Kurdistan Workers' Party

PKKKurdistan Workers PartyKurdistan Worker's PartyKurdistan Workers’ PartyKurdistan Workers' Party (PKK)Kurdish rebelsKongra-GelKurdish Workers PartyKurdistan Workers Party (PKK)Kurdish separatists
The Kurdistan Workers' Party or PKK (Partiya Karkerên Kurdistanê, Kürdistan İşçi Partisi ) is a Kurdish militant and political organization based in Turkey and Iraq, broadly designated as a terrorist group.wikipedia
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Kurdish–Turkish conflict (1978–present)

Kurdish–Turkish conflictKurdish-Turkish conflictKurdish issue
Since 1984 the PKK has been involved in an armed conflict with the Turkish state (with cease-fires in 1999–2004 and 2013–2015), with the initial aim of achieving an independent Kurdish state. and forces (YPG and YPJ) in Syria which according to Turkey and some observers are strongly tied to the PKK (see 'clashing' details in: Kurdish–Turkish conflict (1978–present)#2015–present).
The main rebel group is the Kurdistan Workers' Party or PKK (Kurdish: Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan).

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

Recep Tayyip ErdoganErdoğanErdogan
The PKK has in March 2016 vowed to overthrow the Turkish "fascist AKP" government of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, through the 'Peoples' United Revolutionary Movement'.
In late 2012, his government began peace negotiations with the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) to end the ongoing PKK insurgency that began in 1978.

Abdullah Öcalan

Democratic ConfederalismAbdullah Ocalandemocratic confederalist
The PKK was founded in 1978 in the village of Fis (near Lice) by a group of Kurdish students led by Abdullah Öcalan and 1979 it made its existence known to the public.
Abdullah Öcalan (born about 1947, Ömerli), also known as Apo (short for both Abdullah and "uncle" in Kurdish), is a Kurdish leader and one of the founding members of the militant Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).

History of the Kurdistan Workers' Party

PKK insurgency began in 1983urban warfare
It is reported that this marked a period of intense urban warfare among other political elements.
The history of the Kurdistan Workers' Party began in 1974 as a Marxist–Leninist organization under the leadership of Abdullah Öcalan.

Kurdistan Communities Union

KCKGroup of Communities in KurdistanKoma Civakên Kurdistan
In May 2007, former members of the PKK helped form the Kurdistan Communities Union (KCK), an umbrella organisation of Kurds from Turkey, Iran, Iraq, and Syria.
The KCK also serves as an umbrella group for all the Democratic Confederalist political parties of Greater Kurdistan, including the PKK (Kurdistan Workers' Party), PYD (Democratic Union Party), PJAK (Kurdistan Free Life Party), and PÇDK (Kurdistan Democratic Solution Party).

Kurdish–Turkish peace process

Solution processpeace negotiationspeace process
In 2013, the PKK declared a ceasefire agreement and began slowly withdrawing its fighters to the Kurdistan Region of northern Iraq as part of the solution process between the Turkish state and the Kurdish minority.
The main rebel group is the Kurdistan Workers' Party or PKK (Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan), which is considered a terrorist organisation by Turkey, the United States, the European Union and NATO.

Turkey

TurkishRepublic of TurkeyTUR
The Kurdistan Workers' Party or PKK (Partiya Karkerên Kurdistanê, Kürdistan İşçi Partisi ) is a Kurdish militant and political organization based in Turkey and Iraq, broadly designated as a terrorist group.
In 1978, the Kurdistan Workers' Party (designated a terrorist organisation by Turkey and its NATO allies) was founded, and since 1984 the PKK and other Kurdish groups are engaged in an armed conflict with Turkey.

Human rights of Kurdish people in Turkey

cultural and politicalequalhuman rights violations committed by Turkey
The initial reasons given by the PKK for this were the oppression of Kurds in Turkey and capitalism.
In 2013, a ceasefire effectively ended the violence until June 2015, when hostilities renewed between the PKK and the Turkish government over the Turkey–ISIL conflict.

Murat Karayılan

Murat KarayilanMurat "Cemal" Karayılan
Murat Karayılan led the organization from 1999 to 2013.
Murat Karayılan (Mirad Qarayîlan) (born 1954), also nicknamed Cemal, is one of the co-founders of the Kurdistan Workers' Party.

Democratic Union Party (Syria)

Democratic Union PartyPYDKurdish Democratic Union Party
Since July 2015, when the ceasefire broke down, violent actions inside Turkey from the government against the PKK and vice versa kept occurring, supplemented with Turkish military action in 2018 against PKK fighters in Iraq, and both in January 2018 and October 2019 against Kurdish political groups (PYD)
From the 1980s, Assad also supported the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) against his regional rival Turkey, until he bowed to pressure from Ankara and sought improved political and economic relations.

Bahoz Erdal

Fehman HuseyinFehman HûseynFerman Hussein
The organization appointed "Doctor Bahoz," the nom de guerre of Fehman Huseyin, a Syrian Kurd, in charge of the movement's military operations signifying the long-standing solidarity among Kurds from all parts of Kurdistan.
Bahoz Erdal, also known as Fahman Husain (Fehman Hûseyn, also spelled Fehman Hüseyin ) (born 1969) is a member and Commander of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).

Kurds

KurdishKurdKurdish people
The Kurdistan Workers' Party or PKK (Partiya Karkerên Kurdistanê, Kürdistan İşçi Partisi ) is a Kurdish militant and political organization based in Turkey and Iraq, broadly designated as a terrorist group.
The 1970s saw an evolution in Kurdish nationalism as Marxist political thought influenced some in the new generation of Kurdish nationalists opposed to the local feudal authorities who had been a traditional source of opposition to authority; in 1978 Kurdish students would form the militant separatist organization PKK, also known as the Kurdistan Workers' Party in English.

Kurdish nationalism

Kurdish nationalistKurdishKurdish nationalists
The PKK's ideology was originally a fusion of revolutionary socialism and Kurdish nationalism, seeking the foundation of an independent Communist state in the region, which was to be known as Kurdistan.
The 1970s saw an evolution in Kurdish nationalism as Marxist political thought influenced a new generation of Kurdish nationalists opposed to the local feudal authorities who had been a traditional source of opposition to authority, eventually they would form the militant separatist Partiya Karkeren Kurdistan (PKK), or Kurdistan Workers Party in English.

Kurdistan Region

Kurdistan Region of IraqIraqi KurdistanKurdistan Presidency Council
In 2013, the PKK declared a ceasefire agreement and began slowly withdrawing its fighters to the Kurdistan Region of northern Iraq as part of the solution process between the Turkish state and the Kurdish minority.
The anarchy in Kurdistan during the war created an opportunity for the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), which created bases in the northern mountainous areas of the Kurdistan Region, which still plagues the Region in the 2010s with frequent calls for withdrawal.

Peoples' Democratic Party (Turkey)

Peoples' Democratic PartyHDPPeople's Democratic Party
In sequence HEP/DEP/HADEP/DEHAP/DTP and the BDP, which later changed its name to Democratic Regions Party (DBP) on 11 July 2014, as well as the HDP have been criticized of sympathizing with the PKK, since they have refused to brand it as a terrorist group.
From 2013 to 2015, the HDP participated in peace negotiations with the Turkish government on behalf of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), with which it is accused of having direct links by the AKP.

Terrorism

terroristterroriststerrorist attack
The Kurdistan Workers' Party or PKK (Partiya Karkerên Kurdistanê, Kürdistan İşçi Partisi ) is a Kurdish militant and political organization based in Turkey and Iraq, broadly designated as a terrorist group.
Some examples of "terrorism" in non-democratic nations include ETA in Spain under Francisco Franco (although the group's terrorist activities increased sharply after Franco's death), the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists in pre-war Poland, the Shining Path in Peru under Alberto Fujimori, the Kurdistan Workers Party when Turkey was ruled by military leaders and the ANC in South Africa.

Peace and Democracy Party (Turkey)

Peace and Democracy PartyBDPHDP
In sequence HEP/DEP/HADEP/DEHAP/DTP and the BDP, which later changed its name to Democratic Regions Party (DBP) on 11 July 2014, as well as the HDP have been criticized of sympathizing with the PKK, since they have refused to brand it as a terrorist group.
BDP succeeded the Democratic Society Party (DTP) in 2008, following the closure of the latter party for its alleged connections with the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).

Women's Protection Units

YPJKurdish Women's Protection Unitsfemale fighters
and forces (YPG and YPJ) in Syria which according to Turkey and some observers are strongly tied to the PKK (see 'clashing' details in: Kurdish–Turkish conflict (1978–present)#2015–present).
The YPJ is politically aligned to the PYD, which bases its libertarian socialist philosophy on the writings of Abdullah Öcalan, the leading ideologue in the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), who is imprisoned by the Turkish government.

Turkish Hezbollah

Kurdish HezbollahKurdish HizbollahHezbollah
Former police special forces member Ayhan Çarkın said that the state, using the clandestine Ergenekon network, colluded with militant groups such as the PKK, Dev-Sol and Turkish Hezbollah, with the goal of profiting from the war.
Turkish Hezbollah (TH) (Türk Hızbullahı), also known as the Kurdish Hezbollah (Hizbullahî Kurdî) or just Hizbullah in Turkey, is a predominantly Kurdish Sunni Islamist militant organization, active against the Kurdistan Workers' Party (mainly in the period between 1992 and 1995) and the Government of Turkey.

Kurdistan

KurdishGreater KurdistanKurd
The PKK's ideology was originally a fusion of revolutionary socialism and Kurdish nationalism, seeking the foundation of an independent Communist state in the region, which was to be known as Kurdistan.
In 1983, the Kurdish provinces were placed under martial law in response to the activities of the militant separatist organization the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).

Peoples' United Revolutionary Movement

HBDH
The PKK has in March 2016 vowed to overthrow the Turkish "fascist AKP" government of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, through the 'Peoples' United Revolutionary Movement'.
The tactics employed by the alliance are very similar to those used by the PKK.

Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia

ASALAASALA (Armenian nationalists)Secret Army for Liberation of Armenia
On 10 November 1980, it was reported that the PKK bombed the Turkish Consulate in Strasbourg, France in a joint operation with the Armenian radical group ASALA, which they called as the beginning of a "fruitful collaboration."
ASALA was rumored to have interacted with other leftist/Marxist militant organizations in Europe and Eurasia, including the Kurdistan Worker's Party (PKK) in Kurdistan, the Italian Red Brigades, and the Spanish Basque liberation group ETA.

Democratic Society Party

DTPDemocratic Society MovementDemokratik Toplum Partisi
In sequence HEP/DEP/HADEP/DEHAP/DTP and the BDP, which later changed its name to Democratic Regions Party (DBP) on 11 July 2014, as well as the HDP have been criticized of sympathizing with the PKK, since they have refused to brand it as a terrorist group.
Since its inception, the party and its leaders have faced legal problems with the Turkish government since some critics suspect the party of having ties to the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), an armed militant organization.

Ayhan Çarkın

Former police special forces member Ayhan Çarkın said that the state, using the clandestine Ergenekon network, colluded with militant groups such as the PKK, Dev-Sol and Turkish Hezbollah, with the goal of profiting from the war.
The year after the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) was established (1984), he signed up to the police force.

Revolutionary People's Liberation Party/Front

DHKP-CRevolutionary People's Liberation Party–FrontDev Sol
Former police special forces member Ayhan Çarkın said that the state, using the clandestine Ergenekon network, colluded with militant groups such as the PKK, Dev-Sol and Turkish Hezbollah, with the goal of profiting from the war.
Her would-be assassin, who has been described as a member of the PKK as well as the DHKP-C and MLKP, told police he had orders from DHKP-C to assassinate Akça because of her plans to reveal the group's links with Ergenekon.