Labour law

labor lawemployment lawlabor lawsEmploymentlaborlabour lawslabor and employment lawlabor lawyerlabourindustrial law
Labour law (also known as labor law or employment law) mediates the relationship between workers, employing entities, trade unions and the government.wikipedia
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Annual leave

vacationvacation timepaid holidays
It covers items including compensation, holiday and illness rights, notice in the event of dismissal and job description. With the Matignon Accords, the Popular Front (1936–38) enacted the laws mandating 12 days each year of paid vacations for workers and the law limiting the standard workweek to 40 hours.
Most countries around the world have labour laws that mandate employers give a certain number of paid time-off days per year to workers.

Trade union

uniontrade unionistlabor union
Labour law (also known as labor law or employment law) mediates the relationship between workers, employing entities, trade unions and the government. In the Third Republic labour law was first effectively enforced, in particular after Waldeck-Rousseau 1884 law legalising trade unions.
The trade union, through an elected leadership and bargaining committee, bargains with the employer on behalf of union members (rank and file members) and negotiates labour contracts (collective bargaining) with employers.

Wrongful dismissal

wrongful terminationwrongfully terminateddismiss them for illegal reasons
An employee may not agree to a contract that allows an employer to dismiss them for illegal reasons.
In law, wrongful dismissal, also called wrongful termination or wrongful discharge, is a situation in which an employee's contract of employment has been terminated by the employer, where the termination breaches one or more terms of the contract of employment, or a statute provision or rule in employment law.

Labor rights

workers' rightslabour rightsworkers rights
Child labour was not seen as a problem throughout most of history, only disputed with the beginning of universal schooling and the concepts of labourers' and children's rights.
Labor rights or workers' rights are a group of legal and human rights relating to labor relations between workers and employers, codified in national and international labor and employment law.

Collective bargaining

collectively bargaincollective bargaining agreementbargain collectively
Trade unions are organized groups of workers who engage in collective bargaining with employers.
A collective agreement functions as a labour contract between an employer and one or more unions.

Popular Front (France)

Popular FrontFront PopulaireFrench Popular Front
With the Matignon Accords, the Popular Front (1936–38) enacted the laws mandating 12 days each year of paid vacations for workers and the law limiting the standard workweek to 40 hours.

Termination of Employment Convention, 1982

Convention no. 158ILO Convention (No. 158) concerning Termination of Employment at the Initiative of the Employer
Convention no. 158 of the International Labour Organization states that an employee "can't be fired without any legitimate motive" and "before offering him the possibility to defend himself".

First Employment Contract

Contrat première embaucheCPEanti-CPE crisis
Thus, on April 28, 2006, after the unofficial repeal of the French First Employment Contract, the Longjumeau (Essonne) conseil des prud'hommes (labour law court) judged the New Employment Contract contrary to international law and therefore "illegitimate" and "without any juridical value".
They claim that unemployment is partially caused by the restrictive labor laws which they believe have also helped keep economic growth at a low level by discouraging business foundation and expansion.

International Transport Workers Federation v Viking Line ABP

The RosellaITWF v Viking Line ABPITWF v Viking Lines ABP
However, in The Rosella, the ECJ held that a blockade by the International Transport Workers Federation against a business that was using an Estonian flag of convenience (i.e., saying it was operating under Estonian law to avoid labour standards of Finland) infringed the business' right of free establishment under TFEU article 49.
The Rosella or International Transport Workers Federation v Viking Line ABP (2007) C-438/05 is an EU law case, relevant to all labour law within the European Union, including UK labour law, which held that there is a positive right to strike.

Laval un Partneri Ltd v Svenska Byggnadsarbetareförbundet

Laval Un Partneri Ltd v Svenska ByggnadsarbetareforbundetLaval Ltd v Swedish Builders Union
In Laval Ltd v Swedish Builders Union a group of Latvian workers were sent to a construction site in Sweden.
Laval un Partneri Ltd v Svenska Byggnadsarbetareförbundet (2007) C-341/05 is an EU law case, relevant to all labour law within the European Union, which held that there is a positive right to strike.

Compensation and benefits

compensationemployee compensationbenefits
It covers items including compensation, holiday and illness rights, notice in the event of dismissal and job description.
The most important external influencers are the state of the economy, inflation, unemployment rate, the relevant labor market, labor law, tax law, and the relevant industry habits and trends.

Contrat nouvelle embauche

New Employment ContractCNE
Thus, on April 28, 2006, after the unofficial repeal of the French First Employment Contract, the Longjumeau (Essonne) conseil des prud'hommes (labour law court) judged the New Employment Contract contrary to international law and therefore "illegitimate" and "without any juridical value".
Opponents of the law argue that the new "flexibility" negates labour laws which the workers' movement secured after decades of struggle.

Labour Contract Law of the People's Republic of China

Labor Contract Law of the People's Republic of ChinaChinese Labor LawLabor Contract Law
In the People's Republic of China the basic labour laws are the Labour Law of People's Republic of China (promulgated on 5 July 1994) and the Labour Contract Law of the People's Republic of China (adopted at the 28th Session of the Standing Committee of the 10th National People's Congress on June 29, 2007, effective from January 1, 2008).
The Labour Contract Law of the People's Republic of China is the primary source of labour law in China and went into effect on January 1, 2008, following a series of staff-sacking scandals in many companies.

Collective agreement

collective bargaining agreementcollective agreementsCBA
In Sweden minimum wages are negotiated between the labour market parties (unions and employer organizations) through collective agreements that also cover non-union workers at workplaces with collective agreements.

Termination of employment

firedterminatedtermination
It covers items including compensation, holiday and illness rights, notice in the event of dismissal and job description.

Essentialia negotii

One example of employment terms in many countries is the duty to provide written particulars of employment with the essentialia negotii (Latin for "essential terms") to an employee.

Employment

employeeemployeremployees
Collective labour law relates to the tripartite relationship between employee, employer and union.
Employment is typically governed by employment laws, organisation or legal contracts.

Labour code

Russian labour law
Of greater importance, particularly the new Federal Constitution of 1999, the Code of Obligations, the Labour Code as well as in the public sector, the Federal Personnel Act.
A labour code, (also called a code of labour laws) is a codification of labour laws in legislative form.

Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau

Waldeck-RousseauRené Waldeck-RousseauWaldeck-Rousseau Ministry
In the Third Republic labour law was first effectively enforced, in particular after Waldeck-Rousseau 1884 law legalising trade unions.
He was chiefly occupied with the relations between capital and labour, and had a large share in securing the recognition of trade unions in 1884.

Factory Acts

Factory Actfactory reformFactory Act of 1833
The Factory Act of 1819 was the outcome of the efforts of the industrialist Robert Owen and prohibited child labour under nine years of age and limited the working day to twelve. The Factory Acts (first one in 1802, then 1833) and the 1823 Master and Servant Act were the first laws regulating labour relations in the United Kingdom.

Master and Servant Act

Masters and Servants ActMaster and servantMaster and Servant Act (1867)
The Factory Acts (first one in 1802, then 1833) and the 1823 Master and Servant Act were the first laws regulating labour relations in the United Kingdom.
This particular Act greatly influenced industrial relations and employment law in the United States, Australia (an 1845 Act), Canada (1847), New Zealand (1856) and South Africa (1856).

Child labour

child laborchildrenlabor
The Factory Act of 1819 was the outcome of the efforts of the industrialist Robert Owen and prohibited child labour under nine years of age and limited the working day to twelve.

Working Time Directive 2003

Working Time DirectiveEuropean Working Time DirectiveWTD 2003
The UK ultimately refused to ratify the Convention, as did many current EU members, although the Working Time Directive adopts its principles, subject to individual opt-out.

Labour movement

labor movementlaborlabour
* The trade union movement consists of the collective organisation of working people developed to represent and campaign for better working conditions and treatment from their employers and, by the implementation of labour and employment laws, from their governments.