Kyoto

Kyoto seen from Mount Atago in the northwest corner of the city
Light blue represents the Kyoto metropolitan area defined by Kyōto Toshiken Jichitai Network and blue represents Kyoto MEA.
Kyoto International Conference Center
Kyoto City Hall
Kyoto Economic Center
Nintendo main headquarters
Kyoto University
Kansai Airport express Haruka at Kyōto Station
Inside Kyōto Station
Railway map around Kyoto City
Shinkansen at Kyoto Station
An express service bound for Kokusaikaikan Station of the Karasuma Line is running on Kintetsu Kyoto Line
Platform screen doors at Higashiyama Station of the Tōzai Line
A typical Kyoto Municipal Bus
Shijō Street
Kyoto and Karasuma Street seen from Kyoto Tower
Expressway map around Kyoto City. Roads and junctions under planning are shown by dotted lines.
Tourists on street near Kiyomizu-dera
Umekoji Steam Locomotive Museum
Kyoto Botanical Garden
A tsukemono shop on Nishiki Street
A monk by the Katsura River in Arashiyama
Ponto-chō Street
Geishas in Kyoto
Sanga Stadium by Kyocera, home of Kyoto Sanga FC.
18th-century map with the Japanese capital "Meaco"
Kyōto Station (2018)
Teramachi (2018)
Kawaramachi (2017)
Kyoto Skylines from Kiyomizu-dera(2015)
Kyoto International Manga Museum (2008)
Rakutō (Yamashina)
Rakutō (Lake Biwa Canal)
Rakusai (Katsura)
Rakusai (Arashiyama)
Rakunan (Momoyama)
Rakunan (Fushimi)
Rakuhoku (Kitaōji)
Rakuhoku (Kamigamo)
Shimogamo Shrine
Kamigamo Shrine(Kamo Shrine)
Emperor Kanmu
Daidairi (palace in the center) and the cityscape of Heian-kyō
Ōnin War
Nijō Castle
Toyotomi Hideyoshi
Jurakudai
Sanjō Ōhashi (The Fifty-three Stations of the Tōkaidō)
Perspective Pictures of Places in Japan: Sanjūsangen-dō in Kyoto
Fushimi Castle
Kinmon incident
Battle of Toba–Fushimi (Boshin War)
View of Kyoto from beside the Hondō of Kiyomizudera. – 1879<ref>{{Cite web |url=https://coololdphotos.com/beautiful-kiyomizu-dera-temple-in-kyoto-japan-c-1879/ |title=Beautiful Kiyomizu-dera Temple in Kyoto, Japan c. 1879 |last=Tom |date=2015-08-25 |website=Cool Old Photos |language=en-US |access-date=2019-03-03 |archive-date=2019-03-06 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190306043552/https://coololdphotos.com/beautiful-kiyomizu-dera-temple-in-kyoto-japan-c-1879/ |url-status=live }}</ref>
Nanzenji aqueduct
Kamigamo Shrine
Tō-ji
Kiyomizu-dera
Saihō-ji
Tenryū-ji
Kinkaku-ji
Ryōan-ji
Nishi Hongan-ji
Nijō Castle
Daigo-ji
Ginkaku-ji
Ninna-ji
Kōzan-ji
Gion Matsuri
Aoi Matsuri
Jidai Matsuri
Gozan no Okuribi
Kyocera Sanga Stadium (Kameoka)
Takebishi Stadium Kyoto (Kyoto Nishikyogoku Athletic Park)
Wakasa Stadium Kyoto (Kyoto Nishikyogoku Athletic Park)
Hannaryz Arena (Kyoto Municipal Gymnasium)
Kyoto Racecourse

Capital city of Kyoto Prefecture in Japan.

- Kyoto

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Honshu

Largest and most populous main island of Japan.

Japan as seen from a satellite. Honshu is the largest, middle island.

As the historical center of Japanese cultural and political power, the island includes several past Japanese capitals, including Kyōto, Nara and Kamakura.

Muromachi period

Division of Japanese history running from approximately 1336 to 1573.

Hana-no-Gosho (Flower Palace) in Kyoto
Muromachi samurai (1538)
A ship of the Muromachi period (1538)
Muromachi-era illustration to a fictional narrative
Music scene during the Muromachi period (1538)
Nanban ships arriving for trade in Japan. 16th-century painting.
A Japanese votive altar, Nanban style. End of 16th century. Guimet Museum.
Ryōan-ji rock garden

The period ended in 1573 when the 15th and last shogun of this line, Ashikaga Yoshiaki, was driven out of the capital in Kyoto by Oda Nobunaga.

Japan

Island country in East Asia.

Legendary Emperor Jimmu (神武天皇)
Samurai warriors battling Mongols during the Mongol invasions of Japan, depicted in the
Emperor Meiji (明治天皇); 1852–1912
Japan's imperial ambitions ended on September 2, 1945, with the country's surrender to the Allies.
The Japanese archipelago
Mount Fuji in Spring, view from Arakurayama Sengen Park
Autumn maple leaves at Kongōbu-ji on Mount Kōya, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
The National Diet Building
Japan is a member of both the G7 and the G20.
JMSDF class destroyer
The Tokyo Stock Exchange
A rice paddy in Aizu, Fukushima Prefecture
A plug-in hybrid car manufactured by Toyota. Japan is the third-largest maker of motor vehicles in the world.
The Japanese Experiment Module (Kibō) at the International Space Station
Japan Airlines, the flag carrier of Japan
The Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Plant
The Greater Tokyo Area is ranked as the most populous metropolitan area in the world.
The torii of Itsukushima Shinto Shrine near Hiroshima
Kanji and hiragana signs
Students celebrating after the announcement of the results of the entrance examinations to the University of Tokyo
12th-century illustrated handscroll of The Tale of Genji, a National Treasure
Noh performance at a Shinto shrine
Young ladies celebrate Coming of Age Day (成人の日) in Harajuku, Tokyo
A plate of nigiri-zushi
Sumo wrestlers form around the referee during the ring-entering ceremony

Tokyo is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Fukuoka, Kobe, and Kyoto.

Boshin War

Civil war in Japan fought from 1868 to 1869 between forces of the ruling Tokugawa shogunate and those seeking to return political power to the Imperial Court.

The Battle of Ueno leading to the Fall of Edo
Campaign map of the Boshin War (1868–69). The western domains of Satsuma, Chōshū and Tosa (in red) joined forces to defeat the shogunate forces at the Battle of Toba–Fushimi, and then progressively took control of the rest of Japan until the final stand-off in the northern island of Hokkaidō.
The shogunate's Kanrin Maru, Japan's first screw-driven steam warship, 1855. The shogunate pursued modernization, but was faced by growing internal discontent against the harm to national sovereignty brought on by contact with Westerners.
Bakufu troops near Mount Fuji in 1867. The painting by French officer Jules Brunet shows an eclectic combination of Western and Japanese equipment.
Samurai in Western clothing
Guns of the Boshin War, from top to bottom: a Snider, a Starr, and an unknown musket
A British-made Minie Rifle use in the Boshin War
Mortar with shell, Boshin War (1868–1869), Japan
Scenes of the Battle of Toba–Fushimi. Shogunate forces are on the left, including battalions from Aizu. On the right are forces from Chōshū and Tosa. These are modernized battalions, but some of the forces were also traditional samurai (especially on the shogunate side).
The killing of French sailors by Tosa soldiers in the Sakai incident, March 8, 1868, Le Monde Illustré
Kondō Isami, leader of the pro-shogunate Shinsengumi, facing soldiers from Tosa (distinctive "Red bear" (赤熊) wigs of the officers) at the Battle of Kōshū-Katsunuma
Troops from Sendai, following their mobilization in April, joined a northern alliance against Imperial troops in May 1868.
Wooden cannons used by the Sendai fief during the Boshin War, Sendai City Museum
The Imperial Navy's French-built ironclad Kotetsu (the former CSS Stonewall)
The 16-year-old Emperor Meiji, moving from Kyoto to Tokyo, end of 1868
The teenaged Emperor Meiji with foreign representatives, 1868–1870
Reception by the Meiji Emperor of the second French military mission to Japan, 1872
A romanticized vision of the Battle of Hakodate (函館戦争の図), painted circa 1880. The cavalry charge, with a sinking sailship in the background, is led by the leaders of the rebellion in anachronistic samurai attire. French soldiers are shown behind the cavalry charge in white trousers. With a modern steam warship visible in the background, imperial troops with modern uniforms are on the right.

However, military movements by imperial forces, partisan violence in Edo, and an imperial decree promoted by Satsuma and Chōshū abolishing the House of Tokugawa led Yoshinobu to launch a military campaign to seize the emperor's court in Kyoto.

Honnō-ji Incident

Incident at Honnō-ji, Meiji-era print
An ukiyo-e by Yoshitoshi depicting Nobunaga fighting in the Honnō-ji Incident.

The Honnō-ji Incident (本能寺の変) was the death place of Oda Nobunaga, where he committed seppuku at the Honnō-ji temple in Kyoto on 21 June 1582.

Tokyo

Capital and largest city of Japan.

Satellite photo of Tokyo in 2018 taken by ESA Sentinel-2
Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building
Map of Nishi-Tama District in green
Map of the Izu Islands in black labels
Map of the Ogasawara Islands in black labels
Ogasawara National Park, a UNESCO World Natural Heritage Site
A bilingual sign with instructions (in Japanese and English) in case of an earthquake (Shibuya)
The MAOUDC is the world's largest underground diversion floodwater facility.
Tokyo Skytree, the tallest tower in the world
Tokyo Stock Exchange
Ginza is a popular upscale shopping area in Tokyo.
Bank of Japan headquarters in Chūō, Tokyo
Marunouchi in Chiyoda, Tokyo
Tokyo Tower at night
Shibuya Crossing in Shibuya attracts many tourists, also known as "the Times Square of the Orient".
Tokyo Station is the main intercity rail terminal in Tokyo.
Haneda Airport
Narita International Airport
Tokyo Metro and Toei Subway are two main subway operators in Tokyo.
Hamazakibashi JCT in Shuto Expressway
The National Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation, also known as "Miraikan"
Takeshita Street in Harajuku
The Sanja Festival in Asakusa
Japan National Stadium
Ryōgoku Kokugikan sumo wrestling arena
Akihabara is the most popular area for fans of anime, manga, and games.
FCG Building, home of Fuji TV headquarters
Edo Castle, 17th century
Commodore Matthew Perry expedition and his first arrival in Japan in 1853
Famous Edo Places. Yamanote (above) Nihonbashi (center) and Shitamachi (below), c. 1858.
Suruga street with Mount Fuji by Hiroshige (1856)
The 1870s Chuo-dori terraces in Ginza, Tokyo
Aerial view of the Sumida River with Taitō-ku (west) and Sumida-ku (east) in Tokyo, c. 1930
Nihonbashi after Great Kanto Earthquake, September 1, 1923
Ginza area in 1933
"The first underground railway in the Orient", Tokyo Underground, opened on December 30, 1927
Tokyo Bombing in 1945
Aftermath of Tokyo Bombing in March 1945
Nihonbashi in 1946
Tokyo Tower, built in 1958
Yoyogi National Gymnasium built for the 1964 Summer Olympics
Sunshine 60, tallest building in Asia until 1985, and in Japan until 1991
Tama
Hachioji
Musashino
Yasuda Auditorium at the University of Tokyo in Bunkyō
Okuma Auditorium at Waseda University in Shinjuku
Hibiya High School in Chiyoda
Tama

Following the end of the shogunate in 1868, the imperial capital in Kyoto was moved to the city, which was renamed Tokyo (literally "eastern capital").

Kyoto University

Old photo of Kyoto Imperial University
The Clocktower
Yoshida Campus headquarters
Faculty of Engineering Civil Engineering Classroom Main Building (Yoshida Campus)
Graduate School of Science Building No. 4 (Yoshida Campus)
Faculty of Law and Economics Main Building (Yoshida Campus)
Hideki Yukawa, Physics, 1949
Shinichiro Tomonaga, Physics, 1965
Kenichi Fukui, Chemistry, 1981
Susumu Tonegawa, Physiology or Medicine, 1987
Ryōji Noyori, Chemistry, 2001
Makoto Kobayashi, Physics, 2008
Toshihide Maskawa, Physics, 2008
Shinya Yamanaka, Physiology or Medicine, 2012
Isamu Akasaki, Physics, 2014
Tasuku Honjo, Physiology or Medicine, 2018
Akira Yoshino, Chemistry, 2019
Osachi Hamaguchi,{{citation needed|date=January 2021}} Prime Minister of Japan from 1929 to 1931
Prince Fumimaro Konoe, Prime Minister of Japan from 1940 to 1941
Kijūrō Shidehara, Prime Minister of Japan from 1945 to 1946
Tetsu Katayama, Prime Minister of Japan from 1947 to 1948
Hayato Ikeda, Prime Minister of Japan from 1960 to 1964
Lee Teng-hui, President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) from 1988 to 2000

Kyoto University (京都大学), or KyotoU, is a public research university located in Kyoto, Japan.

Sengoku period

Period in Japanese history of near-constant civil war and social upheaval from 1467–1615.

Japan in 1570
Japan in the late 16th century
Gun workman, Sakai, Osaka
Ōzutsu (Big Gun)

Although the Ashikaga shogunate had retained the structure of the Kamakura shogunate and instituted a warrior government based on the same socio-economic rights and obligations established by the Hōjō with the Jōei Code in 1232, it failed to win the loyalty of many daimyō, especially those whose domains were far from the capital, Kyoto.

Edo

Former name of Tokyo.

Famous places of Edo in 1803
Scroll depicting the Great Fire of Meireki
Map of Edo in the 1840s
Nihonbashi in Edo, ukiyo-e print by Hiroshige
Typical housing district in backstreets.
Chōnin-room exhibit at the Fukagawa Edo Museum

After the Meiji Restoration in 1868 the Meiji government renamed Edo as Tokyo (, "Eastern Capital") and relocated the Emperor from the historic capital of Kyoto to the city.

Kyoto Imperial Palace

Former ruling palace of the Emperor of Japan.

View through the Jomeimon gate on the Shishinden main hall
Aerial view of the Kyōto-gyoen in 2020 with the Imperial Palace in the northern part
Kenreimon (建礼門), one of the main entrance gates from the outer to the inner courtyard
Shunkōden
View through the Jomeimon on Shishinden main hall
A glimpse of the Imperial throne in the main hall
Seiryōden
Osuzumisho
Jomeimon
Kenshunmon
Enthronement of Emperor Taishō in 1915
Sakon no Sakura tree
Ukon no Tachibana tree
Sarugatsuji
{{Nihongo|Oike-niwa|御池庭}} garden and pond

The Kyoto Imperial Palace is the latest of the imperial palaces built at or near its site in the northeastern part of the old capital of Heian-kyō (now known as Kyoto) after the abandonment of the larger original Heian Palace that was located to the west of the current palace during the Heian period.