Lady Randolph Churchill

Jennie JeromeJennieJennie ChurchillLady Randolph Spencer-ChurchillmotherClara Frewenhis motherJeannette, Lady Randolph ChurchillJennie Randolph ChurchillJennie: Lady Randolph Churchill
Jennie Spencer-Churchill (9 January 1854 – 29 June 1921), known as Lady Randolph Churchill, was an American-born British socialite, the wife of Lord Randolph Churchill and the mother of British prime minister Sir Winston Churchill.wikipedia
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Lord Randolph Churchill

Randolph ChurchillLord Randolph Henry Spencer-ChurchillLord
Jennie Spencer-Churchill (9 January 1854 – 29 June 1921), known as Lady Randolph Churchill, was an American-born British socialite, the wife of Lord Randolph Churchill and the mother of British prime minister Sir Winston Churchill. Jennie Jerome was married for the first time on 15 April 1874, aged 20, at the British Embassy in Paris, to Lord Randolph Churchill, the third son of John Winston Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough and Lady Frances Anne Vane. She was buried in the Churchill family plot at St Martin's Church, Bladon, Oxfordshire, next to her first husband.
Lord Randolph Churchill was married at the British Embassy in Paris on 15 April 1874 to Jennie Jerome, daughter of Leonard Jerome, an American businessman.

Winston Churchill

ChurchillSir Winston ChurchillChurchill, Winston
Jennie Spencer-Churchill (9 January 1854 – 29 June 1921), known as Lady Randolph Churchill, was an American-born British socialite, the wife of Lord Randolph Churchill and the mother of British prime minister Sir Winston Churchill.
His mother, Jennie Churchill (née Jerome), was from an American family whose substantial wealth derived from finance.

American Women's War Relief Fund

Randolph served as the chair of the hospital committee for the American Women's War Relief Fund starting in 1914.
Many famous and well-connected women were involved, including Lou Hoover, Consuelo Vanderbilt and Lady Randolph Churchill.

Jack Churchill (1880–1947)

JackJohnJack Churchill
Lady Randolph's sisters believed that the biological father of the second son, John (1880–1947) was Evelyn Boscawen, 7th Viscount Falmouth.
Major John Strange Spencer-Churchill, DSO, TD (16 September 1880 – 23 February 1947), known as Jack Churchill, was the younger son of Lord Randolph Churchill and his wife Jennie, and the brother of former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Sir Winston Churchill.

Gielgud Theatre

Globe TheatreGlobeGielgud
In 1909, when American impresario Charles Frohman became sole manager of The Globe Theatre, the first production was His Borrowed Plumes, written by Lady Randolph Churchill.
The reopening production was His Borrowed Plumes, written by Lady Randolph Churchill, Winston Churchill's mother.

Edward VII

King Edward VIIPrince of WalesAlbert Edward
The couple had met at a sailing regatta on the Isle of Wight in August 1873, having been introduced by the Prince of Wales, the future King Edward VII. Lady Randolph is believed to have had numerous lovers during her marriage, including the Prince of Wales (the future King Edward VII), Prince Karl Kinsky, and Herbert von Bismarck.
He socialised with actress Lillie Langtry; Lady Randolph Churchill; Daisy Greville, Countess of Warwick; actress Sarah Bernhardt; noblewoman Lady Susan Vane-Tempest; singer Hortense Schneider; prostitute Giulia Beneni (known as "La Barucci"); wealthy humanitarian Agnes Keyser; and Alice Keppel.

George Cornwallis-West

George
It was at this point that Campbell began an affair with Lady Randolph's then husband, George Cornwallis-West.
George Cornwallis-West was noted primarily for his marriages, the first to Jennie Jerome, mother of Winston Churchill, and the second to the renowned actress Stella Campbell, who was also known on the stage as Mrs. Patrick Campbell.

Frances Anne Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough

Lady Frances VaneLady Frances Anne Emily VaneDuchess of Marlborough
Jennie Jerome was married for the first time on 15 April 1874, aged 20, at the British Embassy in Paris, to Lord Randolph Churchill, the third son of John Winston Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough and Lady Frances Anne Vane.
Lord Randolph Henry Spencer-Churchill (13 February 1849 – 24 January 1895), married 15 April 1874 Jennie Jerome, father of Sir Winston Churchill and John Strange Spencer-Churchill.

Leonard Jerome

Leonard W. Jerome
Jennie Jerome was born in the Cobble Hill section of Brooklyn in 1854, the second of four daughters (one died in childhood) of financier, sportsman, and speculator Leonard Jerome and his wife Clarissa (always called Clara ), daughter of Ambrose Hall, a landowner.
Lady Randolph Churchill (née Jeanette Jerome; known as Jennie), who married Lord Randolph Churchill (1849–1895), younger son of the Duke of Marlborough, and was mother to Winston Churchill and John Strange Spencer-Churchill.

Cobble Hill, Brooklyn

Cobble HillCo'''bble HillCobble Hill Historic District
Jennie Jerome was born in the Cobble Hill section of Brooklyn in 1854, the second of four daughters (one died in childhood) of financier, sportsman, and speculator Leonard Jerome and his wife Clarissa (always called Clara ), daughter of Ambrose Hall, a landowner.
Lady Randolph Churchill (1854–1921), mother of Winston Churchill, was born in a rented house on Amity Street; note that the plaque at 426 Henry Street is incorrect, the Jeromes lived there before she was born

John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough

The Duke of Marlborough7th Duke of MarlboroughDuke of Marlborough
Jennie Jerome was married for the first time on 15 April 1874, aged 20, at the British Embassy in Paris, to Lord Randolph Churchill, the third son of John Winston Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough and Lady Frances Anne Vane.
Lord Randolph Henry Spencer-Churchill (13 February 1849 – 24 January 1895), married 15 April 1874 Jennie Jerome. Their issue included Sir Winston Churchill and John Strange Spencer-Churchill.

Elizabeth Everest

Mrs. Elizabeth Everest
As was the custom of the day in her social class, Lady Randolph played a limited role in her sons' upbringing, relying largely upon nannies, especially Elizabeth Everest.
Lord Randolph Churchill and Jennie Jerome Churchill were very active in society but emotionally distant, even neglectful, of their son.

Mrs Patrick Campbell

Mrs. Patrick CampbellBeatrice Campbell
Although Mrs Patrick Campbell produced and took the lead role in the play, it was a commercial failure.
Fourteen years later, Campbell became the second wife of George Cornwallis-West, a writer and soldier previously married to Jennie Jerome, the mother of Sir Winston Churchill.

St Paul's Church, Knightsbridge

St. Paul's ChurchSt Paul's ChurchSt Paul's, Knightsbridge
George and Jennie were married on 28 July 1900 at St Paul's Church, Knightsbridge.
American heiress Jennie Churchill married British aristocrat George Cornwallis-West in this church.

Karl, 8th Prince Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau

Count Karel KinskyKarlCount Karl Kinsky
Lady Randolph is believed to have had numerous lovers during her marriage, including the Prince of Wales (the future King Edward VII), Prince Karl Kinsky, and Herbert von Bismarck.
Karl was involved in an affair with Lady Randolph Churchill, wife of Lord Randolph Churchill and the American-born mother of Sir Winston Churchill.

Evelyn Boscawen, 7th Viscount Falmouth

Evelyn Edward Thomas Boscawen, 7th Viscount Falmouth7th Viscount FalmouthEvelyn Boscawen
Lady Randolph's sisters believed that the biological father of the second son, John (1880–1947) was Evelyn Boscawen, 7th Viscount Falmouth.
According to Lady Randolph Churchill's sisters, he could have had a liaison with her and so have been the biological father of John Strange Spencer-Churchill, the younger brother of former Prime minister Winston Churchill.

Daisy, Princess of Pless

DaisyPrincess DaisyFürstin von Pless
A captain in the Scots Guards, George had two sisters: Constance (known as Shelagh) was the first wife of the 2nd Duke of Westminster; Daisy was married to the Prince of Pless.
Daisy's brother George in 1900 married Jennie Churchill, the mother of Winston Churchill, as his first wife, and after their divorce married in 1914 Mrs. Patrick Campbell, the actress, as his second.

Jennie: Lady Randolph Churchill

Jennie Churchill was portrayed by Anne Bancroft in the film Young Winston (1972) and by Lee Remick in the British television series Jennie: Lady Randolph Churchill (1974).
It starred Lee Remick in the title role of Jennie Jerome, Lady Randolph Churchill.

Ralph G. Martin

Martin, Ralph G.
Martin, Ralph G.. Jennie: The Life of Lady Randolph Churchill – The Romantic Years, 1854–1895 (Prentice-Hall, Ninth printing, 1969)
Ralph G. Martin (March 4, 1920 — January 9, 2013) was an American journalist who authored or co-authored about thirty books, including popular biographies of recent historical figures, among which, Jennie, a two-volume (1969 and 1971) study of Winston Churchill's American mother, Lady Randolph Churchill, became the most prominent bestseller.

Young Winston

Jennie Churchill was portrayed by Anne Bancroft in the film Young Winston (1972) and by Lee Remick in the British television series Jennie: Lady Randolph Churchill (1974).
Churchill was played by Simon Ward, who was relatively unknown at the time but was supported by a distinguished cast including Robert Shaw (as Lord Randolph Churchill), John Mills (as Lord Kitchener), Anthony Hopkins (as David Lloyd George) and Anne Bancroft as Churchill's mother Jennie.

The Anglo-Saxon Review

Anglo-Saxon Review
* The Anglo-Saxon Review, a quarterly miscellany edited by Lady Randolph Churchill
The Anglo-Saxon Review was a quarterly miscellany edited by Lady Randolph Churchill, and published in London by John Lane.

Manhattan (cocktail)

ManhattanManhattansManhattan cocktail
The invention of the Manhattan cocktail is sometimes erroneously attributed to Jennie Churchill, who supposedly asked a bartender to make a special drink to celebrate the election of Samuel J. Tilden to the New York governorship in 1874.
A popular history suggests that the drink originated at the Manhattan Club in New York City in the early 1870s, where it was invented by Dr. Iain Marshall for a banquet hosted by Jennie Jerome (Lady Randolph Churchill, mother of Winston) in honor of presidential candidate Samuel J. Tilden.

Montagu Porch

Montagu Phippen Porch
Her third marriage, on 1 June 1918, was to Montagu Phippen Porch (1877–1964), a member of the British Civil Service in Nigeria, who was younger than Winston by three years.
On 1 June 1918 Porch married Lady Randolph Churchill, the mother of Winston Churchill.

Lee Remick

same name
Jennie Churchill was portrayed by Anne Bancroft in the film Young Winston (1972) and by Lee Remick in the British television series Jennie: Lady Randolph Churchill (1974).
Several were of a historical nature, including two noted miniseries, Ike, in which she portrayed Kay Summersby, alongside Robert Duvall (her co-star in Wait Until Dark) as General Dwight D. Eisenhower, and Jennie: Lady Randolph Churchill, where she portrayed Winston Churchill's mother, the American debutante Jennie Jerome who married Lord Randolph Churchill.

St Martin's Church, Bladon

parish church of Saint MartinSt Martin's ChurchSt Martin, Bladon
She was buried in the Churchill family plot at St Martin's Church, Bladon, Oxfordshire, next to her first husband.
The churchyard also contains the graves of Sir Winston's parents Lord Randolph Churchill and Lady Randolph Churchill, his younger brother John or Jack, his children Diana, Randolph, Sarah, Mary and his-son-in-law Christopher Soames.