Kusha (Ramayana)

Kusha, one of the twin sons of Rama and Sita.
Valmiki trains Lava Kusha in Art of Archery
The Sage Valmiki, teaching Ramayana to Kusa and Lava

Kusha or Kusa or Kush (Sanskrit: कुश) and his twin brother Lava were the children of Rama and Sita.

- Kusha (Ramayana)

83 related topics



Hindu goddess and the female protagonist of the Hindu epic, Ramayana.

sita in a temple in india
Sita in exile, lithograph by Raja Ravi Verma
The marriage of the four sons of Dasharatha with the four daughters of Siradhvaja and Kushadhvaja Janakas. Rama and Sita, Lakshmana and Urmila, Bharata and Mandavi and Shatrughna with Shrutakirti.
Ravana cuts off Jatayu's wing while abducting Sita
Sita with her two sons, Lava and Kusha
Sita returns to her mother, the Earth, as Sri Rama, her sons, and the sages watch in astonishment.
Rama seated with Sita, fanned by Lakshmana, while Hanuman pays his respects
Sita in the hermitage of Valmiki
Deities Sita (far right), Rama (center), Lakshmana (far left) and Hanuman (below, seated) at Bhaktivedanta Manor, Watford, England
Ravana kidnapping Sita riding winged giant, while the Jatayu on the left tried to help her. 9th century Prambanan bas-relief at the temple dedicated to Shiva at Prambanan temple complex, Java, Indonesia
Shinta wayang (puppetry) figures
Rama and Shinta in Wayang Wong performance near temple in Indonesia
Janaki Mandir of Janakpur, Nepal is a center of pilgrimage where the wedding of Sri Rama and Sita took place and is re-enacted yearly as Vivaha Panchami.
Seetha Amman Kovil, Nähe Nuwara Eliya, Sri Lanka.

Years later, Sita returns to the womb of her mother, the Earth, for release from a cruel world and as a testimony of her purity, after she reunites her two sons Kusha and Lava with their father Rama.

Lava (Ramayana)

Lava, one of twin sons of Rama and Sita
Valmiki trains Lava and Kusha in the Art of Archery
The Sage Valmiki, teaching Ramayana to Lava and Kusa
Kusha and Lava recite Ramayana in Court of Rama

Lava (लव) and his twin brother Kusha, were the children of Rama and Sita.


Celebrated as the harbinger-poet in Sanskrit literature.

Sage Valmiki composing the Ramayana
The youthful sage Narada at the white-bearded Valmiki's hermitage
Sita in Valmiki hermitage
Rama with Sita on the throne, their children Lava and Kusha on their laps. Behind the throne, Lakshmana, Bharata and Shatrughna stand. Hanuman bows to Rama before the throne. Valmiki to the left.

Sita finds refuge in Sage Valmiki's ashram, where she gives birth to twin boys Lava and Kusha.


Capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab, is Pakistan's 2nd largest city after Karachi, and is the 26th largest city in the world.

The Lava Temple at the Lahore Fort dates from the Sikh period, and is dedicated to the Hindu deity Lava
The Data Darbar shrine, one of Pakistan's most important, was built to commemorate the patron saint of Lahore, Ali Hujwiri, who lived in the city during the Ghaznavid era in the 11th century.
The Neevin Mosque is one of Lahore's few remaining medieval era buildings.
Grave of Nur Jahan
Lahore's Wazir Khan Mosque is considered to be the most ornately decorated Mughal-era mosque.
The Begum Shahi Mosque was completed in 1614 in honour of Jahangir's mother, Mariam-uz-Zamani.
The iconic Alamgiri Gate of the Lahore Fort was built in 1674, and faces Aurangzeb's Badshahi Mosque.
Wazir Khan Mosque painting by William Carpenter, 1866.
The Sunehri Mosque was built in the Walled City of Lahore in the early 18th century, when the Mughal Empire was in decline.
The Tomb of Asif Khan was one of several monuments plundered for its precious building materials during the Sikh period.
Lahore's Hazuri Bagh is at the centre of an ensemble of Mughal and Sikh era monuments, including the Badshahi Mosque, Lahore Fort, Roshnai Gate, and the Samadhi of Ranjit Singh.
The marble Hazuri Bagh Baradari was built in 1818 to celebrate Ranjit Singh's acquisition of the Koh-i-Noor diamond.
Map of the Old City and environs.
The Shah Alami area of Lahore's Walled City in 1890
Having been constructed in the immediate aftermath of the 1857 Sepoy Mutiny, the design of the Lahore Railway Station was highly militarised in order to defend the structure from any further potential uprisings against British rule.
The Mall, Lahore's pre-independence commercial core, features many examples of colonial architecture.
Sections of the Walled City of Lahore have been under restoration since 2012 in conjunction with the Agha Khan Trust for Culture.
Cityscape of Lahore
The area around the Wazir Khan Mosque exemplifies the Walled City's urban form
Built in 2012, Grand Jamia Mosque in Southern Lahore is a blend of Mughal and modern architecture.
A syncretic architectural style that blends Islamic, Hindu, and Western motifs took root during the colonial era, as shown at Aitchison College.
Much of old Lahore features colonial-era buildings, such as the Tollinton Market.
Lahore's Lawrence Garden was laid in 1862.
Kalma Underpass
Lahore Metrobus
The Orange Line is Pakistan's first metro rail line.
Allama Iqbal International Airport
The Azadi Chowk is located near the Badshahi Mosque.
Lahore Ring Road
Lahore Canal during the spring Basant festival
Government College University
University of the Punjab
University of Engineering and Technology, Main Block.
Badshahi Mosque
Lahore Fort
Tomb of Jahangir
Shahi Hammam
Samadhi of Ranjit Singh
Gurdwara Dera Sahib
Haveli of Nau Nihal Singh
Hazuri Bagh
Gurdwara Janam Asthan Guru Ram Das
Lahore Museum
Lahore High Court
King Edward Medical University
Islamic Summit Minar
Grand Jamia Mosque
Provincial Assembly of the Punjab
Arfa Karim tower in Lahore
Expo Centre Lahore
PIA Head Office
Emporium Mall
Wazir Khan Mosque
Badshahi Mosque
Lahore Fort (Shahi Qila)
Minar-e-Pakistan at night
Shalimar Gardens
Pakistan playing against Argentina in 2005.
Gaddafi Stadium is one of the largest stadiums of Pakistan with a capacity of 27,000 spectators.
Gymkhana Club

The same account attributes the founding of nearby Kasur to his twin brother Kusha.


Sanskrit epic from ancient India.

Rama with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana during exile in the forest, manuscript, ca. 1780
An artist's impression of sage Valmiki composing the Ramayana
Rama (left third from top) depicted in the Dashavatara, the ten avatars of Vishnu. Painting from Jaipur, now at the Victoria and Albert Museum
The marriage of the four sons of Dasharatha with the four daughters of Siradhvaja Janaka and Kushadhvaja. Rama and Sita, Lakshmana and Urmila, Bharata and Mandavi and Shatrughna with Shrutakirti.
A gold carving depiction of the legendary Ayodhya at the Ajmer Jain temple.
Ravana fights Jatayu as he carries off the kidnapped Sita. Painting by Raja Ravi Varma
A stone bas-relief at Banteay Srei in Cambodia depicts the combat between Vali and Sugriva (middle). To the right, Rama fires his bow. To the left, Vali lies dying.
Ravana is meeting Sita at Ashokavana. Hanuman is seen on the tree.
The Battle at Lanka, Ramayana by Sahibdin. It depicts the monkey army of the protagonist Rama (top left, blue figure) fighting Ravana—the demon-king of the Lanka—to save Rama's kidnapped wife, Sita. The painting depicts multiple events in the battle against the three-headed demon general Trishira, in the bottom left. Trishira is beheaded by Hanuman, the monkey-companion of Rama.
Sita with Lava and Kusha
The epic story of Ramyana was adopted by several cultures across Asia. Shown here is a Thai historic artwork depicting the battle which took place between Rama and Ravana.
A relief with part of the Ramayana epic, shows Rama killed the golden deer that turn out to be the demon Maricha in disguise. Prambanan Trimurti temple near Yogyakarta, Java, Indonesia.
Cambodian classical dancers as Sita and Ravana, the Royal Palace in Phnom Penh (c. 1920s)
Lakshmana, Rama and Sita during their exile in Dandaka Forest depicted in Javanese dance
Rama (Yama) and Sita (Me Thida) in Yama Zatdaw, the Burmese version of Ramyana
The Thai retelling of the tale—Ramakien—is popularly expressed in traditional regional dance theatre
A Ramlila actor wears the traditional attire of Ravanan.
Hanuman discovers Sita in her captivity in Lanka, as depicted in Balinese kecak dance.
The painting by the Indonesian (Balinese) artist, Ida Bagus Made Togog depicts the episode from the Ramayana about the Monkey Kings of Sugriva and Vali; The Killing of Vali. Rama depicted as a crowned figure with a bow and arrow.
Hanoman at Kecak fire dance, Bali, 2018

It narrates Rama's reign of Ayodhya, the birth of Lava and Kusha, the Ashvamedha yajna and last days of Rama.

Kosala Kingdom

Kingdom of the celebrated personality of Treta Yuga, Raghava Rama.

Kosala and other kingdoms of the late Vedic period
Kosala Kingdom Mahajanapada was one of sixteen most powerful and vast kingdoms and republics of the era, located mainly across the fertile Indo-Gangetic plains, there were a number of smaller kingdoms stretching the length and breadth of Ancient India.
Places Related to Rama and Kosala
Gold carving depiction of the legendary Ayodhya at the Ajmer Jain temple.
India during the Mahabharata
Route taken by Bhima, Arjuna and Krishna from Kuru Kingdom to Magadha Kingdom to meet Jarasandha as per Mahabharata

Rama's sons Lava (Ramayana) and Kusha inherited parts of this kingdom.


City situated on the banks of holy river Saryu in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Terracotta image of Jain Tirthankar dated fourth century BCE excavated from Ayodhya
Gold carving depiction of the legendary Ayodhya at the Ajmer Jain temple
The Dhanadeva-Ayodhya inscription, first-century BC
Coin of ruler Muladeva, of the Deva dynasty minted in Ayodhya, Kosala. Obv: Muladevasa, elephant to left facing symbol. Rev: Wreath, above symbol, below snake.
Ayodhya in 1785 as seen from river Ghaghara; painting by William Hodges. It depicts the Svargadvar Ghat. A mosque of Aurangzeb period in the background.
United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, showing 'Ajodhia', 1903 map
Deepawali being celebrated at Ram ki Paidi ghat on the banks of Sarayu river in Ayodhya
Panoramic view of Ram ki Paidi ghat
Hanuman Garhi Temple
Sant Sri Paltds Temple
Sign board of Ayodhya Junction railway station
Kanak Bhavan Temple dedicated to Rama and his consort Sita is in the centre of Ayodhya.
Ayodhya Ghaat on the bank Ghaghara river
Ghaghra river, locally known as Saryu, at Faizabad
Hanuman Garhi temple. A young priest is operating the Darshan system.
Vijayraghav Mandir, Ayodhya
Steps on the bank of the Ghaghara

The temple of Nageshwarnath was established by Kush, son of Rama.

Tamsa River

Tributary of the Ganges flowing through the Indian states of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

Here Sita spent all her remaining life, and here her twin sons Lava and Kusha received education and trained in military skills under the tutelage of Valmiki.


Epic poem in the Awadhi language, composed by the 16th-century Indian bhakti poet Tulsidas (c.

An architectural panel depicting scenes from the Ramcharitmanas, Hanuman carrying the mountain of medicinal herbs (left); Rama battles Ravana (right).
Picture of author, Tulsidas published in the Ramcharitmanas, 1949.
Scene Ramayana, Gupta art
A Ramlila actor playing Ravana in traditional attire.
The birth of the four sons of Dasharatha.
Vishvamitra looks as Ram breaks the bow, to win the hand of Sita in marriage.
Rama, Sita and Lakshman meeting Sage Bharadwaj at his ashram in Prayag.
Bharata asks for Rama's paduka (footwear).
Ravana fights Jatayu as he carries off the kidnapped Sita.
Lakshman meets with Tara, Sugriva and Hanuman in the Palace of Kishkandha
Rama and the monkey chiefs.
Building Rama Setu Bridge to Lanka.
Hanuman searching for the Sanjivani herb.
The Family of Rama
Vishnu with Jay and Vijay
Daksha insults Sati in his sacrifice
Rama touches the stone by his foot, which turns to Ahalya

In conclusion to the tale, Rama has twin sons named Lava and Kusha.


The younger brother of the god Rama and his aide in the Hindu epic Ramayana.

Lakshmana at Srivaikuntanathan Perumal temple
Birth of Four Sons of Dasharatha
Rama is often worshiped with Lakshmana (left) and Sita on his sides; Kalaram Temple, Nashik.
Rama portrayed as a vanavasi (forest dweller) in the forest with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana
Lakshamana cut Surpanakha's nose
Killing of Indrajit by Lakshmana

Lakshmana remained loyal to his brother and fought against Rama's sons Lava and Kusha later on.