Yat-sen.
This philosophy has been claimed as the cornerstone of the Republic of China's policy as carried by the Kuomintang (KMT).

Political status of Taiwan

political statusTaiwanlegal status of Taiwan
However, the KMT has been forced to moderate its stance by advocating the political and legal status quo of modern Taiwan, as political realities make the reunification of China unlikely.
However, with the election of the Kuomintang (KMT, "Chinese Nationalist Party") back into executive power in 2008, the ROC government has reverted to the position that "mainland China is also part of the territory of the ROC."

New Party (Taiwan)

New PartyNPChinese New Party
Together with the People First Party and New Party, the KMT forms what is known as the Taiwanese Pan-Blue Coalition, which supports eventual unification with the mainland.
The New Party was formed out of a split from the then-ruling Kuomintang (KMT) by members of the New Kuomintang Alliance on 22 August 1993.

Wang Jingwei

Wang Ching-weiWangWang Jingwei (汪兆銘)
While exiled in Japan in 1914, Sun established the Chinese Revolutionary Party on 8 July 1914, but many of his old revolutionary comrades, including Huang Xing, Wang Jingwei, Hu Hanmin and Chen Jiongming, refused to join him or support his efforts in inciting armed uprising against Yuan.
He was initially a member of the left wing of the Kuomintang (KMT), leading a government in Wuhan in opposition to the right wing government, but later became increasingly anti-communist after his efforts to collaborate with the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) ended in political failure.

Huang Xing

Huang Keqiang
Sun was chosen as the party chairman with Huang Xing as his deputy.
As one of the founders of the Kuomintang (KMT) and the Republic of China, his position was second only to Sun Yat-sen.

Progressive Party (China)

Progressive PartyProgressive Progressive Party
The party opposed constitutional monarchists and sought to check the power of Yuan.
Like the Chinese Nationalists, these constitutionalists underwent many name changes after they first coalesced following the end of the Hundred Days' Reform in 1898.

One-China policy

one ChinaOne China PrincipleOne China policy
The KMT holds to a "One China Principle": it officially considers that there is only one China, but that the Republic of China rather than the People's Republic of China is its legitimate government under the 1992 Consensus.
Following the October 1945 Japanese surrender ceremonies in Taipei, the Republic of China, under the Kuomintang (KMT) became the governing polity on Taiwan during the period of military occupation.

Xinhai Revolution

1911 RevolutionChinese RevolutionRevolution of 1911
The KMT was founded by Song Jiaoren and Sun Yat-sen shortly after the Xinhai Revolution of 1911.
Many of these anarchists would later assume high positions in the Kuomintang (KMT).

Mikhail Borodin

Borodin
Soviet advisers - the most prominent of whom was Mikhail Borodin, an agent of the Comintern – arrived in China in 1923 to aid in the reorganization and consolidation of the KMT along the lines of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, establishing a Leninist party structure that lasted into the 1990s.
He is most well known for his role as advisor to Sun Yat-sen and the Kuomintang (KMT) in China during the 1920s.

First United Front

United Frontalliance between the two partiesCCP-KMT United Front
The Communist Party of China (CPC) was under Comintern instructions to cooperate with the KMT, and its members were encouraged to join while maintaining their separate party identities, forming the First United Front between the two parties.
The First United Front, also known as the KMT–CPC Alliance, of the Kuomintang (KMT) and the Communist Party of China (CPC), was formed in 1923 as an alliance to end warlordism in China.

Mao Zedong

MaoChairman MaoMao Tse-tung
Mao Zedong and early members of the CPC also joined the KMT in 1923.
During the Chinese Civil War between the Kuomintang (KMT) and the CPC, Mao helped to found the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army, led the Jiangxi Soviet's radical land policies, and ultimately became head of the CPC during the Long March.