Ladakh

LaddakhLadakhiLadakh DivisionLadakh, IndiaOperation New HopeLadakh RegionLadakh Union TerritoryLadakhi peopleLadhakLittle Tibet
Ladakh is a region administered by India as a union territory, and constituting a part of the larger region of Kashmir, which has been the subject of dispute between India, Pakistan, and China since 1947.wikipedia
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Kashmir

Pakistan administered KashmirKashmir regionPakistan-administered Kashmir
Ladakh is a region administered by India as a union territory, and constituting a part of the larger region of Kashmir, which has been the subject of dispute between India, Pakistan, and China since 1947.
Today, it denotes a larger area that includes the Indian-administered territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, the Pakistani-administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan, and Chinese-administered territories of Aksai Chin and the Trans-Karakoram Tract.

Himachal Pradesh

HimachalHPHimachal Pradesh, India
It is bordered by Tibet to the east, the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh to the south, Jammu and Kashmir and Baltistan to the west, and the southwest corner of Xinjiang across the Karakoram Pass in the far north.
Situated in the Western Himalayas, it is bordered by union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh on the north, Punjab state on the west, Haryana state on the southwest, Uttarakhand state on the southeast, and Tibet region on the east.

Jammu and Kashmir (union territory)

Jammu and Kashmir Jammu and KashmirJammu & Kashmir
It is bordered by Tibet to the east, the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh to the south, Jammu and Kashmir and Baltistan to the west, and the southwest corner of Xinjiang across the Karakoram Pass in the far north.
It lies to the north of the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab and to the west of Ladakh, which is also subject to the dispute as a part of Kashmir, and administered by India as a union territory.

Xinjiang

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous RegionXinjiang Uygur Autonomous RegionSinkiang
It is bordered by Tibet to the east, the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh to the south, Jammu and Kashmir and Baltistan to the west, and the southwest corner of Xinjiang across the Karakoram Pass in the far north.
Xinjiang borders the countries of Mongolia (Bayan-Ölgii, Khovd and Govi-Altai Provinces), Russia (Altai Republic), Kazakhstan (East Kazakhstan and Almaty Provinces), Kyrgyzstan (Issyk Kul, Naryn and Osh Regions), Tajikistan (Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region), Afghanistan (Badakhshan Province), Pakistan (Gilgit Baltistan) and India (Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir).

Sino-Indian War

Sino-Indian War of 19621962 Sino-Indian WarIndo-China war
The eastern end of Ladakh, consisting of the uninhabited Aksai Chin plains, has been under Chinese control since 1962.
Unable to reach political accommodation on disputed territory along the 3,225 kilometre- (2,000 mile-) long Himalayan border, the Chinese launched simultaneous offensives in Ladakh and across the McMahon Line on 20 October 1962.

Karakoram

Karakoram RangeKarakoram MountainsKarakorum
It extends from the Siachen Glacier in the Karakoram range to the north to the main Great Himalayas to the south.
It begins in the Wakhan Corridor (Afghanistan) in the west and encompasses the majority of Gilgit-Baltistan (Pakistan) and extends into Ladakh (India) and the disputed Aksai Chin region controlled by China.

Tourism in Ladakh

Since 1974, the Government of India has successfully encouraged tourism in Ladakh.
Ladakh (, ; Hindi: लद्दाख़, pron.

Leh

Leh, IndiaLeh Old TownLeh Tehsil
The largest town in Ladakh is Leh, followed by Kargil, each of which headquarters a district.
Leh is the capital and the largest town in the union territory of Ladakh in northern India.

Tibet

TibetanGreater TibetThibet
It is bordered by Tibet to the east, the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh to the south, Jammu and Kashmir and Baltistan to the west, and the southwest corner of Xinjiang across the Karakoram Pass in the far north.
In 1834 the Sikh Empire invaded and annexed Ladakh, a culturally Tibetan region that was an independent kingdom at the time.

Siachen Glacier

SiachenEnvironmental issues in SiachenSiachen Conflict
It extends from the Siachen Glacier in the Karakoram range to the north to the main Great Himalayas to the south.
The entire Siachen Glacier, with all major passes, is currently under the administration of India (currently as part of the union territory of Ladakh) since 1984.

Aksai Chin

AksaiKashmir administered by ChinaLadakh plateau
The eastern end of Ladakh, consisting of the uninhabited Aksai Chin plains, has been under Chinese control since 1962.
But it is also claimed by India as a part of the union territory of Ladakh.

Jammu and Kashmir (state)

Jammu and KashmirState of Jammu and Kashmirstate
Until 2019, Ladakh was a region of the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
After the Government of India repealed the special status accorded to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 of the Indian constitution in 2019, the Parliament of India passed the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, which contained provisions that dissolved the state and reorganised it into two union territories – Jammu and Kashmir in the west and Ladakh in the east, with effect from 31 October 2019.

Tibetan Buddhism

Tibetan BuddhistTibetanTibetan Buddhists
The main religious groups in the region are Muslims (mainly Shia) (46%), Tibetan Buddhists (40%), Hindus (12%) and others (2%).
It is also found in the regions surrounding the Himalayas (such as Bhutan, Ladakh, and Sikkim), much of Chinese Central Asia, the Southern Siberian regions such as Tuva, as well as Mongolia.

Maryul

Maryul of NgariMauyul
The region was previously known as Maryul.
Maryul of Ngari (Mar-yul of mNgah-ris), meaning the "lowland of Ngari" or lowland of West Tibet, was a West Tibetan kingdom based in modern-day Ladakh.

Shyok River

ShyokShyok ValleyShayok River
The Leh district contains the Indus, Shyok and Nubra river valleys.
The Shyok River (دریائے شیوک; literally "The River of Death" in Yarkandi Uyghur) a tributary of the Indus River that flows through northern Ladakh in India and Gilgit–Baltistan in Pakistan, spanning some 550 km.

Central Asia

Central AsianCentralCentral Asian Republics
In the past Ladakh gained importance from its strategic location at the crossroads of important trade routes, but since the Chinese authorities closed the borders with Tibet and Central Asia in the 1960s, international trade has dwindled except for tourism.
The Tibetans and Ladakhi are also included.

Changpa

Chang paChangpa people
The main populated regions are the river valleys, but the mountain slopes also support the pastoral Changpa nomads.
The Changpa or Champa are a semi-nomadic Tibetan people found mainly in the Changtang in Ladakh and in Jammu and Kashmir.

Nubra River

NubraNubra valley
The Leh district contains the Indus, Shyok and Nubra river valleys.
The Nubra River is a river in the Nubra Valley of Ladakh in India.

Suru River (Indus)

Suru RiverSuruKarcha (Suru) River
The Kargil district contains the Suru, Dras and Zanskar river valleys.
The Suru River, a tributary of Indus, is a river in the Kargil district of the Ladakh region in India.

Karakoram Pass

Korakoram Pass
It is bordered by Tibet to the east, the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh to the south, Jammu and Kashmir and Baltistan to the west, and the southwest corner of Xinjiang across the Karakoram Pass in the far north.
It is the highest pass on the ancient caravan route between Leh in Ladakh and Yarkand in the Tarim Basin.

Dras River

Dras
The Kargil district contains the Suru, Dras and Zanskar river valleys.
The Dras River, also spelt Drass River, is a river in the Kargil district in the Indian union territory of Ladakh.

Purang-Guge Kingdom

Guge KingdomGuge and PurangGuge–Purang
The second son received Guge–Purang (called "Ngari Korsum") and the third son received Zanskar and Spiti (to the southwest of Ladakh).
It covered parts of remote western Tibet and northern Ladakh.

Indian Armed Forces

Indian militaryArmed ForcesIndia
Since Ladakh is a part of the strategically important Kashmir region, the Indian military maintains a strong presence in the region.
The major deployments of the Indian army constitute the border regions of India, particularly Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, and Northeast India, to engage in counter-insurgency and anti-terrorist operations.

Demchok

After the death of Nyimagon, his kingdom was divided among his three sons, Palgyigon receiving Ladakh, Rutog, Thok Jalung and an area referred to as "Demchok" (possibly centred around the present day Demchok).
Demchok, also spelled Demjok, is a village and military encampment in the Leh district of Ladakh, India.

Namgyal dynasty of Ladakh

Namgyal dynastyLadakhKing of Ladakh
King Bhagan reunited and strengthened Ladakh and founded the Namgyal dynasty (Namgyal means "victorious" in several Tibetan languages) which survives to today.
The Namgyal dynasty of Ladakh was founded by Bhagan, a Basgo king, who reunited Ladakh by overthrowing the king of Leh.