Lady-in-waiting

lady in waitingladies-in-waitingladies in waitingcourt ladycourt ladiesdame du palaispalace womenchief Lady-in-waitingdame de compagnieLady in Waiting to The Queen
A lady-in-waiting or court lady is a female personal assistant at a court, royal or feudal, attending on a royal woman or a high-ranking noblewoman.wikipedia
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Lady's companion

companionpaid companioncompanion for Pepys's wife
Although she may either have been a retainer or may not have received compensation for the service she rendered, a lady-in-waiting was considered more of a secretary, courtier or companion to her mistress than a servant.
The role was related to the position of lady-in-waiting, which by the 19th century was only applied to the female retainers of female members of the royal family.

Mistress of the Robes

head lady-in-waitingMistressMistress of the Queen's Wardrobe
The first rank of the female courtiers was the Obersthofmeisterin (Mistress of the Robes), who was second in rank after the empress herself, and responsible for all the female courtiers. A woman attending on a Queen Regnant or Queen Consort is often (informally) known by the same title, but is more formally styled either: Woman of the Bedchamber, Lady of the Bedchamber or Mistress of the Robes, depending on which of these offices she holds.
Formerly responsible for the queen's clothes and jewellery (as the name implies), the post now has the responsibility for arranging the rota of attendance of the ladies-in-waiting on the queen, along with various duties at state ceremonies.

Maid of honour

maids of honourhovfrökenmaid-of-honour
The rest of the female noble courtiers consisted of the Hoffräulein (maid of honour), unmarried females from the nobility who normally served temporarily until marriage.
The position was and is junior to the lady-in-waiting.

Surintendante de la Maison de la Reine

Superintendent of the Queen's Householdsurintendante
Surintendante de la Maison de la Reine ("Superintendent of the Queen's Household"), or only Surintendante, was the senior lady-in-waiting at the royal court of France from 1619 until the French revolution.

Sanggung

Court ladysura sanggungpalace lady-in-waiting
Gungnyeo includes sanggung (palace matron) and nain (assistant court ladies), both of which hold rank as officers.
Sanggung was an official title of the senior 5th rank (正五品; Jong 5 pum), the highest attainable for gungnyeo, a lady-in-waiting during the Joseon Dynasty of Korea.

Lady-in-waiting of the Imperial Court of Russia

lady-in-waitinglady in waitingMaid of Honor to the empress
In 1722, this system was abolished and the Russian Imperial court was reorganized in accordance with the reforms of Peter the Great to Westernize Russia, and the old court offices of the Tsarina was replaced with court offices inspired by the German model; see Lady-in-waiting of the Imperial Court of Russia.
A lady-in-waiting of the Imperial Russian Court was a woman of high aristocracy at the service of a woman of the Imperial family.

Chief Court Mistress

överhovmästarinnaOverhofmesterindeOber-Hofmeisterin
The first rank of the female courtiers was the Obersthofmeisterin (Mistress of the Robes), who was second in rank after the empress herself, and responsible for all the female courtiers.
Court Mistress (hofmesterinde; Dutch: hofmeesteres ('Court mistress'); German: Hofmeisterin; hoffmesterinne; hovmästarinna) or Chief Court Mistress (Overhofmesterinde; Dutch: Grootmeesteres ('Grand Mistress') German: Obersthofmeisterin; overhoffmesterinne; överhovmästarinna; Russia: Ober-Hofmeisterin) is or was the title of the senior lady-in-waiting in the courts of Austria, Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, Sweden, Imperial Russia, and the German princely and royal courts.

Lady of the Bedchamber

Ladies of the Bedchamberdame du palaisstatsfru
A woman attending on a Queen Regnant or Queen Consort is often (informally) known by the same title, but is more formally styled either: Woman of the Bedchamber, Lady of the Bedchamber or Mistress of the Robes, depending on which of these offices she holds.
The Lady of the Bedchamber is the title of a lady-in-waiting holding the official position of personal attendant on a British queen or princess.

Lady Susan Hussey

Susan Hussey, Baroness Hussey of North BradleyLady Susan Katharine HusseyLady Susan Katherine Hussey
The other Ladies-in-Waiting are Virginia Ogilvy, Countess of Airlie; Diana, Lady Farnham; The Hon Mary Anne Morrison; The Lady Susan Hussey; The Lady Elton; The Hon Mrs Whitehead, (daughter of Frederick Millar, 1st Baron Inchyra); Jennifer Gibbs (Mrs Michael Gordon Lennox) and Philippa de Pass, wife of Lieutenant Commander Robert de Pass.
Susan Katharine Hussey, Baroness Hussey of North Bradley, (née Waldegrave; born 1 May 1939), still commonly known as Lady Susan Hussey (her style before her husband was raised to peerage in 1996), is a Lady-in-Waiting to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.

Mary Anne Morrison

Dame Mary Morrison
The other Ladies-in-Waiting are Virginia Ogilvy, Countess of Airlie; Diana, Lady Farnham; The Hon Mary Anne Morrison; The Lady Susan Hussey; The Lady Elton; The Hon Mrs Whitehead, (daughter of Frederick Millar, 1st Baron Inchyra); Jennifer Gibbs (Mrs Michael Gordon Lennox) and Philippa de Pass, wife of Lieutenant Commander Robert de Pass.
Dame Mary Anne Morrison (born 17 May 1937) is a lady-in-waiting to Elizabeth II, and has been a Woman of the Bedchamber since 1960.

Maid of the Bedchamber

kammarfrökenKammerfrøkenKammer-devitsa
The Hoffräulein could sometimes be promoted to Kammerfräulein (Maid of honor of the Chamber).
A Maid of the Bedchamber (Danish: Kammerfrøken; German: Kammerfräulein; Russian: Kammer-devitsa; Swedish: Kammarfröken) was a court office for a lady-in-waiting in several European courts.

Monarchy of Canada

Queen of CanadaCanadian monarchCanadian Royal Family
Several Canadian ladies-in-waiting have also been appointed to the Royal Household of Canada.
Along with the Canadian Secretary to the Queen, the monarch's entourage includes two ladies-in-waiting, the Canadian Equerry-in-Waiting to the Queen, the Queen's Police Officer, the Duke of Edinburgh's Police Officer, the Queen's Honorary Physician, the Queen's Honorary Dental Surgeon, and the Queen's Honorary Nursing Officer —the latter three being drawn from the Canadian Forces.

Wet nurse

wetnursewet nursingnurse
Permanent palace staff included educated and literate female officials serving in the Six Bureaus and wet-nurses caring for imperial heirs or other palace children.
Lu Lingxuan was a lady in waiting who served as wetnurse to the emperor Gao Wei; she became exceedingly powerful during his reign, and was often criticized by historians for her corruption and treachery.

Royal Households of the United Kingdom

Royal HouseholdBritish Royal HouseholdRoyal Household of the United Kingdom
In the current Royal Households of the United Kingdom, a Lady-in-Waiting is a woman attending a female member of the Royal Family.
The ladies-in-waiting, who are in personal attendance on the Queen on a daily basis, are formally styled either ladies of the bedchamber or women of the bedchamber.

Jane Dormer

Janedeemed unworthyJane Suarez de Figueroa
Jane Dormer, Duchess of Feria (6 January 1538 – 13 January 1612) was an English lady-in-waiting to Mary I who, after the Queen's death, married Gómez Suárez de Figueroa y Córdoba, 1st Duke of Feria and went to live in Spain, where she would become a magnet for exiled English Catholics.

Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg

SophieCountess Sophie ChotekSophie Chotek
* Countess Sophie Chotek (1868–1914), later Duchess von Hohenberg
As a young woman, Sophie became a lady-in-waiting to Archduchess Isabella, the wife of Archduke Friedrich, Duke of Teschen, head of the Bohemian cadet branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine.

Jane Boleyn, Viscountess Rochford

Lady RochfordJane BoleynJane Parker
She was later a lady-in-waiting to Henry's third and fourth wives, and then to his fifth wife, Catherine Howard, with whom she was executed.

Mary Fleming

Annette FlemingFlemingLady Mary Fleming
She and three other ladies-in-waiting (Mary Livingston, Mary Beaton and Mary Seton) were collectively known as "The Four Marys".

Mary Hamilton

Four MarysFour Mariesfour attendants
"Mary Hamilton," or "The Fower Maries" ("The Four Marys"), is a common name for a well-known sixteenth-century ballad from Scotland based on an apparently fictional incident about a lady-in-waiting to a Queen of Scotland.

Louise von Plessen

Louise Scheel von Plessen, née BerckentinLouise von Plessen née Berckentin
* Countess Louise von Plessen (1725–1799)
Louise Scheel von Plessen (née komtesse Louise von Berckentin; Vienna, 26 April 1725 – Celle, 14 September 1799) was a Danish lady-in-waiting and memoir writer.

Woman of the bedchamber

Women of the Bedchamberbedchamber womanExtra Woman of the Bedchamber
A woman attending on a Queen Regnant or Queen Consort is often (informally) known by the same title, but is more formally styled either: Woman of the Bedchamber, Lady of the Bedchamber or Mistress of the Robes, depending on which of these offices she holds.
Queens Regnant or Consort also have Ladies of the Bedchamber (typically wives or widows of peers above the rank of earl), and the senior Lady-in-Waiting is the Mistress of the Robes.

Murasaki Shikibu

Lady MurasakiShikibu Murasaki Murasaki
Murasaki Shikibu was a Japanese novelist, poet and lady-in-waiting at the Imperial court during the Heian period.

Catherine Howard

Katherine HowardQueen Catherine HowardHenry Manox
As a young and attractive lady-in-waiting, Catherine quickly caught Henry's eye.

Ruth Roche, Baroness Fermoy

Lady FermoyRuth Sylvia GillRuth Sylvia, Dowager Baroness Fermoy
She was one of the Queen Mother's ladies in waiting.