Lady Jane Grey

Jane GreyJaneQueen JaneLady Jane GrayGray, Lady JaneJane GrayJeanne GreyLady Jane DudleyNorthumberland Rebelliontitle character
Lady Jane Grey (c. 1537 – 12 February 1554), also known as Lady Jane Dudley (after her marriage) and as "the Nine Days' Queen", was an English noblewoman and de facto Queen of England and Ireland from 10 July until 19 July 1553.wikipedia
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Lord Guildford Dudley

Guildford DudleyGuilford DudleyLord Guilford Dudley
In May 1553, she married Lord Guildford Dudley, a younger son of Edward's chief minister John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland. Nothing came of this, however, and Jane was not engaged until the spring of 1553, her bridegroom being Lord Guildford Dudley, a younger son of John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland.
undefined 1535 – 12 February 1554) was an English nobleman who was married to Lady Jane Grey.

Edward VI of England

Edward VIKing Edward VIPrince Edward
Jane was the great-granddaughter of Henry VII through his younger daughter Mary, and was a first cousin once removed of Edward VI. Jane had two younger sisters, Lady Catherine and Lady Mary; through their mother, the three sisters were great-granddaughters of Henry VII, grandnieces of Henry VIII, and first cousins once removed of Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I.
Edward named his first cousin once removed, Lady Jane Grey, as his heir, excluding his half-sisters, Mary and Elizabeth.

Mary Tudor, Queen of France

Mary TudorMaryPrincess Mary
Jane was the great-granddaughter of Henry VII through his younger daughter Mary, and was a first cousin once removed of Edward VI.
Mary's second marriage produced four children, and she was the maternal grandmother of Lady Jane Grey through her oldest daughter Frances.

Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk

Henry Grey, 3rd Marquess of DorsetDuke of SuffolkHenry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk, 3rd Marquess of Dorset
However, Jane soon became viewed as a threat to the Crown when her father, Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk, got involved with Wyatt's rebellion against Queen Mary's intention to marry Philip II of Spain.
He was the father of Lady Jane Grey, known as "the Nine Days' Queen".

Lady Katherine Grey

Lady Catherine GreyCatherine GreyCatherine
Jane had two younger sisters, Lady Catherine and Lady Mary; through their mother, the three sisters were great-granddaughters of Henry VII, grandnieces of Henry VIII, and first cousins once removed of Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I. On 25 May 1553, the couple were married at Durham House in a triple wedding, in which Jane's sister Catherine was matched with the heir of the Earl of Pembroke, Lord Herbert, and another Katherine, Lord Guildford's sister, with Henry Hastings, the Earl of Huntingdon's heir.
Katherine Seymour, Countess of Hertford (25 August 1540 – 26 January 1568), born Lady Katherine Grey, was a younger sister of Lady Jane Grey.

Elizabeth I of England

Elizabeth IQueen Elizabeth IQueen Elizabeth
Jane had two younger sisters, Lady Catherine and Lady Mary; through their mother, the three sisters were great-granddaughters of Henry VII, grandnieces of Henry VIII, and first cousins once removed of Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I. The will removed his half-sisters, Mary and Elizabeth, from the line of succession on account of their illegitimacy, subverting their claims under the Third Succession Act.
Her half-brother, Edward VI, ruled until his death in 1553, bequeathing the crown to Lady Jane Grey and ignoring the claims of his two half-sisters, Elizabeth and the Roman Catholic Mary, in spite of statute law to the contrary.

Mary I of England

Mary IQueen MaryMary
Jane had two younger sisters, Lady Catherine and Lady Mary; through their mother, the three sisters were great-granddaughters of Henry VII, grandnieces of Henry VIII, and first cousins once removed of Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I. In June 1553, Edward VI wrote his will, nominating Jane and her male heirs as successors to the Crown, in part because his half-sister Mary was Roman Catholic, while Jane was a committed Protestant and would support the reformed Church of England, whose foundation Edward claimed to have laid.
On his death, leading politicians proclaimed Lady Jane Grey as queen.

Lady Mary Grey

Mary GreyLady MaryMary
Jane had two younger sisters, Lady Catherine and Lady Mary; through their mother, the three sisters were great-granddaughters of Henry VII, grandnieces of Henry VIII, and first cousins once removed of Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I.
Mary had two sisters, Lady Jane Grey and Lady Katherine Grey.

John Aylmer (bishop)

John AylmerBishop AylmerBishop John Aylmer
Jane received a humanist education, studying Latin, Greek and Hebrew with John Aylmer, and Italian with Michelangelo Florio.
About 1541 he was made chaplain to the duke, and tutor of Greek to his daughter, Lady Jane Grey.

John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland

John DudleyDuke of NorthumberlandEarl of Warwick
Nothing came of this, however, and Jane was not engaged until the spring of 1553, her bridegroom being Lord Guildford Dudley, a younger son of John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland.
John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland (1504 – 22 August 1553) was an English general, admiral, and politician, who led the government of the young King Edward VI from 1550 until 1553, and unsuccessfully tried to install Lady Jane Grey on the English throne after the King's death.

Wyatt's rebellion

rebellionthe rebellionThomas Wyatt
However, Jane soon became viewed as a threat to the Crown when her father, Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk, got involved with Wyatt's rebellion against Queen Mary's intention to marry Philip II of Spain.
He was later tried and beheaded, as were his daughter Lady Jane Grey, and her husband Lord Guilford Dudley, both still in prison since the failed attempt to put Lady Jane on the throne and neither of whom were involved in the uprising.

Tower of London

TowerThe Tower of Londonthe Tower
After Edward's death, Jane was proclaimed queen on 10 July 1553 and awaited coronation in the Tower of London.
Before the 20th century, there had been seven executions within the castle on Tower Green; as was the case with Lady Jane Grey, this was reserved for prisoners for whom public execution was considered dangerous.

William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke (died 1570)

William Herbert, 1st Earl of PembrokeEarl of PembrokeSir William Herbert
On 25 May 1553, the couple were married at Durham House in a triple wedding, in which Jane's sister Catherine was matched with the heir of the Earl of Pembroke, Lord Herbert, and another Katherine, Lord Guildford's sister, with Henry Hastings, the Earl of Huntingdon's heir.
After the death of Edward VI, Herbert initially supported Lady Jane Grey's claim to the throne.

Henry VII of England

Henry VIIKing Henry VIIHenry Tudor
Jane was the great-granddaughter of Henry VII through his younger daughter Mary, and was a first cousin once removed of Edward VI. Jane had two younger sisters, Lady Catherine and Lady Mary; through their mother, the three sisters were great-granddaughters of Henry VII, grandnieces of Henry VIII, and first cousins once removed of Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I.

Third Succession Act

Succession to the Crown Act 1543Act of Succession 1543act
The will removed his half-sisters, Mary and Elizabeth, from the line of succession on account of their illegitimacy, subverting their claims under the Third Succession Act.
Edward VI meant to bypass this Act in his "Devise for the Succession", issued as letters patent on 21 June 1553, by naming Lady Jane Grey as his successor in place of Mary.

Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset

Protector SomersetEdward SeymourEarl of Hertford
Seymour's brother, the Lord Protector, Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset, felt threatened by Thomas' popularity with the young King Edward.
In April 1547, using Edward's support to circumvent his brother's opposition, Thomas Seymour secretly married Henry VIII's widow Catherine Parr, whose Protestant household included the 11-year-old Lady Jane Grey and the 13-year-old Princess Elizabeth.

Durham House, London

Durham HouseDurham PlaceDurham House (London)
On 25 May 1553, the couple were married at Durham House in a triple wedding, in which Jane's sister Catherine was matched with the heir of the Earl of Pembroke, Lord Herbert, and another Katherine, Lord Guildford's sister, with Henry Hastings, the Earl of Huntingdon's heir.
Mary's predecessor, Lady Jane Grey, the "Nine Days" Queen of England, was married at Durham House on May 21 or 25, 1553 to Guilford Dudley.

Roger Ascham

AschamAscham, RogerThe Scholemaster
To the visiting scholar Roger Ascham, who found her reading Plato, she is said to have complained:
It was on his way to join Morrison that he paid visit to Lady Jane Grey at Bradgate, where he found her reading Plato's Phaedo while every one else was out hunting.

Michelangelo Florio

Florio, Michelangelo (1515–1572)Michaelangelo Florio
Jane received a humanist education, studying Latin, Greek and Hebrew with John Aylmer, and Italian with Michelangelo Florio.
He also served as secretary to Cecil, and as Lady Jane Grey's chaplain, teaching her both Italian and Latin.

Henry Hastings, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon

Henry HastingsEarl of HuntingdonHenry Hastings, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon, 5th Baron Hastings, 8th Baron of Botreaux
On 25 May 1553, the couple were married at Durham House in a triple wedding, in which Jane's sister Catherine was matched with the heir of the Earl of Pembroke, Lord Herbert, and another Katherine, Lord Guildford's sister, with Henry Hastings, the Earl of Huntingdon's heir.
In 1553, Edward VI was dying and his appointed heir was his cousin Lady Jane Grey, Northumberland's daughter-in-law.

Catherine Parr

Katherine ParrQueen Catherine ParrCatherine
In early February 1547, Jane was sent to live in the household of Edward VI's uncle, Thomas Seymour, who soon married Henry VIII's widow, Catherine Parr.
In June 1548, Catherine, accompanied by Lady Jane Grey, moved to Sudeley Castle in Gloucestershire.

Duke of Clarence

ClarenceDuchess of ClarenceDukedom of Clarence
She would agree only to make him Duke of Clarence.
A fourth creation in England was suggested and planned to take effect; the title of Duke of Clarence was going to be given to Lord Guilford Dudley, husband of Lady Jane Grey, upon her coronation, as she declined to make her husband king.

Henry Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel

Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of ArundelEarl of ArundelThe Earl of Arundel
Rather, it seems that Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel—whom Northumberland had arrested and detained twice as an ally of Somerset, before rehabilitating—engineered a coup d'état in the Privy Council in Northumberland's absence.
King Edward's health was seriously declining, and on 21 June 1553 Arundel was among those who signed Edward's letters patent which conferred the succession on Lady Jane Grey.

Henry Herbert, 2nd Earl of Pembroke

Earl of PembrokeHenry Herbert2nd Earl of Pembroke
On 25 May 1553, the couple were married at Durham House in a triple wedding, in which Jane's sister Catherine was matched with the heir of the Earl of Pembroke, Lord Herbert, and another Katherine, Lord Guildford's sister, with Henry Hastings, the Earl of Huntingdon's heir.
He was married to Lady Catherine Grey, sister of Lady Jane Grey, on 25 May 1553, in a political match arranged by their parents in the hopes of assisting the Duke of Northumberland with his plan to secure the succession of Lady Jane who on the same day alongside her sister married the Duke's younger son, Lord Guildford Dudley.

Psalm 51

MisererePsalm 5051
Jane then recited Psalm 51 (Have mercy upon me, O God) in English, and handed her gloves and handkerchief to her maid.
According to James Montgomery Boice, this psalm was recited by both Thomas More and Lady Jane Grey at their executions.