LGBT rights in the United States

LGBT rightsgay rightsLGBTQ rightsLGBTLGBT issuesUnited StatesAmerican Gay Rights movementAmerican lesbian and gay rightsgay rights activistgay-rights
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights in the United States have significantly progressed over time, with the majority of the progress on LGBT rights having taken place in the late 20th century and early 21st century.wikipedia
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Romer v. Evans

Amendment 2Colorado Amendment 2Romer
In four landmark rulings between the years 1996 and 2015, the Supreme Court invalidated a state law banning protected class recognition based upon homosexuality, struck down sodomy laws nationwide, struck down Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act, and made same-sex marriage legal nationwide.
It was the first Supreme Court case to address gay rights since Bowers v. Hardwick (1986), when the Court had held that laws criminalizing sodomy were constitutional.

Human Rights Campaign

HRCHuman Rights Campaign FoundationHuman Rights Campaign Fund
Civil rights for LGBT people in the United States are advocated by a variety of organizations at all levels and concentrations of political and legal life, including the Human Rights Campaign, Lambda Legal, GLBTQ Legal Advocates & Defenders (GLAD), American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), the National Center for Transgender Equality, and the National Center for Lesbian Rights.
The organization focuses on protecting and expanding rights for LGBTQ individuals, most notably advocating for marriage equality, anti-discrimination and hate crimes legislation, and HIV/AIDS advocacy.

Democratic Party (United States)

DemocraticDemocratDemocratic Party
The national Democratic Party has held the official platform support most initiatives since 2012 for LGBT rights.
On social issues, it advocates campaign finance reform, LGBT rights, police and immigration reform, stricter gun laws, and the legalization of marijuana.

American Family Association

One Million MomsNational Federation for DecencyAFA
Those organizations include the American Family Association, the Christian Coalition, Family Research Council, Focus on the Family, Save Our Children, NARTH, the national Republican Party, the Roman Catholic Church, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), the Southern Baptist Convention, Alliance for Marriage, Alliance Defense Fund, Liberty Counsel, and the National Organization for Marriage.
It opposes LGBT rights and expression, pornography, and abortion.

National Organization for Marriage

2012 Presidential Pledgelegal battleNational Organization of Marriage
Those organizations include the American Family Association, the Christian Coalition, Family Research Council, Focus on the Family, Save Our Children, NARTH, the national Republican Party, the Roman Catholic Church, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), the Southern Baptist Convention, Alliance for Marriage, Alliance Defense Fund, Liberty Counsel, and the National Organization for Marriage.
The group has opposed civil union legislation and gay adoption, and has fought against allowing transgender individuals to use bathrooms that accord with their gender identity.

Barack Obama

ObamaPresident ObamaPresident Barack Obama
On April 14, 2010, President Barack Obama issued an Executive Order to the Department of Health and Human Services to draft new rules for all hospitals accepting Medicare or Medicaid funds.
This was the first time that a president mentioned gay rights or the word "gay" in an inaugural address.

One, Inc. v. Olesen

Eric JulberOne Inc. V Olesonwent to the Supreme Court
This ruling was upheld by the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals, but in 1958, the Supreme Court issued a landmark ruling in One, Inc. v. Olesen, which overturned the previous rulings under a new legal precedent that had been established by the landmark case, Roth v. United States,.
One, Inc. v. Olesen, 355 U.S. 371 (1958), is a landmark United States Supreme Court decision for LGBT rights in the United States.

American Civil Liberties Union

ACLUAmerican Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)ACLU Foundation
Civil rights for LGBT people in the United States are advocated by a variety of organizations at all levels and concentrations of political and legal life, including the Human Rights Campaign, Lambda Legal, GLBTQ Legal Advocates & Defenders (GLAD), American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), the National Center for Transgender Equality, and the National Center for Lesbian Rights.
ACLU leader Harriet Pilpel raised the issue of the rights of homosexuals in 1964, and two years later the ACLU formally endorsed gay rights.

Anthony Kennedy

Justice KennedyKennedyAnthony M. Kennedy
The majority opinion, written by Justice Anthony Kennedy, explicitly overruled Bowers v. Hardwick.
Kennedy authored the majority opinion in several important cases, including Boumediene v. Bush, Citizens United v. FEC, and four gay rights cases (Romer v. Evans, Lawrence v. Texas, United States v. Windsor, and Obergefell v. Hodges).

Lawrence v. Texas

Lawrence2003539 U.S. 558
In four landmark rulings between the years 1996 and 2015, the Supreme Court invalidated a state law banning protected class recognition based upon homosexuality, struck down sodomy laws nationwide, struck down Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act, and made same-sex marriage legal nationwide. Since June 26, 2003, sexual activity between consenting adults and adolescents of a close age of the same sex has been legal nationwide, pursuant to the U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Lawrence v. Texas.

Obergefell v. Hodges

ObergefellObergefell vs. HodgesJune Supreme Court ruling
, all states license and recognize marriage between same-sex couples as a result of the Supreme Court decision in Obergefell v. Hodges.

Urvashi Vaid

Vaid, Urvashi
Urvashi Vaid argues that Bush's anti-gay rhetoric "motivated conservative gay Democrats and loyal gay Republicans, who had helped defeat Dukakis in 1988, to throw their support behind Clinton."
Urvashi Vaid (born 8 October 1958) is an American LGBT rights activist.

John McCain

McCainSenator John McCainJohn S. McCain III
The policy was developed as a compromise after Clinton's proposal to allow gays to serve openly in the military met with staunch opposition from prominent Congressional Republicans and Democrats, including Senators John McCain (R-AZ) and Sam Nunn (D-GA).
His supportive stances on LGBT rights, gun regulations, and campaign finance reform were significantly more liberal than those of the party's base.

Same-sex marriage in the United States

same-sex marriageUnited Statesgay marriage
, all states license and recognize marriage between same-sex couples as a result of the Supreme Court decision in Obergefell v. Hodges.

United States v. Windsor

Windsor v. United StatesWindsor5-4 vote
In four landmark rulings between the years 1996 and 2015, the Supreme Court invalidated a state law banning protected class recognition based upon homosexuality, struck down sodomy laws nationwide, struck down Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act, and made same-sex marriage legal nationwide.

Defense of Marriage Act

DOMADefense of Marriage Act (DOMA)Defense of Marriage
In four landmark rulings between the years 1996 and 2015, the Supreme Court invalidated a state law banning protected class recognition based upon homosexuality, struck down sodomy laws nationwide, struck down Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act, and made same-sex marriage legal nationwide.

Lambda Legal

Lambda Legal Defense and Education FundLambda Legal Defense FundLambda Legal Defense
Civil rights for LGBT people in the United States are advocated by a variety of organizations at all levels and concentrations of political and legal life, including the Human Rights Campaign, Lambda Legal, GLBTQ Legal Advocates & Defenders (GLAD), American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), the National Center for Transgender Equality, and the National Center for Lesbian Rights.

African Americans

African AmericanAfrican-Americanblack
A 2017 Pew Research Center poll showed that 64% of White Americans, 60% of Hispanic and Latino Americans and 51% of African Americans support the right for same-sex couples to marry.
According to a Gallup survey, 4.6% of Black or African-Americans self-identified as LGBT in 2016, while the total portion of American adults in all ethnic groups identifying as LGBT was 4.1% in 2016.

LGBT rights in Puerto Rico

Puerto RicoConde-Vidal v. Garcia-Padilla
Twenty-two states plus Washington, D.C. and Puerto Rico outlaw discrimination based on sexual orientation, and twenty states plus Washington, D.C. and Puerto Rico outlaw discrimination based on gender identity or expression.

GLBTQ Legal Advocates & Defenders

Gay & Lesbian Advocates & DefendersGLADGay and Lesbian Advocates and Defenders
Civil rights for LGBT people in the United States are advocated by a variety of organizations at all levels and concentrations of political and legal life, including the Human Rights Campaign, Lambda Legal, GLBTQ Legal Advocates & Defenders (GLAD), American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), the National Center for Transgender Equality, and the National Center for Lesbian Rights.

Freedom to Marry

Freedom to Marry CoalitionYoung Conservatives for the Freedom to Marry
However, there are some Republican groups advocating for LGBT issues inside the party include the Log Cabin Republicans, GOProud, Young Conservatives for the Freedom To Marry, and College Republicans of the University of Pennsylvania and Columbia University.

LGBT rights in Mississippi

Mississippi
Adoption of children by same-sex married couples is legal nationwide, since June 2015, following the Supreme Court's decision in Obergefell v. Hodges, though Mississippi did not have its same-sex adoption ban struck down by a federal court until March 2016.
*LGBT rights in the United States

Outing

outedoutouts
In 1972, a Tacoma, Washington teacher of twelve years with a perfect record was terminated after a former student outed him to the vice-principal.
In 2004, gay rights activist Michael Rogers outed Edward Schrock, a Republican Congressman from Virginia.

2016 United States presidential election

20162016 presidential election2016 U.S. presidential election
However, in November 2016, a few days after the presidential election had taken place, Trump suggested that he did not plan to nominate justices who would overturn the Obergefell ruling.
Clinton emphasized her extensive political experience, denounced Trump and many of his supporters as bigots, and advocated the expansion of President Obama's policies; racial, LGBT, and women's rights; and "inclusive capitalism".

LGBT rights in American Samoa

American Samoamostsame-sex marriage in American Samoa
Officials in American Samoa discussed whether the ruling applies to the territory; currently same-sex marriages are neither licensed nor recognized there.