Kurdistan Communities Union

KCKGroup of Communities in KurdistanKoma Civakên KurdistanKCK investigationKurdistan Communities Union (KCK)Apoist movementKoma Komalen KurdistanUnion of Communities in Kurdistan
The Kurdistan Communities Union or KCK (Koma Civakên Kurdistan) is a Kurdish political organization committed to implementing Abdullah Öcalan's ideology of Democratic Confederalism.wikipedia
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Abdullah Öcalan

Democratic ConfederalismAbdullah Ocalandemocratic confederalist
The Kurdistan Communities Union or KCK (Koma Civakên Kurdistan) is a Kurdish political organization committed to implementing Abdullah Öcalan's ideology of Democratic Confederalism.
Jineology, also known as the science of women, is a form of feminism advocated by Öcalan and subsequently a fundamental tenet of the Apoist movement.

Kurdistan Workers' Party

PKKKurdistan Workers PartyKurdistan Worker's Party
The KCK also serves as an umbrella group for all the Democratic Confederalist political parties of Greater Kurdistan, including the PKK (Kurdistan Workers' Party), PYD (Democratic Union Party), PJAK (Kurdistan Free Life Party), and PÇDK (Kurdistan Democratic Solution Party).
In May 2007, former members of the PKK helped form the Kurdistan Communities Union (KCK), an umbrella organisation of Kurds from Turkey, Iran, Iraq, and Syria.

Democratic Union Party (Syria)

Democratic Union PartyPYDKurdish Democratic Union Party
The KCK also serves as an umbrella group for all the Democratic Confederalist political parties of Greater Kurdistan, including the PKK (Kurdistan Workers' Party), PYD (Democratic Union Party), PJAK (Kurdistan Free Life Party), and PÇDK (Kurdistan Democratic Solution Party). In addition to the PKK, political parties such as the PJAK (Partiya Jiyana Azad a Kurdistanê - The Free Life Party of Kurdistan, in Kurdish) active in Iran and the PYD (Partiya Yekiti a Demokratik - Democratic Union Party, in Kurdish) active in Syria, as well as civil society organizations, and the PKK's armed wing, the HPG (Hêzên Parastina Gel - People's Defense Forces, in Kurdish) and the YPG (Yekîneyên Parastina Gel - People's Protection Units, in Kurdish) are included.
The PYD is a member of several organisations, e.g. the Kurdistan Communities Union (KCK).

Kurdistan Democratic Solution Party

The KCK also serves as an umbrella group for all the Democratic Confederalist political parties of Greater Kurdistan, including the PKK (Kurdistan Workers' Party), PYD (Democratic Union Party), PJAK (Kurdistan Free Life Party), and PÇDK (Kurdistan Democratic Solution Party). In Iraq the party is called the PÇDK (Partiya Çaresera Demokratik Kurdistan - Kurdistan Democratic Solution Party, in Kurdish).
As a member of the Kurdistan Communities Union (KCK), it is seen as the Iraqi Kurdish branch of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).

Kurdistan Free Life Party

PJAKParty for a Free Life in KurdistanParty of Free Life of Kurdistan
The KCK also serves as an umbrella group for all the Democratic Confederalist political parties of Greater Kurdistan, including the PKK (Kurdistan Workers' Party), PYD (Democratic Union Party), PJAK (Kurdistan Free Life Party), and PÇDK (Kurdistan Democratic Solution Party). In addition to the PKK, political parties such as the PJAK (Partiya Jiyana Azad a Kurdistanê - The Free Life Party of Kurdistan, in Kurdish) active in Iran and the PYD (Partiya Yekiti a Demokratik - Democratic Union Party, in Kurdish) active in Syria, as well as civil society organizations, and the PKK's armed wing, the HPG (Hêzên Parastina Gel - People's Defense Forces, in Kurdish) and the YPG (Yekîneyên Parastina Gel - People's Protection Units, in Kurdish) are included.
Both groups are members of the Kurdistan Communities Union, or KCK, an umbrella group of Kurdish political and insurgent groups in Turkey, Iran, Syria, and Iraq.

Zübeyir Aydar

Zubeyir AydarZübeyır Aydar
The President of the Kongra-Gel is Zübeyir Aydar.
Zübeyir Aydar (born 1961) is a Kurdish politician, lawyer and president of the Kongra-Gel (People's Congress of Kurdistan), which is the parliament of the Koma Civakên Kurdistan (KCK), making him the de jure political leader of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party.

Cemîl Bayik

Cemil BayıkCemil BayikCemal Bayık
The first Chairman of this Executive Council was Murat Karayılan, while Cemil Bayık was the Executive Council's Vice-President.
He is a member of the 12-man leadership council of the Koma Civakên Kurdistan (KCK), a Kurdish political umbrella organisation that the PKK is part of, and is also part of the three-man PKK Executive Committee, the leading body of the organisation, which consists of himself, acting PKK leader Murat Karayilan and Fehman Huseyin, a Kurd from Western/Syrian Kurdistan who is the PKK's military commander.

Murray Bookchin

Institute for Social EcologyLibertarian MunicipalismSocial ecology (Bookchin)
The ideology of democratic confederalism draws heavily on theories of libertarian municipalism, social ecology, and Communalism developed by American anarchist and political philosopher Murray Bookchin, whose works Öcalan read and adapted for the Kurdish movement in the early 2000s while in prison.
The PKK has had some success in implementing its programme, through organisations such as the Democratic Society Congress (DTK), which coordinates political and social activities within Turkey, and the Koma Civakên Kurdistan (KCK), which does so across all countries where Kurds live.

Ragıp Zarakolu

Ragip Zarakolu
After the 8th session Istanbul Heavy Penal Court 15 decided on a lengthy break until 1 November 2012 and ordered the release of 16 defendants, including Prof. Dr. . In April 2012 15 defendants including the publisher and human rights activist Ragıp Zarakolu had been released.
He was taken into custody on October 28, 2011 within the framework of the KCK (Kurdistan Communities Union) operation.

Kurds

KurdishKurdKurdish people
The Kurdistan Communities Union or KCK (Koma Civakên Kurdistan) is a Kurdish political organization committed to implementing Abdullah Öcalan's ideology of Democratic Confederalism.

Kurdistan

KurdishGreater KurdistanKurd
The KCK also serves as an umbrella group for all the Democratic Confederalist political parties of Greater Kurdistan, including the PKK (Kurdistan Workers' Party), PYD (Democratic Union Party), PJAK (Kurdistan Free Life Party), and PÇDK (Kurdistan Democratic Solution Party).

Murat Karayılan

Murat KarayilanMurat "Cemal" Karayılan
The first Chairman of this Executive Council was Murat Karayılan, while Cemil Bayık was the Executive Council's Vice-President.

People's Defence Forces

HPGPeople's Defense ForcesHezen Parastina Gel
Cemil Bayık and Bese Hozat took these new positions, while Karayılan was made commander-in-chief of the People's Defence Forces (HPG), the PKK's official armed wing.

Iran

PersiaIslamic Republic of IranIranian
In addition to the PKK, political parties such as the PJAK (Partiya Jiyana Azad a Kurdistanê - The Free Life Party of Kurdistan, in Kurdish) active in Iran and the PYD (Partiya Yekiti a Demokratik - Democratic Union Party, in Kurdish) active in Syria, as well as civil society organizations, and the PKK's armed wing, the HPG (Hêzên Parastina Gel - People's Defense Forces, in Kurdish) and the YPG (Yekîneyên Parastina Gel - People's Protection Units, in Kurdish) are included.

Syria

Syrian Arab RepublicSyrianEtymology of Syria
In addition to the PKK, political parties such as the PJAK (Partiya Jiyana Azad a Kurdistanê - The Free Life Party of Kurdistan, in Kurdish) active in Iran and the PYD (Partiya Yekiti a Demokratik - Democratic Union Party, in Kurdish) active in Syria, as well as civil society organizations, and the PKK's armed wing, the HPG (Hêzên Parastina Gel - People's Defense Forces, in Kurdish) and the YPG (Yekîneyên Parastina Gel - People's Protection Units, in Kurdish) are included.

Iraq

Republic of IraqIraqiIrak
In Iraq the party is called the PÇDK (Partiya Çaresera Demokratik Kurdistan - Kurdistan Democratic Solution Party, in Kurdish).

Çukurova

CukurovaÇukurova PlainAleian plain
These are namely, Çukurova (one of the provinces in the eastern Mediterranean part of Turkey), Amed (in Diyarbakir, one of the provinces in the southeastern Anatolia), Serhat (Erzurum, one of the provinces in the eastern part of Turkey) and the Aegean region.

Diyarbakır Province

DiyarbakırDiyarbakir ProvinceDiyarbakir
These are namely, Çukurova (one of the provinces in the eastern Mediterranean part of Turkey), Amed (in Diyarbakir, one of the provinces in the southeastern Anatolia), Serhat (Erzurum, one of the provinces in the eastern part of Turkey) and the Aegean region.

Erzurum Province

ErzurumArzenErzerum
These are namely, Çukurova (one of the provinces in the eastern Mediterranean part of Turkey), Amed (in Diyarbakir, one of the provinces in the southeastern Anatolia), Serhat (Erzurum, one of the provinces in the eastern part of Turkey) and the Aegean region.

Aegean Region

AegeanWestern AnatoliaAegiean
These are namely, Çukurova (one of the provinces in the eastern Mediterranean part of Turkey), Amed (in Diyarbakir, one of the provinces in the southeastern Anatolia), Serhat (Erzurum, one of the provinces in the eastern part of Turkey) and the Aegean region.

Communalism

communalistcommunalcommunal ownership
The ideology of democratic confederalism draws heavily on theories of libertarian municipalism, social ecology, and Communalism developed by American anarchist and political philosopher Murray Bookchin, whose works Öcalan read and adapted for the Kurdish movement in the early 2000s while in prison.

Qandil Mountains

QandilKandil mountains
The idea of the KCK was proposed at the 5th Congress of the Kongra-Gel (Kongra Gelê Kurdistan – Kurdistan People's Congress) held in Qandil in May 2007, and it replaced the KKK, which had been in existence since 2005.

Democratic Society Party

DTPDemocratic Society MovementDemokratik Toplum Partisi
Most of them were politicians active in the then closed down Democratic Society Party (DTP) or the Peace and Democracy Party (BDP).

Peace and Democracy Party (Turkey)

Peace and Democracy PartyBDPHDP
Most of them were politicians active in the then closed down Democratic Society Party (DTP) or the Peace and Democracy Party (BDP).

European Union

EUEuropeanEurope
In an answer to the progress report of the European Union of 12 October 2011, The Turkish Interior Ministry announced on 14 October 2011 that a total of 605 people suspected of membership of KCK remained in pre-trial detention.